Among ornamental deciduous plantsthat can grow in indoor conditions, a lot of mysterious representatives. The aspidistra is officially listed among the lily family, although some botanists refer it to the lily cultures. The name in translation from the original means "pointer snakes." In places where it grows in nature, snakes often huddle, and the grayish, curved shoot of an adult flower is also associated with a snake.
This representative flora has no stem. From the dense, half-closed under the ground rhizomes from the bottom up, dark green gleaming leaves rise.
Aspidistra blooms not as often as I would like lovers of indoor floriculture, in most cases, in the summer and only one day. The flowers, which are on the rhizome, do not possess special temptation. After transferring pollen from one plant to another, rather large-sized fruits appear with one seed from the inside.
If you do not know what the flowers in aspidistra, then not immediately realize that this is it. A dark purple star-shaped box appears in the grooves of scaly-like leaves directly on the root system of the plant, near the soil surface.
Types of aspidistra and her photo
There are quite a large number of different types of aspidistra. The most commonly cultivated in room conditions is the high aspidistra, the aspidistra "Variyegata" and the aspidistra "Elatior". Then you can see the types of aspidistra in the photo, which illustrate the rich decorative abilities of this indoor inhabitant:
These species in wildlife grow in the hot forests of southern China and Japan. On the petioles are raised glossy, dark green leaves that are associated with lilies of the valley, only much larger than them. The leaves of the plant feel coarse, but elastic. The leaf leaf is wide ovoid up to 50 cm long and 15 cm wide, smoothly passing into an elongated petiole. At the beginning of almost every leaflet high there are one or two small scaly leaflets. The leaves are too large and they are all directly close to each other, which is what the people call it “friendly family”.
This indoor plant is unpretentious and easy to tolerate absolutely any conditions of its cultivation, so it can be recommended to those who have no desire to follow the flower, but I want it to be beautiful in the garden or at home. In one year, you can see an increase of only four or five leaves. The color of the leaves changes and is determined by the amount of fertilizer in the soil, and the size of the pot in which the shrub is located. Leaf size is approximately 30-40 cm long. Flowering aspidistra "Elatior" occurs in summer. Look further at the photo of the aspidistru at various stages of its development:
Perianth has the form of a wide bell, with eight lobes, dark yellow or dark red. For the perianth tube eight stamens are attached.
Quite often the species "Variegata" or aspidistra is variegated. The leaves of the plant are covered with white or pale pink stripes. This type of warmth prefers much more than a high variety of room "inhabitant". Acceptable air temperature for development - 15-20 degrees. The leaves on the flower of this species are either striped or motley.
Care for aspidistra at home
Aspidistra is not afraid of temperature fluctuations, so it can be grown on a loggia or balcony for quite a long time. The main care for aspidistra at home is reduced to timely watering and protection from direct sunlight. Most of the bred and natural species prefer to grow in partial shade. Bright sunshine can cause leaf burns. Propagated by dividing shoots.
It is possible to breed with the help of leaflets using a special technology. For this, it is necessary to cut a leaf without a stem from a plant with a fleshy part, which is located at the base of the leaf. Then cut the part of the sheet should be dried and placed in a bottle with water. After that, it is advisable to close the bottle with a tire and cover it up with something to prevent air from getting there. The bottle in this form should be in the light and warm. As soon as the roots appear on the cut of the leaflet, an aspidistru can be reached and planted in the soil, covered with a can. If the roots are not formed, and the tip of the leaflet is rotting, then you can cut it to a healthy place and place it in a bottle with clean water.
At temperatures above 25 degrees, it feels uncomfortable. In the heat, it is desirable to lower the temperature of its content by moving in the shade, or spray it. You can simply place near the banks with water.
Throughout the year, 15 degrees of heat is an acceptable temperature for development. A short period of time the plant can and endure withstanding low temperatures. The minimum temperature is 0 degrees.
Must be watered at least twice a week. In winter, it is possible to reduce the number of waterings to once a week. It is advisable to ensure that in the pot where the bush grows, all the moisture does not evaporate. Waterlogging will also adversely affect development, as the roots are weak and rotting.
For active growth it is better to have a penumbra or a fairly well-lit place, but with shading. Direct rays of the sun bring discomfort, burn leaves. The variegated variety, on the contrary, loves a very large amount of light.
Aspidistra does not tolerate a large amount of top dressing, but it is desirable to fertilize it. Sufficient nutrients will be in the soil lump, if you make a single application of complex fertilizer 1 once every 30 days. But it is necessary to navigate as foliage. If it fades or slows its growth, then you need to make nitrogen in combination with potassium.
When planting it is best to give preference to a mixture of sandy garden soil and land, which is intended for plants that are at home. The proportions should be equal. When transplanting should save part of the land in which the roots grow. It is preferable to introduce fertilizers into the soil of plants during the period from the beginning of spring to the end of autumn, but at the first time after transplantation, it is advisable to abandon the soil fertilizer.
Approximately once every three years, the root system of this indoor plant reaches a huge size and it is no longer enough space in the pot. In this case, it is desirable to repot. It is more expedient - in the middle or at the end of spring. Before you transplant an aspidistra houseplant, you should choose a pot that will be twice the size of the aspidistra root system. An adult plant is allowed to change only the top layer of the earth.
From time to time it is advisable to wash the leaves of aspidistra with warm water to avoid the accumulation of dust. In winter, due to the reduction of daylight, a period of rest comes, the flower stops growing. These are the basic rules for caring for aspidistra at home. See further pictures of aspidistra: