Proper watering of indoor plants - a pledge of their active growth, and in individual specimens and violent flowering. If cultures of different types are collected in your home collection, then it is impossible to approach them “with one comb”. Some drink water with a vengeance, others are content with infrequent watering, and third indoor plants (for example, succulents), and they prefer to be left alone and come to them with a watering can as rarely as possible. And of course, do not forget that “cleanliness is a guarantee of health”: all “green pets” need regular washing and cleaning from dust.
Indoor trees that have grown almost to the ceiling; pots with lush hanging plants; a window with exotic orchids or a sea of azaleas and violets of various colors ... Everything can be easily turned into reality, if you follow some tips on watering, spraying, washing, feeding and transplanting domestic plants.
Proper watering of indoor plants is the most important and at the same time the most difficult task in the care of plants. Unfortunately, there are no exact universal recommendations for irrigation. How often you need to water home flowers, depends on a variety of individual factors: the individual characteristics of the culture, location, season, and so on.
In this article, you will learn the better to water indoor plants, how often to do this, how to spray house flowers, wash and clean dust.
Why do I need watering flowers at home?
First you need to understand why you need watering indoor plants. Water is necessary for plants for various reasons. Firstly, it is the main component of the tissues: some plants, primarily herbaceous ones with soft stems, up to 90% consist of water.
Water also has a nutritional function. It contains mineral salts contained in the soil, it carries them from the roots to the leaves of plants. Finally, water plays an important role in the process of respiration: it evaporates through the stoma located on the underside of the leaves and moisturizes the air surrounding the plant.
What happens when there is no regular watering of indoor plants? If the home plant is not watered enough, then, as practice shows, the leaves and flowers become flabby and saggy, and the grassy species will drop stems. Then the leaves wither and fall.
But before with the above symptoms, immediately grab a jug of water and water the indoor plants as much as possible, heartily, with all my heart, you need to think that excessive watering of household flowers, leading to an excess of moisture, is also harmful to crops, and the symptoms appear the same the most that with a lack of moisture.
Why this happens, can be explained simply: in case of excessive watering and spraying of indoor plants in the soil, all the pores that previously contained air are filled with water. In such a case, botanists talk about "stagnant overmoistening of the soil." In such soil, which does not contain air, the root system can no longer work normally and absorb water. With excessive watering of domestic plants, the supply of the upper part of the plant ceases, it dries out, while the lower part of the plant “sinks”.
How sensitively the plants react to waterlogging and drying out of the soil, you can learn from the recommendations for the care of certain species.
The next section of the article is devoted to how often it is necessary to water indoor plants, and by what factors can the water consumption level be distributed.
How often do you need to water indoor plants: water consumption factors for house plants
Precisely because there are no uniform recipes for proper watering of home flowers, you should become familiar with some basic rules that are discussed further. They will help develop the sense of proportion needed for watering.
How often fertilizer needs to be applied and when to replant crops can be determined accurately. But the frequency of watering depends on so many reasons that in the books you will find only approximate information. You will find out whether to water a lot or a little.
How often water plants should be watered is determined by the following factors.
- Pot material The same plant in a clay pot needs more water than a plastic one, since water evaporates through porous clay walls.
- Pot size. In a spacious pot, the plant needs more water than in a small one.
- Location. On the southern window, plants often need more water than on the less lit east, west and even more northern.
- Temperature. In a warm room, plants need more water than in a cool one.
- Weather. On a hot summer day, the plant needs more water than on a cool and rainy day. In the heat, the leaves of the plants evaporate more water, which means that watering indoor plants, as advised by experienced plant growers, is needed more often during this period.
- Season. In the period of growth (for most species in spring and summer), when plants form leaves and flowers, they need more water than in the rest period (most often in winter), when growth stops.
Then you will learn about when you need to water indoor plants, depending on the soil moisture.
When to water indoor flowers: while watering home plants
To correctly determine the time of watering indoor flowers, you need to check the humidity of the earth. To do this, there are all sorts of ways:
- The simplest method: Press your thumb into the ground about 1 cm from the surface. If the finger still feels moisture, then you can wait with watering.
- Professional method (only for clay pots): take the pot in your hand and tap on its wall. If the clay rings, you need to water. If the sound is muffled, then there is still enough moisture in the ground.
- Technical method: Specially designed moisture meters are immersed in the ground. They will show when the soil is too dry.
Important! There are plants for which there are no generally accepted laws regarding when to water indoor plants. Such as sytus (Cyperus) like constant dampness, and cacti do without a drop of water for weeks. Along with the basic rules we must not forget about the individual needs of plants.
If you are not yet sure of the right amount of water and frequency of irrigation, then you should start with plants that easily tolerate excess moisture.
The following describes how to water indoor plants in the winter.
Rules for watering indoor plants in the winter
It is very important that around the end of September you change the irrigation regime. At this time, most plants begin a period of rest, when growth almost completely stops. Plants absorb less moisture from the soil. To avoid stagnant waterlogging, water much less frequently.
It is best to remember the three main rules for watering indoor plants in the winter.:
- Rule one. The colder the plant in winter, the less it needs to be watered.
- Rule two. Watering at home those flowers that need water in the summer, in the winter should be done once every three days.
- Rule three. Species that bloom in winter, such as azaleas (Rhododendron), are different. Such plants during the entire flowering period require slightly more water.
The next section of the article is devoted to the better to water indoor flowers, so that they grow better and in time will gladden you with lush blooming.
The better to water indoor flowers: what water to use for watering home plants
In those days, when rainwater was ideal for watering indoor plants, this topic could be quickly closed. Today everything looks different. In most areas, what falls from the sky, rather to the detriment of indoor plants, than to the benefit - so many harmful substances contain rain. So what water to water indoor flowers, so as not to harm their "green pets"?
If you still want to use rainwater, collect it should begin half an hour or even an hour after the start of rain. Then it will contain less unnecessary impurities of foreign substances.
In relation to harmful compounds, tap water is considered less problematic for watering pot plants, but it also has one major drawback: it contains lime, and most plants do not tolerate an excess of calcium. Water hardness is given in German degrees of hardness (° dH). At the same time 10dH means that 1 l of water contains 1 mg of lime. You can check the hardness of your tap water at a waterworks or analyze a water sample in a laboratory.
Water hardness up to 9 ° dH does not pose a problem for most houseplants. Stiffness from 9 ° to 12 ° dH can be reduced by settling or boiling water. Water hardness above 12 ° dH is undesirable for all plants.
If you know what kind of water you need to water indoor plants, but the tap water in your home is too hard, you must soften it, because no plant tolerates a high concentration of lime. To do this, take the following measures:
- With stiffness between 10 ° and 12, 0dH is sufficient to boil water; while lime is deposited in the form of a raid on the walls of the tank.
- In stores you can buy jugs with ion exchange filters that soften the water. Filters should be changed periodically.
- Water softeners in the form of a liquid or powder are suitable for softening large volumes of water.
Knowing the better to water your home flowers, you can prolong the life of your home cultures. And it is quite possible to do without the old method of water softening with the help of a bag of peat, so as not to reduce its already small reserves.
The following describes how to properly water indoor plants in various ways.
How to water your home plants: how to water indoor plants
Regular watering in small doses does not bring the plants anything good. Water at the same time penetrates only into the upper layer of the earth. The main part of the roots that absorb water is located in the lower third of the pot.
You need to water thoroughly. Most plants should be watered thoroughly - until the water comes out of the bottom hole - after about half an hour, drain the water out of the pan again so that the plant does not “wet the feet”.
It is important to monitor the temperature of the water.Icy water can cause so much shock on most plants that leaves fade.
The ideal water is room temperature, which corresponds to the temperature of the earth in a flower pot. Reaching such a temperature is not a big problem: you only need to fill the jug for watering the next day in the evening. During the night, the water temperature equals room temperature. A pleasant side effect: excess chlorine from the water will evaporate.
Watering time - also an important condition for normal plant growth. Water as much as possible in the morning. If it is watered in the evening, the ground and the leaves will remain damp for a long time, which often causes fungal diseases.
There are two ways to water indoor plants: top or bottom. Both methods have advantages and disadvantages:
- Watering the bottom. If it is impossible to wet the leaves of the plant, for example, Saintpaulia (Saintpaulia ionantha), if the plant does not like cold water, if it grows out of the pot as a saltwater (Soleirolia soleirolii), then it is preferable to pour water into the pot. Salts of fertilizers also rise to the top layer of soil with water, where they accumulate. Often on the surface of the earth after that appears white bloom. In such cases, periodically, you should use the method of watering indoor plants from above or remove the top layer of the soil substrate.
- Watering the top. With regular watering from above, directly on the surface of the substrate, the soil is better soaked with moisture, and nutrients are optimally distributed. But at the same time, water should be evenly distributed over the surface; otherwise, depressions quickly form, through which water flows, without soaking the whole clod.
With a higher content of lime in tap water is better to water from above. In this case, lime binds in the upper layers and does not reach the roots of the plant at all.
Rules spraying indoor plants at home
A kind of additional provision of plants with moisture is spraying of indoor plants with sprayed water. Spraying does not compensate for the lack of watering, and additional watering does not replace spraying.
Water is sprayed on the plants in order to increase the humidity in the immediate vicinity of the leaves and thereby reduce evaporation. It is especially necessary to sprinkle home flowers on hot summer days as well as in winter in apartments with central heating.
For spraying indoor plants the same rules apply as for irrigation:
- Do not irrigate plants in the midday heat; drops of water on the leaves turn into magnifying lenses and cause burns.
- When spraying household plants, do not spray ice water.
- If possible, use soft water with a low lime content; otherwise, ugly lime spots will appear on the leaves.
The flowers of some plants, such as azalea (Rhododendron) or pavonia, can not be wetted, because they become unsightly.
Other plants with sensitive leaves, such as hybrid Saintpaulias (Sainpaulia ionantha), cannot be sprayed at all.
Next, you will learn how to water indoor flowers, too sensitive to lime.
How to water at home flowers that are sensitive to lime
If you grow flowers that are sensitive to lime, they need special watering.
Azalea (Rhododendron simsii). During flowering, once a week in 2 bathe; do not spray the flowers; put in a cool place; feed slightly; grow in non-carbonate soil.
Brunfelsia (Brunfelsia pauciflora). Late winter bloom purple flowers; do not tolerate the sun; do not forget about the drainage layer; Do not spray the flowers - they become spotty.
Anthurium (Anthurium). It does not tolerate lime and is sensitive to increased salt concentrations in the soil; take softened, heated water; feed slightly; Do not spray the flowers.
Gardenia (Gardenia jasminoides). Wonderful, fragrant flowers; but a very sensitive plant; blooms better if during the budding period it is in a cooler place; spray frequently, but not flowers.
Camelia (Camellia). Flowers from white and pink to bright red, monophonic or interspersed; avoid temperature drops; in the summer likes to stand outdoors; winter daily spray.
Aglaonema (Aglaonema). Sounds like dieffenbachia, but requires more care; does not tolerate direct sun; likes to always be warm; needs high humidity; plant in wide, low pots.
Calathea (Calathea). Beautiful single plant with eye-catching pattern of leaves; must be kept warm throughout the year; high air humidity and high soil temperature; loose earth; good pot drainage.
Uzambarsky violet (Saintpaulia). An infinite variety of colors, including two-color, with smooth or curly edges of leaves, fine mini plants; do not spray the leaves; water only the bottom.
Araucaria (Agaikapa).It requires a lot of space to spread the branches; do not put in the bright sun; in the winter to keep in a cooler place; spray frequently; feed only slightly.
Bromeliads (Bromeliaceae)These are attractive exotic plants that have arrived in our apartments from Brazil.
All plants of this species, such as:
There are some features that you must consider and they will help you in the care of these plants.
Bromeliads form with their long pointed leaves, which are arranged in a circle, something like a funnel or rosette. It must be filled with water, depending on the species, all year or only during the growth period. The water in the funnel is recommended to be updated approximately every two weeks.
Excessive or insufficient watering of indoor plants
It often happens that a plant gets too little or too much water. Before you water your home flowers, find out what happens when there is excessive or insufficient watering.
Insufficient watering. If leaves or flowers fall off the plant, the edges of leaf blades become brown, and the leaves themselves look dull, then all these symptoms are signs of a lack of water. Rare watering home flowers usually occurs during the holiday owners. If you returned quickly and managed to react in time, the plant can still be saved. A plant can dry up even when it is watered regularly, but always small. In this case, the earthen room shrinks, an emptiness arises between it and the walls of the pot, along which water flows down, even without wetting the ground.
What to do? First, carefully loosen the top layer with a fork and press the ground with your hands to the edges of the pot. Then bathe: immerse the pot to the brim in a bucket of water and hold it until air bubbles stop rising. At the same time, spray the aboveground part of the plant with water dust. After that, the plant is set in a cool place. In half an hour, empty the tray from the water!
Excessive watering. The first sign of excess water is moss, which covers the ground.
What to do? In such cases, it is often sufficient for several days not to water the plant and slightly dry.
What to do in serious situations? It becomes difficult when spots appear on the leaves, the earth is wet and sour - the roots are already rotting. In this case, you can try the following treatment:
- Spreading many newspapers in the shady area of the apartment
- Remove the plant from the pot and put it to dry on newspapers;
- Only a few days after the earth dries out a little, transplant again in a pot;
- If at the same time you find brown tips of the roots, they should be cut off.
For indoor plants everywhere you can buy very beautiful second pots of ceramic or plastic, variegated and monochromatic, sometimes with attractive patterns. Often they reinforce the impression of colors. But not one fan of the second pots has caused much harm to their pets.
The second pots, no matter what, have one major drawback: they often accumulate water imperceptibly. As a result, the inner pot is half in the water, which causes stagnant waterlogging, which is unacceptable for the plant, since the roots rot, soon the flower can be thrown away.
Some time after watering, check for water between pots. At the bottom of the outer vessel, place a layer of pebbles on which to place the pot.
Houseplants loving heavy spraying and watering
And now get acquainted with how to water the flowers at home, who love abundant moisture.
Reed (Sdrpus cernuus). Light green ornamental grass; white flowers the size of a pinhead; no particular claim on location; there must always be water in the pan; often sprayed.
Hydrangea (Hydrangea). Due to the large, soft leaves, the plant consumes a lot of water, especially in summer; use only softened water at room temperature; during the rest period water less.
Decorative asparagus, asparagus (sparrow grass). Famous green element of bouquets; summer requires constantly wet roots; In winter, water less, especially if the plant is in a cool place.
Bamboo room, shoulder strap (Pogonatherum). Belongs to very thirsty plants; when rolling leaves urgently; on hot days often sprayed; in the pan is always water.
Indoor Calla (Zantedeschia). Comes from the marshy areas of Africa; during the period of growth and flowering requires a lot of water; water less from June to early August; for the development of flowers requires a lot of light.
Syt (Cyperus). Looks beautiful in aquariums; as a marsh plant, it must always be rooted in water; in the winter it carries heat, but needs frequent spraying.
Watering indoor plants in the absence of the owners: how to water home flowers during the holidays
If you need to leave, and there is no such neighbor, who sometimes could water the flowers, then you need to provide self-care for the plants. This is possible, at least for some time.
Watering indoor plants in the absence of the owners can be carried out using self-made water supply systems. The following methods are well proven and do not require large expenditures:
- Thick threads: Arrange the flower pots around a bucket or a large pot of water. Take long lamp wicks or cotton threads and stick one end of them into the ground of the pots. The second end is lowered into the bucket. If the threads are pre-wetted, the water flow will improve.
- Greenhouse from the package for plantsthat need high humidity. Greenhouse package will serve as an excellent option to moisten flowers during the holidays.
In specialized stores you can find a number of different systems for watering home flowers during the holidays. In any case, you should first check for how long the supply of water is enough.
Wet canvas is used to provide water for a large number of plants. Canvas can be put on the surface next to the kitchen sink so that one end is in the water. Plants placed on a wet canvas can absorb moisture from it. Pots for this must be clay.
Clay cone for watering indoor flowers during the holidays can be recommended for individual pots. It is filled with water and is connected to the tank with a hose.
Plants that remain alone should be rearranged in the shade. Before leaving, you need to remove not only all withered and faded, but also all unopened buds.
If you want to save yourself from such problems with watering, like a lot or a little, today or tomorrow, you can transplant all the plants in pots with automatic water supply. They are double bottom tanks with a water tank. Through a wick or similar device, the plant itself takes exactly as much water as it needs. Naturally, such a device only works as long as you do not forget to replenish the supply of water. This must be done every 14 days. But for the period of short leave your plant is provided with water.
The last section of the article is devoted to how to wash indoor plants.
Methods of washing and cleansing home colors
Both on the furniture and on the leaves of plants dust and dirt accumulate. As a result, small pores are blocked, and the plants cannot continue to breathe normally.
In nature, rain washes plants; indoors, you need to take care of it. At least once a year, and more often it is required to arrange general cleaning.
Depending on the size of the plant, you can use various methods:
- Shower: all not too large copies are best transferred to the bath. Thoroughly rinse the leaves under the shower (lukewarm water, not a strong jet) from top to bottom. Before washing the flowers so that the earth is not completely soaked, it should be covered with a film.
Important: Plants with pubescent leaves, such as Saintpaulia (Saintpaulia ionantha) hybrids, should never be washed in the shower or even wiped with a damp sponge. They are very carefully cleaned with a soft brush.
- Dust wash: from large plants that cannot be transferred to the bath; it is necessary to wipe with a soft sponge dipped in warm water, piece by piece (provided that they have no hair). On the back of the leaves should be held with the second hand, so that they do not break off.
Only clean leaves with clean water.. Never use detergents. Forget about drugs such as beer, olive oil, milk and margarine. Most of them do more harm than good. If the water is too hard, then it must be softened. Otherwise, ugly spots will appear on the leaves. If stains appear, wipe the leaves again with a soft cloth and soft water.
Plants with wet leaves should never be exposed to the sun, so that they do not get burned. Mark the pot on which side the light fell on it, so that after showering, removing dust or washing the windows, put the plant back on the same side to the light. This is especially important for sensitive plants such as gardenia, clivia and azalea (Rhododendron), otherwise they shed their leaves.
Be careful with leaf gloss! In specialized stores you can buy special leaf sprays, with which you can give the plants shine and gloss (though not natural).
If you do not want to abandon lustration, then when using such tools you should at least follow some rules:
- First wipe the leaves, otherwise the dust will stick to them.
- Apply the product only on the upper surface of the leaves and in any case not on the bottom.
- Young shoots and leaves should not be processed.
- Plants with pubescent leaves do not tolerate drugs such as ferns, Howeia, Dracaena.