When choosing pots for cacti, it is worth remembering that these plants do not tolerate stagnant fluids. Therefore, the answer to the question of which pots to plant cacti, suggests itself - in those in which the root system will be warm and dry. Flower pots for cacti should have good drainage abilities and retain accumulated heat energy during the night period. Ceramic containers with thick clay walls possess these consumer qualities. If necessary, you can use plastic pots for succulents, but you need to ensure that they are always in a warm place. For example, to provide for the location of plants on the window sill, under which is a central heating battery. Or in the afternoon, put it on a sunny window, shielding the green part of the plant from direct ultraviolet rays.
Look at the proposed photos of cacti in the pot - they are well illustrated with all the principles described for the choice of dishes:
Choosing pots for cacti
Ware for plants, commonly called "flower pots", is of great importance for the growth of cacti, as it determines the amount of soil mixture at the disposal of plants, and with it the amount of nutrients and water.
Florists and flower shops supply cacti most often in very small pots, as they take up less space and are cheaper. This applies, above all, miniature clay pots with spectacular-looking "mini-cacti". However, for the further cultivation of plants, these small pots for cacti are completely unsuitable, since they cannot provide them with a sufficiently large living space and conditions for growth.
In the sun, a small pot heats up very quickly, and when the sun disappears, it cools rapidly. The soil dries out very quickly in warmth, so that the plant is constantly between two unfavorable poles: “very damp” (immediately after watering) and “very dry”.
And since cacti are extremely hardy plants, they do not immediately show that they hardly endure such conditions.
In other words, satisfactory cultivation of cacti in these small, potted plants for sale in the long term is impossible. At the gardeners cacti also do not grow in these pots. Very often they are grown on large beds in soil greenhouses and transplanted into mini-pots only for sale, or small clay pots with plants planted in them are buried in large table boxes with peat or beds in optimally adjusted climatic conditions of the greenhouse, that is, they have a greater living space with even climatic conditions. Therefore, we choose more suitable containers for growing succulents.
In what size pot to plant a cactus for active growth
The size of the pot for cacti is a priority, so after buying new cacti an amateur-cacti grower most often needs to immediately transplant plants from small pots to more spacious dishes that are suitable for their further cultivation. When asked what size the pot should be, there is no definite answer. What kind of pot plant a cactus, solves each florist individually depending on the choice of pots.
A new pot should provide the plant with the possibility of normal active growth and development within one to two years, and an earthen ball in it should be completely riddled with roots after a certain time.
On the other hand, it is just as wrong to plant a small plant in a very large pot. Otherwise, in the substrate, where the roots for a long time do not braid the entire earthen room, unpleasant rotting processes can begin. Therefore, it is better to plant very small plants several together in a larger pot or stove.
Pots for cacti and succulents
When growing a culture of clay pots for cacti, traditional dishes for all houseplants, have both their advantages and disadvantages. Their characteristic feature is a certain evaporation of moisture through the porous walls, and the more the drier the surrounding air and the more sunlight and heat in the place where they stand.
Thus, the soil in the pot dries much faster than would be expected based on the needs of the plant in water. On the one hand, the evaporation of water through the walls of the pot leads to a certain cooling of the earthen clod.
On the other hand, all salts dissolved in water during evaporation form a constantly increasing layer of white bloom on the walls of the pot. Especially strong limescale is formed in regions with very hard water, when irrigating which the soil in clay pots finally becomes alkalized. And since almost all cacti prefer slightly acidic soil mixtures, their root system gradually dies off, causing the plant to die.
However, along with these drawbacks, clay pots have their advantages. First, ceramic succulent pots better retain their shape; when choosing large dishes - this circumstance is often a decisive argument in their favor compared to plastic or plastic pots.
In addition, due to their own weight, they are more resilient, which is especially valuable when growing high cacti or species with drooping shoots. Sometimes a strong evaporation of water can also be an advantage: namely, when the plant is abundantly watered at the wrong time.
As a result of the rapid evaporation of moisture through the porous walls of the pot, the soil will dry out faster. Lime deposits on the walls of clay pots can be avoided if you use soft or artificially softened (distilled) water for irrigation. In general, it is possible to completely eliminate the evaporation of water through the walls of the pot by painting it from the inside with a waterproof paint (for example, with a special paint used to paint the inner walls of drinking water tanks).
There are clay pots for succulents of a wide variety of forms, although in small flower shops there are usually ordinary round ones for sale. For many cacti, especially for species that form whole clumps, low flat pots are more suitable.
Plastic succulent pots, often commonly referred to as plastic, also have their advantages and disadvantages when cultivating cacti. Firstly, plastic pots of the most varied quality are on sale.
An amateur-cacti shooter should choose for his plants not disposable plastic pots, which, because of their low price, prefer flower farms, but better cookware. These pots are available in various shapes and sizes. There are round low and wide pots, which are particularly well suited for growing clumps forming clumps; very high flower dishes are more suitable for plants with a long turnip main root. From plastic, both ordinary round pots are produced, as well as square pots, which are especially popular among owners of greenhouses and greenhouses.
Plastic pots are cheap, lightweight, and convenient to stack. Thanks to the smooth walls, they can be well washed and thus prepared for reuse. Due to the fact that the walls of the plastic pot do not allow moisture, plants need to be watered less often.
True, this advantage for inexperienced lovers often turns into a disadvantage. Plants in plastic pots need about the 1 / 3 of the water that they consume in pottery.
Therefore, there is a danger of over-wetting cacti in plastic pots. In addition, even when the surface of the soil is dry in a plastic pot, the substrate can still remain damp in the depths of the pot.
However, cacti require regular watering only when the substrate dries sufficiently; as mentioned above, they do not tolerate the constant dampness of the soil. Over time, plastic pots also age, become brittle and break easily. And this primarily concerns the cultivation of cacti, since it is in this case that the characteristic feature is strong solar irradiation and relatively high temperatures.
As a generalization, it can be noted that when growing cacti in separate pots for smaller plants, plastic dishes have certain advantages. In small clay pots standing on the windowsill, for example, it is difficult to maintain the humidity and temperature of the soil at the desired level, since the pots heat up very quickly and the substrate in them is completely dry. In such cases, it is better to use plastic utensils.
On the other hand, large cacti need large pots. However, in this case, a larger volume of soil provides a more uniform temperature and humidity of the substrate also when using clay pots.
In addition, when using large-sized dishes, durable clay pots have advantages over plastic pots that are easily bent and broken (for example, when carelessly lifting a plant). In addition, if a plant in a large plastic pot is watered too plentifully, that is, it is poured, it may take a long time for the soil to dry again, and meanwhile a fungal infection can spread in the soil and infect the plant through the roots.
Look at how the succulents look in pots - the photo shows various options for ceramic and plastic containers:
Square Cacti Pots & Bowls
Taking into account all the shortcomings that cultivation of cacti brings in small clay pots with their poorly tolerated plants, rapidly changing conditions, you very soon come to the idea whether many plants should be planted at once into large bowls for cacti, thereby creating them more free living space. And indeed, among lovers who grow their plants in rooms, very attractive and well-growing landscape compositions of cacti in pots or low flower boxes are increasingly common. And, on the contrary, cacti-lines having a greenhouse or greenhouse in which they can create conditions favorable for the growth of cacti prefer to grow their plants in separate pots - if they do not plant their large cacti directly into the soil.
In itself, this does not cause any objections if the pan has drainage holes for the drainage of excess irrigation water - and if the lover is not tempted by the round shape to put a stove in the middle of the table in the room. Because there is definitely too dark for cacti.
Depending on their design, for closed flower windows, lovers have a variety of special square pots for cacti, and for growing on a windowsill, on the contrary, it is necessary to give preference to flower dishes in the form of balcony flower boxes. For the cultivation of cacti on the outer window sill, eternit crates, which are produced today from asbestos-free materials, are best suited.
If you plan to grow cacti in the room, then it is best to choose more attractive in appearance boxes for plants, such as plastic. In any case, the flower box should have drainage holes at the bottom, through which excess irrigation water can flow.
On the outside window-sill, this flowing water may not be troublesome, but the flower box in the room should be placed on a tray made of galvanized sheet steel or plastic. Since a suitable pallet is often very difficult to find, it is necessary to purchase a flower box along with a pallet from the very beginning.
Further, in such boxes it is necessary to plant only approximately equally growing, strong cacti, which require similar conditions of detention. One should not allow a particularly well-growing species to grow rapidly and suppress its rare specimen slowly growing in its neighborhood.
This growth can also occur in the soil, when the roots of a fast-growing species increasingly limit the living space of a more slowly growing species, as a result of which the plant languishes.
In addition, white-looking species that require bright sunlight and a lot of heat are never planted next to green sparks that have fewer thorns, which, although they prefer a lot of light, need protection from direct sunlight during midday hours. And since in the common substrate of any flower box all root vegetates that live in the soil can freely flow. vermin, planted only healthy-looking plants.
With the right choice of plants corresponding to the location of the box, an amateur-cactus grower can achieve very good results. However, when cultivating cacti in flower boxes, it can be very difficult to remove a separate plant from there in order to, for example, take a picture of it or transplant a particularly strongly grown plant into large-sized dishes. More often than not, all cacti growing in a box have to be transplanted.
However, it is possible to combine the advantages of growing plants in separate pots with the advantage of cultivation in large containers if the cacti growing in clay pots are placed in a flower box and fill the free space with a mixture of sand and peat.
Then, thanks to the porous walls of the clay pots, the moisture leveling occurs through the filler substrate, and the soil in them does not dry out too quickly. In addition, with such cultivation of those species that in winter prefer incompletely dry conditions, by slightly moistening only the substrate-filler of the box, it is possible to keep the soil in the pots slightly moist. If individual cacti grown in plastic pots are placed together in a pot, this will not give great advantages in culture, since in this case moisture exchange does not occur through the walls of the pots.
Nevertheless, thanks to this, a certain equalization of the soil temperature in the pots is still achieved, and the cacti collected in one bowl are easier to carry, for example, when it is necessary to open a window.
If the individual square pots for cacti are collected in one flower box, then later a particularly overgrown plant can be easily removed and transplanted into a larger pot. A few well-placed decorative stones in the ploshka will allow you to disguise the edges of pots protruding on the surface of the substrate-filler and create an attractive landscape with cacti.