Domestic or indoor shrubs include a fairly large group of plants capable of forming a compact crown with a small height of stems. They are used to decorate interiors and landscaping for the purpose of purifying indoor air. Gardenia (Gardenia Ellis) jasminoid belongs to the madder family. The genus includes more than 250 species. At home, grow gardenia jasmine. The flower was so named because the scent of its flowers is vaguely reminiscent of jasmine. Gardening jasmine-shaped gardenia at home is not an easy task ... But if you find out the whims, it will delight you and your home with flowers of amazing beauty from spring to late autumn. Proper and timely care allows you to exclude diseases and ensure the correct development of the vegetative mass. Look at the photo of gardenia jasmine-shaped in different stages of development of the bush at home:
Description and photo of jasmine-shaped gardenia
White terry flowers have an amazing aroma. Their size reaches 6, see. They can be placed singly or be gathered into inflorescences at the ends of young shoots. In inflorescences it varies from 3 to 5 pieces. No less beautiful and leaves - dark green, embossed. Leaf shape is broadly lanceolate, reversely ovate, acuminate, narrowing to the base of the leaf. The description of jasmine-shaped gardenia is rather dull, much more eloquent photos of the plant:
Most often, the plant appears in our homes from Holland, in nondescript plastic transport pots, it is planted in peat. On how to properly transplant gardenia jasminoid at home, watch the video or read here.
To get the bloom of gardenia at home, it is necessary to grow it in well-lit windows. Windows from east to southwest orientation are preferred. In the north need lighting.
This culture is quite thermophilic - the temperature of keeping at home in winter should not fall below 16 degrees. Ideally, it will be from 18 to 22 degrees. When growing gardenia jasmine-shaped at home, we take into account one of its whims - it does not tolerate “cold feet” at all, so watch the temperature of the substrate, it should be above 17 degrees. If this condition is not met, the fall of gardenia jasminoid leaves is possible. It is especially dangerous to reduce the temperature of the soil in winter, especially if the plants are constantly over-wetted.
At low temperatures, moisture is poorly absorbed by the roots, and dry, warm indoor air causes the leaves to quickly evaporate moisture. When this happens here, something the roots do not have time to supply water to the leaves, and gardenia fades.
How to avoid cooling the pot with gardenia at home? They need to be isolated from cold air flows. To do this, put them on the foam substrate, or raise above the level of the window sill.
How to water gardenia - about care at home
If we talk about the care of the garden jasminoid at home, then we pay special attention to watering - in winter we use only warm water. Watering does not cause any problems in summer. We do everything as usual, well solder our beautiful, make sure that after watering does not remain moisture in the pallets. How to water gardenia correctly, so as not to cause bacterial and fungal diseases? Let's try to figure it out.
In the spring and summer, during the period of active growth, the surface layer of the earth can dry up to a state of dryness, you can determine this in the simplest way - by touch, with your finger, you do not feel the moisture-watering! In autumn and winter, when the temperature is lower and the light day is shorter, the gardenia can dry out to the depth of the pot before 1,5, see dried up to the depth of the pot on 1-1,5 see cm - water! Surplus must be removed, so as not to cause the appearance of root rot!
Forget about watering gardenias in the pan!
Since the land for transplantation is taken light, loose, most often it is a mixture of leaf and coniferous earth, it dries out quickly, and in order to saturate it with moisture, a longer contact with water is necessary. Such a contact can be achieved in the case of watering by immersion, that is, we take a pot with a plant, put it in an empty basin, spill it from above, let the water rise in the pelvis to half the height of the pot, leave it for 15 minutes and then return the plants to their place. Do not forget to remove the water from the pallets after watering gardenias. Forget about such a common technique as watering in the pan - for gardenia it is extremely dangerous.
In the case of watering in the pallet the soil does not become saturated with moisture, the plant begins to suffer from waterlogging of the lower part of the substrate, while the upper part will be overdried.
Gardenia jasmine like prefers humid air, therefore we moisten it, arranging a number of vessels with water, or install a humidifier. It is especially sensitive to air humidity during budding. If the air is dry, drops the buds. Most often this occurs in winter and early spring, during the period of operation of central heating.
Each flower is stored on the plant for about a week. During this time, its color varies from white to cream or pale yellow.
Gardening jasmine-shaped home care
Gardenia is propagated by cutting. The best time for this is spring and early summer. For reproduction, apical half-lignified cuttings are used. Rooting is best done in a greenhouse. See the preparation of the substrate and the process of planting on the example of rooting cuttings of roses. Possible errors in the care of the garden jasminoid at home, their causes and methods of elimination will be discussed below.
Gardenia's sluggish leaves — waterlogging or overdrying of the substrate, root rotting — normalize watering! In case of rotting of the roots, we spill with fungicides - Maxim, Alirin, Hamair, Fitolavin.
Gardenia leaves turn yellow — lack of nutrition. It can be associated with both nitrogen starvation and iron deficiency.
With nitrogen starvation in gardenia, the lower leaves first turn yellow, then the rest are included in the process. Yellowing sheet uniform.
With a lack of iron, yellowing of the leaves of gardenia occurs between the veins of the leaf, manifested on young leaves. Most often this occurs due to irrigation with hard water containing a large amount of calcium salts. Calcium shifts the ph to the alkaline side, but the process of iron assimilation by the plant is possible only in a weakly acidic medium. What to do? Give the feeding on the leaves! You can use drugs Ferovit, liquid fertilizer for flowering plants with iron content - Bona Forte. Pocon, Fertika-suite.
To avoid such a problem in the future, for irrigation use soft water-settled. For planting gardenia use subacid earth - coniferous-leaf.
The massive abscission of the leaves of gardenia - the plant is over dried or affected by a spider mite. We understand the cause and take action.
Fall unblown buds. Quite often, flower lovers face such a problem when well-formed buds fall on the plant, most often this phenomenon occurs after purchase. The reasons for this:
- stressful situation - a sharp change in conditions of content - light, humidity, temperature;
- lack of moisture;
- excess moisture.
Gardenia is very light-loving and quite often after purchase drops buds. This is quite understandable in the greenhouse where it was grown, the lamps shone on it from above. When placed in an apartment, the plant most often turns out to be on the windowsill and only part of the crown is well lit, but the second part is less well lit, but there is little to say about those buds that are deep in the crown. Gardenia buds fall most often.
To reduce stress, plants after transplantation can be sprayed with Zircon or Appin.
When the plant dries out, as well as with excessive watering, the root system cannot fully work - the measly hairs that suck up water die off (from drought or waterlogging and decay) - the plant lacks moisture, because there is simply nothing to bring it through - and as a result - our gardenia has - abscission of leaves and buds ...
How to determine whether or not enough moisture for gardenia? We look at the state of the top layer of the earth - dry or wet. We also determine the readiness for watering by the weight of the pot; a well-watered plant is always heavier than a non-watered plant. With excessive moisture, the suction roots begin to die off, the plant does not receive the right amount of water and nutrition, and therefore begins to drop buds.
Blacken and fall leaves. In gardenia jasminoid this may be due to damage to the root system due to excessive moisture. Waterlogging most often occurs in dense, non-breathing substrates.
How to help? We take out of the pot, inspect the roots, put away the rotten, make good drainage in the pot, plant it in loose subacid substrateIdeally in coniferous leaves.
After landing, we spill the fungicidal drug "Maxim". This preparation removes the remaining infection on the roots of the plant and disinfects the soil.