The family to which this capricious beauty belongs is Theaceae (Tea). Her homeland is East Asia, more precisely, Japan. In the genus Camellia, there are about 80 species, and within each breeder bred many unique varieties. Shrub survived several periods of worship and decline in the culture of Japan, but did not lose popularity. For the first time camellia was brought to Europe by botanist G. I. Camelius, after whom she was named.
What does a home camellia flower look like and how does it bloom
The description of the delicate flower of the camellia is what can be promoted by both an amateur grower and an experienced craftsman to purchase it.
An evergreen shrub with exquisite pink, red or white buds will add to the atmosphere notes of oriental mystery, charm and unsurpassed beauty created by nature itself. It is this combination of colors and shapes that attracts attention, captivates and delights the eye of any connoisseur of beauty.
Many people like the look of a beautiful camellia flower, but it is worth thinking seriously before starting it for yourself or giving it to others. It can bloom in a variety of colors and shades, the differences may appear in whether its petals are monochromatic or with drops, divorces of other tones.
Home flower camellia is presented in the photo, which reflect its tenderness and fragility in full:
Leaves: elastic, dark green, smooth and strong, oval, with jagged edges and a sharp end.
Flowers: petals with wavy edges, collected in one tier and outgoing from the tube.
Inflorescences: have no pronounced smell.
Fruit: dry seed boxes.
See what a camellia flower looks like in the photo, which will more clearly demonstrate the elegance and charm of the plant:
Young branches are initially covered with down, but as they grow they become smooth and lumber. Camellia in favorable conditions can grow to the size of a tree, which depends on the type, variety and how correct the care will be.
It is necessary to get acquainted with the photos of various types of camellias in order to understand which one is suitable for a garden or an apartment, find out detailed information about the variant that you like more, because the plant's well-being depends on the choice of a gardener. Looks harmonious flower in light pots, Chinese vases and wooden vases.
Types and varieties of camellia: photo, name and description
The types of camellia shrub differ not only in flowers, but also in size, growing areas and necessary conditions for full development. Below are the names and descriptions of the most popular ones.
Camellia sasanqua (mountain camellia) - shrub, the height of which is usually 3-4 m. It is better to keep this species in cool rooms to get the desired results: saturation and richness of leaves, long-term flowering, abundance of inflorescences. The maximum temperature at which the buds are tied is up to + 15 ° С.
Camellia japonica - the most common form, which is often used for decorating landscapes and premises. The height ranges from 1,5 to 6 m, but in some cases it can reach up to 11 m. The color range of inflorescences is the most varied: from calm pink tones to bright purple and rich red colors.
Breeders bred various hybrid varieties of the camellia flower, but not all of them can take root at home.
For growing in rooms suitable, above all, varieties of species:
There are varieties that are better planted in the garden area, for example:
This is due to the temperature in which the plant is more comfortable: it loves coolness. In winter, the flower tolerates temperature + 6 ... + 12 ° С, in nature it withstands frosts. Even during the flowering period, a low temperature should be maintained around the plant.
Camellia varieties can be found in the photo, which shows the derived hybrids of the species Camellia japonica.
The images give an explanation of why these beautiful flowers are loved by many gardeners. Varieties that are usually planted in pots at home, most often have a small height, it is:
Thanks to its leathery shiny leaves, the plant always looks decent, but during the flowering period it acquires a special refinement and beauty.
Proper care of the camellia houseplant (with video)
Care and maintenance of the camellia flower should be thoroughly thought out and not to leave it unattended for a long time. To successfully cultivate this evergreen "pet", you need to create conditions similar to those in which the bush grows in nature. An ideal place in the apartment will be a glazed loggia with a constant inflow of fresh air.
In other words, the location at which the plant will be comfortable - all year round in a room where there is a lot of air and light.
It is important to regularly spray the plant so that the earth lump should be moistened additionally, and the leaves will not dry out in sunlight. For this purpose it is necessary to use water that is settled for watering.
Humidity must be high, otherwise the plant will begin to wither. You can not keep the pot near the battery, heater and other places where it is too warm and dry. In winter, the leaves and buds should be irrigated daily from a small-sprayer, trying not to touch the flowers.
It is important to note that drafts are very undesirable for a plant. In the summer it can be taken out into the garden, but not under the scorching sun, but into the shady areas between the trees, where the light comes in a limited, but sufficient amount. It is best to dig the pot in the ground and not to move the flower before it needs to be brought back.
It is not always easy to create the necessary growing conditions for a camellia at home, but if you move the plant for a while to the garden or to the balcony, such migration processes will have a beneficial effect on the condition of the shrub.
But it is necessary to take into account the phases of growth, so that such "moves" do not damage the flower. So, from June to July, the phase of active leaf growth is characteristic of a shrub. If the gardener's goal is flowering, it is better to wait with the removal of "fresh air" before the crown will no longer actively grow overgrown leaves. At this time, before adding a room flower to a house, a sophisticated camellia flower should be watered less often than usual, each time young leaves begin to fall a little.
