Zantedeschia aephiopica (Ethiopian calla, calla, zantedeskiya) grows as a herbaceous perennial, fully or partially drying for the winter, about 80 cm high with a thick, fleshy rhizome. Sochnozelenye smooth leaves are located on the vertical petioles. The inflorescence consists of a white leaflet wrapper and a yellow cob.
There are also types of indoor calla flowers with a yellow or pink leaflet wrapping.
Family: Agaseae (Aroid).
Homeland: Tropical Africa, South Africa.
It should be noted that such an unusual name - zantedeskiya - was obtained by the plant thanks to the well-known botanist Kurt Sprengel: The German scientist decided to christen the perennial in honor of his Italian colleague and comrade Giovanni Zantedeschi.
What does the overseas flower calla look like?
It should be noted that now the flower is very popular among many masters of gardening, precisely because it can easily be grown at home and on the street. In addition, it’s just because of how amazing the calla flower looks - this is a combination of spectacular large leaves, bright inflorescences on long petioles and a funnel-shaped bract - most connoisseurs choose this plant as an ornament for their home. By the way, the foliage of this representative of flora visually resembles the most real arrowheads with beautiful silvery inclusions!
Zantedeskia really won the love of people around the world: in Europe, it is associated with the embodiment of loyalty and tenderness, and brides prefer to use it to compose charming wedding bouquets.
Despite this, when growing indoor calla flower overseas, every gardener must remember that this plant is capable of releasing poison. That is why, choosing a place for your “pet”, you should try to place it where children or animals will not reach it.
Interesting, but this property is very much appreciated in the flower’s birthplace: poisoned juice skillfully used as an antidote against snake bites.
When to dig up callas and how to store them in the winter (with video)
According to experts, knowing what conditions are necessary for normal growth and development of calla, care and care for room callas can be a real pleasure. Based on this, pay attention to the following points:
- Location: bright sunny or partial shade, in the summer to put on the street.
- Temperature: it is warm in summer, cool in winter (approximately 10 ° С).
- Substrate: flower soil mix.
- Watering: after flowering from the end of May 2 months to keep completely dry, then shake out a lump, plant again and slowly increase the rate of watering. In winter and spring, water abundantly.
Regardless of the fact that the process of care and cultivation of the flower calla will take place at home, experienced craftsmen remind you that you must follow the rules of agricultural engineering, which are intended for garden specimens. In addition, experts and connoisseurs of this perennial share tips with newbies:
- It should be remembered that immediately after planting the plant does not sprout, since time is needed to form its root system. So no need to worry: you just have to wait a bit - about 30-40 days.
- In addition, even indoor unpretentious plant calla should be carefully subjected to the procedure of planting: it is a matter of sprinkling very little of its roots with the soil so that it will not rot in the future.
Please note that thanks to this instance you can predict the change of weather: if he has water droplets on his leaves, then it will rain.
No matter how hard the gardener tries, overseas perennial blooms for no longer than a month.
Be responsible and do not forget to periodically remove the top layer of earth from the container with a flower: instead, it is necessary, in turn, to add a nutrient substrate.
Watch a video on when to pick up callas and how to store them later: the fact is that this plant has very delicate tubers that can be easily damaged.
Moreover, this process must be carried out in accordance with the rules, since zantedeskia can get sick.
And the last: It is very important that the flower pot is porous. This is necessary, first of all, in order not to accumulate excess moisture. Moreover, do not put other specimens along with the calla - it does not tolerate neighbors.
How to grow callas at home: lighting and temperature
Although it was said that the conditions for caring for a houseplant resemble those used for garden flowers, you need to know how to grow callas at home.
First of all, it should be noted that Zantedeskia does not like dark rooms: therefore, care must be taken to ensure that it is placed in a well-lit corner. Moreover, this rule applies to winter and summer.
Remember that in December - February the plant may suffer from a lack of sunlight: Make sure that this moment is compensated by artificial light sources.
Not only lighting plays a role in the normal development of calla: It is important that the room temperature does not fall below 15 ºC. But to take care of indoor flower calla at home to stimulate good growth requires temperature indicators 22-23 ºC. Take note of the fact that this instance should be protected from drafts, therefore, when airing a room, do not leave it in open areas.
Home care for calla lilies in pots
An important point of the masters of the garden business and consider the creation of a favorable wet climate for the flower. In order to achieve the desired effect, it is necessary at home to plant callas in pots with a tray in order to care for them according to their characteristics. In this case, the pan will serve as a water tank, from which the liquid will gradually evaporate and saturate the perennial.
