Professional cacti growers prefer to have their own royal specimens in their collections, even though care for these succulents much harder. Beginners more often plant grafted cacti - they bloom earlier and bear fruit more actively. True, the century of such plants is short - very soon they do not keep pace with the grafts and die much earlier.
When a new plant appears in the collection, the cacti shooter does everything possible to understand its requirements in culture and, accordingly, to provide everything necessary for its long-term stay in the collection. If the plant lacks a set of traditional methods of cultivation, an understanding of biology and characteristics of the content, as well as he is not satisfied with the conditions and time spent, then it usually dies.
To avoid such a sad outcome, many amateurs replace the lack of proper skills or time required with a vaccination of cacti, which is often seen as a panacea for all ills.
Drawing an analogy with the upbringing of a child, it can be represented as a situation when protecting a child from all sorts of negative problems and outside influence does not at all contribute to the further education in him of all those qualities that we consider worthy and necessary in his future life.
On what cacti are vaccinated and what are the pros and cons of grafting succulents, you will learn on this page.
Cons grafted on cacti
Negatives of long-term vaccinations:
- Many plants are not able to exist for a long time in full harmony with the stock. Often with age, many stocks no longer cope with the growing needs of grafts and die
- When purchasing grafted plants, one should keep in mind that your own conditions of maintenance during the year will not always be as comfortable for a particular type of stock in the long term as the seller of this vaccination, who for many years selected a quality stock for his particular conditions.
- The unnatural habit of the cactus on the stock (not hidden)
- A cactus graft will always have a lower collectible value compared to even a smaller, but own-rooted instance.
Pluses of grafted cacti (with photo)
Nevertheless, such an attitude towards vaccinations does not at all deny their feasibility in some cases - first of all, when keeping uterine plants in nurseries and with collectors specializing in the sale of seeds.
Grafted plants, as a rule, bloom and bear fruit earlier and more abundantly. Grafting is also advisable when growing seedlings of individual slowly growing cacti or cacti with long-existing juvenile shoots (many Opuntia), as well as for rapid vegetative reproduction of rare species and forms.
In the latter case, we must bear in mind the strong zavrusovannost of many plants, which for many years reproduce mainly vegetatively, by means of grafts.
Vaccinations are indispensable for the cultivation of chlorophyll-free forms of cacti, most of which cannot exist in root-rooted culture, as well as in the cultivation of monstrous and crested forms.
In addition, the inoculation allows you to work more productively with the cristate material, isolating insignificant in size but most promising areas from the crista of the mother plant.
Possibly largely vaccination home cacti suitable for a very limited number of species (primarily the Echinocactus, Sclerocactus and Pediocactus genera), whose root-bearing culture in many regions of Russia is still extremely problematic due to the unique growth conditions in nature.
Of course, to contain or not contain grafted plants is a personal matter of each collector. I just want to warn against excessive race for the "grafted" rarities.
If you do not have the conditions and time for the maintenance of complex species, choose simpler ones - they are no less beautiful if they are grown well and with love. Leave complex plants until better times.
Their collection should not be a set of curves that are set sideways and beaten by time of rootstocks, on the tops of which curiosities miraculously cling to, little resembling the original and clearly suffering from the lack of proper conditions.
Here you can see photos of grafted cacti: