Family: Lamiaceae (Sponge Flowers).
Homeland: Tropics, near Limpopo. Area of distribution - India, Australia, Japan, Malaysia. Plektrantus also called mint room, otherwise the molar tree. In Scandinavia, this plant has another name - Swedish ivy.
Как indoor flower It has a lot of advantages, which makes it especially popular among amateur flower growers: grows quickly, multiplies easily, unpretentious care, with attractive leaves. With its help, beautiful flower compositions are created that create comfort and peace, and contemplation of buds pleases the eye.
When decorating the interior is used as an element of the winter garden. Branching shoots beautifully hung from wall pots.
Plectrantus is one of the plants whose leaves are much more attractive than the flowers are shiny, decorated with a pattern of veins, with a border, sometimes the surface of the leaf is slightly pubescent, edging is surrounded by small cloves along the edge. Sometimes there are reaped, textured, grow crosswise, in pairs.
Flowers have no value, small size, lilac, white, purple hues. Consist of 5 petals fused together at the base. Are located whorled, inflorescences, 6-10 pieces in each - umbrella-shaped or racemes.
This photo shows a flower of indoor plectrantus:
To make the plant look more attractive, inflorescences should be cut off. Flowering occurs in the summer. The corolla in the center contains stamens and ovary. When the plant is pollinated, the fruits are tied, inside which 4 ripens small nuts. The fruit is revealed when ripe independently.
In more detail, you can consider this plant in the photo below - here the pleckrantus is in all its glory:
The etymology of the name of the plant comes from the roots of the Greek language: "Plectron" - "spur" and "anthos" - "flower": the swelling of the corolla tube at the base resembles in appearance the spur. The root system does not go deep into the ground, fibrous. The stem is ribbed, glabrous or in some species slightly pubescent, on top of the skin, the color of which is bright green or brown-red.
How to properly care for sha plectrantus (molar tree)
How to care for plectrantus when growing at home?
Below are some useful tips on growing plants. First of all, you need to create conditions as close as possible to natural subtropical, which means high humidity, plenty of fresh air, heat and light in large quantities. Adapts well to new conditions.
Location: bright, even sunny. The light should be soft and diffused - such lighting can be obtained on the window sills of the southwestern part of the room or the east. If the plant is placed on the south side, it is necessary to provide protection from direct sun exposure, otherwise the shoots and leaves will instantly lose their decorative appearance.
Incorrect amount of light — excessive or insufficient — will cause harm. When daylight is too short, a plant called plectrantus can receive light with a lamp. Can tolerate light shading. In summer, the plant feels great, being on the street, on the balcony, in the garden.
Temperature: Not higher than 20 ° C. The optimum temperature for it is 18-25 ° in summer and 12-16 ° in winter. Temperatures below these will cause foliage to fall.
Air humidity: high only in too warm rooms. As the flower develops rapidly, it takes a lot of effort to grow the leaves, which requires more moisture. This can be achieved by spraying, generous watering. It will be especially useful to carry out such a procedure on those days when the temperature is above 22 °.
Watering: the substrate must always be raw. In March-September, watering should be abundant when the top layer is already dry. In the autumn-winter season - fairly moderate. Watering is necessary with settled water, make sure that the temperature is room temperature.
Caring for Plectrantus when it is grown in cold seasons, it becomes less intense: the ground in a pot can dry out a bit - at this time the plant is immersed in peace. Watering in winter, respectively, becomes more rare and less intense - it will be enough to do it once a day on 3-4.
Substrate: Flower soil mix. A mixture of soil for mint is prepared not very high density: 2 parts - humus, turfy ground, 1 part of leafy ground (or garden), on the 0,5 part - peat, river sand.
With the fulfillment of these conditions, even for a beginner, caring for Plectrantus under normal household conditions will be easy.
Top dressing: every week during the growth period. In winter, once a week in 4. Top dressing in the spring and summer twice a month, while alternating fertilizers, either mineral or organic.
Transfer: It is better to grow young plants. When the mint is just purchased, it is better to transplant at the same time. Without breaking the earthy lump, move the mint into a container with a large diameter. It is possible to land in open ground only when the weather has become stable and freezing at night is not expected.
The first 5 years of growth - transplantation should be carried out annually, the rest of the time - depending on the growth of the flower, but much less often. The root system of plants is powerful, so we need high pots, it is necessary to put a drainage layer on the bottom.
Pests, diseases: seldom. But nevertheless, plectrantus, or room mint, is easily accessible for such pests as the spider mite, aphid, shieldweed, whitefly. They occur due to insufficient air humidity.
Get rid of these pests will only help spraying various insecticidal drugs. Do it necessarily in the fresh air.
When growing this subtropical beauty in a timely manner it is necessary to solve all the problems. These include, for example, the following difficulties:
- Yellowing of foliage;
- Drooping stems;
- Leaf discoloration;
- Surplus irrigation water.
Foliage turns yellow and usually disappears due to too low air temperature, or an excess of moisture. This also leads to the fact that the root system rots.
Wilted leaves and sluggish stems - due to lack of irrigation water, and constant. Leaves fade and fade from direct sunlight.
Excess irrigation water leads to the formation of powdery mildew. It looks like a spot of grayish shade on the surface of the leaves.
It is possible to cure a plant, having sprayed with solution: 100 g serum to 300 g water. Also simultaneously reduce the amount of water that is watered.
Trimming: If you regularly cut the tops of the shoots, the plant is better to bush.
Reproduction of indoor plectrantus cuttings
The reproduction of the room plectrantus is carried out by stem cuttings about 10 cm long, as well as by dividing the bush during planting. The cuttings well let the roots in the water, then they are transplanted into small tanks, usually several sprouts together. Rooted - 2-3 weeks. More than one cutting planted together will help get a large lush bush.
For example, such as in this photo - here is a pleckranthus, it is room mint, in its heyday:
Reproduction of the apical cuttings. In spring, the plants are pruned - by 50% of the total length of the shoot. It is necessary to pinch the top, which contributes to branching, so new young shoots are formed. Weak branches need to cut as they appear, year-round.
Properties of houseplant plektrantus
Indoor houseplants called plectrantus with their mint smell repel moths indoors, thus protecting woolen clothing and various items with it. Essential oil from this plant refreshes the room, removes germs that may be contained in it. Phytoncides also soothe the nerves and improve sleep.
There are some instances, the impact of which helps to relieve anxiety, bad mood, relax. The properties of plectrantus, or mint, are such that it can rightly be called a family psychotherapist, and almost free.
Also, the plant helps with some health problems.
When an insect bite is washed and crushed leaf can be applied to the bite site - relieves irritation and itching after a bite. Smearing on the skin - not so annoying mosquitoes. Potted flowers, called plectranthus, are used as a diuretic and expectorant, against inflammatory processes, and with high efficiency. From the very green shoots with buds, you can brew tea, which is used for treatment.
Traditional medicine has also found the use of a popular pet. When the throat is inflamed, decoctions or tinctures are used in rinsing. For bedsores, powdered dry crushed leaves, mixed with powder, are applied to the wound. Herbal decoction or infusion is added to the baths.
In the kitchen of Indonesia, it is mixed into refreshments, canned foods, teas. Local cuisine can also be prepared using its leaves - for example, as seasoning. The smell - mint, thyme, oregano - allows you to improvise. Individual varieties are cultivated due to edible leaves or tubers.
Types and varieties of plectrantus: photos, names and descriptions of all varieties
There are many varieties of evergreen plectranthos - over 250 species of completely different plants. When purchasing a plant at home or on a plot, you need to know its appearance, since agricultural technology may be different and will not bring the result that was expected.
Varietal differences are so diverse that it is very difficult to list them all.
Several characteristic features of different types of varieties of indoor plectrantus are presented in the photo, and their description is also given:
It is a bush in shape, sometimes a half-shrub, grass. Plant with semi-succulent properties - their tissues can store moisture). Cells contain essential oils. The stem is often bare, sometimes covered with hairs, its shape is four-sided, standing straight or spreading.
The leaves are crosswise, smell, shades differ depending on the variety, the shape is round, oval, oblong, the edges are usually jagged.
In total, the main four species of these ampelous plants are common.
Picranthus fruticosus (shrubby plechranthus), called the "master of the moth," with leaves in the shape of a heart, which spread a very intense camphor smell. This type of plectrantus is also called the molar tree - it helps to repel this insect, namely, its essential oil contained in the leaves: it stands out at the slightest touch to the shoots.
It is a branched shrub up to a meter in height. Branches pubescent, tetrahedral shoots. The leaves are evenly colored, of various shades, about 5 long, see. The flowers are annularly arranged, with a strong aroma, the color is pale blue. From February to May it blooms profusely, it feels great in apartments.
Picranthus oertendahlii (Erdenthal Plecranthus) has almost round, light green leaves with white edges. It is this kind of green pleckranthus called Swedish ivy. The unusual shape of the leaf, with cut out edges, besides the two-sided coloring of the leaves - bright green and purple-pink - make it a favorite among houseplants.
The leaf surface is covered with thin streaks of light color, which feels like velvet. Small flowers, collected in the brush. It blooms from mid-summer until the end of September.
It is worth taking a closer look at the above photo of this pleckrantus: of all the varieties, it is considered the favorite.
Curiously, this is the only plant species that does not emit scent. It is very decorative. Most of all other species need constant plucking of shoots - so that bushiness is even higher. In interior decoration it is used as an ampelous plant - weak stems make lodging easy.
The flower of such a plectrantus is a bell, it grows with racemes, the length of which reaches 30, see. The bells are light purple, sometimes white, each of them grows up to 1,5, see.
Plectranthus coleoides marginatus (colecrantius coleus). In appearance it is a rather large shrub, up to 1 m tall, with pubescent pinkish-red upright shoots. Marginatus'Different green leaves with a wide white edge or the same color spots, up to 6 cm in length - its leaves are the largest of all species.
Picranthus parviflorus (small-leaved plectrantus) - with dark green oval leaves.
Felt prantrantus - a miniature bush, if it grows in conditions of the house. The leaves are pale green, shoots falling down, a faint smell of mint. Being in the wild, it grows much higher and wider, and the length of the leaf is longer. A condition-independent feature is high luminosity.
Also very popular is the hybrid variety of green plexranthus –Mona Lavender., bush, on whose stems of brown-brown color large large green leaves are attached. The upper side is glossy, the lower pile is purple. Blooms violet-blue buds, with blue specks.
Olefin Plectrant - its leaves are serrate, leathery, shaped like oak leaves. Rubbing the leaf between the fingers, you can feel the intense smell of needles.
Among flower growers plectrant blusher is rather popular (Picranthus purpuratus harv.). Downstairs the stem is stiff. The leaves are fleshy, with a light edge, similar to velvet, red-orange glands pass along them, the edges are reddish. Stems are cylindrical, after the middle they bend, bend, dropping to the ground.
The photos below show the variety of species of evergreen plektranthus:
In the Scandinavian countries, the plant lives in almost every home. It is believed that by its influence it looks like a “money tree” - it attracts wealth, material well-being, good luck in all undertakings and wealth, it eliminates evil thoughts.