In addition, you need to take care of the very watering calla. Its wide leaves should be regularly and carefully wiped with a slightly damp, soft cloth. By the way, we can not forget about spraying the plant - every few days.
The pledge of proper growth and prosperous development will be abundant watering. It plays one of the key roles in the care of the indoor calla flower at home: since the calla likes high humidity, the ground in the pot should not be allowed to dry out. It is this oversight that can cause not only diseases, but also the death of zantedeskii.
Soil moisture should be especially closely monitored during the summer months and during the growing season. However, after the flower ripens it is necessary to reduce the amount of moisture and control only that the top layer of earth in the pot does not dry out.
Planting, transplanting and further care for calla at home
As you can see, knowing exactly how to properly care for the home flower calla, you can avoid certain problems (for example, decay and the development of diseases). However, you should pay attention to the following points:
- Top dressing: should be conducted from September to bloom (every week).
- Transfer: It should be held in July / August.
So, many novice gardeners do not know how the calla procedure is performed. To correct this situation, experts say: first, the process is first carried out to strengthen the seedlings. In this case, the transplanting and further care of the calla are as follows: a high, if possible, wide pot is taken, at the bottom of which sand and nutrient soil mixture is poured. Then, in the soil, grooves are carefully made for the sprout and its roots.
Note that before transferring seedlings, it is best to treat its roots with biostimulants. Try to do this as carefully as possible so as not to harm the sprouts. Already transplanting a plant, you need to pour it a little distilled water, diluted with peat fertilizers.
This is important for planting flower Calla at home: this technique will help perennials to settle quickly.
Please note that in the event that the calla was purchased at a store, it is necessary to transplant it into another - spacious - a pot. It is best to use weakly acid soils as soil. By the way, it’s quite simple to cook them yourself: you just have to mix peat, sand and hardwood.
How to plant and transplant the calla bulb at home in another pot
The gardeners say that it is important not only to know how to plant a calla flower in the pot, but also to feed it. Only regular fertilizer will provide year-round flowering of zantedeskii. However, in this matter, too, you need to be careful: if this instance receives too much nitrogenous substances, it can get sick - its leaves will turn black. The most useful and effective specialists consider fertilizers that will stimulate the growth and lush flowering of perennial - namely, superphosphates and containing potassium.
In addition, you can try to find the means by which the process of how to successfully transplant the calla at home into another pot, will turn out to be implemented safely for the flower: it is necessary to use store feeds, which include the optimal number of useful elements (indicated on the package). In addition, experienced craftsmen prefer to periodically resort to organic fertilizers.
Such a procedure as pruning a calla is not carried out in principle: most often, the person who cares for the plant simply removes dried leaves in time. It is recommended to engage in this process during the period when the perennial is at rest - that is, from mid-June to mid-September.
How to prepare callas for winter: how to dig up the rhizome and how to keep it
Pay attention to the photo of a healthy homemade flower calla: to grow it that way, you need to know the advice of experts on what to do with the calla before the onset of winter cold.
First of all, it should be remembered that this overseas copy cannot be left in the ground. That is why you need to understand how to gently dig up the calla for the winter and how to keep it. First, after making sure that the foliage of the zantedeskii has faded, it is necessary to remove it, then carefully wash the tubers and keep them for half an hour in potassium permanganate.
Only then can the plant be sent to storage in a dark, necessarily dry place, having previously packed it in a paper bag. It should be noted that the temperature in the selected room should not be lower than 7 ºC.
There is another reliable way to store calla safely at home in winter: to do this, you need to dry the rhizomes of the flower, completely get rid of the leaves, and then, after treating with potassium permanganate, place it in any suitable place. In this case, you just need to remember to periodically check perennial, so that it does not dry out or rot.
It should be noted also such a moment: if a gardener grows a calla in a pot, he may not take it out, but it is recommended to take it out to a cool place. Thus, having learned how to properly prepare callas for winter, you can not worry about the fact that they will surely bloom after a period of rest.
Variants of how to breed Calla
Experts say that zantedeskii breeding is best done by dividing the rhizomes after a dormant period in mid-July. However, at home, you can try other ways of breeding this plant.
The first one is called the tuberous, since it means careful separation from the central root of small nodules. By the way, this necessary material is sold literally in every flower stall. But you should pay attention to the fact that the purchased tuber before planting must necessarily grow: the fact is that its dimensions are not suitable for planting. How exactly to propagate calla lilies in this way is determined by experienced gardeners: the growing material should be reared in ordinary nutrient soil, after which - in April - the calla should be disembarked.
Be careful: at this point, the temperature in the room should not be below 20 ºC.
