On the move to decide the question of where to put the cactus in his apartment or in the garden, will not succeed. First you need to determine the species of the plant and its requirements for the conditions of growth and development. After that, you can make an adequate decision about where to put the cacti and how much light this place should be on the window and in the garden. Proper placement of plants will allow them to fully develop and delight its owner with lush flowering.
The proposed article describes the main varieties of cacti and succulents, which are usually grown at home. Recommendations are made regarding the choice of place on the windowsill with an east, west, south and east orientation.
Where should stand cactus
The apartment provides various possibilities for placement and placement of cacti and other indoor plants. On the other hand, different cacti often have different requirements regarding location and maintenance. The following criteria will serve as a starting point for assessing the location of plants in the apartment and the selection of suitable cacti.
The location of cacti in the house and in the garden is not a very sunny window!
Before you decide on where the cactus should stand, remember that most of these plants love light and sun. Therefore, a place in the depths of the room for them, in general, is not suitable. In extreme cases, for growing, for example, “Christmas” cacti, you can try to use the flower shelf standing next to the window, on which direct sunlight does not fall, but there is enough light.
The best conditions for cacti growth are provided by the window sill of a not very sunny window, for example, facing north or northeast, or shielded from direct sunlight by a large tree or building in front of it. The light falls on the windowsill on the one hand - an amateur should not try to fix it by constantly turning the plants! - And the location itself is relatively cool in summer and relatively warm in winter, when central heating works. Here can grow cacti growing in natural conditions in tropical rain forests. Unlike most other cacti, they love a lot of light, however, without direct sunlight, and a slightly higher humidity. This group includes well-known “Christmas” and “Easter” cacti.
If direct sunlight is falling on the window in the morning or in the afternoon for a few hours, then some spherical and columnar cacti can be grown. Cacti suitable for this location can be recognized by the general color of the plants: externally, they appear to be "green." These plants are dominated by the green color of the stems, not covered with a thick layer of spines and hairs, as well as white wax coating. On this window, many green mammillaria, notocactus, phyllocactus, hymnocalycium, cleistocactus, and some Cereus, such as the Peruvian Cereus (Cereus peruvianus), grow well.
The window, which is illuminated by the sun for only a few hours, but just at noon, is a problematic place to place the plants. Only very hardy cacti tolerate sharp drops between many hours of being in the shade and several hours of scorching sun, and caring for plants in this case requires a subtle sense of smell.
Cactus on a sunny window
The window sill facing south or southwest of the window is also a difficult place to take care of the plants. The light here falls only on one side. Under the scorching rays of the sun directly behind the glass can be very hot. If the cacti on the window are planted in clay pots that are directly illuminated by the sun (that is, they are not placed in a bowl or a box filled with wet peat), the soil on the sunny side dries out very quickly and thin side roots can burn.
On the other hand, cacti and some other succulents belong to that small group of plants, which, with appropriate care, can grow well also on sunny windows, creating a picturesque picture there. For such a location, predominantly “white” cacti should be chosen, i.e., those whose stems appear white due to tightly covering them (reflecting the light!) White spines and hairs or white wax deposits and spots. Examples of this group of cacti are “white” mammillaria, covered with white felt specks of astrophituma, some cacti of the genera Echinocereus and Opuntia or, although not white, covered with numerous variegated spines, telokakusy or ferocactus.
Succulents on a closed flower window
The closed flower window provides good opportunities for the cultivation of cacti. Thanks to the sliding glass separating the plants from the living room, it is possible to create more suitable conditions around them than in the room itself. Pots with succulents on the window are placed in a special plastic box filled with wet peat or expanded clay to eliminate sudden changes in temperature and humidity of the substrate. Air humidity in closed flower windows can also be maintained higher than in very dry living areas.
If the closed flower window is shaded (that is, it goes to the north or north-east side or is shaded by buildings and trees), then the already mentioned above Christmas and Easter cacti as well as Cacti with hanging down shoots can be added to the cultivated tillands and orchids there. Rhipsalis genus (Rhipsalis) and hybrid apophytesum (Aporophyllum hybr.).
On a sunny, closed flower window, you can create a magnificent miniature landscape of savannah from “white” mammillaria and astrophytums, ferocactus and telokaktus that grow well there, adding a little succulent milkweeds to them.
Where to keep cactus on the street
There are several places where you can keep a cactus outside in the period from mid-spring until the end of the warm summer weather.
A suitable window sill in front of the window from the street or an appropriate location on the balcony may be the preferred location for many strong and healthy cacti in the warm season. To protect plants from prolonged rains, it is necessary to build a protruding roof above the outer sill or place them on the windward side. Even very hardy cacti do not like when in rainy summer the soil in the pots remains moist every day.
When sometimes during a slanting rain falling in an unusual direction, the plants get a little wet, it will not harm them. On the contrary, such a short shower will wash away the dust, the plants will look refreshed, and shiny and will grow even better. For cacti only excess moisture is harmful. The location on the balcony or on the outside sill in front of the window provides for many cacti a more favorable temperature and humidity than the usual sill inside the room. In addition, due to their direct sunlight, they have particularly well developed spines and flower buds. For example, various types and hybrids of Echinopsis, which can be seen in front of the windows of many rural houses, where they often grow excellently and bloom profusely with their white and pink funnel-shaped flowers, are suitable for placement in such a place. It is for this reason that they are called "village" cacti.
It also grows very well hardy varieties of phyllocactus, strong rebution, lobivii, mammillaria or notokaktusy.
Summer content on the street.
A number of cacti, primarily epiphytic species originating from wet forests, can spend the summer outside. They love the fresh air and high humidity, and therefore feel in the summer in the room is not very good. Thus, aporocactuses with their long tail-like shoots and hybrid apophyllum can be suspended for the summer in the penumbra of any shrub, such as lilac bush.
