Sight (Sedum) - occupies most of the family.
Sedum and Sedum - the names of one plant, the genus of which has more than half a thousand different species. They, like cacti, prefer arid soil. Most often found in the mountainous regions of the Northern Hemisphere, where there is a rather dry climate. Although some species are found in the southern hemisphere.
Succulent stonecrop is divided into annual and perennial herbaceous plants. They are very popular with gardeners, as they perfectly cover the soil and can serve as a tinted background for growing other plants.
Without human involvement, they usually grow in areas of Europe, North America and East Asia. The largest number of species can be found in the open spaces of Mexico. And although the plant grows by itself, do not think that the cultivation of perennial stonecrop on the plot or at home does not require absolutely no effort.
Crop species and varieties: photos, names and descriptions of popular plant varieties
It is impossible to say exactly where the name of the plant came from. There are two main versions.
According to one version, the name of the plant comes from the word Sedo, which translates as "subside", "calm down", "anesthetize". The fact is that in ancient times the above-ground parts of the plant were actively used to relieve pain.
The adherents of the second version believe that the name came from the word Sedoo, which means “sit”.
As can be seen in the following photo - a sedum plant, or Sedum, seems to be “sitting” on a stone:
Also, if you look closely, it is noticeable that the leaves do not have petioles, but depart directly from the trunks.
Basically, the plant is intended for cultivation in the gardens, it can be used to create a rather interesting design of the backyard plot.
At the same time, a number of species of stonecrop, or sedumov, are used as indoor plants.
Look at the photo, which shows several varieties and types of stonecrop room with the most minimal requirements for care. Among them:
Sedum linear "Variegata"
Some species are poisonous. These include sedum large (Sedum maximum). It is quite common in Europe, likes to grow in the shallows of rivers and pine tracts. Despite the beauty of the leaves, which grow thickly and have a rich green color, gardeners avoid planting it in apartments, because the sap of the plant is extremely poisonous.
Sedum includes several types, including:
It should be understood that thermophilic species are grown in room conditions. Some of them need to be considered in more detail.
Siebold Sight (Sedum sieboldii) with thick pink-green leaves - ampelnaya perennial plant. It is believed that Japan is the birthplace of this species.
Under natural conditions, grows on the island of Shikoku. But you can grow such stonecrop at home. This type of sedum is planted in hanging pots, pots, baskets. Often it is used as a greenhouse plant.
Stems of the plant are thin, have a reddish tint, in length they reach 5-10cm. The plant has no properties to take root in the nodes.
As for the leaves, they are gray-blue or bluish-green, on the edges with a reddish tint, have obtuse jagged edges. Each leaf can reach up to 3 cm. The size of the smallest leaves is approximately 1 cm.
Take a look at the photo, which shows the type of sedum with the name Sedum sieboldii:
The peculiarity of its cultivation is that its faded stems can not be removed until spring. In the spring stonecrop transplanted, remove dried parts. A mixture of compost earth and coarse sand is used as the soil.
Popular varieties of this type:
Mediovariegatum - with grayish leaves, in the center of each of which there is a beige stain reddening during the growing season.
Aurora - has leaves painted in purple color.
If you carefully consider the domestic cultivated plant stonecrop, the leaves seem to sit on the shoots, thereby forming whorls.
Flowering time is August - end of September. If the weather conditions are favorable, then flowering can continue until mid-October. The flowers are located at the ends of the shoots and gather in shields. Petals of flowers are pink, with a lilac shade, in the middle the color moves closer to the cherry one.
If the plant is grown in a temperate climate, the fruits are not formed. During the winter period, the leaves fall off and with the advent of heat new ones appear.
If you care for this type of stonecrop at home, you should carefully examine its needs. It is important to remember that the following rule exists: Sedum sieboldii should overwinter at temperatures not lower than 5 ° С in order to create new shoots next year. In addition, too intense dressing causes fading of paints.
Morgan's Sedum (Sedum togganianum), like Siebold's sedum, also hangs down, its leaves with gray frost are arranged like scales on shoots up to 1 m long. The homeland of this species is Mexico.
The leaves are oblong-elliptic, rounded, on average 1,5 - 2 cm in length. They are rather meaty, the width is mainly 5 mm. You need to know that the leaves at the slightest touch fall.
Flowers of this sedum (stonecrop) are arranged in the form of an umbrella on 10-15 pcs. The plant blooms profusely, the flowers are pink-red, approximately 1 cm long. This view can often be seen in the windows of apartments.
The following photos show the stonecrop types in room conditions with a rather large number of colors:
The most popular variety of this species is Sedum Burrito, which is distinguished by the shape of the leaves: they are more rounded and without a bluish tint.
