All variegated plants belong to variant forms of flora and are formed as a result of exposure to various external factors. In fact, variegated houseplants are the result of a genetic mutation in response to unfavorable conditions for their growth. Therefore, when organizing care for them, there are many factors to consider. The value of changing the color of leaves can be crucial for the subsequent correction of care and the applied methods of agricultural engineering.
Motley coloring is inherent in mainly decorative and deciduous species of potted flowers used for decorating interiors. As practice shows, the cultivation of these plants in open ground conditions can completely remove their variegation and the unusual color of the leaf plate will disappear.
Look at the various variegated plants in the photo, which shows the options for coloring leaf plates:
Color and shape of leaves in variegated plants (with photos)
Usually the color of the leaves in plants represents different shades of green, as well as variegated combinations of green with white and other colors. A plant leaf is called variegated, in some areas of which an insufficient amount of chlorophyll is manifested or it is completely absent. Most often, the most interesting variegation is the result of the work of breeders who receive more and more new patterns and combinations of colors. Color and shape of leaves are not interrelated. So, long leaf may be green and striped. Heart-shaped sheet may also have different color options.
Pink-variegated species include, for example:
Red-variegated are considered such species as:
Coleus Bloom (Coleus blumei, hybrids)
Tradescantia (Tradeskantia zebrine)
White, cream or yellow variegation is present in some species:
Chlorophytum (Chlorophytum sotosum)
Different shades of green are decorated with leaves of such species as:
They have a form of leaf blades depends on the growth period of the plant.
A very special pattern in green, yellow and orange-red colors has Croton (Codiaeum).
Many variegated leaves differ in certain forms and patterns:
In some, the edge of the sheet is outlined with a strip of a different color, like in Sansevieria (Sansevieria trifasciata)
or Drapes (Dracaena marginata)
Other cultures have a marble pattern, for example:
The leaves of one type of begonia, Begonia masoniana, are decorated with a black cross.
See a variety of variegated indoor plants in the photo, which presents a variety of colors:
Leaf color change (pale or light)
Variegated plant species often require more thorough care than plants with green leaves; they always need more light, often more heat and higher air humidity. A change in the color of the leaves is always an alarming signal to the gardener that it is time to correct the care of flowers.
Especially important to maintain a variegated color lighting. If a plant with variegated leaves lacks light, then the picture fades, the plant becomes greener, as the supply of chlorophyll resulting from the vital process of photosynthesis increases.
The appearance of the plants determine what they need care. Therefore, careful observation of the leaves is important not only to admire their beauty, but also to obtain information regarding the maintenance of plants.
The basic rules are as follows:
- Plants with pale leaf color like sparse shadow, i.e. they do not want to stand in the thick shadow, but they cannot stand the bright sun either.
- Plants with small leathery or leaves covered with white hair prefer the sun and a lot of light; they will like the window facing south.
- Chlorosis - a disease caused by a deficiency of iron, manifested by a light color of leaves, on which green veins stand out brightly.
- Light spots on the leaves appear at the wrong temperature of water for irrigation and with strong temperature drops; as well as wetting the leaves with water in direct sunlight.
- Fungal diseases also leave their mark on the leaves: powdery mildew manifests itself as a white mealy bloom on the lower and upper side of the leaves; gray rot - in the form of brownish-gray plaque on the upper side of the leaves.