There is another breeding option: in this case, it is necessary to separate several processes from the central stem and root them into a nutritious soil mixture. Only after the seedlings have roots will it be possible to transfer it to other pots with previously fertilized and drained soil.
Reproduction of callas: tips on how to grow a flower from seeds
The most laborious process is the reproduction of a flower of calla seeds: this is explained by the fact that this low overgrowth is characteristic of this overseas specimen, as a result of which the zantedeski sprouts do not always make their way even among gardening professionals.
Despite this, it is necessary to consider a few tips that can facilitate the process of breeding. First, before placing the seeds in the soil, they must be kept in a growth-promoting solution - approximately 6 hours. After that, you need to pull them out and put them on an ordinary, slightly moistened cloth in a warm and dry place. Store seeds in a similar manner for 7 days.
How to grow the callae from seed further, experts specify: a week later there will appear processes that need to be simply planted in a spacious pot. Please note that those who are going to put a future calla in open soil are at great risk: quite often such flowers get sick and die.
As soon as zantedeskiya has found its place, it is necessary to control the process of its irrigation: the amount of water should not be large so that seed decay does not begin. But for the perennial to get the necessary moisture, you need to gently feed it through a small hole at the bottom of the pot - that is, with the help of a tray with water under it.
How to care for homemade calla: prevention of flower diseases
It is necessary to immediately say that the cause of all misfortunes Calla are fungal diseases. However, insects occasionally bother this flower - spider mites along with aphids.
The most common attacks of bacteria and all sorts of pests are those specimens that suffer from improper care of the gardener or an absolute scornful attitude on his part. The question now is that instead of treating the diseases threatening the flower, it is better to engage in their prevention.
- Watch the soil in the pot: you can not allow it to dry out or vice versa - was too flooded with water.
- Do not leave the plant in places that are exposed to direct sunlight.
- It is necessary to beware of drafts, which often cause numerous troubles.
Among the most common diseases of indoor calla flowers, experts identify the following: anthracnose, bacterial, gray and root rot.
First of all, it is necessary to remember that the signal that the calla has been affected by anthracnose will be brown spots covering the foliage of the perennial. But that's not all: these lesions will then begin to crack, and the plant itself will shrink. To prevent such a pitiful outcome, it is necessary, first, to remove all infected areas, and then treat the home flower with preparations containing a fungicide, for example, Vitaros.
If the gardener is confronted with bacterial rot, then he should stop thinking about how to plant this calla bulb: reproduction of the plant with the help of infected parts is impossible, because when the disease is detected, the source should be immediately destroyed.
However, modern gardeners have learned how to fight gray mold: as soon as they notice a grayish bloom on certain areas - leaves, stems, inflorescences - they use such means as, for example, "Rovral" (fungicide-containing). In addition, experienced craftsmen say that the cause of damage can be either excessive humidity in the room, or in the soil itself. That is why we should not forget to ventilate the room and carefully monitor the process of watering.
Many varieties of indoor callus flower - Pearl, Chameleon and others - are victims of root rot. It is because of it that they begin to fade slowly, and when the already-dead flower is removed, it becomes clear that the roots themselves, which were completely covered with fungal plaque, were affected. To prevent such an incident, you need to monitor how abundant watering is done. It is the overmoistened soil that causes this disease. It is possible to save the plant if the source of the lesion was identified on time: it is necessary to replace the soil with dry soil as soon as possible, reduce the frequency and volume of irrigation and not forget to use the fungicidal treatment.
How to make overseas feces bloom at home
Quite often, people wonder how to make the overseas plant calla bloom at home. However, they do not think about what caused the fact that their room "pet" is not covered with lush color. But this can affect quite a variety of factors:
- Very negative impact on the calla frequent moving from pot to pot and the very movement of the container in the apartment.
- Lack of a sufficient amount of fertilizers and a lack of sunlight do not contribute to flowering.
- Lack of control over sprouting tubers also leads to a weakening of zantedeskii.
It should be said that it is quite simple to correct the situation: Ethiopian type of calla and its white varieties - Green Goddess, Nicolai - need abundant watering, so this factor will not affect their flowering. But colored zantedeski should receive much less moisture, but more sunshine in order to feel comfortable and delight the owners with bright inflorescences.
By the way, it is necessary to know about these perennials also the fact that they tend to shed their leaves. That is, it is not necessary to think that the flower died - he just prepared for the rest period only in this way.
Types and varieties of homemade callas: photos, names and description of indoor plants
In nature, there are all 8 types of callas, and gardeners are only interested in 3 names:
These specimens are suitable for breeding at home and numerous experiments of breeders. In addition, if you are going to grow such an unusual flower in your apartment, you need to know that its varieties can be divided into those that have a light cream color, and those that delight the eye with iridescent colors.
For example, the species, dubbed the Ethiopian, is a fairly tall plant - maybe more 1 m - and it is characterized not by the root system, but by the presence of the bulb. This perennial is distinguished by a love for a humid climate, and its foliage amazes with its emerald color even when the flower is at rest.
Take a close look at the photos of various varieties of Ethiopian calla: the pictures show the most popular ones -Nicolai, The Green GoddessPearls и Schone zweibruckerin.
First, Pearl differs in the small sizes - its height does not exceed 50 cm, and he often becomes a resident of many apartments, since this plant is conveniently grown in pots.
The Green Goddess endowed with incredible beauty and great growth - up to 90, see
Grade Nicolai, in turn, has swept saturated malachite leaves and reaches a height of up to 150.
And one more an Ethiopian variety of callas, considered homely - Schone zweibruckerin - maybe 1 m tall, has heart-shaped beautiful leaves.
Interestingly, all of these copies do not reset their leaves for the rest period.
As for this type of indoor calla flower, Remanna, it is, first of all, a low perennial - does not exceed 70 cm - with an unusual pinkish-maroon cover and narrow emerald leaves.
Unlike the Ethiopian calla, it does not have a root system, but an underground one, often in the form of a tuber. In addition, this species drops leaves in autumn.
Among the most common varieties of gardeners are the following:
Evening - copy with characteristic black-lilac buds
Chameleon - a small plant, which is often grown in pots, but also periodically bred in the garden, with beautiful golden peach petals,
Indian summer - perennial, characterized by scarlet-red buds.
Pay attention to the photos of the varieties of callas and their unusual names: for example, Ascari is a flower with a purple-red veil, which is bordered by a soft-cream stripe.
А Garnet Glow differs in the small sizes - to 50 cm - and big pomegranate inflorescences.
Crystal Blash is even smaller: its height is approximately 45 cm, and the cover has a tendency to change color from a snow-white shade to a pinkish one.
Look at the photo of the variety of calla called Odessa, its description is as follows: This specimen has almost black flowers, inside of which a dark red flame “blazes” like a Vorontsov lighthouse in the night.
The third best known among home gardeners is calla elliot, distinguished by leaves in the shape of a heart and a yellowish-green lettuce. Its size does not exceed 50 cm, but it was thanks to him that a lot of incredible beauty varieties appeared.
One of them - Vermeer, which is like a marble color - white-black in combination with a cherry-purple core and rich green leaves with white splashes.
Look carefully at the photos of other varieties of callas, derived from a view called Elliot is:
Yellow corner with a canary-colored veil
Black eyed beautyaffecting spotted foliage and cream-lemon color.
It should be noted that in a number of numerous experiments of breeders hybrids were born: these are plants that are calla mix Remanna и Elliot - Simply put, colored calla lilies.
They are characterized by such features as the tuberous underground part and the presence of a period of rest - that is, they must shed their leaves. Moreover, it is the question of how store onions colored callas at home, is considered the most relevant: experts say that they should be in a cool room before the onset of spring.
One of the most beautiful and unusual forms of this plant are:
The first variety is distinguished by the fact that its dimensions in height do not exceed 120 cm, and the coverlet has a pale purple hue. In addition, it is characterized by a subtle, pleasant aroma, exuded during the flowering period.
The second perennial - Majestic Red - has a rich green leaves with white patches and unusual creamy pink veil.
Look at the photo of this variety of callas of this species, with the name of which the most real magic associations arise:
Rђ RІRѕS, Red sox differs slightly bent under-colored, painted in scarlet undertones, and foliage with white dashes.
The variety Cameo attracts those who want to grow a small miracle at home in a pot: some 40 cm tall, but its delicate peach color conquers at first sight. By the way, Picasso is not inferior to him in beauty: the lavender shade of the base quietly merges with the purple-beige edging.
Just look at the photos of these varieties of callas such as Remann and Elliot:
Selina has a miniature size - 45 in height - and pointed leaves in combination with yellow-orange colors,
Schwarzwalder surprises with its dark-burgundy color and slightly bent curtain.
By the way, won the love of many gardeners and Rubilight Pink Ice variety - a flower that does not exceed a height of more than 45 cm, has leaves of small size, and its color scheme combines pink and canary shades.
And now look at the photo of species of wild callas and remember their names:
White-spotted varieties are characterized by pointed leaves and pink or yellowish inflorescences
Joyful - creamy yellow color
Powerful - lilac-purple hues.
Depending on what kind of zantedesky the gardener wants to see on his windowsill, he can easily pick calla of any color and size thanks to the existing varieties.