The same applies to cacti of the genus Rhipsalis, only they prefer more pristenenny places. In addition, phyllocactuses are very good for summertime outdoor living, as well as leaf-shaped cacti, such as Christmas and Easter cacti. Plants and their pots are often too heavy to be hung on a bush. On the other hand, if you just put them on the ground, their shoots will gnaw the snails. Therefore, it would be ideal to place the plants on a small shelf or stand in the penumbra of a large bush or tree - so that the sun's rays fall on them only in the morning or in the evening.
In the warm season, selenicereusi can also be kept in such a place. and among them is the famous “Queen of the Night” - the large-flowered selenitsereus. It is only necessary to show forethought and take care that the plants together with the supports do not turn over even with very strong gusts of wind.
During long periods of dry weather, plants simply pour water from a watering can. Spherical and columnar cacti can spend their summer outdoors only in the place where a protruding roof protects them from rain. Of course, in this case the plants should be watered accordingly. In addition, it must be remembered that the southern wall of the house accumulates heat, so this place can be very hot; on the other hand, a whole group of large echinocereus, large prickly pears, as well as some column-like cacti love similar conditions. To avoid rapid drying of the soil, the pots of these plants should not be very small. For the rest, the same considerations apply as for the exterior sill.
What conditions are needed for a cactus in a protected ground
You should also know what conditions are needed for a cactus in greenhouses, for example, in a greenhouse and greenhouse. This will be discussed later in the article.
Greenhouse in the garden.
At the beginning of the century, cacti growers were happy to grow their cacti in greenhouses - wooden frames with hinged glass lids on the ground, where a little horse manure was used as a litter. Currently, this type of greenhouse can hardly be met. However, amateurs still have a desire to use the benefits of summer maintenance in the fresh air of ordinary spherical and low columnar cacti, while not exposing the plants to the danger of excessive waterlogging during the rain.
Greenhouses used today for cultivating cacti most often consist of a metal frame and a floor made of eternit (asbestos slate) or concrete slabs (that is, there is no direct contact with the soil); the side walls and the flap are made of glass or plexiglass (acrylic glass).
In good or at least rainy weather the lid remains wide open; in cold and rainy weather the greenhouse remains tightly closed.
As a result, cacti are not only protected from rain, but are also in more favorable temperature conditions, since it is noticeably warmer in a closed greenhouse than on the street. For heat-loving cacti, this can be regarded as an advantage in culture.
However, in this case, the cacti shooter should exercise extreme caution. If it rained in the first half of the day, and after lunch the sun peeped out, then in a closed greenhouse for some half an hour the temperature may rise so much that cacti will cause severe burns of the epidermis (outer layer of cells), which do not heal for years and may even cause plants to death.
Therefore, it is much safer to sacrifice a small gain in the heat and always leave the lid at least slightly ajar, placing a piece of wood, a support or a toothed rack under it.
There are special automatic lifts window vents for greenhouses, which, when a certain temperature is exceeded, open the window vent. Such lifts are also offered for the upper covers of greenhouses, but they are still very rarely used in greenhouses.
The peculiarity of the cultivation of cacti in greenhouses is the change in the summer and winter location of plants, since cacti can be found in a greenhouse only during the growing season.
They overwinter on landings, in unheated premises or basements. Growing cacti in a greenhouse provides many opportunities in terms of collection and care for plants. Especially good, often better than in the greenhouse, here grow hardy and strong cacti, originating from highland areas and accustomed to more severe climatic conditions, for example, almost all species and hybrids of the genera Lobivia, Rebutia, Sulcorebutia, Trichocereus, Oreocereus, Echinopsis, - especially from the Psedolobivia group, - hardy mammillaria and notocactus.
The dream of many passionate cacti lovers is their own greenhouse. It allows you to regulate the climate and conditions, so it allows you to grow also complex, hardly cultivated in a room or on the street cacti. A detailed story about the device and the use of the greenhouse is not included in the scope of this book. Cacti lovers who decide to get a greenhouse will find everything they need in special editions.
What does the appearance of cacti.
Having examined the different locations of plants in the apartment and in the garden and found out which cacti can be grown there with hope of success. Of course, the problem of plant placement can also be approached from the other side and ask yourself what place is needed for a particular cactus.
More detailed explanations about the conditions of the culture of various cacti will be given in the description of genera and individual species.
However, here I would like to once again summarize the information on the groups already mentioned above:
- Leaf-like cacti love high humidity, but do not tolerate strong sunlight and therefore prefer a closed flower window or window sill facing north, northeast, or east of the window. In the summer, these cacti are taken out onto the street and placed in the shade or partial shade of a large bush or tree. Representatives of this group are the “Christmas” or “Easter” cacti, various types of ripsalis, the “queen of the night” and the phyllocactus.
- "Green" cacti, the stems of which are not covered with a large number of spines or hairs, prefer bright and semi-flat, but not hot place. East, southeast, or western windows are suitable for them. The crucial point in the cultivation of this group is the known protection of plants from the scorching rays of the sun in the afternoon. Many of these cacti can be placed in the summer on outside window sills, protected from particularly heavy rain. In summertime, green cacti also grow very well in greenhouses located in a not very sunny place.
- "White" cacti, covered with a dense layer of colored, often snow-white spines and hairs or felt specks (flakes), can be kept on the windowsills that go out to the south or south-west, or closed flower windows. Since they especially appreciate the heat and, on the other hand, are often very susceptible to overwetting the soil, summer maintenance of plants on an outside window sill or in the garden is recommended only if there is reliable protection from rain. In the warm season, these cacti can also be cultivated in greenhouses located in a sunny place.
See how you can arrange cacti at home - the video shows the original compositions of these plants on different windows: