The breeding of these newcomers from the arid desert every year attracts an increasing number of flower growers. However, not everyone knows how to properly transplant cactus at home. We offer practical advice and recommendations of specialists accompanied by graphic materials, which vividly illustrate the whole process of this agrotechnical procedure. Proper clanting begins with the determination of the moment when it becomes an urgent need. It is better not to touch the root system of the succulent before this day. Any, even very careful transplanting of cacti at home leads to injuries to the roots, and they rot very easily. Therefore, the transfer of cacti should be timely, but not regular. The main tips in this article are about the actual handling of the plant. But there are also ways to determine the need for this work.
See how the cactus transplant is performed - the main steps of this procedure are illustrated in the photo:
How to transplant a large cactus in another pot (with photo)
Cacti should not be transplanted schematically, for example, once a year, but when necessary.
Cacti are transplanted in the case when the pot no longer corresponds to the size of the grown plant, when the former substrate is completely depleted, when there is a suspicion that the plant is affected by soil pestsor when growth and bloom cease. Before you transplant the cactus in another pot, you need to wait for the full completion of flowering.
After buying a lover of new cacti he often has to replant them immediately. Cacti to save space go on sale in very small pots in horticultural centers and flower shops. For further ухода for injuries, these little pots are completely inappropriate.
Before you transplant a large cactus in another pot, you need to wait until the substrate is completely dry. Therefore, the most favorable time for transplantation are late winter and early spring. If there is a need to transplant cacti at other times of the year, then you first need to dry the soil in the pot.
Before you transplant a large cactus, you need to prepare a suitable workplace; it can be a table in the garden, or you can simply cover the kitchen table with old newspapers. New, clean pots should be prepared and fresh, well mixed and rather dry soil substrate. A new pot should provide the plant with an opportunity for growth and development, however, it should not be chosen “with a reserve”, that is, too large. A new pot must also fit the root view. cactus systems: plants with turnips need high and deep pots, and for clumps forming species with a common root system, low but wide pots are more suitable.
Look at the photo of how to transplant the cactus into another pot - all the upcoming work on the steps is demonstrated:
When transplanting, it is necessary, at least in their own interests, if possible not to touch plants that have thorns, that is, do not pull cacti out of old pots by the stems. During the rest period, when the substrate is dry, cacti very easy to remove, especially from plastic pots. To do this, use a wooden stick to loosen the top layer of soil, pour it into a container prepared for waste, carefully turn the pot upside down, and the earthy clot together with the plant slips out of the pot.
If a crock was placed in a clay pot over a drainage hole, then after loosening and removing the topsoil, you can press the earthen clod together with the plant with a wooden stick or pencil from below. In very tightly attached very valuable plants, old clay pots are simply broken.
Then, tightly braided with roots, the earthy ball is carefully loosened with a wooden stick. Old soil is shaken off and old, dead roots are removed. At the same time carefully examine the root system of plants for possible damage by pests. Among the pests living in the soil, whitish vat-like discharges left by the root worm are particularly noticeable. If it is established during transplantation that the entire root system, down to the smallest root hairs, has rotted away, then the roots are cut to healthy tissue with a sharp knife, which must be re-disinfected after each next cut. After that, the plant must be dried and re-rooted as a cutting.
If the root system is healthy, small clay shards are placed on the bottom of the new pot over the drainage hole.
After that, a little soil mixture for cacti is poured into the pot and the plant is placed in it so that it is exactly in the center and at the same height as before, and gently fall asleep - for example, with a baby trowel or a tablespoon - fresh soil from the sides .
Then the pot repeatedly hits the edge of the table so that the fresh soil is well distributed among the roots, and its upper layer is slightly compressed around the planted plant. In this case, too much tamping should be avoided, as this can lead to excessive compaction of the soil.
It must be remembered that all cacti, especially those with turnip roots, are very sensitive to stagnant water in the area of the root collar. Therefore, in this place it is best to use a particularly well water and breathable soil; For example, in a special container, you can prepare a special substrate for the upper layer, if coarse sand and fine gravel are added to the usual soil mixture for cacti.
The following shows a cactus transplant on a video showing the entire procedure from start to finish:
Watering a cactus after a transplant: is it dangerous to water
Remember that watering cactus after transplantation is strictly contraindicated. This can lead to the death of the plant. Therefore, the answer to the question of whether it is dangerous to do this is in the affirmative.
Unlike ordinary indoor plants cacti after transplantation do not water. During transplantation, minor damage inevitably appears on the root system. In the damp soil, cacti from these lesions can easily develop rotting. Therefore, having transplanted cacti, they are placed in a warm place for a few days, however, they shine and start watering only when the lesions on the roots are healed and overgrown. Large columnar cacti after transplantation are poorly kept in pots and can tip over. Therefore, before rooting in a fresh substrate, they can be tied to a peg.
Now you know about whether to water a cactus after transplantation, so we move on to the next difficult question.
How to transplant a cactus in a bigger pot and do not inject (with photo)
The question of how to transplant a cactus into a larger pot and at the same time not cause yourself harm, do not prick and do not get hurt, takes all flower growers. When carelessly handling the cactus spines can cause quite serious damage. Therefore, when transplanting, it is best not to take up the thorny stalks of cacti without the need, and if this is necessary, it should be done easily and without pressure. Tight working gloves, which can be bought in gardening centers and building materials stores, provide hands with some protection. However, when working with very prickly cacti or when in contact with the treacherous prickles, prickly pears are not even enough of them. During transplantation of these cacti, you should not touch them at all, but to grab plants, use a harness from old newspapers or plastic bags or hold the stems with two flat wooden chopsticks (like in Chinese restaurants they handle chopsticks).
See how to transplant the cactus - the photo shows all the necessary measures of personal precaution:
If, despite all the precautions, big needles of cacti nevertheless hit the skin, they are removed with clean tweezers. The situation is more problematic with very small, having hooked outgrowths of the prickles of the prickly pears (glochidia), which, when touched to the plant, can dig into the skin by the hundreds. Any rubbing of the palms or washing the hands only pushes them deeper into the skin. In this case, you need to light a candle, pour all the affected skin with hot wax, hold them under a stream of cold water, and then carefully remove the hardened wax along with the spines frozen in it.
Presented later on the page in the video, the transplant of cacti at home demonstrates all the technical difficulties of this agrotechnical event: