Royal Geranium is known to lovers of houseplants as “Royal Pelargonium” and is famous for its capriciousness. The country of origin is South America, and therefore pelargonium is used to a hot climate with humid air. Rules for taking care of her at home can be found on this page.
Classic royal geranium is a flower or a small dense bush with branching stems. The leaf shape is round, with slightly lobed edges and a characteristic smell for geranium. The flowers look like spherical umbrellas, the stems are thin and long. Their color depends on a grade: from snow-white for dark-violet. At home, royal geranium grows to see 50. With proper care, it will bloom from early spring to late summer.
Look at photos of royal geranium varieties intended for indoor breeding:
How to plant royal geranium
All varieties of pelargonium or king geranium are propagated by cuttings. It is recommended to cut them in summer or autumn; cutting the stem should be at an angle of 45 degrees just below the internodes. Lower leaves and buds also need to be removed. Before you properly plant royal geranium, you need to prepare high-quality cuttings and soil with suitable properties.
Shanks need special care. For example, they can not be put in the water - due to high humidity, they can quickly rot. Experts recommend simply sprinkle the slice with a mixture of the drug "Kornevina" and charcoal, after which at least an hour "dry" the plant.
For the first planting, a small diameter pot will be suitable, at the bottom of which you need to put a layer of shards - this will provide sufficient drainage. For planting royal geraniums, both store land for ornamental plants and the usual mixture of sand and peat in the ratio 1: 1 will be suitable. For rooting, you can use peat tablets: they are soaked for a few minutes in warm water. In the center of the tablet is a recess where the cutting is inserted. After the roots have emerged from the drain hole, the cuttings can be transplanted into the pot. After planting, it is necessary to water the land around the edge so that the substrate is not too wet.
Cuttings root quickly, the first shoots usually form during 4's weeks. After that, you can slightly increase the watering, but you still need to avoid excessive soil moisture. Only after 8 weeks after disembarking, young royal geraniums can be looked after as an adult plant. After rooting, the geranium is planted on ordinary soil on a compost basis.
Young royal geranium is growing quite actively, with time, roots will begin to appear from the drainage hole of the flowerpot. This is a sure sign that the plant needs a transplant. Usually, adult geraniums need to be transplanted into a new soil every two years.
During transplantation, it is worth cutting the thick shoots and roots by half, and gently shake off the old soil from the rhizome. Earth in a flower pot - fully updated. If the pot for transplanting is reused, it should be disinfected with a special solution (bleach suitable).
Care for royal geraniums at home
Caring for royal geraniums at home is not at all difficult and any florist can handle it. Despite the fact that pelargonium is a moisture-loving plant, excessive watering can lead to diseases and infections, so it is important to adhere to certain rules for watering. An adult bush will have enough 50 ml of water for one irrigation, the soil should not be too wet. In winter, it is enough to water royal geraniums once a day, in summertime - twice: before 10 in the morning and in the evening after the sun is no longer scorching.
A weak iodine solution can be used as a top dressing: one drop per 1 l of water. A small amount (about 50 ml) spills on the walls of the pot. Be extremely careful: feeding more can seriously damage the roots. Fertilize the plant should be every two weeks from late March to mid-November.
The ideal temperature for maintaining a royal pelargonium flower ranges between + 18 - + 25 degrees. Raising and lowering temperature, drafts and dry air from a heater can quickly destroy a plant. In summer, the royal geranium can be brought to the balcony, but it is important to ensure that it is not exposed to direct sunlight - burns can occur. The light plant loves, but it needs a shadow. In order to provoke an active ovary of buds, in winter geranium can be put in a cool well-lit place.
In general, a sleepy period for the royal geranium begins in October through March. The ideal temperature at this time is about + 15 degrees, care can be limited only by watering. Before a sleepy period, it is better to remove the flowers, buds and cut 1 / 3 shoots.
The faded flowers are recommended to be removed - they have already lost their beauty, and it is only in vain that they take power away from the plant. In addition, it stimulates the active growth of new colors. You can remove them after the petals appeared brown spots. But it is worth removing flowers if you do not need pelargonium seeds - the seed set occurs in inflorescences.
Variety of royal pelargonium varieties and their photos
The genus Pelargonium includes more than 280 different plant species, the most common variety is the royal geranium. Popular varieties include large-flowered pelargoniums (the “Angels” group) or viola-color. The flowers of these varieties are similar to pansies, the upper petals are somewhat larger than small ones, there are veins on the petals.
The following are the most popular varieties of royal pelargonium and their photos - the diversity of species is simply not possible to present in one article.
Candy Flowers - these varieties belong to the grandiflora pelargonium. Breeders deduced a group of varieties due to the crossing of two types of pelargonium, which is intended for cultivation on open ground. The peculiarity of this variety is its earlier flowering, flowers are larger than those of the “Angels” group.
Pelargonium shining (Pelargonium fulgidum) is a high bushy pelargonium, the size of which is slightly smaller than the royal. The main difference is more deeply dissected leaves with a sharp spicy smell. Flowers without aroma, the prevailing coloring of flowers of this grade pelargonium - red.
Possible problems with royal geraniums
With proper care, royal geraniums rarely get sick, but some experienced problems can even touch experienced gardeners.
Rotting the legs of a plant most often provokes excessive watering. If the flower has already begun to rot, it is impossible to help him and better, as soon as possible to remove the affected plant. Not only geranium itself is quickly affected, but also the soil in which it is located, so the ground will have to be thrown away.
Pests can also attack royal geraniums: aphid, mites, whitefly. If this has affected your plant, the underside of the affected leaves should be washed with an infusion of tobacco with green soap or an infusion of regular pharmaceutical chamomile. In order to get rid of the whitefly, you can use special medicines ("Fufaphone", "Aktellik", "Bison").
Often, the problems first signal leaves. If they are yellowed, and the edges of the flower are dry - this is a signal of a lack of moisture. Yellowed leaves warn that geraniums have little light or space in the pot. If the leaves wither, then perhaps you are too wet the ground.
If it is time for flowering, and geranium has not blossomed, an urgent need to identify the problem, otherwise flowering may be slowed down in the future. Why does not royal geranium bloom? This may be due to lack of light, low temperature (below + 10), the soil may be too fertile, or the pot is too big. In addition, the reason may be the untimely pruning of royal geraniums.
Sometimes geraniums can be "rust", during which brown or yellow spots appear on the leaves. Shoots and flowers may also be affected. It is important to monitor the condition of the plant and remove diseased parts as soon as possible. Remember: if the plant is sick - it is better to wait with reproduction. Problems can quickly go to the cuttings.
Flower growers tips
In general, the plant is not capricious, it multiplies well, grows and does not create any problems to its owners. In order for royal geranium to please the eye, it is necessary to adhere to the recommendations of experienced flower growers who will help to save Pelargonium from problems.
- Provide good drainage and adequate light.
- You should not use top dressing too actively: it is better to underfeed than overfeed.
- Remove diseased plants in a timely manner and never reuse the soil.
- Water the geranium only when the soil really needs it.