The people decorative room and the street plant is young called stone rose and hare cabbage. With a rose more or less clear, hard, like stone, the leaves of this plant form a kind of rosette, it is a bit like a rose. For what this strange plant called cabbage - remains a mystery.
To say that I was young in fashion is to say nothing. They adore flower growers in all countries. In any garden market, you will definitely see pots with neat round rosettes of different colors and sizes.
In the photo popular varieties of young:
See how much they differ from each other in shape and shade.
In the Latin name of the genus Semprevivum (translated as "forever alive") there is some exaggeration. No, the young do not live forever. Not so much time is allotted to a separate outlet: it gets fat, blooms, gives seeds and dies. But besides the seeds, the socket has time to form countless children. We can say that her life continues in numerous offspring.
Look at the photo, how the flowers looked on the bush:
When they fade away - the socket itself will die after them.
With a description of this plant, as well as recommendations for its cultivation, you can find on this page.
Planting and proper care for the young at home
These beautiful plants grow in the most severe conditions. There is a joke among flower growers: “For young women, the worse, the better.” And there is. The drier the land and the less humus in it, the lower the risk of rotting - sockets are more compact and brighter in color.
This plant resembles a cactus in its vitality. If you create the necessary conditions, it will feel comfortable both in the pot and in the front garden.
At home, for the young it is impossible to recreate the soil and the harsh conditions of the desert, but you can choose a special soil and protect the plant from its worst enemies.
The invulnerable Achilles has weak points: excessive humidity is contraindicated for young women, they quickly rot if they fall into the water. And, of course, they need the sun to be bright and attractive. In the shadows they fade and stretch.
In order to plant a young house in a pot and provide care at home, a lot of work is not necessary. To plant sprouts stands in a special mixture for cacti. If not, then you can take poor dry soil and mix it with sand, gravel, wood shavings and expanded clay. If you try to grow a stone rose in the soil rich in minerals, it will lose frost resistance, and the socket, although it will be bigger and more luxuriant, but its shades will become completely pale.
The plant feels well under the scorching sun, so in the summer its place is on the window in the hottest room, and in the winter - away from frost and wind.
Proper care for the young in the home room conditions involves a strict schedule of watering. In winter, the plant is watered once a month, in the summer - no more than once a week. It should be watered only at the root and carefully protect the outlet from the ingress of water - otherwise they will begin to rot.
Remember that in this case it is better not to overdo it than to overdo it. Without watering a stone rose can cost several months. If the plant is flooded, it will either have to be transplanted immediately to very poor soil, or to observe how it rots.
How to grow young: how to plant a flower and how to care for him
If you want to plant young and provide him care in the open field, then you should try a little in order to make him comfortable.
Choose the driest and poorest soil for the plant. If there are no depleted places on the site, dig up the soil, powder it with sand, gravel and wood chips.
Give the plant the sunniest place. Do not plant it near plants that may give shade. If you plant several bushes, then the distance between them should be at least 5 cm for small species and at least 10 - for large ones.
If you are concerned about the question of how to take care of a young bird in winter - do not worry. Rejuvenated frost-resistant. Even in the harsh, snowless winter of 2002-2003, when the grassy perennials in the gardens were seriously damaged, the young ones suffered less than others. And when there is snow, the young invincible.
The only winter care for the young when planting in the open ground - closing the socket from the snow. It can be covered with a plastic bottle, but in such a way that the root remains in the snow - this is how it is kept warm and the plant overwinters well. If you filled up the drainage or small gravel, then the spring standing waters of a stone rose will not care.
In natural conditions, molodilas - the owners of the desert. That is why poorly tolerated neighborhood with weeds. In order for a stone rose to adorn your garden for a long time, periodically remove pests that “take over” all the sun it needs.
The plant produces young, so once in 3-5 years it is necessary to dig out sprung shoots and find a separate place for them. You already know how to plant a small young on a separate plot - to provide him with the same conditions as the mother plant - and it will please you for a long time.
How to multiply rejuvenated: the cultivation of stone roses from seed
Mostly young breeds grow vegetatively. This means that in several years independent sockets can be separated from the mother plant, which need to be transplanted to another place in order for them to fully develop themselves.
In young people it spreads "from hand to hand" - after a few years, the hostesses no longer find a place for new individuals and give small sockets to friends or neighbors.
Look at the photo, on it - the correct landing was young, which was separated from the mother plant:
The outlet has enough space for further growth, but the pot is not too big.
If you are going to plant outlets in open soil, then let them grow a little in a pot. The plant will strengthen the root system and then no cataclysms are not afraid of him.
Transplant is best in April - July. Planted in the soil only when you are sure that it is dry enough and the weather is sunny enough for a fragile plant.
Look at the photo, on it - planting and caring for a young youth that was planted in the ground:
Stone roses are very interesting to collect. True, the pedigree of hundreds of varieties is lost in the wilds of free pollination, but does it really matter? A lot of varieties were obtained by breeding scientists. So at some species appeared a variety of a different shade or a variety with larger rosettes. Selection occurs by planting a number of seeds of two species. Lovers themselves are not averse to indulge in the breeding of new varieties, since the broods easily grow from seeds.
In order to bring out your extraordinary variety of this plant or just grow a rosette from scratch, you need to collect seeds from a flower. They usually bloom in spring, but if the plant lived in a room, the flowering cycle could get off, and the flowers would give out seeds by the end of summer.
