Exotic on the windowsill improves mood and gives a lot of positive emotions. Therefore, despite all the possible difficulties, flower growers grow houses epiphytes and orchids that require increased attention in the process of organizing their care. Guzmania flower has excellent aesthetic properties. The home dweller at home develops rapidly and gives a bright, long flowering. Unfortunately, this beauty is not durable. The plant belongs to annuals. We offer you to learn the rules of caring for guzmania at home, about how children are planted and transplanted after flowering. Reproduction by air layouts is possible. We will tell about all this further, but for now, look at the photos of the Guzmania in various states of flower development:
We get acquainted - the flower of a gusmania and his photo
A more accurate crop name used by botanists sounds like a guzmania (Guzmania), it belongs to a large family of bromeliads. Another famous relative is pineapple. We get to know each other better - Bromeliaceae present us a indoor flower of gusmania, striking the imagination with its beauty and grace. See his photo, illustrating the rich possibilities of the plant in solving decorative tasks:
In its wild form, culture is now found in a wide variety on both American continents. Refers to epiphytes (parasites) growing in symbiosis with other plants. Ordinary soil for cultivation at home is not suitable, because the root system can only develop in the presence of fungus on the bark of trees. Most of the moisture in the deciduous mass gets from the surrounding air using massive air roots. In the room conditions of a gusmania one should regularly arrange a warm shower, daily spray the air around it from a spray bottle.
Scientists have recorded more than a hundred species of this culture, at home no more than 10 of them are used. The most adapted to the conditions of a closed ground are the Guzmania Mix, Reed and Rondo Minor. They are not whimsical and successfully develop in any conditions.
The description can be found in many nerds. These are long, dense leaves with pointed edges, absolutely smooth and very dense. They are collected in a bundle, from the center of which a peduncle appears over time. The height of an adult plant is 40-50 cm. During flowering, a single bud is burgundy or orange, yellow or white. Less common specimens with brown and pink buds. This is a real exotic.
How to care for guzmanii at home?
It is advisable to purchase in specialized stores not an adult plant, but its children, capable of quickly rooting. How to care for the Humman in compliance with all the rules of agricultural technology in order to grow a strong and strong flowering plants? Let's try to figure it out. It should start with the rules of irrigation of the guzmania at home, since it is this measure that affects the ability of the crop to emit a peduncle.
So, for watering you can take only well-filtered water. Even a slight inclusion of chlorine can completely destroy the root system. The basic rules of this procedure:
- from March to November, watering is done every other day; from November to February, 1 is watered once a week;
- for watering, water is poured by droplet into the center of the rosette of leaves;
- after watering through 10 minutes, the remaining water should be drained;
- watering the soil mix requires 1 once a week to 2; in summer, in hot weather, you can water 1 once a week;
- air irrigation is carried out in the morning and in the evening daily - for this it is necessary to spray water around the bush for 2-3 minutes;
- Another type of watering is wiping the whole deciduous mass of 1 once a 10 day with a damp sponge. This technique combats diseases and pests.
Never leave water in the outlet after watering for longer than 10 minutes. This may cause the outlet to rot. The soil should always be dry, with the exception of those days when soaking earthy coma.
And now we will move on to choosing a place for permanently finding a indoor gusmania flower at home, and here too there are certain tricks and secrets. First of all, it is worth remembering that it is impossible to keep this culture on the windowsill. It suffers from direct sunlight. Easily tolerates long shade, so the plant is ideal for interior gardening. In winter, it is better to move closer to the southern window, and in summer, the Guzmania will feel great next to the northern or western window.
The ambient air temperature suitable for normal development is in the corridor between 20 and 25 degrees Celsius. In winter, a reduction to 15 - 17 degrees is allowed. It is necessary to exclude the likelihood of the influence of drafts - this will help to get a large bright flower. Under the influence of low temperatures, flowering is excluded. If we talk about the humidity of the air, that is all clear - the higher the percentage of moisture content in the air, the more comfortable it is for humming. The ideal place for its growth is the kitchen, where something is constantly being cooked, boiled, and water flows from the tap. The room should be sprayed with foliage at least 2-x times per day.
Features of growing and breeding kids
You can even successfully grow exotic epiphytes, if you follow all the rules. Peculiarities of cultivation of guzmania are already partially described above, but it is worth telling how reproduction is carried out by children. Botanical sign - the death of the mother plant after full maturity "kids." At its core, this is a new shrub that begins to grow alongside during the formation of the flower stem. As soon as flowering ends, the main plant begins to dry, giving way to a new one. Florist can only remove dried leaves. In this state, ghzmaniyu at home can be grown for several years. In the event that 2 kids are formed, one must be transplanted into a separate pot.
For this purpose, a special soil is prepared, on 2 / 3 consisting of tree bark, sawdust and small pebbles. You can also add sphagnum, building or river sand, broken brick. The more structured and light the soil is, the faster the plant will develop. In some cases, it is better to purchase a special soil for bromeliads in the store.
When planting or transplanting the roots should be carefully laid in a shallow pot and sprinkle gently with soil. On top of the soil is slightly compacted and watered abundantly. After this procedure, on the 10 days, place the plant in the shade and spray the foliage with water once per day using 4-5 once a day.
To obtain a peduncle, it is important to maintain an optimal balance of organic and mineral fertilizers in the soil. Fertilizers begin to conduct in the first decade of March and continue until the end of September. Recommended schedule: 1 once a week in 2 weeks organic solution and 1 once a week in 2 mineral complex. Extra root top dressings give the best result. To this end, the prepared warm solution is poured directly into the rosette of leaves.
Do not be discouraged if the bloom does not come for a long time. Bromeliads usually bloom on 4-5 year after planting. After a bright climax, the plant dries out. Re-bloom is not observed. To accelerate flowering, many growers use a simple and effective technique. A apple is cut into quarters in a plastic bag (directly on the soil next to the plant), and this package is covered with a gummania. A month later, the plant blooms due to exposure to ethylene released by the apple.
What brings to the house guzmaniya and other issues
Many novice growers ask questions about a new culture. What brings guzmaniya to the house according to ancient beliefs? It is believed that this flower gives happiness and well-being in family life. It is able to endow apartment dwellers with excellent health, optimism and generosity. There are other, more material issues.
What hinders normal growth and development?
Slow growth can be associated with improper soil selection, lack of regular watering. Also adversely affected by the proximity of the window and the influence of direct sunlight. Sometimes the lack of growth and development for several months is a signal that Guzmania is preparing to throw out the peduncle.
No flowering and dry leaves.
If guzmaniya does not bloom in due time for it (the plant is more than 5 years old), then it is necessary to look for the cause of this phenomenon. Usually it lies in the lack of lighting, irregular watering and nutrient deficiencies in the soil. For the same reason, the leaves dry up. You can reanimate them by regular watering and spraying the air around the bush.
Watch the video for all the details of caring for gusmania at home