Growing ornamental flowering plants in room conditions requires a huge amount of knowledge, perseverance and compliance with the rules of agrotechnology of each culture. Amaryllis flowers at home give a good result when flowering only when following the rules of care. Many novice flower growers they are wondering why amaryllis does not bloom, despite the fact that he is given a lot of time and attention. The answer is only one - improper planting and care creates excellent conditions for increasing the green mass and does not deliver any chance for the formation of a floral arrow. As a result, the graceful beauty of the bell-shaped buds becomes unattainable, and a lush deciduous plant settles on the windowsill. Amaryllis flower at home can and should bloom, for this method is used distillation or continuous planting. How to do it competently and professionally - read in this article. In the meantime, we offer to look at the flower amaryllis in the photo, illustrating the richness of bud color:
History, botanical description and photo of amaryllis
Bulb culture is widespread on the African continent. It was brought to Europe almost 3 centuries ago. The first botanical description was proposed by Carl Linney in 1753. A botanist compiled a catalog of identical plants in the botanical garden of the mayor of Amsterdam. It was in his garden that the first collection of exotic bulbous plants was presented. The history of the spread of Amaryllis belladonna in Europe begins from this very moment. Look at the photo of Amaryllis - the richness of the shades does not at all indicate the large number of the Amaryllis genus from which it comes:
The homeland is considered to be the delight of the Olyfants River, which flows through the territory of South Africa. Stony elevated terrain and hot dry climate in this area create favorable conditions for the development and flowering of this crop. This should be taken into account when homemade amaryllis. In the Old World, other names of this indoor plant are known: the March lily, the belladonna lily, amarillo and many others.
To begin the description of the culture, the plant has excellent belt-like long leaves, reaching a length of up to 1 meters, their width is from 3 to 7, see. Amaryllis leaves are dense and fleshy, rich green in color with longitudinal veins. Amaryllis flower is formed on a long, bare stem. It can be quite developed, up to 1 cm in diameter and up to 60 cm in height. On each peduncle ranges from 3-x to 5-ti buds. Flowers have a funnel shape, similar to lilies. Their color is varied, from snow white to deep burgundy. Look at the photo of a typical amaryllis plant in room conditions:
For the successful development and flowering plants need a period of rest. The optimal time for forcing the peduncle and flowering is from February to May. At the beginning of summer, the leaves begin to wilck and dry, the number of waterings decreases, and by the end of August the plant enters the resting stage. Then begins the process of recruiting hardwood mass. At the same time the number of waterings should be very moderate.
Buds are dense group, create the impression of a bouquet composition. After the end of flowering large seeds are formed, suitable for subsequent reproduction of the culture.
Varieties of culture and their features (with photos)
At present, only one botanical species of Amaryllis is actively diluted under indoor conditions - fine or belladonna. Cultivars are subdivided exclusively by petal color. There are no cardinal differences. Terry varieties of amaryllis are more in demand - their features consist in the greater decorativeness of the buds. Among terry varieties can be distinguished DoubleDragon and DoubleRoma, they are distinguished by large buds and a longer flowering period. Exotica, WhiteBaby and Moonlight, Ampul are the most common non-terry varieties. Multicolored varieties, in which several shades are combined in buds, are in high demand. These are especially beautiful amaryllis, but it is rather difficult to buy them due to the lack of it on sale. Such a plant can be grown independently from seed. Multicolor types are Charisma, Prelude, Gervesa, Neon and Temptatia. Look at the photo of some varieties of amaryllis - the most vivid specimens are presented:
Experiments of breeders are carried out in the field of obtaining petals of various shapes. So, recently the so-called “spiders” with narrow petals of the original elongated shape have become fashionable. These are varieties Spotty, La Paz, Evergreen, etc.
The so-called natural type of flower Amaryllis sarniensis is widespread. He is not whimsical to care and pleases the eye with a long period of flowering. Its buds have a beautiful crimson color.
We grow indoor amaryllis at home (planting and care)
In order to get active flowering, it is important to properly conduct all agrotechnical activities. Many growers use the method of distillation in heated greenhouses. In this case, you can get completely undeveloped leaves and huge flower buds. We grow indoor amaryllis and as a permanent culture at home, while transplanting is required only 1 times in 3 years. The period of rest and a set of forces passes in usual room conditions without digging and stratification of a bulb. Proper fit and timely care guarantee a perfect result. But let's deal with all the subtleties in order, but for now look at the room amaryllis in the photo:
First of all, for the flower should choose the right place. This can be an east or southeast window. Adequate sunlight is needed. On the north windows grows poorly. On the south windows flowers are obtained with a pale color of buds. The first flowering after planting may come later 2-3 year. All this time the bulb is gaining weight. It should take at least 2 / 3 on the diameter of the pot. This circumstance should be considered at a choice of suitable capacity. The larger the pot, the longer you have to wait for the flower arrow to appear. Optimally, when the diameter of the pot is only 4 cm wider than the diameter of the amaryllis bulb.
Amaryllis planting is carried out in several stages. First, the ground is prepared. It is a mixture of turf land, peat and drainage. The bulb is cleared of damaged scales and soaked for 3 hours in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Then it can be soaked for a day in a growth stimulant solution (for example, “Kornivin”). At the bottom of the pot is laid drainage layer to 3, see. Then poured nutrient soil, mixed with mineral fertilizers. The bulb is buried on 2 / 3, the rest remains above the surface. After planting is carried out abundant watering. After 2 of the week, the deciduous mass begins. Watering after planting should not be carried out until the time when the deciduous mass grows to 5 cm in length. After that, watering is carried out no more than 1 times a week. After the appearance of the floral arrow, watering and care should be daily with the addition of mineral and nutritional complexes.
After flowering, the soil is loosened and the overgrown kids are removed. Otherwise, they will inhibit flowering plants for next year. You can transplant the bulbs in more spacious pots. It is fed with complex organic and mineral fertilizers. After this comes a period of rest, with minimal watering. At this time, it is helpful for 1 to spray the foliar mass once a week with a spray bottle.
Reproduction is carried out in two ways: the separation of children from the central bulb during transplantation and seeds. Amaryllis seeds are quite large, easily germinate in well-structured soil. However, when growing amaryllis from seeds at home, you will have to wait a long time for flowering. After all, it is necessary to grow a full-fledged onion, stratify it and carry out the distillation of the floral arrow. In the seminal way, especially valuable varieties multiply; it is not so easy to purchase onion planting material.
When breeding amaryllis with bulbs, it is enough to take a separate pot and plant all separated bulb children at a distance 5 cm from each other. After a year you will have finished planting material. When rearing children, regular watering is required, at least 2 once a week and application of mineral fertilizers in liquid form 1 once a week in 2.
How to make amaryllis blossom at home?
Quite often from novice florists the question is about why amaryllis does not bloom, despite observing all the rules for caring for them. Most often this is due to abundant watering and violation of the rules of landing. How to make amaryllis blossom at home with the help of simple secrets? Well, it's not so simple. A complete transplant is required. Capacity which on 4 is cm wider than a bulb is selected. Nutrient soil is poured into it, the deciduous mass is completely removed from the bulb. After planting, watering is required only in the first 2 weeks. After the foliage begins to grow, watering stops completely. All the children during transplantation are removed, because they take away the maximum nutrients, not allowing the peduncle to form.
Another way to get amaryllis to bloom is to water regularly with succinic acid diluted in water. Requires 3 tablets per 200 ml of water. After dissolving, water instead of regular watering.