When choosing a home plant, it is worthwhile to opt for such delights as indoor flower hibiscus, it is this plant at home that will forgive small blemishes in watering, wrong location or unnatural additional feeding. The efforts of the grower will be awarded with beautiful flowers of various shades of varying degrees of terry. Breeders all over the world did their best and brought out more 200 varieties of indoor hibiscus, photos of which can be found on the Internet: from yellow (Ankara and terry Koenig) to pale pink (Rosa or Sunshine Purple). In the article you can read about the reproduction and cultivation of hibiscus at home, but for now look at the photo of a Chinese rose in all the variety of shades of its petals:
The second name of the hibiscus is the Chinese rose, the flowers of which are used to make fragrant karkade drink. There are many myths and predictions associated with this plant. Sensitive natures consider the plant a source of sadness, fear, and even call the hibiscus the flower of death. Why this plant myth is so common, difficult to judge, but judging by the existing signs and beliefs, it is not worth refuting this version. For example, in China they believe that the rose blooms on the eve of the death of the owner of the house.
Planting room hibiscus rules
There are certain rules for planting indoor hibiscus at home. Young hibiscus must be replanted annually. Adult specimens once every three years. An adult is considered a plant that has reached the age of three. The rest of the time it will be enough to replace 3-4, see the top layer of the substrate. In a close pot, the plant will grow slowly, so with each transplant, you should choose a pot an order of magnitude larger in diameter than the previous one.
The plant must be transplanted from the transport pot, because then he and the transport. A pot for hibiscus can be taken both plastic and ceramic. It is worth paying attention to the nuance: it is impossible to make additional holes in the ceramic pot, therefore more drainage should be used and the soil should be made lighter.
If you have chosen a tub for an adult hibiscus, then use a heavier soil. Use claydite, crushed stone, gravel, foam as a drainage. It is not recommended to use broken brick or fragments of old flower pots for drainage. The sharp edges of the pieces can cut the hibiscus roots. Such drainage can be used only if 3-4 cm of sand is poured onto it and only then hibiscus is planted.
The ideal soil mixture for hibiscus is leaf and sod land, taken in equal proportions, plus some coarse sand. If you make the earth mixture yourself, then you should not forget about disinfecting earth and sand by freezing or roasting in the oven. Charcoal can also be added to the substrate.
Home care for hibiscus
For indoor hibiscus to enjoy almost year-round large bright colors, it must be properly positioned indoors. It is better if this is the most clarified place in the room. Home care for hibiscus includes properly organized watering and regular loosening of the topsoil.
If you grow hibiscus on the windowsill, then the best for him will be the western or eastern windows. In the warm season, the plant can be taken out on the balcony or on the street. In this case, it will be necessary to provide protection from precipitation, direct sunlight and drafts. The optimal temperature for hibiscus is 20-22 degrees. Temperatures below + 10 will cause the indoor flower to react by dropping leaves.
Caring for hibiscus at home is not difficult. The plant prefers abundant watering. The soil between watering should dry on one phalanx of the finger. Fallen buds and leaves that have lost turgor (elasticity) will indicate a lack of moisture.
Since the hibiscus is home to the tropics, it belongs to the heat-loving plants and just loves daily spraying. Water should be separated during the day and slightly above room temperature. Water that has gathered in the pan, after half an hour, must be poured out, otherwise it will cause the roots to rot.
The Chinese rose will be “grateful” for the so-called “warm shower”. In this procedure, the flower is satisfied with this head wash in the shower, the water temperature should be around 36 degrees. This procedure stimulates flowering and is an excellent prevention from pests. After the "soul" the plant should stand in the bathroom, "cool", only then it is returned to its place. It is advisable to leave the bathroom all night.
Pruning and top dressing of plants
Top dressing and cutting of a hibiscus - the most important stage in care of a plant. It should be done immediately after the young shoots of the plant appear magnificent flowers. Be sure to cut and shoots growing parallel to the trunk. The branches that grow inside the tree must also be removed. It is possible to form a hibiscus in the form of a standard tree now. In early spring, the shoots of hibiscus must be pinched, including very young ones. And hibiscus tolerates pruning at any time of the year.
In spring and summer, the hibiscus will thankfully respond to the weekly potash-phosphate supplement. You should refrain from nitrogen-containing fertilizers - this indoor flower does not “celebrate” them much. Do not forget before dressing to thoroughly shed an earthen ball, so as not to burn the roots of the plant. Grateful hibiscus will be for foliar feeding.
How hibiscus breeds
It is important to know how this plant propagates and what rules should be followed to obtain a quality result. Room hibiscus breeds in two ways:
Cuttings remaining after pruning of the mother flower are quite suitable for rooting. In this case, the young plant retains all the signs of a donar flower. And the new hibiscus will bloom in the first year. Root cuttings can be in the water and in the ground.
When rooting the cutting in water, it should be placed in a dark glass container and sent to a mini-teplichka (for example, cover with a cut plastic bottle). Periodically, the greenhouse must be ventilated. After the appearance of the roots, the plant can be planted in sphagnum moss or in light ground. To stalk threw all the forces on rooting, all the leaves need to be cut off, leaving the top two.
When rooting in the ground, all actions are repeated, except for waiting for the appearance of roots in the water.
With the reproduction of hibiscus seeds can feel like a breeder. The process of plant propagation by seeds is rather laborious. For this method of reproduction will need two different hibiscus blooming at the same time. First, on a cotton pad, you must carefully remove the pollen from one flower and apply it to another flower. If pollination occurs, the flower will not fall off, but will form a seed box. It will be necessary to wait for its ripening and plant seeds to get new plants.
Pests and diseases of hibiscus
Pests and diseases can slow down the growth process and lead to the death of the plant. Hibiscus is resistant to many pests. However, it can be attacked by a spider mite or aphid. In this case, the plant must be treated with a special chemical preparation in strict accordance with the instructions. As an option - you can use a strong solution of household soap. Processing plants should be repeated after ten days. At the time of treatment, hibiscus should be kept separate from the rest of the home collection so that the parasites do not spread to other specimens.
Sometimes the florist may experience yellowing and leaf fall in a room hibiscus. This disease is called chlorosis. Its reason lies in the excessive content of chlorine and potassium in the irrigation water. For the prevention and treatment of chlorosis, use separated water for irrigation and add iron chelate to it.
Iron chelate can be purchased at any gardening and flower shop, and you can do it yourself. For self-preparation of iron chelate, you need to take a three-liter jar of boiled water (cold), add a tablespoon of citric acid and a teaspoon of copper sulfate. It should be a light orange liquid. This is iron chelate. It should be used within a couple of hours from the moment of preparation.
Summing up, it should be said that the Chinese rose is completely unpretentious in home care. Even a beginner florist can cope with its cultivation, and for indoor hibiscus to bloom regularly, you just have to follow the rules listed above and sincerely love your plant.