Decorative leafy plants - this is a real find for gardening interiors in residential and office premises. At home, a stromant flower does not require special care, although it is worth knowing something about its rules. Stromanthe belongs to the numerous species of arrowheads. We grow mainly indoor flower, more adapted to the protected ground. In total at the disposal of flower growers there are about 20 species, each of which has distinctive features. In order to organize care, you need to have some knowledge of agricultural technology of such crops. We will tell you about the rules and subtleties in this article; the plant will also be affected. In the meantime, look at the photo types of Stromantics illustrating the richness of deciduous hues:
Immediately it should be said that many novice growers mistakenly accept Stromante flower for Calatheabeing a direct relative. This adversely affects the results of cultivation. Both plants have a common homeland - tropical forests of South America. But despite this, the rules of care at home may differ slightly.
Description of a houseplant Stromant and his photo
Knowledge of the features of botanical culture is the key to successful cultivation. The description of room stromants should start with the fact that all such plants like diffused sunlight and high humidity of the surrounding air. At its core, it is a grass with many years of growth in one place. In the wild, it can reach heights up to the 1,5 meter. At home, the indoor plant reaches a maximum 70 cm in height. The width of the sheet - 8-10 cm. The color of the leaf blade can vary from pale pastel to rich emerald green. A variety of spots, stripes with contrasting tones - this is the most important decoration of this plant. Look at the photo for a stromante, where different colors of foliage are represented:
The botanical feature of the deciduous mass is to turn to the source of light. This property is provided by the leaf leaf stalk structure. In the evening, in the absence of a bright light source, all the leaves roll up into tubes and go up. And in the morning, dawn hours, the leaves open and fall down.
In nature, the stromanta grows on the loose banks of tropical rivers, under the powerful crowns of powerful trees. In room conditions it is necessary to create appropriate conditions. Do not expose close to sunlight. In the depths of the room the plant will feel great. To conduct regular watering, not allowing the earthen clod to dry. It is also not recommended to place the culture pot near the central heating radiators. Dry air has an extremely negative effect on the state of the stromans. Spraying the deciduous mass in the morning and in the evening creates favorable conditions. We can recommend one simple method to beginner flower growers. A pot of stromant can be covered with a layer of sphagnum moss to 5, see. Moss should be moistened with plenty of water daily. This will create a wonderful level of humidity.
In winter, it is advisable to place the flower in a special terrarium with additional lighting and moisture. This will help preserve the culture in the most difficult months for it.
Stromanta care at home: agricultural technology, subtleties and secrets
Before you take care of a stromant plant at home, you need to learn some of the subtleties and secrets of successful gardeners. The general agrotechnical of the family of maranths includes the compilation of a special soil, the organization of the humidification of the surrounding air. Stromanta care at home begins with the creation of suitable temperature conditions. In the summer, the optimal parameters are up to 25 ºC, and in winter the air should not warm up more than up to 20 ºC. Even the short-term lowering of temperature below 10 ºC can become the most terrible factor, with all the above-ground leaf foliage completely dying off. Also, the culture is afraid of drafts, so next to the stromant should not open the vents for ventilation, especially in the cold season.
The shade tolerance of the plant allows them to decorate various parts of the premises. However, one should not forget that a certain amount of sunlight is extremely necessary for the formation of interesting varieties of deciduous mass. With a lack of light, all the leaves become evenly tinged with a pale green shade.
For irrigation can only be used well-filtered warm water. Between March and October, abundant daily watering is required. In the winter months, watering is reduced to 2-x once a week. Spraying air around deciduous mass is required daily 2-3 times. The pot can be covered with expanded clay, moss, fine rubble. These fillers should be moistened daily.
An excellent agrotechnical device is the “shower” in the bathroom, in which the steam is “pre-filled”. Pots in plants are set in a bath and poured with warm water from a shower. Then, time is given for the excess water to run off and, after 2 hours, the plants are put in their usual places.
