In recent years, many prefer high and bulky plants that can independently be a decoration for any stylistic direction in the interior. The Araliyev family boasts one of its most prominent, presentable representatives - a plant called Fatsia. The attractive ornamental leaves of this evergreen tree provided the look of popularity and universal recognition. The flower grows very quickly and may well become a full element of the decor of any interior. Fatsia from seeds at home is grown in several stages: sowing, picking, transplanting to a permanent place. The fashion for originality makes flower growers look for more and more sophisticated forms of interior landscaping. Therefore, the bright and beautiful flower of the fatsia quickly found its “consumer”, winning the love of the vast majority of flora lovers. The main rules of planting and caring for the plant are proposed in this material, you can also see photos of the fatsia in various variants of its cultivation:
How to grow Japanese fatsiyu: care at home
Japan and Taiwan are the countries that are home to the original and fashionable plant today. Small trees growing along the banks of reservoirs and in woodlands look neat and compact. For cultivation in the form of room decorative culture, only one type of flower is relevant - Japanese Fatsia, which is distinguished by its compact size and adaptation to the dryness of the surrounding air. How to grow this decorative foliage plant at home with your own hands? To begin with, it should be understood that proper care includes compulsory regular spraying of deciduous mass. Without this technique, it is difficult to make the plant grow at a normal rate without bending the trunk and damaging the leaf blade.
The home tree has a straight trunk covered with a brownish bark. The diameter of dense, rounded leaves reaches the size of 30, see the flowers are small, yellow-green shades or dull white. For proper cultivation it is necessary to arm yourself with the knowledge of some nuances and especially trifles that are especially important for plant development.
This plant is quite a hardy representative of the green world, adapting to almost any conditions. When caring for fatsiyu at home, you need to consider a number of nuances that may affect growth and development. The main criteria for quality care:
- Temperature. In winter, temperatures should, if possible, range from 10 to 15 degrees of heat. In warmer times, the 18-22 degrees with a plus is the optimum temperature.
- Shine. For plants of this species, the light is important enough, but not too bright or daytime - the option of light shading will be more successful. Trees with monophonic leaves endure more shade, variegated plants - more light-requiring.
- Watering. When the substrate dries, the plant is watered with softened, settled water. In hot weather it is necessary to water abundantly, from mid-autumn - watering costs less. In winter, waiting for the drying of the substrate is not necessary, making watering much less. It is necessary to approach this issue as carefully as possible, since with the stagnation of water in the pan, the root system will begin to rot, and when the soil is dry, the leaf of the fatsia will fall and lose its juiciness. It will be rather difficult to return him to his previous position.
- Top dressing. From early spring to autumn, the plant needs high-quality fertilizing with mineral fertilizers and organic matter. In winter, you can not fertilize.
Fatsiyu transplantation carried out once every three years during warm periods. Each time the pot is selected much larger and wider than the previous one. Formative pruning is a completely natural process for the bushes, so they are transferred absolutely calmly.
For transplantation using a conventional substrate, slightly acidic or neutral type of soil. To obtain a quality mixture, you can mix the sand mass, peat, leaf and sod land with the addition of humus in equal parts. A drainage layer at the bottom is required.
Variations of reproduction of fatsia from seeds and apical cuttings
The plant is propagated in several ways. To do this, use air layering, apical cuttings or seeds. In the presence of a bare trunk, the multiplication of fatsia is carried out by air layouts. Experienced gardeners on the stem make gentle cuts in the spring, wrapping them with moistened moss, which is soaked in a special solution. With regular moisture after a few months, small roots will appear. After another couple of months have elapsed, the processes can be separated from the mother tree. Variations of reproduction include sowing seeds, talk about it later.
Segmentation of the plant stem is carried out in the spring. The resulting segments and the tops of the stem in the warm season rooted in moist soil. To create a high-quality microclimate, seedlings are covered with polyethylene. When the seedlings take root, they are planted in small pots.
It is possible to multiply fatsia from seeds that are sown to a depth of no more than one centimeter. Planting is done in pots or special boxes. The best option is the soil mixture of equal parts of sand, sheet and sod land.
Attractive fatsia flowers for decoration and decoration (with photo)
An ornamental plant can be used during the decoration of pillars, walls, shop windows. When growing these bright representatives of the flora in large tubs, they strive to decorate the interior in an original and attractive way. It is not for nothing that the flower of fatsia is considered one of the most attractive, presentable plants for a house, the height of which under room conditions can reach a mark of one and a half meters. Attractive for its abundant green mass flowers for interior decoration and design decoration in recent years are very popular. Look at the photo of the most outstanding copies of the fatsia, presented in different forms:
With a free arrangement of plants, the crown is formed beautifully and naturally. Numerous photos of fatsia on the Internet will help determine the choice of plants and purchase a flower that will delight all family members for many years.