As you know, at home, not bad take root and some tropical shrubs and trees. They make quite beautiful ornamental plants, but some of them have very interesting and useful properties. Tropical tree Muraya is able to please the household not only with a delicious aroma, which can fill the entire room with even one inflorescence, but also with tasty healing berries. In Russia, this plant is often found at home, which is why it is worthwhile to talk about it in more detail so that it will become even more widespread. The flower requires specific care, but its healing properties literally force many to cultivate at home. Look at the flower Muraya in the photo, which shows the decorative value of the culture:
Tropical areas are considered to be the homeland of Muray. These are mainly the islands of Java, Sumatra, some regions of India and Indochina. The name of the plant received from Karl Linne in honor of his disciple Unach Andreas Murray. Thus, the more correct name of “Murray”, but in use “Muraya” was fixed in them and we will appeal further.
In their youth, Murai shoots are quite flexible, but with age they become tougher and quite smooth to the touch. Thus, the plant becomes a tree or shrub of the Rutov family. Some growers point out that Muraya is very similar to some citrus fruits. In the photo below you can see exactly what.
Non-porous Murai leaves can have 5 or 7 elliptical leaves - it depends on the species, which total 12 in nature has. The leaves of this plant are rather dark green, have a leathery surface and a pleasant specific aroma. Many compare them with Lavrushka, if only because they are similar in structure and are also used as spices. Muraya paniculata (room) differs from those species that grow in the wild in that it has oval-shaped leaves.
It differs from citrus murayas in flowering, usually they are white or cream colored inflorescences with a strong and very pleasant aroma. In diameter, such a flower can reach no more than 2 cm.
After flowering, the plant produces fruits that do not exceed 3 cm and are very similar to hawthorn berries. They are edible and, as experts say, contain biologically active substances that have a beneficial effect on the overall tone of the whole body. The fruit is oval and dark red in color, as can be seen in the photo below.
In fact, with proper care, the flowering and fruit of this tree can be observed throughout the year. But, the smell from it is so strong that it may not appeal to all households, so be careful when choosing such a houseplant.
Useful and healing properties of Murayi: a real home first aid kit
The Murayi tree is a real first-aid kit, it has such a huge amount of useful and healing properties that it is simply impossible to list everything. Let's turn our attention to the most important of them, and also find out who is contraindicated such a plant and whether it can harm a person.
As they say in Japan, such a plant as Muraya should grow only in the imperial yards, as its fragrance allows to awaken the mind, and children born next to this perennial have a sharp and quick mind. In fact, in these words lies the most important useful property of this shrub - the rapid ability to relieve a headache. Some Murayi owners use the leaves of this plant for this purpose. Chewing on them can easily get rid of migraines, especially for meteo-dependent people.
In addition to the headache, the root, petals of the inflorescence, the bark, help with pain during a cold. So, in folk medicine, you can find a recipe for decoction of the petals of the Murayi flower, which can rinse your mouth and throat during a sore throat.
The aroma that this plant exudes is very useful for people with cardiovascular diseases and weather-dependent. Quite a lot of vitamins are concentrated in the fruit of perennial. Murayi berries are used to maintain overall tone, but they are most often recommended for people with diabetes, as they help to lower blood sugar levels. The use of a large number of fruits can lead to intoxication with some elements contained in them and oversaturation of the body, so do not get carried away with them.
Another therapeutic property of Murai is antifungal and anti-inflammatory effect. This allows you to use the essential oils of this plant and decoctions of its parts, even in official medicine.
As for the damage that this plant can cause, it is possible only with the individual intolerance of certain elements. In addition, as mentioned earlier, the flowers of the Murayi have a rather bright aroma, which may not suit everyone.
Reproduction and cultivation of Murayi cuttings and seeds at home
In order for the plant to enjoy its medicinal and beneficial properties, you need to learn how to grow it and propagate it when necessary. At home, this is quite simple, since there are only two fairly simple ways. The first is the reproduction of Murai cuttings, the second - by seeds. At the same time, even a young plant is not so whimsical that it is quite easy to propagate and grow it yourself.
To begin with, let's look at the first, quite popular way of reproduction of Muray - cuttings. They need to be cut off in the fall, this is done as follows: shoots are carefully cut and placed in water until the roots are formed. After that, we plant in the soil, which may be peat or sand.
It should be remembered that propagate in a similar way only those plants that have already reached the age of one year. If it is younger, it is better to resort to reproduction with seeds. They are harvested from the fruits of the Murayi, and then immediately planted in separate pots with sand soil. Depth of seeding should not exceed 0,5, see. If you comply temperature condition in 22-25 degrees, the first shoots will appear during the 1-1,5 month. During the growing season it is necessary to make a moderate watering.
Indoor Muraya is a plant whose mountains are home, therefore from the very beginning of growth it is necessary to create a microclimate. To do this, it is necessary to observe not only the temperature balance, but also the humidity of the air. In the case of cuttings, you can cover the sprout with a can, glass or cling film. The same can be done with the reproduction of murai seeds at home.
Proper care of Muraya at home and photos of beautiful indoor plants
As mentioned earlier, with proper care, Muraya can delight with its fruits and fragrant flowers all year. But even despite this, a houseplant is considered to be rather not capricious, even knowing the fact that it is tropical. In the photo below you can see how beautiful Muraya can be in the indoor environment, if you follow all the rules of caring for her.
First of all, look at Murayu, like a tropical mountain plant, where it grew in conditions of high humidity. In no case should you place this tree next to the batteries that will dry it. The plant will regularly grow and bloom regularly sprayed with water from a spray bottle.
Also, you should pay attention to the fact that Muraya is a rather light-loving plant, but from direct sunlight it can die, as they will leave burns. In the hot season it is best not to take the tree to fresh air, especially if it is also windy. In any case, when caring for Muraya at home, avoid winds and drafts.
In the summer, during active growth it is necessary to do top dressing, as it can be used full fertilizers for house plants. In the spring, Muraya transplanted into the soil with a high content of compost. In warm weather, the tree can be kept outdoors in the courtyard or on the balcony.
As for watering, it should be moderate, Muraya does not tolerate stagnant moisture in the coma of the soil, so before you plant this plant, you need to make a drain in the pot and the holes in the bottom. In order to water the plant, always must be stored up melt soft water. It is done this way: water is collected in bottles and settled for at least one day, so that all heavy impurities, such as lime and salt, settle.
Temperatures for Murayi are usually advised in the range from 18 to 23 degrees. In winter, the temperature should not exceed 18 degrees, since this is the period when the plant is gaining strength for a new life cycle.