Cropped roses in a vase are not the only way to enjoy the beauty of flowers. Some like to watch the flowering so much that they keep the plants in the house. For true fans of indoor flora there are potted flowers. The rose is a small green shrub whose abundant blooms can be admired all year round. The palette of plant buds is very diverse, the flowers themselves usually have a pleasant and strong smell, and their small size is ideal for growing in indoor conditions.
It is quite simple to make a home rose garden, but you need to find flowers that will not wither in the first week. Therefore, it is important to take seriously the choice and purchase of a flower. A small instruction will help not to be mistaken:
- Choose flowers with unblown buds.
- Inspect the sheets for damage and pests.
- Pay attention to the vaccination site - there should be no cracks.
After buying a pot rose, most of the already blooming buds need to be removed, leaving a few pieces. So the flower will grow faster.
Dwarf potted roses: photos and description
The most suitable for growing in room conditions are the types of roses, described below.
Chinese rose - Rosa chinensis
For growing as indoor crops, breeders have deduced many varieties of dwarf rose.
In the photo you can appreciate the most famous descendants of the Chinese rose (Rosa chinensis):
Among them occupies a special place "Minima" (red). They reach from 25 to 40 cm tall and bloom with double flowers and simple flowers of all colors. Miniature pot roses give color in the summer, and in the fall shed their leaves. When creating a favorable microclimate they bloom earlier, and fade later than other species.
Bengal Rose - Rosa bengalensis
Ideal for growing in indoor microclimate. The view is unpretentious to the conditions and does not need a period of rest, like the rest of the potted flowers. This is a small branchy bush that reaches a height of not more than half a meter.
Estimate on a photo a grade of a dwarf rose "Ophelia" with apricot-pink flowers.
Sorts "Setina" и "Armoza" characterized by a small number of thorns, abundant flowering and small size of the bush. Flowers terry, pink, fragrant.
In the variety "Baby Carnival" yellow-red flowers
У "Pixie" - white.
Tea rose - Rosa Tea
The plant got its name because of the fragrant smell during flowering. The buds are large, the petals are dense, terry, the range of shades is the most diverse - from yellow to red.
Some varieties of this potted rose are distinguished by long flowering:
The latter is characterized by a large number of thorns on the stems.
In individual hybrid tea forms, for example, "La France" large flowers with a diameter up to 10 cm and a very lasting scent.
Polyanthium (many-flowered rose - Rosa multiflora nana
Bred as a result of crossing the usual multi-flowered rose and Chinese. Outwardly, it is a small wide shrub up to half a meter high with a strongly branched crown. Flowers in this species are small, terry or semi-double, without smell. Often collected in the so-called brush, that is, several flowers on one branch.
As you can see in the photo, the potted roses are quite compact, the buds in inflorescences are from 3 to 6 cm in diameter.
Grade "Miniatures" breeds well and tolerates winter well, like Clotilde.
"Triumph" different terry bright red flowers, but almost no smell.
How to care for a dwarf rose in a pot: watering and feeding
This is a light-loving plant, so the bush will feel most comfortable on the windowsill facing east or southeast. Southern direction is dangerous for the flower, especially in summer - the sheets will quickly turn yellow and fall off from excessive amount of sunlight.
The room in which the rose is located should be well ventilated, stagnant air can cause pests. Many ask how to care for a dwarf rose, if you can not put it into the light. Then you need to turn on the UV lamp above the flower at least 3-4 hours per day, otherwise the plant will quickly wither. Otherwise, it is better to wait and not to buy a bush.
If you want your flower to be lush, turn it in different directions towards the light during spring - summer.
It is necessary from spring to autumn to evenly moderately moisturize the soil, in winter it is not enough to water, so as not to dry the earthen room. The plant is very fond of moisture, and without it can quickly dry out. It is necessary to use distilled boiled water at room temperature. During the period of active growth from April to September, the plant needs to be watered as often as the soil dries out. Be careful: the soil should be wet, but without an excess of water. For a dwarf rose in winter, care should be different: if a plant enters a dormant period, watering should be halved.
In the summer, the plant can be sprayed with water from a sprayer every few days.
Rose needs a regular supply of nutrients. Without systematic feeding, the condition of the plant deteriorates, and it ceases to bloom. Feeding is needed from March to the end of July every 14 days. It is best to use slow-acting fertilizers - “Kemira Universal” - one teaspoon every two weeks. In the fall, the best fertilizer is phosphorus and potash fertilizers. In winter, fertilizer delivery is stopped. Care of this type of dwarf rose at home will ensure her flowering and long life.
How to transplant a potted rose: tips on transplanting plants
Transplant must be performed almost immediately after purchase. Below are a few tips on how to do it correctly. For a start, the plant needs several days to adapt and get used to the new habitat, and then a change of ground is required. The fact is that in the shops often the plants are in pots with baking powder or peat, in which there are no nutrients. To prevent the flower from dying due to the multiplication of pathogens in the soil, you need to know how to transplant a potted rose.
First you need to alternately remove the flowers from the pot, then rinse the roots under running water, not too cold, but not hot.
It is important to remove all the earth and leave the plant clean. If you find a non-woven fabric, it must be carefully removed and removed. To finally remove harmful substances from the flower and ensure its long life and flowering, you can also leave the roots for a while (10-15 minutes) in boiled warm water.
Transplanting potted roses also requires a careful approach to choosing a container. It should be a few centimeters more than the purchased breadth and height. If you acquire too much capacity, the plant may not bloom, if it is too small, the root system will have nowhere to develop and the flower will die.
At the bottom of the pot lay out the drainage with a uniform layer of 1-2 cm thick, on top - flower soil mixed with fertilizer. Take the plant, plant it in a container and sprinkle with ordinary soil. It can be a special land, which can be purchased at any flower shop, and the usual moisture-absorbing soil.
In addition, you need to know how to care for transplanted dwarf roses in new pots. Plants should stand for one day without watering on the north side of the house. After that, they can be placed in a permanent place, preferably in the southeastern part of the housing. After all, the plant requires a large amount of sun and heat.
How to care for a pot rose at home in winter, spring, summer and autumn
Most of the indoor roses pronounced period of rest. At this time, the buds do not form, the plant fades. In mid-autumn, almost all pot plants roses shed their leaves for winter. The exceptions are varieties of Bengali species.
After the plant completely drops the leaves, it must be placed in a cool place - a glazed balcony or loggia. You can cover the jar or wrap the pot in a warm cloth.
In mid-March, the rest period ends. The roses are brought into a warm room (but not to the battery!), Cut and transplanted into a new soil.
For many, the question arises: how to properly care for potted roses at home, so that they grow buds.
Pruning makes it possible to form a kidney and stimulates flowering. The procedure must be carried out every year before the growth is activated, that is, in the spring.
The branches should be cut moderately, but if the plant has not had a good winter period, then it is important to do a radical pruning. Usually remove half of the shoots, while the weak clean altogether.
In summer and autumn, it is necessary to remove wilted inflorescences so that the bush creates new ones. Special care is needed for the miniature pot rose "Minima": for her pruning is only in the removal of dead or damaged parts of the branches.
Reproduction of dwarf rose
Ordinary indoor roses reproduce by cutting.
This is a plant reproduction using annual green shoots that gave buds. The method is considered the most popular and simple. In order to form roots in the water, reproduction is best done during the growth period - in spring or summer. At this time, dwarf roses bloom profusely in pots that stand on the sunny side.
It is best to take an escape with a bud, but you can use a flowering branch. From below, the shoot length of not more than 15 cm is cut at an angle, from above - exactly. In this case, the stalk must have at least two buds, which will subsequently give escape.
The temperature of the water for the cutting should be at room temperature, while the liquid must be used boiled.
It is desirable that the capacity for germination was made of dark glass or material, and the container should stand on the windowsill or in any other place with a lot of light.
After the roots appear, the stalk must be transplanted into a small container with the soil. Caring for such a homemade dwarf rose is no different from caring for the usual. After the appearance of the first bud, the flower can be transplanted into a larger pot.
Diseases and pests of leaves of dwarf potted roses at home and in the open field
Diseases in most cases affect plants that contain in poor conditions: insufficient or excessive watering, lack of light and fresh air.
In a poorly ventilated room and at a high level of humidity, small round protruding growths of usually red color may appear on the back of a dwarf home rose leaf.
It is necessary to remove all damaged parts of the plant and spray it with fungicides designed to fight the fungus.
Due to the high humidity of the air and the soil, growing brown spots or red spots appear on the leaves of the plant.
To get rid of rose spotting, remove the affected leaves and spray 2-3 times the plant and the ground with a preparation containing copper.
Pot roses feel great in the garden, but due to crowding or too much moisture, plants can weaken and be attacked by a fungus. The disease often leads to the death of a flower. In order to prevent this, it is necessary to recognize powdery mildew in time - a characteristic white bloom that appears on the outside of the leaf, then switches to the stems and buds.
To get rid of the fungus, it is necessary to remove the damaged parts of the plant. After that, all spray the drug "Topaz" or "Fundazol." Later procedure needs to be repeated.
Pests are dangerous during the growing season of roses, when buds develop and buds form.
A pest that infects buds, shoots and sheets of a room dwarf rose. The plant is covered with white bloom, similar to dandruff, while the flowers change their appearance, and the leaves curl. Home bushes can become infected through garden land or purchased plants.
To get rid of the pest, you need to remove all damaged areas of the bush, wash the leaves with soap and water several times.
These are small pests that hide in the lower part of the bush and, without counteraction, can destroy pot roses in a few days in the open field and at home. Small white dots appear on the sheets, and then spots on the site of sucking the juice.
The safest way to get rid of a tick is a hot shower for a plant that will remove the pest and egg-laying. Flowers are washed several times under running water in 50-55 C and transplanted into a new soil.
Chemical preparations "Aktophyt" and "Fitoverm" are considered the safest for protected ground. But they do not act on the larvae, eggs, and protymphis of the tick. In the spring, you need to conduct 3 processing procedures with an interval of 10 days, in summer - 3 processing with an interval of 3 days.
Thus, home care for a potted rose, if you get used to the basic requirements, is not a big deal. It is only important to remember that the plant needs light, heat, regular feeding and watering.