If you want to have an unusual plant, you can opt for unpretentious tillandsii.
Tillandsia (Tillandsia) - genus of plants from the family Bromeliaceae (Bromeliads), growing in nature on tree trunks, on rocky or earthen surfaces. The genus got its name in honor of the Finnish botanist E. Tillands.
Homeland plants: South America (Chile, Argentina, Mexico). They can adapt to different climates, and therefore grow in the tropics and desert places, near swamps and semi-desert. Habitat causes diversity in the appearance of culture. There are instances that live only 1 year, and they can grow for several years.
Tillands is a collectible item. There are green tillands with leaves, rosettes, with variegated apical leaves and gray tillands with white suction scales.
How does tillandsia grow
The flower called tillandsiya grows slowly, but at the same time in native places it reaches a length of up to several meters. Such plants are herbaceous and evergreen. In some types of culture there is a stem with leaves growing in a spiral, in others the foliage is collected by a rosette. At the same time, the leaves themselves are narrowed (up to 1,2 cm wide) and oblong (0,5 - 2,5 cm long), a grayish tint. They are covered with scales that help the plant to eat from the air. There are also sheets of thick emerald color, sometimes with a brown or scarlet shade and a length of about 4 cm.
In the period of flowering on the culture of tillandia, original flowers of violet or blue shade appear. They are rather small, tubular, with turned-up pointed petals.
Often bloom on special spike-shaped large oval bracts with a pinkish or scarlet color, tight-fitting flowers themselves, which usually appear no more than 2. The plant blooms rather quickly, and the period of bud formation is long enough. After tillandsiya ottsvetet, there is a slow extinction of the adult unit, but the children are formed from it.
In some species of tillandsii bloom occurs at home due to a change in the color of the upper foliage. She gets a pinkish tint. Usually the period of flowering culture is July and August. During development at bright light The plant can please its owners with buds on 2-3-th year of life, and if the illumination is insufficient, it may not bloom at all. If the culture blooms in winter, and there is no additional illumination, then the foliage and the flowers of the plant themselves will be pale.
Take a look at the photo: beautiful flowers of tillandia can please the eye of the gardener.
Agree that even the bract of the plant itself will decorate the room, and during flowering it is simply impossible to tear off your eyes.
The root system of these (especially atmospheric) plant species is not developed, it almost does not perform the usual functions and acts as an organ that helps to attach to the surface of the tree trunk, stones or soil.
Tylandlandsia types: photos and description
In nature, there are about 693 species of the tillandsia genus, which differ in the shape of the leaf, its size, and colors. All the numerous flower species can be divided into 2 groups, their description is given below. According to the method of vital activity, there are:
The former have almost no root system, they feed from the air through the leaves, grow on a vertical surface. Some of their representatives are:
Thillandsia sniznevidnayaknown as spanish moss.
Tillandsia is violet.
The first type of culture is with long (up to several meters) stems and resembling a thread growing in 2 a number of foliage (width no more than 1 cm, length about 5 cm). Stems and leaves are covered with reflecting light scales, so it seems that they have a grayish-silver color. Salad-yellow flowers of this beauty delight the eye in the summer. For the growth of a potted flower of this tillandia, a support is not needed, it is only necessary to place it high, planting a sprout down. During the development of the home favorite, the stems will cascade down.
Tillandsiya fiatkotsvetkovaya fully justifies its name the color of the flower, having a purple-bluish tone. Curved sheet plates of silver and grayish tinges, acquiring a pink tint when flowering, form a rosette, above which are spike-like flowers.
As for silver tillandsii, it has narrowed and elongated, spirally curved or wrapped leaves, outwardly vaguely resembling hair or threads that expand closer to the base. They come out of the base beam, and the appearance resemble dried out cereal crops.
Take a look: the photo below shows various types of tillands with names.
Agree, many of them would perfectly fit into the interior of the room.
In species that grow in pots and receive nutrients from the soil, on the contrary, a well-developed rhizome, an elastic sheet rosette. Such species include:
- Tillandsky blue.
- Linden Tillandse.
- Tillandsiy Duer.
The first of these cultures is the most popular variety of emerald flowers of the genus in question. Indoor blue tillandia plant has a kind of leafy rosette, outwardly resembling the changing colors of the leaves of cereals. At the base, such flowers are purple, and as they become longer they acquire a brownish-striped color. The height of the crop can be 0,2 - 0,3 m. In the summer period in the middle of the outlet a compacted ear begins to develop with patterned growing pinkish or lilac bracts. The fast-dying flowers of this plant are of a blue-bluish color with curved diamond-shaped petals, blooming in stages from top to bottom.
Linden's tillandia home flowers are similar to the first culture considered, but look more elegant. Their ears are slightly larger, bracts are purple or purple in color. The flower is bluish. Thin foliage collected in a not very dense outlet.
Tillandsia Duer has a pretty inflorescence, vaguely similar to the autumn golden leaves of acacia. Closely growing oblate and elongated foliage, reminiscent of tongues, assembled into a rosette, as if wrapped around the base of the arrow of a flower. The fragile peduncle ends with a symmetrical flower with 2 rows of oval leaf-shaped bracts of purple or orange color.
Indoors it is easier to grow those types of plants that grow in flowerpots, although the atmospheric species are very interesting.
How to care for a home tillandia flower
Learning how to care for a tillandsia flower at home is impossible without considering where to plant this plant. Gray tillandsiya is tied on branches or wood with the rest of the bark, to which you can attach it with a thread. Atmospheric types of culture can also be planted on a pole covered with sphagnum moss. When the plant becomes more mature, it will release a pair of roots with which it can independently attach to the support.
Green tillandsia is grown in a peat substrate prepared from the following components (in 4 fractions: 4: 1: 1: 1):
- Land of leaves.
- Moss sphagnum
- Coarse sand.
It should be sufficiently loosened, and the drainage should fill the pot on 1 / 3. For a flower, 1 needs to update the upper layer of the substrate once a year.
In order for the flowering culture to bloom and to delight with its appearance, it is necessary to ensure proper care for tillandia at home. Depending on the way of life of the plant require a different approach to care. In summertime, the culture can be placed on the north side of the dwelling, and in the cold period, rearranged to the east or west. Location:
Gray tillands - in the sun, in the summer outside.
Green - in a closed window. The lighting for her should be moderate, it is best to take a bright place for her without direct sunlight.
Temperature. Gray tillandsiya loves warmth, but with a lot of air. Green prefers temperatures not lower than 18 ° C. For each species, the appropriate temperature regime in the summer period will be + 22 ... + 33 ° С in the daytime and + 15 ... + 18 ° С in the night period. The plant is able to survive a maximum of + 34 ° C and a minimum of + 10 ° C, although it can remain unharmed for a while even when the air is cooled to + 4 ° C. Culture loves freshness, the room needs to be aired, but drafts are unacceptable.
Air humidity: high.
Care for tillandia at home involves the maintenance of increased moisture in the air, because flower prefers moisture around 60%. To increase this figure, from early spring to September 3 should be sprayed once a day with a spray bottle of softened water on the leaves. It is important to try to irrigate the plant so that the inflorescences do not wet. Water for spraying can be defended, take rain, distilled or filtered tap water. In the second half of the year it is only necessary to sprinkle the leaves in the morning. Liquid from them should evaporate in 4 hours.
Watering: gray tillandia spray daily. For a green substrate, keep constantly wet. You can put the culture in a tray with moistened stones.
Important! Gray tillandsiya absorbs water and nutrition suction scales.
Fertilization is an important step in caring for flowers of tallandia at home. For this purpose, it is best to conduct foliar feeding, i.e. handle its leaves and stems. In particular, this applies to plants without a developed rhizome, feeding on leaf plates, which can only be fed with nutrients by irrigation. For the second type of crops, root fertilizers in diluted form are also suitable.
Top dressing: every 4 week. Under gray tillandia - 1 / 4 water fertilizer, under green - 1 / 2 flower. The procedure should be carried out during the period of intensive development of the pet.
To achieve Tillandsia bloom at home, you need special care. Some plant species need a growth regulator to release a flower. It is used to induce and accelerate the process of culture blooming (an example of such a drug may be the drug "Zircon"). After tillandsiya ottsvetet, in nature, it begins to die off, at the same time releasing new processes. Therefore, at home, after the flowering of the crop has ended, the old foliage will wither. It is necessary to remove faded flower and dried leaves in time.
Transplant tillandsii after buying in the store
Any green species of tillandia needs to be transplanted approximately every 2 - 3 of the year for young shoots. The reason for this may be:
- Termination bloom.
- Insufficient pot for rhizome.
The flowerpot for a flower is necessary wide and low. The procedure is carried out in the spring. The soil is best to update at the same time completely. As the soil, you can use the previously proposed option or choose the land for orchids and bromeliyevs in the supermarket. Also suitable substrate in the composition (in equal shares):
- Leaf land.
- Moss sphagnum
- Fern roots.
- Pine bark.
A transplant after buying a tillandsia plant in a store can also occur, especially if the soil in which the culture has grown does not look quite fresh. The soil from under the new flower is replaced by a new, fertile. It is not necessary to carry out watering the plant in the first week after transplanting to a new place.
Reproduction of tylandus at home: growing from shoots and seeds
The reproduction of the flower of tillandia at home can be done in 2 ways:
- By scraps.
Atmospheric species reproduce by splitting into bundles that grow on new supports.
In green darlings during flowering new shoots begin to appear - they serve for reproduction in the future tillands. After flowering, the old unit dies, and the new ones, when they reach a height of 10 cm, take root. They are seated in different pots (no need to replant the 1 process). Root the baby is best in the composition of peat and sand (take 1: 1), and after 2 - 3 a month to land on a permanent place in 1 of the above types of soil.
To organize the proper cultivation of new tillandsii from seeds, the latter can be purchased in the store or collected independently. The container for planting must be filled with a well moistened mixture of peat and sand (1: 1).
Next, the seed is laid out over the entire surface of the soil. To germinate tillands from seedlings, they do not need to be sprinkled on top of the soil. The material is covered with a translucent transparent film or glass and placed in a well-lit, sufficiently warm place. The air temperature in the room where the seeds germinate should be approximately + 25 ° С. After planting, the first shoots will appear in about a month. But to bloom the new plant is destined only through 5 years.
Problems growing tillandsii (with video)
With proper care, healthy tillandsia is not susceptible to illnesses, and a spider mite is dangerous for pests, and treatment with a soap solution or insecticide will help get rid of them. In this case, the following problems may arise when it is grown:
- Children do not appear during flowering due to lack of nutrients.
- Loose, drooping leaves due to coolness.
- Gray spots on the leaves due to fungus.
- Brown leaf tips due to hard water.
To get rid of such troubles, you need to eliminate the causes of their occurrence.
The following video about caring for tillandia will help to disclose information in more detail, complement the above:
Look through it - and all questions about how to grow a plant will disappear.
Buy only artificially bred tillands. Acquisition taken from nature contributes to the extinction of this genus of plants. And let the exotic favorite pleases its owners for a long time!