It is worth remembering a few tips on watering, which is different at different stages of life of camellia.
First of all, the amount of watering depends on the temperature in which the bush grows: the higher it is, the more moisture is required. It is important to learn how to find a “balance” between the level of humidity and the dryness of the earthy coma, so that it is not damp and too dry.
The spring-summer months deserve special attention for irrigation.. So, in June, the home shrubs need to stop abundant watering. It is in this mode that the buds are tied.
Dry starvation without enough water causes the plant to plant buds, and if there is no dry fasting, the crown will grow actively without the desired flowering. As soon as buds appeared on the bush, it requires abundant watering and fertilizing for azaleas. From September, soil irrigation should be further reduced to 1-2 once a week.
The main rule of experienced flower growers: produce watering regularly, while evenly moisten the soil. Water soften and defend before watering, you can not use it directly from the tap.
Regarding the temperature of the liquid for irrigation, it is worth considering the fact that the flower grows in the cold. That is why it is not worth watered with warm water.
Before the plant puts the buds, you need to know how the camellia actually blooms and where to look for these buds. They are tied in the axils of the leaves, which are adjacent to the top. If there are many flowers in the ovary, you need to leave the 1-2 bud, and trim the rest.
Such actions stimulate the growth of larger flowers, since the vital forces of the plant will go to them, and not dissipate into a large number of small ovaries. Also, by cutting off the extra buds, the plant is prevented from shedding all the flowers, as they may be too heavy for camellia.
Information on caring for camellia is presented in the video, it is worth a look to examine in detail the aspects relating to maintaining the health of the flower:
Not all varieties are useful to stay on the street, for example, "Chandleri Elegance"Must be kept year-round in the house:
If there is a desire not only to admire the green crown, but also to achieve flowering, the plant pot should be put in a sufficiently lit place. To do this, fit the windowsill, located in the southwestern part of the building. So you can prevent the constant hit of direct sunlight on the elegant foliage. It is undesirable to move the plant even during harvesting, this is especially contraindicated during the laying of buds, when they are fragile and can crumble.
Competent care for the camellia flower in the usual home conditions suggests that varieties intended for growth in the heat, can also lay buds, as well as garden species. With proper care, attractive inflorescences from house beauties can be seen in January - February.
Proper care of indoor plants, in particular, camellia, is impossible without fertilizers. To feed it you need from May to July, inclusive complexes mineral fertilizers for flowering indoor plants (azaleas). However, to obtain the best effect, it is desirable to alternate feeding:
- In July - granulated chicken droppings, but more often than once a year it should not be used.
- Since early August - Extreme fasting for quality flowering.
- In the autumn - fertilizer to maintain acidity in the soil.
If you follow the schedule for making additional dressings and correctly water the plant, it will be a long time to please with exuberant flowering and a saturated deciduous crown.
How to grow healthy camellia at home: the treatment of diseases
Those who want to know how to grow a healthy camellia at home, you need to carefully monitor the condition of the flower. Despite the whimsical growing environment, shrubs can suffer from pests and diseases.
aphid dangerous in that it destroys the leaves, and in the near future the whole plant withers and withers. If you notice the appearance of the parasite in the early stages, until the whole shrub was struck, it would not be difficult to get rid of it. It is necessary to pour into the bucket of water 2-3 h. Spoons of liquid soap and carefully treat the leaves with a solution. This can be done with a sponge or spray gun.
The camellia room plant is also susceptible to sooty mold. This black plaque, which looks like soot, is a collection of fungi that do not cause severe damage to the plant. In order to clear the leaves of black powder, you need to wash them with fresh beer or soapy water. An alternative way to “heal” a shrub can be a warm shower. But it is necessary to adhere to the safety rules and pre-cover the soil with a waterproof film.
The explanation is quite simple: you can not saturate the roots with moisture, from her plant can rot. It is necessary to remember about the drainage during transplantation, since it is he who does not allow excess water to linger at the roots.
It is important in the care of camellia when grown in a familiar home environment to avoid sudden temperature fluctuations. If you keep the shrub in improper temperature conditions, pour water or not provide sufficient moisture, water the plant with water from the tap, leaves and buds may begin to fall off of it. The most common cause of falling off may be moving to another place or turning the pot on the window sill. If, however, pests were also found on the withering plant, you should immediately spray it with an insecticide:
When choosing a specific method of treatment, it is important to first understand the causes of diseases, since their elimination is halfway to complete “healing” and active growth.
How to plant camellia
In order for the plant to be healthy, it is important to consider how to plant camellia. A favorable period for this is February - March. At this time, the climate is most suitable for planting seed in the pot. If you do this in due time, the seed will rise and grow before it needs to be transferred to garden soil.