Particular attention should be paid to fertilization. Usually, a period of active growth and development is allocated for dressings. Starting the introduction of complexes should be from the beginning of March. And at the end of August, these activities should be completely stopped. When choosing a fertilizer, preference should be given to those formulations where calcium is absent. When breeding should not take more than half the standard dose. The interval between dressings is 15 days. It is dangerous to feed more often.
Breeding, landing and transplant issues
Breeding issues are especially exciting for beginning flower growers. How to breed a rare species, which way to use? Stromantics can learn how to properly plant and transplant if you carefully read the information below.
So, there are several ways of reproduction of stromals at home:
- division of an adult bush during transplantation;
- grafting of the apical bud.
The easiest way to divide the adult bush. The root system is carefully unraveled and clipped to 3-4, see. Then, the divided bushes are seated in shallow pots. Watering is carried out, light soil compaction. On top of the bushes covered with a plastic bag, it can only be removed after a week 2.
Apical cuttings allow reproduction without the obligatory transplant of a plant. For the procedure, the cutting should be cut to a length of up to 8. At least 2-s full leaves should be present on it. Water is used for rooting with the addition of a root stimulator. The cutting is placed in a half-liter jar and covered with a plastic bag on top. Water changes 1 once every 7 days. Roots are formed during 1,5 - 2 months. After this, the cutting can be planted in the prepared soil and covered with a plastic bag until new leaves appear.
Planting and transplanting stromals is a crucial moment that can be disastrous for a houseplant. It is recommended to carry out this procedure in March-April. Annual transplantation with an increase in the capacity of the pot is required only for young plants under the age of 4. Then the transshipment is carried out every 3 of the year. The soil should be light, well structured, breathable and have a slightly acid reaction. Peat is taken as a basis, to which 1 is added to parts of sod land and sand. At the bottom of the pot is placed a layer of drainage to 3, see.
Types of home-grown stromantics (with photo)
Properly selected variety guarantees success in cultivation. The types of stromants currently have about 20 variation. For home cultivation and breeding used 5-6 varieties. Look at the photos of the popular types of stromathans - among them are a variety of deciduous mass colors:
Stromanthe amabilis is the most popular type, it is a pleasant stromanth, has a small growth and a Christmas-tree pattern on green leaves. The length of the sheet is 15 cm, width - 8 cm. The main color is pale green. Stripes up to 5 mm wide have a rich emerald color. The reverse side of foliage is gray with a pink bloom.
A bloody or blood red stromant is another popular type in indoor floriculture. Stromanthe sanguinea grows naturally in the dense forests of Brazil, not demanding lighting. Oval leaves with crimson underside color reach lengths up to 40 cm and widths up to 15 cm. They are distinguished by an oval shape with a sharp lateral end. The upper part of the sheets is light green with a glossy shine. It is a darker pattern in the form of the Latin letter V.
Multicolor is a variety of blood-red stromans. It has a rich red color of the bottom plate. And "Hortikolor" will please the eye with a pleasant olive shade of the top plate with white fancy divorces. "Tricolor" has the most unusual color. On the top of the light green surface flashes of pink and white stripes fly away. The downside is maroon. There are other varieties and types of stromants, which can be viewed in the photo below:
Why do the tips of the leaves of stromans dry (diseases and pests)
If the stromants dry the tips of the leaves, then the problem may be behind the violation of the rules of plant maintenance. Why is this happening? Most often this is a consequence of a violation of the irrigation regime and dry air in the room. These symptoms can cause diseases that are not pests, such as the spider mite. When dry tips of leaves appear, the stromant should be transferred to the bathroom. Prepare a soap solution (for 1 a liter of water 3 tablespoons of liquid laundry soap). Beat the foam and, using a sponge, apply it to all leaf surfaces. This technique helps to cope with spider mites. Foam leave on 5 hours. Then thoroughly rinse the entire plant with warm water and cover with a plastic bag. A week later, check the foliage, if there are signs of the presence of a tick (spider webs in the forks of the leaves), then apply a special drug "Actillic".
Another reason that stromal leaves have dried leaves is sunburn. In this case, you need to move the pot away from the window and increase the number of sprays with water during the day to 5-6 times.