Home flower, which has small requirements for the organization of care for it - this is a real dream of a modern grower. The lack of sufficient time, workload of affairs often lead to the total death of domestic plants. Strauss cleistocactus is an unpretentious plant that can decorate any interior. Enough to organize a simple care in the indoor environment and as a result get a delightfully beautiful view in the interior. Cleistocactus is a group of 50 culture species, often different varieties may be completely different from each other. In the wild, they can be found in Uruguay and other regions of South America.
The appearance is quite exotic - these are columnar stems of small diameter and large height. Has the ability to strong branching. The surface is covered with complex white spines, forming the impression of a cobweb. Look at the types of cleistocactus in the photo, illustrating all the wonderful aesthetic possibilities of the plant:
The modern name of the flower is scientifically based. The fact is that in nature there is a phenomenon of so-called cleistogamy, in which there is no full opening of the buds in the flowering phase. This plant belongs to self-pollinating. Its flower has a tubular shape, the petals do not open, and the pollination takes place isolated inside the bud. Nevertheless, the bright original buds of unrevealed petals become the most magnificent decoration of thorny stalks.
Popular types of cleistocactus and their photos
As mentioned above, the genus of cleistocactus includes a huge variety of varieties. Popular types of cleistocactus have the most attractive aesthetic characteristics. This page presents their brief descriptions and photos showing the advantages:
Botanically, varieties are divided into columnar and columnar, creeping horizontal and vertical. Strauss Vertical Collestococcus cleistocactus is a magnificent plant up to 2 meters tall. Cleistocactus strausii has an exclusive color of the stems - it is greyish-green, quite interesting. The huge number of cross-section edges, reaching 30 pieces, in combination with a dense coating of their spines, gives the impression of a foreign plant origin. The buds at the same time remain "in the shadow" of such beauty. They are quite small, painted in purple. The length of the bud tube is 6, see Flowering is observed at the end of August or in the middle of September. Duration - 1 month. Look at the photo how it looks:
Horizontal types of cleistocactus are widespread in gardening offices and commercial premises. But in the indoor environment, they will find their place under the sun. Cleistocactus smaragdiflorus is distinguished by the bright emerald color of the stems. They reach a considerable length up to 2 meters. The ribs in the number of 10 - 12 pieces are densely covered with small spines, collected in bundles of 5 pieces. Flowering begins after the plant has reached a length of half a meter. Buds up to 6 cm long have a bright pink color with white tops. They do not open up and hold on for about 45 days.
Vinter's creeping cleistocactus is used as an ampelous culture in vertical landscaping of residential premises. They have the ability to clean the air of toxic substances and electromagnetic radiation. Cleistocactus winteri has thin, falling shoots up to a length of 1 meters and diameters up to 2,5; see Color - bright green, but the spines have a rich yellow color. The flowers are orange.
Planting and care for cleistocactus at home
The lack of special requirements for the conditions of their growth makes this culture extremely in demand among novice gardeners. Planting cleostocactus produced by grafting. The shoot can be put on water for some time before the formation of the root lobe. And you can immediately land in the sand and cover with a glass jar. In order to organize the care of cleistocactus at home, you must first take care of a sufficient level of lighting. Easily experiencing direct sunlight. In the depths of the room loses its natural color and the possibility of flowering.
Temperature in summer should be 20 - 25 ° C, and in winter it is necessary to lower the temperature to 12 - 18 ° C. This provides conditions for the period of winter dormancy and the plant is gaining strength for the subsequent growth and flowering.
Organizing watering requires care. To carry out such a procedure, you need to wait for the time when the whole earthen room dries out. It is also worth noting that excessive moisture for culture is detrimental. Fungal and bacterial putrefactive processes may develop. But the long-term drought of cleistocactus is not at all terrible. In winter you can water the 1-2 once a month. But in the summer heat, it is desirable to organize more frequent watering.
Mineral fertilizers are applied when watering from March to August. Then feeding stops. When choosing a soil for planting cleistocactus, preference should be given to a soil with a loose structure, high content of sand and gravel, with a neutral chemical reaction. River sand coarse fraction should be at least half of the total volume of the pot. A drainage layer is laid down to the bottom of the 3 cm.