For the landing of the material you need to follow certain actions. Sunflower seeds need to be punctured slightly for faster ripening and placed in a glass of water on the 2-3 of the day. Initially, the liquid must be well heated. Previously it is necessary to prepare the tank for planting and pour drainage to its bottom.
How to grow yourself a camellia from seed
In the question of how to independently grow a camellia from seed, you need to take time to select the soil. A good option would be a mixture of sand, peat and leafy land in equal proportions. In this case, the substrate prepared for planting must be sterile. When the drainage is filled with a mixture, you need to plant seeds 5 cm deep into it and cover the container with a film.
Planting and caring for elegant camellia requires attention, so you need to try to create the most comfortable conditions for it. The container with the seeds should be placed in the heat and make sure that it is not in the dark, but not under the influence of direct sunlight. The light should be sufficient, but at the same time and diffused. Also it is necessary to ensure that the soil does not dry out.
When the root reaches 5 cm, the plant needs pinching. After that, the seedling grown from the seed can be placed in a pot with a diameter of 10, see. The soil for successful cultivation of camellia in a pot at home should completely cover the rhizome and reach the root collar.
If the plant needs a transplant, then it should be carried out after flowering (until the end of July). This time is ideal, since the plant is at a resting stage and easily tolerates "moving." If, however, the transplant takes place later, during the active phase of camellia life, it can be seriously affected.
A young plant needs to be replanted every year, and an adult - as needed, when the plant needs a larger pot. It is necessary to do adult color transportations as seldom as possible - once in 2-3 of the year, since they take root more difficultly than young ones.
Effective care when growing camellia from seeds at home
The effectiveness of caring for beautiful indoor camellia flowers directly depends on the choice of the container in which they will be contained. It is best to use a plastic pot, as it prevents the rapid evaporation of moisture. If there are several holes in its bottom, it is better to pour drainage onto a piece of spunbond cut to the diameter of the pot. This will help the claydite or stone chips to stay in the tank and not to fall out of the holes. With enough moisture, each bud can bloom for a month.
Independent cultivation of camellia from seeds in ordinary home conditions is a process that may take a lot of time and effort, but the beauty of the flower is worth it. If you create all the necessary conditions, it will please the owners with its beauty and sophistication for a long time.
Planting a beautiful camellia flower is also possible in the garden, for this you need to prepare a hole in advance. Lay a layer of expanded clay stones or crushed building stone on the bottom.
Pour a mixture of peat, sand, coniferous soil and pieces of bark, taken in equal proportions, over the drainage and place a seedling, sprinkled with soil to the root collar, in the pit. It is necessary to choose a place for planting near trees that can protect the bush from the wind and excessive sun.
Any ornamental tree or shrub needs to periodically thin out the crown, and for camellia, pruning of excess shoots and dried leaves should be done when it fades.
When planting a seedling, it is important to ensure that the soil has a sufficiently high acidity. In the future, you can try to add peat to it as a top dressing.
Camellia flower reproduction at home by cuttings
Propagation of the camellia flower at home - a question of interest to many gardeners. Reproduction occurs apical cuttings without flower buds, in August. Such processes should be half-lignified by this time. To get a full-fledged plant from cuttings, it does not need to be first held in water until the roots appear. Cut branches should be immediately put in the sand, dipping their ends in phytohormone.
It is also important to ensure that the bottom of the tank in which the appendix will be heated is heated. The temperature must be within + 22 ... + 25 ° С. You can keep the pot is not on the windowsill, if the window is located on the sunny side, and on the floor. It should be remembered that such conditions will not work for a young sapling, they are good for woody shoots.
Reproduction of camellia by cuttings can cause rooting problems that are associated with:
- Irregular and irregular watering.
- Poor quality primer.
- Low temperature.
If the process is successful, the result will be visible already within two months after landing in the sand. When the cuttings give roots, you need to transplant them into the soil, a suitable substrate - flower soil mixture. Usually, the planting procedure is performed after 3 months after the branches take root in the tank with sand. In order to avoid any problems with rooting, you need to choose cuttings with 2-3 interstices and, cutting them off, leave as much of the cross-sectional area as possible. Also, despite the fact that the cut does not need to be in a water solution, it is important to constantly moisten it.
Reproduction by cuttings of the camellia flower takes time, so when you see the first buds and leaves, you should not rush to plant in the pot. On a young seedling, the first buds of the previously developed roots can start. This may contribute to too high a temperature in the room. It is not necessary to plant a rooted process earlier than 3 months, since at this stage the plant is not yet ready for the soil and, most likely, it will not take root. One of the components of healthy growth is fertilizing: from the beginning of the growth of shoots to the end of July, it is necessary to provide camellia fertilizer for azaleas.
Following the rules of professional cultivation, care and transplantation, an amazing oriental flower with the beautiful name Camellia will amaze and delight its owners with an abundance of flowering with rich colors and aesthetic appearance!