Growing in indoor conditions, representatives of tropical flora require increased attention to the conditions created for them. But the reward for properly organized care is appropriate - they give comfort and beautiful forms of buds. White flowers are still a mysterious rarity, since not many growers decide to start them at home. At the same time, at home, Beloperone can develop perfectly and blossom to clarify a long period. All the tricks of their cultivation and photos can be viewed on this page, but for now let's talk about the botanical characteristics.
- The correct name sounds like justice, Latin transcription - Justicia L.
- Belongs to botanists to a large family of Acanthaceae (Acanthaceae).
- Natural habitats are located in the southern part of the American continent.
- It is distinguished by the ability to rapidly grow the vegetative mass and prolonged flowering, which, with appropriate care, can last all year round without interruptions.
- Optimal conditions at home - moderate lighting with diffused sunlight, humid air with temperatures around 20-25 degrees Celsius.
- Mandatory agrotechnical measures - daily spraying of deciduous mass and timely watering to continuously maintain the level of moisture in the soil.
Look at the photo of white peperone at home - various possibilities of using culture for decorative purposes are shown:
Proper care of white peperone at home
Proper care of beloperone allows you to grow a plant of amazing beauty and power, flowering and giving a lot of pleasant impressions. At home, it is important for a flower to choose the right place for its “permanent residence”. Move the pot from one window sill to another is not recommended. This flower loves consistency. Feels great on the northern and eastern windows. On the south side, shading is required during daytime hours. Otherwise, ultraviolet burns may appear on the leaf mass. It can grow in the depths of the room, but here you may need additional lighting with fitolampy. Although with good illumination of the room during daylight, this is not required.
When organizing the care of white peperone at home, immediately draw up a schedule for watering and applying mineral fertilizers. Even a small change in this graph adversely affects the condition of the flower. Watering should be done at least 2x once a week. Water should have a neutral chemical reaction pH. It is best to take distilled or filtered water at room temperature.
Top dressing is carried out with special mineral compounds for actively flowering houseplants. In the fall and winter, 1 is recommended to be applied once a month. But starting from March, you should increase the number of fertilizers 2 times, when watering they are added 1 times 2 week.
The most important event in the care of Beloperon at home is pruning and the formation of a bush. This is done in February - it is necessary to cut off all available stems with shears into half of their length. If the plant is young, the nip is held at the level of the 2 axillary bud, followed by pruning the side shoots at the level of the 1 th axillary bud. So you can create a beautiful and compact bush with a large number of flower stalks.
Justine has no expressed need for a period of rest. In nature, white peperone blooms and develops continuously throughout the entire calendar year. At home, in winter, you can reduce the number of irrigations and fertilizing. Special conditions for the rest of the plant to create is not required, which greatly facilitates the care of him.
Practiced 2 method of propagation of justine: grafting and sowing seeds. In the first case, flowering may begin after 7-8 months, in the second - after 2-3. An adult plant is transplanted 1 once a year or in the case of a rapid increase in the root and vegetative mass, each spring by transferring to a larger pot.
Look at the photo of flowers of Justin (Beloperon) - various forms of the plant are shown:
Description and types of white operone (with photo)
Choosing the right type and variety of plants plays a crucial role in the further care and cultivation. The description of beloperone is compiled by botanists in general terms, since the genus Beloperone Nees includes more than 60 morphological forms. They differ in appearance and requirements for growing conditions. Common species of white operone, originally growing in subtropical climatic zones. But residents of the hot tropics at home to grow a little harder. They are more demanding on the ambient temperature. Look at the photo of whiteperone - the appearance with ease gives a hint on deciphering the name of the flower:
Translated from the Latin Beloperone means arrow (belos) with a pronounced tip (perone). The arrow-shaped anther creates an amazing impression of a flowering plant. Most of these plants are low shrubs, most of the stems are bare. Lignification of the shoots begins a year after their development. Easy omission is found in tropical species. Large shiny leaves with a lanceolate shape and rich coloring rearrange themselves beautiful decorative interior decoration. Flower buds develop from the leaf axils. They can be grouped, collected in umbrella inflorescences, or single. The most common petals are yellow and orange, red and burgundy. More rare varieties have white and pink blooms.
Drip whiteperone is the most common species in indoor floriculture. Beloperone guttata Brandegee was first discovered on the territory of modern Mexico. It is an evergreen shrub that, under good growing conditions, even in a house can reach heights up to 1 meters. Oval large leaves have a dark green color and a shiny surface. There is pubescence of the stems and foliage. Leaf length reaches 7 cm. Its flowers are collected in drooping inflorescences up to 20 cm long. They can be white and yellow, red and orange. Look at the photo drip beperperone - this is an amazingly beautiful original plant:
Plumbagal white beperone brought from Brazil. It is a powerful shrub up to 150 cm. It has beautiful leathery leaves up to 10 cm in length, strong upright shoots with strong lignification. Blossoms in red. The following is a photo of this species of white beperone:
The tricks of growing plants at home
Sometimes it is not enough to know the agrotechnical culture in order to successfully apply this knowledge in practice. The tricks of growing white peperone at home are a collection of folk wisdom and the secrets of experienced flower growers. In particular, it is recommended to use water with a temperature of 40 degrees Celsius when spraying the foliage. The fact is that during the spraying of water from the spray gun there is a sharp cooling of the liquid. And Beloperone prefers warm droplets of water, as it is observed in her homeland. It is useful to hold a shower in the bathroom. You should first let the steam in - turn on the hot water for a few minutes and take it into the bath. After the air is sufficiently humidified, release the water and bring in a flower. Water it from the shower with warm water with a low jet pressure for 10-15 minutes. Leave in the bathroom for about an hour. This procedure stimulates the rapid growth of green mass and accelerates the development of flower buds.
When conducting dressings you should choose the right mineral and organic compounds. Throughout the year, 1 once a month should be abundantly watered with divorced Agri-Coke. It stimulates growth. Once a month 2 should be fed with mineral complexes suitable for actively flowering plants. They should be dominated by potassium and magnesium.
You should also be aware of how reproduction of white beperone is carried out at home using cuttings. When pruning them remains a huge mass. The strongest of them can be rooted. The advantages of this method of breeding - the rapid onset of the flowering period. If you plant the cuttings after pruning in March, the flowering will come in late September.
The optimal length of the cuttings for rooting is 15, see. From the cutting, remove all leaves except the two apical ones. Then a growth stimulator solution is prepared. You can take specialized drugs "Kornevin" or "Heteroauxin", as well as purchased in the pharmacy tablets succinic acid. In this solution, the cuttings are left for about 7-10 days. Then, in the ground with a large addition of sand, the cuttings are buried and put on the central heating battery. A plastic bag can be stretched on top. These tricks accelerate the formation of the root system. After rooting will begin a quick set of deciduous mass. At this time, the cuttings can be transplanted to a permanent place of their growth and development. After the final transplant, after 10 days it is necessary to trim the tops of all the planted cuttings on 1. This event will allow you to grow a bushy form of the plant.
Yellowing of the leaves of beperperone indicates insufficient plant lighting. But if they began their massive fall, you should check the ground. Most likely it is waterlogged. In this case, an emergency transplant of a plant into a new ground is required.