It blooms in late spring - early summer pale pink bells.
Blush - a compact plant whose shoots spread along the ground. Over time, they rise a little. The leaves are round and spindly, they are crowded in apical rosettes.
Leaves of sedum blushing (Sedum rubrodnctum) dark green, but in a warm dry room they become reddish. Flowers have a beautiful bright yellow color.
Homeland Sedum Steel is Mexico. This stonecrop well perceives home care, despite the fact that in nature it is found high in the mountains, at an altitude of up to two and a half meters above sea level.
This type of sedum is a perennial shrub of many years, reaching a height of up to 20. The leaves are egg-shaped, up to 12 mm and up to 8 mm wide. The color is brownish-red with light down in the same colors.
It is better to have a pot on the sunny side, as it is a heat and light-loving plant. You should not make mineral fertilizers in the ground, otherwise the leaves may lose their decorative effect.
Care must be taken not to overflow the plant, it is drought-resistant and better to underfill than to allow stagnation of moisture.
Take a look at the photo of this type of stonecrop, where features of this flowering plant are visible:
Its inflorescences are apical, paniculate, with yellow flowers. With proper care, he will give bloom in August and September. Sedum Steel easily sheds leaves, from which new shoots can appear without human intervention.
Some types of stonecrop, in particular caustic (Sedum acre) can be found in the wild. This unpretentious species grows on barren, dry soils and forms solid carpets, up to about 7 cm in height. In general, they are green, but during flowering they are covered with yellow flowers.
In this form there is sort Yellow Queen (Yellow Queen), which is a spectacular perennial plant with small, fleshy, lettuce and lemon leaves.
Look at the photo of the sedum with the name Yellow Queen and its flowers, similar to asterisks:
The inflorescences consist of short branches with almost sedentary flowers of a poisonous yellow color. Dense bloom is observed in the middle of summer. The fruits are formed in August - early September, this is a box with seeds inside.
It is quite difficult to find the differences between sedum and sedum hexagon.
Look at the photos of these kinds of stonecrops with the names:
Both the acrid and hexagonal sedum have yellow leaves and stems, but in the second species the leaves are arranged on the stem in such a way that it does appear to be hexagonal.
In addition to the well-known varieties Yellow Queen, the following varieties are popular in this type of stonecrop:
Elegance - with twisted, grayish leaves, the shape resembling sea coral.
Aureum - the tops of the shoots are colored yellow.
Blue forest - with blue-green rounded leaves and bright flowers.
A notable feature of these varieties are their fleshy stems and leaves. These are drought-resistant and winter-hardy plants that bloom from mid-spring to late summer.
Also suitable for growing on poor soils. white stonecrop (Sedum album), which is quite aggressive to the fertile soil and is rapidly growing low carpet.
The bases of the stems spread along the ground, which is why this species is used as a groundcover. It flowers in May with numerous, small, fragrant flowers. All varieties tolerate cold winters and the harsh climate of central Russia.
Such varieties of white stonecrop are popular:
Coral Carpet - low bushes reach 5 cm in height, the leaves become purple in autumn.
Atum - possess flat foliage that blush in the sun in summer.
Faro Form - has very small leaves, forms a low carpet (up to 1 cm). In summer it blushes, and by the autumn it turns brown.
Hillebrandti - variety with large leaves, which in summer acquire an orange-red shade.
Murale - The stems and leaves are completely reddish-brown.
Pay attention to the photo, depicting the type of white stonecrop and its varieties Coral carpet и mural:
The leaves of these plants have different shades of red and brown. They change under the action of sunlight and depending on the season.
Caring for stonecrop at home: how to get rid of pests
Pests and diseases rarely overcome plants of the genus of stonecrop. Virtually all domesticated species do not give their master much difficulty in caring for themselves.
In the description of the ornamental plant stonecrop it is said that broad-leafed species, such as the stonecrop visible, can be affected by the torchworm of these sawflies from the family Tenthredinidae at the end of June or early August.
As soon as pests were discovered, the plant should be treated with Aktelic. You can also lure pests leaves of cabbage or lettuce, laid out nearby, and destroy.
Cold, damp weather can harm such types of sedum, such as:
The leaves and stems of these species are affected by fungal infections and become covered with dark spots.
The following video shows the sedum sedate, and tells you what to do with it:
All the shoots and leaves that are covered with fungus are cut and burned.
What other pests can affect sedum:
Aphid is found on the large-leaf stonecrop. Getting rid of it will help plant insecticide treatment. Unfortunately, there are no special preparations for polenkovy, but they can be treated with insecticides, which are used for irrigation of black currant bushes. This tool will not damage the stone cleaner and will not burn the surface of the sheets.
It is quite rare to see damage to stonecrops with thrips, recently imported to Europe. This leads to a curvature of the stems.
When planting and caring for flowers of stonecrop, you can face the following trouble - shoots can damage the weevil. It is also called the furrowed skosar or the furrowed elephant.
An adult individual feeds only at night, while the larvae damage the roots around the clock. The fight against this parasite is to exterminate all adult individuals. To do this, in the dark it is necessary to lay a white canvas or sheet of paper under the plant and shake off all the insects, shining a flashlight, and destroy them.
How to multiply the stonecrop: the proper cultivation of seeds
How can the sedum be propagated, which methods are best suited? You can do this in the following ways:
- Using cuttings.
- With the help of planting seeds.
- The method of dividing the bush.
- Breeding leaves.
Growing a sedum plant is also often practiced. It is worth sowing seeds in spring or autumn into boxes or bowls that can be put in a greenhouse or dug into a garden bed. In this case, the plant will begin to bloom only in the second year. Sometimes the first flowers appear in 3 of the year.
The main thing to monitor what will be their location. It should be bright, sunny. In the summer, the plant must be protected from direct sunlight, a place located in the open air.
With proper care during the cultivation of seeds of the stonecrop may appear hybrid plants. The main thing is not to flood the soil and give them enough light. Many consider this method difficult, since the germination of seeds is small, and the seedlings behaves quite capriciously.
These plants are perfectly pollinated, it is difficult to obtain the required variety, and most likely another hybrid will be grown. As a rule, seed multiplication is used in breeding.
Reproduction of room stonecrop: how to plant cuttings and leaves
Often gardeners choose cuttings, as the easiest and most reliable method of breeding sedum. The smallest pieces of shoots that accidentally fall on a bed during pruning have a real chance to take root. In nature, they are often spread by small rodents or birds, so the plant is easily transferred to new areas.
When planting and caring for room succulent stonecrop does not require much difficulty. Often enough just to tear off or cut off the shoot and stick it into the wet earth, then he will take roots.
To obtain a greater amount of planting material, use the method of winter cutting. This technique is practiced for sedum prominent, used for landscaping homestead territory most often.
At the end of flowering, before the first frost healthy, without any damage, flower shoots are cut off. Before planting a stonecrop in the ground, they are laid out on racks in a dry, warm room.
Over time, the leaves of the shoots will fall off, instead of them there will appear processes with roots. You need to wait for them to grow to 4-5 cm in length, then break off and land in the soil.
They take root at a temperature of 18-22 °, while it is not terrible if the temperature regime is lower. It is necessary to ensure that there is enough light on the cuttings, and to prevent excessive watering, otherwise the shoots will rot. At the end of spring shoots can be planted in open ground, and by the fall they will begin to give flowering.
In order to reproduce the stonecrop with top cuttings, it is necessary to simply cut off the top and put it in water or stick it into moist soil, and this unpretentious plant will sprout itself.
If you use the last method - the division of the bush, then it is worth starting in early spring. It doesn’t matter whether it’s potted or garden flowers, it’s necessary to dig out the rhizome in early spring, when the plant only “wakes up”.
The root taken out of the ground must be divided into two parts so that both have rhizomes and buds, from which shoots will subsequently grow.
It is possible to divide a bush into four or five parts, the main rule: In each part there are rhizomes and buds.
Another frequently used method is leaf breeding, which is well suited to indoor stonecrop - the simplest and least laborious method.
What is required for this method:
- Pot or other container.
- Substrate intended for adult plants.
- Water at room temperature.
- Stonecrop leaves.
In a pot pour the ground intended for transplanting an adult plant, moisten it. Then simply spread the leaves on the surface. After 7-10 days, the leaves will take root, and young shoots will begin to grow.
How to grow stonecrop home
In room conditions, stonecrops bloom less frequently than in nature. This phenomenon can be explained by the fact that the plants lack a sunny color. Also, for proper growth and flowering, stonecrop needs a certain temperature: in the summer it is room temperature, but in winter the temperature should be from 5 to 12 ° C.
For good flowering, it is necessary to maintain low humidity: sedums well tolerate dry air. Substrate choose the same as for cacti.
Special watering stonecrop is not needed. One has only to maintain a certain humidity. A top dressing is also important: in summer, sedums need to be fed with cacti fertilizer every 4 week.
Transplant is performed if necessary. In general, the plant can easily grow in the same soil for about 5 years.
Below is a series of photos of beautiful indoor flowers of the stonecrop and various compositions created from them:
By connecting different species together, experimenting, you can achieve the emergence of new, stunning hybrids that can decorate any room.