Would you like to turn your apartment into a small corner of the forest or into a garden of paradise? The first step to this dream is the selection and purchase of plants. Only healthy flowers, to which you will provide a suitable place, will grow well and develop.
When selecting indoor plants, you need to consider what kind of light, temperature and air humidity are comfortable for plants, and then healthy decorative flowering species will endow you with fabulous flowers.
On this page you will learn how to choose the right flowers in the store, and which home plants are best for novice florists.
Buying indoor plants: how to choose the plants in the store
The first step to success - the correct purchase of indoor plants. Proper care for flowers begins when they are purchased. If you choose the right store, plants and time of purchase, and then give new plants to adapt well to the existing conditions, then you are unlikely to have problems. The decisive factor for selecting plants is the ability to provide them with a place in the apartment that meets their requirements.
It is not necessary to pick up flowers for home in a posh, expensive store in the city center. There are many small shops and shops around the corner, in the market, there are special departments in supermarkets, gardening centers are organized on the outskirts of the city. The main thing is to look carefully where they take good care of flowers, pay attention to them, and spare no effort. So, choose indoor plants correctly!
Flowers are poorly groomed if:
- Leaves privyadshie,
- The tips of the leaves are crumpled or trimmed,
- Pots are dirty,
- The soil is too wet or dry.
In this case, it is best to go to another store.
Signs of good care:
- The plants are green, strong, well developed,
- There is enough space in pots for further growth,
- There is a label with the name of the plant and with instructions for care. True, these small plastic labels are often lost, and therefore some large flower growing companies print the name and instructions directly on the plastic pot. This is a good idea, although the inscription lasts only until the first transplant. But during this time you are perfectly comfortable with all the methods of plant care.
Ask at the store any specific plants. If they are not there, the store owner will deliver the right views for you from the wholesale market or from suppliers within 2-3 days.
When buying indoor flowers during the cold winter months (for example, poinsettia, which is only available at this time), you should ask the seller to pack the purchase well - first in silk paper, then in newsprint. In the summer, silk paper will protect the plant from the bright, burning sun and prevent too much evaporation.
Potted plants can sometimes be ordered from gardening companies, and they will be sent to you by mail. However, you can not pre-inspect the plant; you have to choose exactly what you need from the catalog and get what you send.
Of course, you have the right to make a claim to the company, for example, to send back sick copies. Usually plants are sent by mail in special packages in which they do not wither for several days.
But if your parcel is in the mail, the plants will suffer. Most often they order by mail rare hybrid or exotic cultural species.
But if you are not interested in something special or rare, buy plants from local florists.
How to choose home flowers for your apartment
Before you choose indoor plants, keep in mind that even the most beautiful and healthy flowers from the best suppliers will not grow with you if the conditions in your apartment are not suitable for them. Like all other living creatures, indoor plants impose certain requirements on the environmental conditions under which they can develop well.
"Fit" for your apartment plants in the event that you can provide them with the light and temperature conditions that they need. Choosing the right place is crucial for the life of indoor plants. If you know the basic rules for placing plants in an apartment and the requirements of various types, you will not buy a copy that is not suitable for your apartment. And now a few tips to help with the purchase of plants.
To choose the right room flowers for your apartment, analyze the location of the windows.
Windows facing east and west. Those fans of indoor plants, in whose apartments windows are oriented to the east and west, are very lucky: they can buy everything in the flower shop (almost) that they like, because most of the indoor plants love a well-lit place, but cannot stand direct rays midday sun. They need just the kind of lighting that they get through the windows facing east and west.
And even those plants that prefer bright sunlight or, conversely, like a shady place, grow beautifully on the windows, illuminated by the rising and setting sun. True, they do not achieve such optimal development here as on the southern or northern windows that are ideal for them.
Windows facing north. If you are looking for plants for the window facing north and dimly lit, choose decorative leaf species such as:
South-facing windows. It is the perfect place for luxurious flowering tropical plants:
For exotic species, such as, Anon mesh.
Such plants require constant attention and care. Before you pick flowers for your apartment, find out about their origin.
Plants gathered on your window sill or crammed into the window of a flower shop come from a wide variety of areas of the globe.
For example, many cacti and succulents come from arid, desert regions. They are accustomed to bright sunshine, so they need to take a warm, sunny place.
The homeland of ferns is raw rainforests, so they prefer diffuse light, similar to that which penetrates the foliage of tall trees in places of natural growth of these plants.
Species originating from the tropics, for example:
Croton (Codiaeum)They are accustomed to uniform heat throughout the year.
Subtropical plants such as Reed (Scirpus cernuus), some dracenes and palm trees, have adapted to different seasons with a high temperature during the period of growth and with a lower one - during the period of rest.
Plants of European origin, from areas with a temperate climate, are rarely found among houseplants.
From the Mediterranean regions came to our rooms:
Helksina or Soleololium (Soleirolia soleirolii)
And the well-known primroses come from Rabbittus as weeds from China, in the rice fields.
Another tip, how to choose indoor flowers - pay attention to their leaves.
Fleshy leaves. Plants require bright lighting, tolerant even to direct sunlight. Example: Sansevieria (Sansevieria).
Leathery or wax coated leaves. Plants tolerate dryness. Example: rubber plant rubber (Ficus elastica).
Large, soft leaves. Plants prefer partial shade. Example: indoor lime or sparmania (Sparmannia africana).
Leaves motley or patterned. Plants need a well-lit place. The more white spots and streaks on the leaves, the brighter the sunlight should be. Example: Croton, or Codiaeum (Codiaeum).
Thorns or pubescence. Plants are tolerant to sunlight. Example: cacti.
Small leaves. The ideal place for plants is sunny. Example: Euphorbia Mil (Euphorbia milii).
Large leaves collected in the outlet. Plants do not tolerate bright sunlight. Example: Saintria violets (Saintpaulia ionantha, hybrids) Streptocarpus (Streptocarpus, hybrids).
Unfortunately, there are exceptions to these rules. But most of the species correspond to the above characteristics.
If the plant is not "suitable" for your apartment, of course, it is in your power to slightly change the conditions in accordance with the needs of the plants. For example, you can mount artificial lighting devices or an electrical installation to humidify the air.
Undoubtedly, all this requires a lot of trouble and does not always create optimal conditions for plants.
Sometimes it happens that you are simply in love with a plant that is completely unsuitable for the conditions in your apartment. In this case, I will advise you: experiment! But keep in mind that your joy in success will be short-lived, especially since such problematic plants are expensive. If the 4 weeks after the purchase dies a bell price of several brands, this is a nuisance for you, but it is easier to bear than the loss of expensive Camellia.
How to choose healthy indoor plants
When deciding which indoor plants to choose for your home, first of all, carefully inspect the flowers - they must be healthy.
In flower shops, many plants of different species stand together: large and small, bushy and sprawling, with buds and blossoming flowers. Unfortunately, sometimes among them are sick species. Therefore, before choosing indoor plants, always carefully inspect the specimens that you are going to buy, do not rush.
The shape of the plant. The plant must have several shoots. Bushy plants should branch well. Pay attention to the form: the plant should not be one-sided and with bare stems at the base.
Leaves. Buy plants that are well leafy, with strong, healthy leaves, without brown spots, loose tips, dry or deformed edges. Look at how many leaves have already fallen (small scars remain in the places of their attachment to the stems).
Flowers. On the ornamental flowering species there should not be many fully blooming flowers, the buds should be numerous and well developed. If the buds are small, poorly developed and they are still far from blooming, they sometimes in new conditions do not bloom at all and fall off.
Pests. It is recommended to inspect potted plants for the presence of pests. Good advice, but only if every customer turns, touches the leaves and looks at the roots, what is left of the plants?
They fit to be thrown away. It is best to carefully inspect the tips of the shoots: this is where the most aphids sit. Pay attention to suspicious yellow-brown spots on the leaves. But basically rely on the overall impression that a healthy (or diseased) plant makes on you.
If you are faced with a dilemma: choose a plant standing in the store or outside on the sidewalk, buy the first one, because Many indoor plants suffer from exhaust fumes and street dust.
If you have decided which home flowers are best for your apartment, pay attention to the following parameters:
Cyclamen (Cyclamen persicum) must have straight, strong stalks and many buds. A healthy tuber is dense, without spots.
Azalea (Rhododendron) in full color is not worth buying. The buds between the leaves should be well developed. The pot must be taken heavy.
Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea) You can buy when the first bracts are painted.
Bromeliads (Bromeliaceae) with fully blossomed flowers do not live long. Note the brown, cracked tips of the leaves.
Dieffenbachia (Dieffenbachia) often lose the lower leaves. Buy only leafy plants.
Dragon tree or dracaena (Dracaena), has different types, each needs special care. Find out the exact name of the plant.
Ivy (Hedera) susceptible to pest infestations. Carefully inspect the tips of the shoots and leaves.
Ferns must grow in thick bush, with strong fronds and new buds.
Balsam (Impatiens) should be bought in the form of a compact bush with brightly colored leaves, with new shoots and many buds.
Rubber plant (Ficus elastica), which has many scars on stems from fallen leaves, is already old or neglected.
Stephanotis (Stephanotis floribunda) buy with the blooming of the first buds. Yellow leaves are a sign of nutritional deficiencies.
Palm trees - capricious plants. Buy only perfect looking palms.
Sansevieria (Sansevieria) must have leaves with sharp edges and immaculate tips.
Uzambarsky violets (Saintpaulia ionantha, hybrids) with pale, drooping leaves should not be bought.
How to choose safe flowers for your home
Another important aspect that needs attention is plant safety.
If you have small children who have a habit of picking leaflets from plants and poking them in their mouths; if you have brought pets that will not ignore the greens on the windowsill; if, finally, you yourself suffer from allergies and some substances cause skin irritation, you should never acquire poisonous plants.
Unfortunately, such cultures are found among our pets. These include, for example, the following.
Plants of the Euphorbiace family (Euphorbiaceae), such as:
Spurge the most beautiful (Euphorbia pulcherrima)
Euphorbia mile (Euphorbia milii)that emit poisonous milky sap.
Some solanaceous plants such as Nightshade (Solanum pseudocapsicum).
Beautiful and popular leaf plants, for example Dieffenbachia.
Decorative flowering species:
Primula obratkonomicheskaya (Primula obconica)
Madagascar periwinkle (Catharanthus)
Diplomatic rights (Mandevilla)
Desert Rose (Adenium obesum)
Note. In the plant care instructions, poisonous species are marked with the “dead head” symbol. In addition, there are clearly marked plants that can be injured, and plants that release substances that irritate the skin.
When working with such poisonous species, keep in mind the rules listed below. Replant or trim plants, always wear gloves! Keep children and pets away from eating and eating these plants. Put plants that can be injured, out of the reach of children.
Care tips are always attached to the copy being sold. Sometimes when buying potted plants, it seems that they all require the same care, because the seller gives all the answers to all the questions: “Put in a sunny place and water daily”. And if we are talking about a fern who loves the shadow, or a yucca, which needs to be watered only occasionally? There are many indoor plants, and even the best florist can not remember everything that is required by different species.
And the more so not every seller keeps a reference book under the counter: he doesn’t want to admit to his clients that he, an expert, doesn’t know something. Therefore, when buying a plant, write down its exact name — generally accepted and necessarily Latin, and at home take a reference book and determine which location and which care is required by the specimen purchased.
You should certainly know the Latin names of plants. Only in this case, you can avoid confusion: sometimes completely different types have the same generally accepted names.
When deciding which flowers to choose for a home, it is very important to know the full Latin name, since some plants have varieties that require uneven care.
Ask about the species name, for example, dracaena fringed - this is not just Dracaena, a Dracaena marginata: she likes shady places as opposed to Dracaena surculosa (moisture-loving dracaena) or Dracaena draco (tolerant to lower temperatures).
The meaning of additional words related to species is interesting. Marginata is “bordered” because this dracaena has green leaves with a narrow red border around the edges, surculosa has a specific epithet draceni “with small offspring”, and draco is a real “dragon-like” dragon tree.
What indoor flowers to choose for your home: the best plants for beginners
And what indoor flowers should I choose for beginner flower growers? If you have little experience in handling houseplants, learn from inexpensive plants. They are sold at low prices simply because during mass flowering there are many of them on the market. Such plants are also cheap and cause little trouble for the florist: they are grown without problems and are not affected by diseases.
For low-priced decorative leafy indoor flowers, suitable for beginners, include, for example:
Rubber tree (Ficus elastica)
Date palm (Phoenix)
Room cypress (C press us macrocarpa)
Araucaria variegated (Araucaria heterophylla)
Young, small plants are also cheap: the price for wintering has not yet been included in their price. In addition, they adapt more quickly to the new environment (i.e., your apartment) than the plants pampered in greenhouses.
To begin with, it is recommended to take up strong, not too capricious species that are not affected by improper care for a long time.
Sansevieria, or Teschin language (Sanseviena trifasciata). This indoor plant, suitable for beginner gardeners, has long sword-like leaves with marble stains. Adult specimens even bloom. It grows in the sun and in partial shade, in a cool and warm room.
Monstera attractive (Monstera delicious). Lives very long and reaches a large size. It can be placed far from the window and at the radiator. A large, strong and stable container is required.
Balsam, or touchy (Impatiens watteriana и Impatiens, hybrids New Guinea,). It blooms continuously if the location is not too dark. New Guinea hybrids tolerate a higher temperature than the plant species. Does not like overmoistening.
Chlorophytum ordinary (Chlorophytum comosum). Growing anywhere. At the ends of the stems, small plantlets (spiders) are formed, which can be cut and rooted. Transplanted at any time of the year, when the roots will not fit in a pot.
Ficus or rubber tree (Ficus elastica). Tolerant to high temperatures and central heating in winter, but does not tolerate bright sunlight. In the summer needs plenty of watering. Before the next watering, let the soil dry. Leaves should be washed when they are dusty.
Aspidistra, or cast iron plant (Aspidistra elatior). With good care it reaches a meter height and a large span. This is a very hardy home flower, suitable for beginners, tolerant to both high and low temperatures. Transplanted only when the roots fully occupy the entire pot. Tradescantia (Tradescantia) Attractive ampelnaya plant, sometimes blooming small flowers. The cooler the air in the room, the less frequent the watering. Feed is minimal. Cuttings quickly take root in a glass of water.
Room aralia, or fatsy (Fatsiajaponica). In the summer you can put in the open air, while you need to water and feed more often. Does not like frequent transplants. For pest infestations, chemical control agents should not be used.
Tsiperus, or papyrus (Cyperus). This view is for those who endlessly water their plants. It grows well in the sun, and in a partial shade. Loves wet soil. It grows in aquariums and in swampy areas x. Reproduces cut tops of leaves.
Houseplants should be bought whenever possible in the spring or summer, when it is not hot. At this time, in the apartment and in the open air, temperature and humidity favor the development of plants, and “moving” to new places will not be stress, adaptation will be quick and successful. In winter, when the plant is transferred from a cold store or from a greenhouse with high humidity to a hot, dry room of an apartment, many species begin to wither. When buying in winter, plants can simply freeze on the way out of the store.
Inventory for the care of indoor plants
Fans of indoor plants can not do without an elementary inventory to care for their pets.
- Watering can. Buy whenever possible not so much beautiful, how many practical watering can. It should be with a long, thin spout, so that it is convenient to water any plants, even with thick leaves that cover the soil. If you have a lot of plants, get a small watering can, so that you do not have to run all the time to fill it with water.
- Spray (spray). It is best to buy a large plastic. You will need it for spraying plants on hot days and during drought periods.
- Scissors for plants. For cutting off shoots, wilted flowers and leaves, you need sharp stainless steel special scissors. Do not be surprised: they are expensive.
- Other inventory. For daily care of the leaves, you will need a soft sponge or a thin brush, which is always in the household.
When you first transplant you will need a garden spatula or a scoop for indoor flowers. Sometimes a spatula can successfully replace a tablespoon.
Adapting home colors: tips for beginners
Bought and brought home new plants, you should help get used to a little (adapt) to the existing conditions.
The first steps:
- Unpack the plant, carefully inspect it.
- Immediately cut off faded leaves and flowers, broken shoots.
- If the roots of a plant are already visible on the surface of the soil, if the height of the plant and the size of the pot clearly do not match, then the plant needs to be transplanted. Of course, the best time for transplanting is spring and early summer, but if you bought a plant in August, you should not wait until spring.
- Dust the leaves carefully wipe with an important swab dipped in tepid water.
- If the leaves have an unnatural luster, it means that the plant in the store, in all likelihood, was sprayed with a special means for imparting gloss. Gently wash the lustrating solution from all leaves with a soft sponge and soapy water.
- Check for soil moisture. If it is too dry, water well until water runs out of the drain hole in the bottom of the pot. Empty the pan and pour it again in half an hour.
- For successful adaptation do not put a new plant immediately to a permanent place. It is better if the plant gradually gets used to the "home" environment.
- Even if the plant is most suited solar window sill, for the first 2-3 of the day, put it in a half-shaded place. In autumn or winter, do not in any way bring the purchased plant directly into the heated room, even if it is a heat-loving plant. It is better to put it on the first week in a cool bedroom, where the temperature is 17-18 ° С.
- In the first weeks, water and spray the plant especially carefully. With 2, a week of special care is no longer required; care for the plant according to the instructions.