Plant bloody (Crassula) or a money tree can be safely considered one of the most undemanding and frequently encountered indoor flowers. It deserved such popularity due to its unpretentiousness to the growing conditions. In addition, it is believed that this culture can attract wealth and good luck to the house. Such an association with attracting money causes a particular shape of the leaves of the flower, which are very similar to coins.
Even despite undemanding, there are still some recommendations for the care of the flower. They should be followed to grow a beautiful plant, and to see how the bloody flowers or the money tree blooms. To achieve this at home is difficult enough, but possible.
Providing optimal conditions for the plant, you will surely wait for the delicate and strongly smelling inflorescences on the branches. It is worth noting that if you find a very old copy, do not hesitate - take it. Plants bloom at least 10 years. For some species, this period is shortened to 5 years.
How does a swell tree look and how does a money tree bloom?
- Family: Crassulaceae (Crassulaceae).
- Homeland: South Africa. Wild species are most often found in the southern hemisphere. The Arabian Peninsula, Madagascar is the birthplace of this plant.
- What does this plant look like? Virtually all types of Crassus or the flower of the bastard have a rather unusual appearance, so some of them (for example, Crassula сapitella) are grown as indoor flowers.
The rhizome of plants is located in the upper parts of the soil. The roots are quite tender and thin. The stalk at the base is thick, compacted and juicy. Further, in its growth, it is prone to branching. May be erect or creeping. By correct pruning in the flowers of the fatty of many varieties (Crassula ovata, Crassula arborescens) you can easily form a crown.
The foliage is fleshy, round or oblong-oval in shape, sessile.
Flowering is a very rare phenomenon, but even in the indoor environment a tree can give color.
This family has more than 300 species, among them are dwarf plants reaching 10 cm in height, and quite large specimens growing to 4 m. Most of them are perennial, but there are annual ones that die after their flowering.
A fat woman, depending on the type and variety, may have a leaf color from dark green to yellowish. For example, Crassula argentea has silvery foliage, while Crassula ovate minor has purple tips on its leaves. It is noticed that in a plant that has been under direct sunlight for a long time, the green can be repainted in red.
The shape of the leaves is also varied: from scaly-like formations on branches to large round, oval and even triangular.
The edges can be rounded or jagged. Crassul species that grow in particularly arid regions, grooves and cilia appear on the surface of the leaves, which help the moisture to not evaporate so quickly under the scorching sun.
Types and varieties of bastard: photos, names and description of species of indoor flower
All types and varieties of indoor flower called bastard belong to large groups:
- Creeping (aquiferous).
The first ones are plants with fully or partially woody stems that are well able to form crown.
These include types of bloody flowers as Crassula ovata, Crassula arborescens, which are quite large in size, but one can easily form bonsai trees.
One of the most common thick tree trees is the view Crassula ovata - the so-called money tree.
That it is most often found on the windowsills of houses, apartments, offices. It looks like a bush height up to 100 cm, its stem lignes as it grows.
Below is a description of some varieties of the species Crassula ovata:
Crosby's Compact has thick ovate leaves, painted in green with a red border.
"Hummel's Sunset" characterized by the presence of yellow stripes on the foliage. This variety is more like a tree.
"Tricolor" - a bright representative of Crassula ovata with a three-colored shade of a leaf, where green is combined with white stripes and a red border on the tips.
"Coral" - variety, which received its name due to the unusual shape of the leaf, which has an external resemblance to these marine inhabitants.
An interesting representative of the homemade flower bloody is Crassula arborescens, which differs in larger size from the type of Crassula ovata and can reach 150 cm in height.
It is grown less frequently in indoor conditions, as it requires more thorough care. But among the varieties of the species Crassula arborescens can be identified and those used in home gardening.
Curly variety (Crassula arborescens curviflora) has a trunk and crown, very reminiscent of the parts of the tree, different from the above varieties Crassula ovata different sheet plate. It is thinner, light green with a reddish rim at the end. The edges of the leaf are slightly wavy, which gives the plant a decorative appearance.
Very similar to curly crassulu is considered a variety of undulatifyulia, but its foliage has a gray color, and its edge is not wavy, but as if slightly wrinkled.
See how the considered varieties and varieties of the above-mentioned types of room trees or money tree look like in the photo:
A columnar group is plants that do not form branches during their growth. Several processes immediately depart from the root, and the leaves seem to cover the stem.
A classic example is the hybrid variety. "Temple of the Buddha".
The representatives of the varieties described below are prominent representatives of the Krassul column-like group.
Group (Crassula socialis): characterized by a medium-sized trunk, leaves, growing together in pairs, having a triangular shape, in tint reddish-green with cilia on the end.
Broadleaf (Crassula rupestris): has large shoots with leaves. The last rhomb-like, densely located to a trunk, smooth, dense.
Punch (Crassula perforata): a species with upright stems, which are covered with small fleshy triangular leaves with a bluish color and interspersed with a whiter darker green or red shade.
Creeping - Crassul grass group. These are plants that very quickly fill the space allotted to them.
Look at the Crassula crassula lycopodioides look in the photo:
The names of some forms fully convey their external characteristics, for example:
Hairy or woolly got its name because of the silvery pile, which covered the whole plant, ranging from the root of the neck and to the flowers. It grows very small shrubs that spread along the ground.
False-shaped is one of the forms of the species Crassula lycopodioides, which is distinguished by its curved stems, and its leaves are not so strongly pressed against it and may have a varied color (yellow, silver), which depends on the variety.
Crassula picturata - This is a type of creeping crassula, which is considered highly decorative, characterized by rosettes of fleshy leaves, completely covered with reddish dots.
It is rather difficult to enumerate all types, varieties, forms and varieties of flowers of the sweety or money tree, many in the process of selection work have changed and outwardly have little resemblance to the usual and well-known "inhabitants" of the window sills of apartments.
How to make a bloody jug at home: the main conditions for growing
A jade or crassula is a tropical plant, so some moments in the care of it will be such as to bring the conditions as close as possible to the native ones for the flower. It is important to remember that the period of active growth is spring and summer, and autumn and winter is a time of rest and deceleration of all life processes in the plant.
Before planting a jerky or a money tree, select the right pot: it must have holes in the bottom where excess water will go.
The main condition for the cultivation of the light-loving fatty woman is to provide her with a bright, sunny place, but without the influence of the direct midday sun. In order to create such conditions, in summer the flower is exposed to the air in a place protected from rain and not to the sun.
When grown in an apartment, the southeast window sill will be ideal, where the plant will have enough light with a minimum amount of direct sunlight. Here it can stand for the entire period of its active growth.
But in the winter it can be safely moved to the window sill of the south window. During this period, the sunlight will not be so intense. It is noticed that the plant gives its color faster if you provide it with a shorter daylight hours. This is one of the ways how to get bloomer at home faster.
Temperature: room, in the winter you need a cool (about + 10 ° C), which will help the plant survive the dormant period. If you create such conditions in the cold season does not work, then place the flower away from the heating devices. Otherwise, it will begin to stretch in growth, as well as let loose very small leaves.
In summertime, temperature indicators from + 20 to + 25 ° С are ideal. Try that during the period of active growth the plant is not exposed to drafts. After all, this is one of the factors why the bastard flower turns yellow and leaves fall.
Air humidity: irrelevant.
Substrate: flower soil with 1 / 3 sand and 1 / 3 loam. The bottom layer must be laid drainage. It is better to use claydite, which absorbs excess moisture.
Watering: economical; in winter, keep the substrate almost dry. Moisturizing of the elijah (money tree) is an important stage in the care of a plant at home. It is impossible to fill in - this is the right way to root decay, shedding of foliage.
Moisturizing should be carried out only with separated water, the temperature of which will reach room temperature. If the plant is in the sun, the upper soil in the pot will dry out quickly, and its lower layers may remain quite wet.
This must be considered when caring for a flower. The easiest way to understand when to moisten the soil is to check its top layer. If he dries on 3-4 cm deep, then it's time to spend watering.
The first indicator that the soil is wetted, and the plant suffers from an overabundance of moisture, is the fall of the foliage. Such changes in Crassus indicate the beginning of the decay of the root system.
Spraying is a necessary element in the care of a plant. It is appropriate to conduct it on hot days or when the flower comes in contact with heating devices. Sometimes crassule can have a warm shower. If this does not work, then the sweetie in the process of growing and care, provide periodic spraying with a spray.
Before the shower procedures for the plant, pre-wrap the pot with polyethylene so that excess moisture does not get into the ground. In the sun, a money tree can only be taken out after water has been drained from it.
Top dressing: In the summer every 2 week to apply fertilizer for cacti. But during the rest period it is quite enough to add excipients every three months. Do it the next day after watering, so you will save the root system from getting burned.
How to trim a jersey at home and how to pinch it to form a crown (with video)
The version that the money tree does not require pinching is not true. In the conditions of an apartment, the plant often branches little, branches and processes are formed rather long and thin. Also the problem of growing in the house is the fact that the stems do not always have time to grow, under the weight of the leaves they tend to the bottom, can easily break off.
To avoid this, you need to know how to properly cut the crassula or jade, and carry out the procedure as needed. In addition, pinching provides an opportunity to form the crown of the plant, which has a beneficial effect on its external decorative characteristics.
The form of the most frequent crassula in apartments is wood. It is important that there is only one sprout in one pot. If this rule is not observed, then over time in the process of plant development, you will not get trees, but thickets. In such conditions, the flower stretches up, branches badly, the processes do not allow each other to develop normally.
In order for your bloody woman to have the correct height, you need to know how to form a crown. To perform the pinching procedure, wait until at least 4 pairs of leaves grow on the branch. As soon as a kidney appears in front of the last pair, remove it with tweezers or a fingernail. This should be done very carefully so as not to damage the last pair of sheets.
In place of the pinching, in time, new buds will appear in larger numbers - these are the first signs that the plant has begun to branch. Remember these basic steps, how to pinch the plant correctly. It is rare, but still happens, that an unnecessary process grows afterwards, and it should be removed immediately.
It is impractical to pin a pair of leaves below 4 - this will lead to the formation of an irregular crown. This distance is guaranteed to ensure in the future the correct shape for your money tree.
If you want to form a crown in an overgrown tree, then it is important to know how to properly trim the jade at home. Pinching an improperly formed plant in an adult will not give a result. Break off or cut off the upper part of the stem, sprinkle ashes. Over time, the "wounds" will heal, and in the axils of the old leaves will grow new buds. After the 4 pair of leaves appears, pluck the young shoots.
For more details on how to trim a bollard, see the presented video:
For the formation of the correct crown of an adult Crassula may take more than one year. The flower grows quite slowly, so please be patient. It is not necessary to pruning in the first months after transferring the plant to a new pot - this can lead to diseases and withering of the fatty bark. Give her time to take root in the new soil and can carry out the formation.
How to plant a barn pot at home and how to transplant a money tree in a new pot
Transplant is performed if necessary.
Before transplanting a jade or money tree, you need to know that the plant does not grow fast, so the procedure can be carried out once per 2 year. The most favorable period for this will be early spring.
If we are talking about a new seedling that you purchased in a shipping pot, then the transplant should be carried out no earlier than 2-3 weeks. During this time, the plant will be able to adapt to new conditions and will more easily transfer this procedure.
The main thing to pay attention to when transplanting:
- The soil.
There are a number of rules for how to transplant correctly crassula or bastard in a new pot.
The ideal soil for the money tree will be a mixture for cacti, but you can use the universal soil. If your choice fell on the last option, then it is advisable to add some sand.
On the choice of a pot for crassula already mentioned. It should be slightly larger than the previous version, wide enough, but not too high, with mandatory holes at the bottom. The diameter of the pot is well chosen, based on the size of the crown of the tree.
They should be almost the same. If you notice that the tree has significantly slowed down in growth, it means that the pot is chosen incorrectly in size, it is too small for the plant, it should be replaced.
Before you put the Craftsman or Crassula in the pot correctly, lay out the drainage at the bottom (expanded clay) with an even layer on the bottom up to 2 cm.
The money tree will withstand transplant more easily if you leave some old soil on the root system. This process is called transshipment, with the plant along with a lump of old earth being transferred to a new pot, which is filled with an updated mixture of soil intended for crassulum.
Next, provide moderate watering and indirect sunlight, timely feeding. This is quite enough for the first year after transshipment.
How to care for a sweety flower (money tree) at home after a transplant
When growing flowers of pottery or money tree, the owners are interested in how to care for the plant and what to do if rotting traces are noticed during the transfer. The first thing you need is to clear such places. This is done by removing the rotten areas with a sharp knife and drying the plant for 24 hours. After that, you can plant a copy in the prepared new pot with soil.
Be careful in the process of handling the plant, as it is very fragile and gentle.
It requires a special pottery home care and after transplantation, and one of the important points will be to protect the plant from active sunlight. For this, the first weeks after transshipment, the plant should be kept in partial shade.
Important! On the street to protect against sunburn. Watering is reduced to a minimum and is carried out only when the upper layers of the soil are dry in depth on 3-4, see.
Do not forget about spraying crassulum, which should be carried out no earlier than 2 weeks after the procedure. The first feeding - no earlier than 1,5 month.
How can I propagate the fatty (money tree) at home
Reproduction: tip cuttings, leaves - these are the most productive types of plant reproduction. It is also possible seed, but it does not preserve the maternal properties of fatty, and quite complex, time-consuming. Therefore, the use of the vegetative method is considered the most appropriate at home.
Reproduction of jade with top cuttings gives almost 100% result, while retaining all the features of the mother tree, and the rooting process can take place in two ways: in water or in the ground.
First you need to separate the planting material from the adult plant. Examine and find a well-developed process in the bush about the size of 10-12. See Separate it from the plant with a sharp knife, remove the lower leaves and leave to draw for 24 hours.
If rooting is carried out in water, the process is lowered into a container with water, to which any preparation has been added to enhance the development of the root system, for example, Kornevin. Try to install the planting material so that it does not sink into the liquid.
Leave the container with the sprout in the penumbra, out of direct sunlight. The first roots will appear already on 2-3 week. The young plant is ready for planting in the ground. You already know how to transplant an adult bastard at home, planting plants after the appearance of the roots follows the same principles. Prepare a small pot size, put a drain on the bottom, and fill it in half with soil.
Place the planting material and fill it with the remaining earth. Make sure that the soil does not affect the leaves, but only covered the place with the appeared roots. Moisten the ground and leave in the penumbra for 2-3 weeks.
Rooting cuttings can be carried out immediately into the prepared soil. This is done in the following steps. Prepare the pots: the old need to be washed with soap and running water, and the new soaked in boiling water.
This will help to avoid the ingress of pathogenic bacteria into the new soil, protect the bastard from the transfer of diseases and pests, such as mites, scutes, bacteriosis fungal or bacterial, etc.
Pots choose small in height, but wide enough. At the bottom of the tank must be holes.
Lay out the drainage and fill the pot with soil to half. With a finger or a pencil, make a small notch in the prepared ground and place the planting material there. Top up the ground before reaching the edge of the pot on 2 cm, do not tamp.
The soil can be purchased at any flower shop (for cacti or universal), and you can make your own by taking garden soil and sand (1: 1).
How to grow pottery at home after breeding cuttings or leaves
It is necessary to know a few rules of how to properly grow a jersey at home from cuttings, so that rooting is successful. Protect the plant from direct sunlight. Watering should be moderate and only when the topsoil is dry. Water should be given to the plant at room temperature and poured around the edge of the pot. Excessive watering will lead to decay of the cutting, so it’s best not to overdo it.
And most importantly - in the first year the location of the cutting, which is going through the rooting process, cannot be changed. After 12 months, you can safely roll a young plant to a permanent place in a new larger pot.
If you are faced with the question of how you can propagate a bollard with a leaf at home, then this process can also be carried out in the above two ways: in water with the addition of a root system growth accelerator or in a prepared soil mixture.
First you need to separate good planting material from the mother plant. Carefully inspect Crassula and find a well-developed sheet (choose from the bottom). Separate it with a sharp knife and leave for a day.
When rooting with the help of water, you should choose a suitable container in which it will be possible to place planting material comfortably. It should be immersed in a liquid on 0,5 cm. Leave the paper in a warm and bright place (without direct sunlight).
Propagation of the fatty leaf in the water leaves quickly. The first roots are already visible on the 3 week. The finished planting material is planted in a shallow dish for a month so that the root system continues to grow. After this time, a leaf with a more developed root can be moved to a pot of height 5-7. In one year, the first stems should appear, after which the young plant can be transferred to a freer container.
Sheet rooting in the soil occurs on a different principle. First, prepare a ground mix in a peat, sand and moss pot (2: 2: 1), which you can moisten with water with any root growth enhancer. It is very important not to overdo it with liquid, otherwise the sheet will simply rot.
Scrub planting material onto the substrate approximately on 1 / 3. Cover with a glass to create the necessary microclimate for a sheet of a jade or money tree.
The basic rule that suggests how to propagate Crassula without rotting of planting material is to moisten it in a timely manner with a spray gun when the top layers of the soil dry. After about 3 of the week, the sheet will root. And then you should follow the recommendations for transplantation, as well as when rooting in water.
Why do hunkers fall leaves: diseases and pests of plants, money tree treatment
Diseases of the pottery plant often occur when the rules for caring for them are violated, and the main signal of such processes is considered to be abundant foliage.
Among the errors in the cultivation are the following:
- Excessive watering.
- Insufficient moisture
The first leads to decay of the root system. The leaves become pale, lose their gloss, fade and crumble. Further damage goes to the stems, and to save the plant at this stage is very difficult. The lack of moisture is manifested by yellowing and wilting of the foliage.
The answer to the question of why leaves fall in an adult fat woman or a money tree may be watering the soil with cold tap water.
If you notice excessive redness of foliage and loss of elasticity, then most likely, the plant should be moved to a place with less sunlight. If, on the contrary, Crassule lacks lighting, it begins to stretch in growth. Its stems become thin, and the leaves are rare.
Fatty women are affected by such diseases and pests:
- Spider mite.
- Powdery mildew.
It is better to get rid of them at the initial stage, when the defeat did not become large-scale.
The appearance of brown spots is a clear sign of a fungal or bacterial infection. At the same time, in the course of the development of the disease, leaves and faded leaves grow on the sweat-leaf or money tree. In order to stop a defeat in time, the necessary measures should be taken immediately. First aid will be the removal of all diseased areas from the tree. This is quite enough at the initial stage of the disease. But in case of severe damage to the fatty disease such a disease should be treated.
It should be sprayed three times at weekly intervals with any drug to combat bacterial and fungal infections (Fitosporin, Vectra, Agat-25A).
Defeat of spider mite You can suspect the appearance of a thin web between stems and foliage, which eventually begins to cover with yellow spots. It is possible to get rid of the pest by spraying with special fungicides (“Skor”, “Aktelik”).
Shchitka on leaves and stems appears in the form of brown bumps. Do not confuse infectious diseases of the leaves of the bruises (scab, rust) with this pest. For the extermination use a soap solution, insecticides ("Admiral"), neonicotinoids ("Apache", "Colorado").
With the defeat of the mealy buckwheat, white deposit appears in the leaf axils.. Treatment with a strong soap solution, drugs "Aktara", "Calypso", "Biotlin", "Confidor" will help get rid of the pest.
In order to avoid a podgyanka or a money tree such diseases as bacteriosis, rust, scab, it is enough to follow simple rules of caring for it, inspect the foliage and treat it at the first manifestations of the disease.