It is best to plant the "fresh" seeds that you just collected from the plant. But of those who have lain for some time in a warm dry place, sprouting also springs up and it turns out quite decent specimens.
You can plant it in small glasses with soil, or directly on the garden bed. If you have a lot of experience gardener, it is better to immediately grow in the open field.
If you don’t know how to propagate from seed to seedlings on the garden, because you don’t have enough experience, or you don’t want to bother with weeding, which are unavoidable on open ground, select a suitable pot to grow it in the house. Disposable glasses, old deep plates and, of course, small pots are well suited for such purposes. If you want to keep young at home in a pot, you can plant seeds right where the socket will grow in the future.
Choose acid or low alkaline soil - better get a special ground for cacti. In order to successfully grow sprouts from the seed, it is necessary to sow a lot of seeds on the soil surface and slightly moisten it.
The first week you need to keep the seedlings at a temperature not lower than 20 degrees, otherwise the shoots will not sprout. You will see the first leaves already in 3-5 days. During this period, it is worth watering the sprouts especially carefully in order not to accidentally wash the plant off with a stream of water.
Depending on how many shoots sprouted, you need to seat them as needed in separate containers. If they took a rather wide pot, and few shoots came up, then they will quietly “live” together before planting.
In order to understand how to grow young in the garden of seedlings that you grow in pots, you need to recall tips on how the daughter sockets are seated. The weather should be dry and warm, grown up seedlings should be dug in at a distance from each other. Also it is necessary to break through the weeds, so that the shoots have enough heat and light. And it is necessary to drain the soil.
Growing a stone rose (also young) from seeds can be interesting if you have seeds from several different species and you want to develop the talent of the breeder. In this case, it is worth planting seeds in little pots On 3-5 pieces of each type and pour them into one point. There is no guarantee that you will have a new variety, but gardening is a huge niche for experiments and discoveries. It is in order to increase the possibility of the emergence of a new variety and it is necessary to plant the seeds in different glasses with the expectation that from one glass an 1 sprout will turn out.
Look at the photo, on it - care for the young sprouts:
Use of young in landscape design (with photo)
In nature, the young grow in cracks of stones, practically without land and water. This allows flower growers to create expressive and unusual compositions. Of course, you can plant square meters with youngsters, although this option is more suitable for the steppe or desert, and not for the garden near Moscow, where weeds are flying from all sides.
In landscape design, the plant is used very widely. Due to the fact that sockets take root on the most barren soils, you can close any "bald" on your site. Also look good in unusual pots and unexpected places.
A bowl with amazing hedgehogs on the steps of the porch (for the winter it is simply put on the ground), a gap between the bricks in the old fence, a chink in the facing of the house, a depression in the stone near the pond - these are the places for the young. And, of course, young - ideal plants for a rock garden, alpine gardens.
In the photo - an example of the use of young in landscape design:
See how well different varieties and colors blend together, creating a nice looking picture.
Types and varieties of young: photo, name and description
Rejuvenated very diverse. Some are glossy, glossy already, others are entangled in thick cobwebs; yellow and maroon; with a socket from 1 to 10 cm in diameter; leaves pointed or stupid ... You can continue indefinitely! By the way, some varieties also bloom pretty. However, it is better to delete a faded outlet with a dried peduncle to maintain the decorativeness of the picture.
Here is a list of the names of popular varieties of young with a description:
"Pharaoh" - purple and green leaves, plant height 10 cm.
"A princess" - tight balls with dark brown tips.
"Montana" - characterized by large green rosettes.
Green King - Another bright green variety.
"Yuliya" - The unusual thing is that the marsh-colored sockets turn red in autumn.
"Red" - small red sockets.
In the photo below it can be seen that the name of this variety of the young fully corresponds to its appearance:
Species of this plant:
Not all of these species are common in Russia, but you can buy seeds or seedlings of any of them in the store.
It is worth talking about several interesting views separately.
Cobweb - one of the most beautiful views. Its stem is in height from 5 to 20 cm, and the sockets are absolutely crumbs - with a diameter of 0,5 cm, ellipsoid. Each outlet is located in the "web" of glandular hairs.
Roofing - The ancient legend is associated with the name of this species. People believed that this plant drives away lightning from the roofs of houses. By order of King Charles the Great, subjects were planted with the stone rose on the roofs of their houses. Of course, no one else puts this plant on the roof, but the name remains.
For a long time, this species of young was blown by the winds, and many varieties subsequently appeared wind pollination. Biologists suggest that the plant that was on the dais, got the most pollen from other plants and from other species.
Numerous mutations have contributed to the fact that this type of stone rose exists in a variety of colors.
Sockets - in diameter about 5-7, see. The trunk is tall and powerful, similar to the crocodile's scales. The color of the leaves is yellow or green at the base, and at the tips it can be burgundy or brown.
In the photo - the look was made under the name "stone", its varieties can vary in diameter of the sockets, but this option with a socket near 5 cm:
See how neatly they look on a rather large trunk..
Marble view is named for the fact that he has large and very shiny leaves. They also have a fairly powerful barrel. In some varieties of outlets completely purple.
The spherical form has very beautiful white flowers, and the socket itself forms an almost perfect ball with a diameter of 3-8, see. The tips of many varieties of this species are also red.
The photo shows a spherical shape of a young, a sort of “Princess”, look at its beautiful chocolate tips: