There are several opinions about whether or not to transplant domestic plants, as in many issues of floriculture. Some believe that it is necessary to do this, others are convinced that excessive intervention in the life of the “green pet” negatively affects his well-being. But whatever point of view you adhere to, anyway, sooner or later there comes a time when it is necessary to transplant indoor flowers - otherwise their roots will tear through the plastic pot, and if they do not have enough strength for it, the culture will just wither away from crampedness.
When young plants are still growing, the size of not only their above-ground parts, but also the roots increase. After some time, the roots rest on the walls of the pot, grow together and tangle. Therefore, once a year vegetative indoor plants are transplanted into a more spacious pot, if we are not talking about such rapid growth when the pot becomes small after a couple of months. Someday, any plant reaches its final size and no longer needs a larger pot. Despite this, many growers insist that home transplants should be carried out at least every 3-4 of the year. Just because the land during this time is completely leached and accumulates various harmful substances (from water and fertilizers).
When to transplant indoor flowers: a good time to transplant
First of all, in relation to indoor plants that no longer need to transplant each year, the question often arises: "This year? Or is it better in the next?
If the pot is small, then there is no doubt about the need for transplantation if the roots are visible from the hole in the bottom of the pot. In no case can simply cut the sticking roots.
A spacious pot is also required when plants such as Palm trees, chlorophytum, ornamental asparagus and others are pushed upwards by the roots of the pot.
Transplant home flower in another pot you need as quickly as possible and in the case when a plant, like, for example, sansevieria, simply breaks the pot with its powerful rhizomes.
There are other ways to determine when to transplant indoor plants. This agricultural application is necessary in the following circumstances:
- When the pot is uniquely small compared to the plant (often happens with the purchase)
- When lime deposits (hard water) or even gray-green deposits (excessive watering) appear on the walls of a clay pot outside
- When moss is already growing on the ground (also over-watering)
- When the leaves turn yellow and fall
- When the plant does not want to grow and bloom more normally
- When new leaves remain small
If the shoots and leaves are not noticeable, then you should remove the plant from the pot and inspect the roots. If only the roots are visible and the ground is almost invisible, and even more so if the roots grow in rings below the clod of earth, then the time has come - you need to urgently replant in a new pot with fresh earth.
If the ground is well overgrown with roots, but not yet fully utilized, and the tips of the roots, visible and white and strong, carefully return the plant to the old pot and leave it for another year.
The best time for transplanting indoor flowers is the end of February / beginning of March, when most plants begin to shoot new shoots. This, of course, does not apply to species for which this is the period of the most intense flowering, such as alpine violet (Cyclamen perskum), amaryllis (Hippeastrum), camellia. A good time to transplant such indoor plants is at the end of flowering, and even better in summer or autumn, when they begin a new season of growth.
Emergency cases are exceptions. If the plant is watered too much or the roots grow from the hole in the bottom of the pot, you should immediately take a new pot and earth, regardless of the season.
Pots for transplanting home flowers (with photo)
Before you transplant flowers at home, you need to clarify another important question: which pot is better, clay or plastic? Both have advantages and disadvantages that affect the care of plants.
Clay pots look more natural, they let air and water through, they are stable and neutral in color. But the plant in a clay pot needs to be watered more often than in a plastic one, because moisture evaporates through the clay walls.
Plastic pots are light, they do not break and are well cleaned, their walls are waterproof. Plants in these pots do not need to be watered as often as in clay pots. True, they are not so stable.
For the transplantation of heavy household flowers, which are easily tipped over, solid clay pots are required. Plants that consume a lot of water feel better in plastic pots. The shape is more important than the material.
In most pots, the width corresponds to the height; they have a conical shape. For plants with a very flat root system or with very long roots, you can buy low (for azaleas) or high and narrow (for palm) pots.
To transplant indoor plants properly, as advised by experienced flower growers, the size of the pot is determined by its upper diameter. A new pot for transplanting should be larger than the previous one by no more than 2. See Recommendation: if you want to save your work, you should inquire about pots with automatic watering. They have a double bottom - a water tank, which is enough for a plant for about a week on 2. Do not confuse such a system with hydroponics. Here the plants develop in the ground.
The best pots for transplanting home flowers are shown in these photos:
How at home to properly transplant flowers in another pot and transplant video
Transplanting houseplants is always a lot of dirt. Prepare not only pots and soil, expanded clay and shards, a spatula and a jug, but also newspapers for bedding.
Before you transplant flowers at home, it is more correct and logical to start with the liberation of the culture from the old “shackles”. Removing a plant from a plastic pot is usually very easy. In clay pots, roots often cling to walls. It is better to act as follows:
- A few hours before transplanting the plants, water well, which will facilitate extraction.
- If the plant is sitting tight, turn the pot upside down (hold the ground) and gently tap the edge of the table.
- If the roots are rooted, you will have to carefully break the pot with a hammer and cut the plastic pot. This should be done in the case when the roots sprouted through a hole in the bottom and pass back into the pot. The roots do not cut.
- A clod of earth with roots should be left as far as possible. Only the top layer of the earth is carefully removed by hand.
This rule of transplanting indoor plants has one exception: if you notice black brown or even rotting roots, shake off as much of the old earth as possible, wash the rest with running water and cut off all diseased roots. Only after that the plant is placed in the pot. Sometimes a smaller pot is enough for a plant with trimmed roots.
Usually during transplantation in no case can damage the roots of the plant. But there are exceptions:
- Sick and rotting roots necessarily cut.
- If under the clod of the earth there are many tangled naked roots, then this is badly reflected in the formation of new roots. In this case, take a pair of scissors and cut a thick layer of roots.
- The roots of the palm trees during transplantation can be cut to restrain the growth of plants.
When pruning thick roots, powder the cuts best with charcoal powder, which will prevent rotting. Needless to say, after such an operation, the plants need to be treated with special attention.
Of course, before transplanting indoor flowers, it is important to buy the “right” new pot. Usually it should be the largest of the old no more than 2 cm. If you plant a plant in an overly large pot, all its energy will be directed towards building up roots to the detriment of everything else. Clay pots before planting should be kept for several hours in water. Otherwise, they pull out a lot of moisture from the ground.
According to the proper technology of transplanting indoor plants, you need to prepare a good drainage layer. First, clay fragments fall down to the bottom of the pot, preventing the drainage hole from clogging.
They are filled with a layer of expanded clay or small gravel 2-3 cm thick, drainage layer. It is necessary so that excess water quickly drains from the pot and does not stagnate in the ground.
With the next transplant, pay attention to the pebbles of gravel or expanded clay overgrown with roots. They need to be carefully released.
Pour on the drainage layer so much soil that the plant in the new pot is located at the same level as in the old one. Then fill up with fresh earth empty space against the walls. Knock the pot on the table to slightly tamp the ground. Then the top layer of the earth is poured in and lightly tamped down with your fingers about 1 cm below the edge of the pot.
Transplanted plants are watered until water flows out of the drain hole. After half an hour, do not forget to drain the water from the sump again. The first time you need to water this amount of water so that the earth does not dry out.
Only when the tips of the new shoots and leaves, which is a sign of the normal work of the roots, will it be possible to water it again as usual.
Until then, plants, especially sun-loving ones, should be kept in a shade. If there is a lot of suns, the root system can not cope with its task of providing the plant with water. Fertilizers are applied through 6 weeks after transplantation, as there is an adequate supply of nutrients in fresh earth.
And how to transplant home flowers that have reached a huge size? For large plants in bulky pots and for all species that do not replant each year, the upper layer of the earth should be changed in the spring. First of all, it accumulates harmful substances from fertilizers and water.
Proceed as follows:
- Gently loosen the ground with a fork or a stick, so as not to damage the upper roots.
- Remove with a spoon on top of the old soil substrate thickness 4-5.
- Sprinkle fresh substrate.
- These plants do not need to change the mode of irrigation as transplanted. Water them as usual.
- Mineral fertilizers are applied about 2 weeks.
Watch the video on how to transplant home flowers to better present the process technology:
Soil mixes for transplanting indoor plants (with photos)
Two components are important when transplanting plants: a suitable pot and a suitable earth. When buying land, be especially careful. If the offer is very profitable, better leave the bag where it stands. Too often, inside there is a mixture of dust and dirt, which falls through your fingers like sand or is sintered in a pot in a waterproof crust. So, before you properly transplant home plants, you need to take care of good soil.
Standard soil mix. A good option is the so-called standard soil mixture, which is produced by various firms. Most indoor cultures like this mixture. You can be sure that the composition of the earth in each bag is the same; in addition, the land is hygienically flawless and does not contain pathogens and pests.
Such soil can be of two types:
- Type R. Contains quite a bit of fertilizer. This land is best used for breeding and for plants that need very little fertilizer, such as yucca (Yucca).
- Type T. It contains 2 times more fertilizer and is well suited for most indoor crops.
What soil mixtures for transplanting houseplants look like is shown in these photos:
Substrate for plants with special requests. There are some species that normally grow and bloom in standard soil mixture. But they feel even better when some additives are mixed with it. A few examples:
- Sansevieria (Sansevieria) and Euphorbia Mile (Euphorbia milii) like a very loose substrate, so mix in some sand.
- Bulky plants, such as some types of palm trees, are better placed in heavy soil; add sterilized clay to the standard soil mix.
- Plants that are sensitive to lime, such as azaleas (Rhododendron), should never be planted in a standard soil mixture, they will soon begin to wither. For them, a special soil is sold, which can be used for all plants sensitive to lime.
- Fans of cacti, orchids and bromeliads can also buy specially prepared mixture for their pets.
Since we have less and less peatlands, and soon the peat reserves will completely run out, we can replace peat with bark substrates. Take an interest in this option.
Own mixes. Of course, before you transplant indoor flowers at home, you can prepare soil for yourself, but some components are difficult to find. Who has a compost pile in the garden, and there is still an opportunity for storing greenhouse soil and leaf humus (necessary components), there will be a lot of trouble to combat pests and unwanted microorganisms and remove debris. Soil mixture preparation is a matter for specialists.
This video shows how to prepare a mixture for transplanting indoor plants: