Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe) or the Madagascar bell belongs to the Crassulaceae family (Crassulaceae). Homeland: Madagascar.
Kalanchoe is the one home flowerwhich modern growers are classified as “must have”. Those who understand the full value of this plant simply cannot imagine their life and life without it. If we are talking about the healing representative of this family, then it is an unsurpassed assistant in the treatment of:
- Throat diseases
- Runny nose
- Colds and colds.
- Burns and skin injuries.
Such magical properties for a long time secured many popular nicknames to this plant: “Room doctor”, “home ginseng”, “tree of life”.
But for connoisseurs of beauty, certain types decorative Kalanchoe will be a great example of elegance and beauty. Beautiful inflorescences of motley and tender colors will delight and touch the eyes.
What does the Kalanchoe flower look like and how does this plant bloom at home (with photo)
The diversity of this plant Kalanchoe complicates its description due to all sorts of interpretations and breeding achievements. However, common features can be distinguished and form an idea of the flower.
The appearance of the plant corresponds to the parameters of the succulents to which it belongs. It looks like a home flower of Kalanchoe in general, as is characteristic of representatives of the tropics, who, adapting to the changeable hot weather, can accumulate vital moisture reserves.
Thick elastic leaves with juicy pulp acquire a triangular shape with hacked edges. Leaf plates are placed on the stem in the form of a cross. The height of the indoor bush can be about half a meter. A distinctive feature of an adult representative of such a home flower is the formation of buds between the teeth of leaves, which, getting into the ground, have the properties to take root and grow as an independent plant.
For flower growers with aesthetic goals, it is important to understand how indoor Kalanchoe flowers bloom in familiar home conditions. The flowering period is quite long - more than 4-6 months. Mostly small flowers with a diameter of about 1 cm are collected in umbrella-shaped inflorescences.
- The palette of colors in these smallest "lights" surprises the imagination: from delicate tones of yellow and white to saturated red and violet-purple. Most representatives can boast a pleasant aroma of their inflorescences.
Take a look at the photo with the image of the flower Kalanchoe, which will demonstrate how the bright representatives of this family look and differ:
Types and varieties of flowering plants Kalanchoe: photos, names and description of home flowers
In the ranking of the favorite indoor plants Kalanchoe Blossfelda (Kalanchoe blossfeldiana) It ranked first.
Daily sold several million copies of this plant.
Breeders are always engaged in this easy-to-cultivate plant and constantly offer hybrids and cultivars with flowers of various colors: yellow, orange, pink, red, violet. In addition, a miniature plant with leaves characteristic of succulents, and flowering almost all year round.
Gardeners have achieved this by misleading the plant: by darkening, they created a short day at any time and thus stimulated the formation of buds.
The charming appearance and unsurpassed healing properties of the miraculous "tree of life" justify the love of experienced and beginner gardeners. Today, according to the data of modern breeding science, there are a huge variety of species and cultivated Kalanchoe varieties.
Of the more than 200 sorts of Kalanchoe, Madagascar is especially loved bell (Kalanchoe maninii) and its hybrids. It is grown as an ampelous plant blooming with pink bells.
Very similar to him Kalanchoe single flower (Kalanchoe uniflora), but it can be purchased with difficulty.
Other famous species:
Kalanchoe pinnata (Kalanchoe pinnate)
Kalanchoe daigremontiana (C. Degremona)
Kalanchoe tubiflora (K. trumpet flower)which form small, already with the roots, the daughter plants on the leaves.
For more systematization and clarity of data on each type of homemade Kalanchoe, take a look at the photo with their names and brief description:
Bent (bentii) - a type of Kalanchoe, which is considered the birthplace of the Arabian Peninsula. The height of a powerful plant reaches in nature more than one meter. Round leafy plates are distinguished by their impressive size with a length of about half a meter. The inflorescence in the form of an umbrella throughout the spring period is decorated with small white flowers. Comfortable places for the growth of this type will be cool apartment rooms.
Behar (beharensis) A species of healing Kalanchoe flower in nature is found in the southern part of Madagascar. Shrub enveloped in large leaves, which in adulthood bare shoots from below. The hardwood plates have a hairy surface, and their edges are jagged. The flowers of the plant are quite small and are located in umbellate inflorescences.
Variety Blossfeld (blossfeldiana) differs in the small sizes. Since the height of adult bushes does not exceed 35, see. This species among home Kalanchoe is the most popular among growers. Oval-shaped sheets have the characteristic red rims around the edges and reach 7 cm long and 4 cm wide. Small flowers, bright red lights appear in winter and delight the eye before the summer season. However, today hybrids with yellow, pink, purple, orange inflorescences are bred.
So, the most famous varieties of this medical Kalanchoe are:
«Cassandra","Kerr","Fuego"- red flowers.
«Alexandra","Goldstrike","Ingrid"- with yellow buds.
«Avalon","Dion","Melanie"- rose flowers.
«Arina","Carmen","Naomi"- owners of orange flowers.
«Wed","Pluto","Cora white"- with a characteristic white bloom.
«Don darcio"- a multi-colored hybrid.
Wonderful flowering varieties of ornamental Kalanchoe with their velvet buds can be worthy competitors to an elite rose.
The closest relative of Blossfeld’s species is Kalanchoe Mangina (manginii). This plant species has compact lanceolate leaves and large, orange-colored hanging flowers. Kalanchoe flower growers are pleased with their aromatic buds in the spring and early summer.
Felt (tomentosa) the species grows like a shrub. The leafy plates in length reach about 6 cm, and their width barely exceeds 1,5 cm. The shape of the leaves is ovate, oblong with smooth edges. The flowering of the plant is relatively short in the form of small pale flowers on umbellate inflorescences.
Another popular type of homemade Kalanchoe is Degremona (daigremontiana). Herbaceous perennial plant for its life reaches no more than half a meter in height, and acquire an elliptical oblong shape. The color of the leaf plates is not uniform with gray-green edges and purple spots. Pink colors prevail in small flowers, collected in inflorescences. The plant blooms during the winter months and surprises the owners with its brightness around 4-5 months.
Cirrus (pinnata) A variety of medicinal flower Kalanchoe refers to those instances that can be easily found in flower shops and in home collections of experienced flower growers. In the people of this type was nicknamed "living tree" due to its healing properties. The height of the perennial flower may exceed the 1 meter. An interesting fact is the difference between the leaves, the lower representatives of which are fleshy oval-shaped, and closer to the top are divided into 3-5 parts.
The glossy surface and rounded teeth on the edge of a hardwood plate is a characteristic feature of this species. The extended flowers placed on powerful inflorescences, mainly green or motley shades with small pink impregnations.
Marble (marmorata) type of ornamental plants has many alternative names, among them: large-flowered, strawish. The habitat of a half-meter bush is the highlands of Ethiopia. The greenish, egg-shaped leaves have chaotically placed purple and brown spots. White flowers are combined into compact umbrella-shaped inflorescences.
Fiery (flammea) The variety is also known among breeders as a bluish Kalanchoe. Herbaceous perennials barely reach 40 cm tall and have long, oval, narrowed leaves with cloves at the ends.
The color of the flowers collected in the inflorescence is bright: orange and red. The proposed photos will make the description of the species of beautiful Kalanchoe much clearer and clearer - study them:
How to grow Kalanchoe at home and how to achieve re-flowering
The tropical origin of Kalanchoe makes it quite hardy and unassuming to the habitat. That is why the question of how to properly grow a beautiful Kalanchoe in familiar home conditions, the answer will contain a minimum list of basic "requirements".
First you should choose a place where the plant will comfortably grow. Such a location should be southern, because the Kalanchoe likes bright sunlight. At the same time from the direct rays is better to take care of the foliage of the ornamental shrub. In winter, the lack of lighting can be compensated with fluorescent lamps.
Temperature: loves warm in summer, cool in winter: Kalanchoe blossfeldiana - minimum 15 ° С, other types - 10-14 ° С. In summer, the flower can become an excellent decoration of the garden plot, since insignificant temperature drops for it are not terrible.
To the humidity of the air in the decorative green "pet" no special requirements. On hot days, you can lightly spray the foliage with water, but this procedure is not advisable to perform in the winter.
Substrate: flower soil mix. For those who are trying to learn how to achieve re-flowering home Kalanchoe, it is important to remember about feeding. Mixtures for succulents are ideal as a fertilizer. They not only mineralize the soil, but also have a positive effect on the condition and active growth of the flower. The frequency of such a procedure should not exceed the monthly term.
How to make therapeutic Kalanchoe to bloom at home and video of care
Another secret of how to make a therapeutic Kalanchoe blossom in normal home conditions lies in creating peace for 7-8 weeks. During this period, the plant must be placed in a cool place, restrict watering and provide a short daylight hours to 8 hours. After such a sunny-water “diet”, return the pot with a flower to its usual sunny place and enhance the irrigation of the soil. Such a trick will make the ornamental shrub activate the growth of inflorescences, and for the owners it will give the opportunity to enjoy amazing colors of variegated shades.
These simple rules for the cultivation and basic care of healing Kalanchoe in the usual home environment will be rewarded with the healthy brilliance of glossy leaves and the long flowering of charming and cutest inflorescences.
Watch a video with home care recommendations from specialists, and you will find some simple and practical answers to many questions:
How to care for Kalanchoe to plant bloom: how often to water a flower at home
Even an inexperienced novice can successfully grow a miraculous and decorative Kalanchoe. It is enough to deal with the basic simple "requests" of the flower. After all, the answer to the question of how to properly care for indoor Kalanchoe to bloom abundantly lies precisely in their consistent implementation.
If the location and soil have already been determined, it is worth taking care of proper irrigation. Watering: moderate in summer, almost no water in winter. This rule is standard for all representatives of succulents.
How often and abundantly you need to water the Kalanchoe in the usual home conditions, depends on several conditions:
- Temperature regime.
- Air humidity.
- The size of the plant.
The amount of water per irrigation should be such as to fully moisten the soil. If excess moisture accumulates in the pallet, they should be removed and not to allow the rhizome to rot. The gap between water procedures should allow the top layer of the soil to dry completely. If it is possible to water in the summer hot period once in 3-4 days, then in a cool winter it will be enough not more often than once in 12-14 days. As a liquid for irrigation, preference should be given to purified soft water at room temperature.
How to care for a decorative flower Kalanchoe in a pot at home
For beginner gardeners who want to figure out how to care for a decorative flower Kalanchoe at home and at the same time get excellent results, you should not forget about the additional mineralization of the soil.
Top dressing: From March to August, once a week in 4, feed them with fertilizer for cacti; Kalanchoe Blossfeld - once a day on 14 days with ordinary fertilizer for flowers. Such a procedure not only activates growth, improves the general condition of the plant, but also contributes to abundant and prolonged flowering for decorative specimens.
However, it is necessary to be careful with the dosage, since an excess fertilizer can lead to the destruction of the bush.
Experienced growers for those who are wondering how to professionally care for the healing Kalanchoe, growing in a pot, are recommended to pay attention to some points:
- Mandatory periodic "cleaning".
- Protect leaves from abundant spraying.
- Required lighting duration.
For the healthy shine of the glossy leaf surfaces of the flower, it is necessary to ensure the absence of dirt and dust on them. It is worth removing them with a dry soft cloth, as water drops for them are detrimental.
It is important to remember that all Kalanchoe are short day plants. Flower buds are formed if the plant spends the entire 4-6 hours per day for 8-10 weeks. Even a lamp or a street lamp that throws light out of a window can be superfluous. Best every night on the 12-14 hours to cover the plant with a bucket or cardboard box.
Diseases and pests of Kalanchoe leaves: description and treatment of plants
Despite the unpretentiousness and endurance of Kalanchoe, it is also exposed to pests and diseases, like other domestic plants. Therefore, it is worth being fully prepared to notice the danger in time and prevent undesirable consequences. The most common diseases of this ornamental flower include the following list:
- Late blight rot.
- Stem and gray rot.
- Ring spots.
- Powdery mildew.
These diseases of the leaves of room Kalanchoe require competent treatment and subsequent neutralization of factors contributing to their occurrence. To choose the right course of healing, it is important to accurately understand the symptoms of each disease.
The main confirmation of late blight rot in ornamental shrubs are brown-brown spots and dark patina. The reasons for this phenomenon are not so many - this is excessive soil moisture and insufficient air ventilation.
The first step on the road to “recovery” is to process the leaves with fungicides, and then carefully review the frequency and amount of soil irrigation, the quality of fertilizers and the level of “freshness” of the atmosphere.
Stem rot manifests itself in the form of blackening of the trunks and stems of the plant. A cold temperature, at which the plant froze, was a prerequisite for such a disease. However, it is quite difficult to fight “for life” in Kalanchoe, it all depends on the level of damage.
In this case, the only way to cure a flower is to place it in a warm place with moderate sunlight, but even then the chances are slim.
The sticky surface of the leaves, the greyish bloom and the mushy coating in some areas are signs of gray mold. The treatment methods are quite simple:
- Replacing the soil.
- Proper watering.
- Competently selected temperature condition.
- Regular air ventilation.
- The use of fungicides for prophylaxis.
With ring spots on the leaves, you should be very careful, because it is impossible to cure the damaged plant. Symptoms of the disease: round spots on hardwood plates and rotting of the stem.
White spots and peculiar fungal patches on foliage are characteristic signs of powdery mildew. The prerequisite of this disease is dry and excessively warm air. As treatment it is necessary:
- Treat with fungicides.
- Reduce temperature.
- Frequent watering.
If the “prescribed” measures are taken in time, then the ornamental shrub can still be cured.
Knowing the signs of existing homemade Kalanchoe diseases and their professional treatment methods, it is possible not only to restore damaged flowers to life, but also to prevent their occurrence in the future.
Among the dangerous pests of Kalanchoe should be called:
Aphid is a frequent “uninvited guest” in domestic plants of this family. From the street they are attracted to the room fertilized soil and lush foliage. During parasitism, these insects cover the surface of the leaf plates with sticky liquid, thereby preventing the flower from breathing normally. To combat these pests suitable concentrated soap solution, which is to treat the foliage every week for a month. The use of insecticides and pruning are alternative ways to solve this “problem”.
Wax excretions on the trunks of an ornamental bush testify to the appearance of the pillow. By feeding on the sap of the leaves and poisoning them, insects in a short time can completely destroy the flower. Therefore, do not waste time and treat it with mineral oil, and it is better to remove very damaged areas.
Scale insects on the inside of the foliage, while easily visible even to the naked eye.
Their vital activity leads to drying and falling off of leafy plates. To get rid of these pests such steps are suitable:
- To clean the plant from insects.
- Wipe with alcohol.
- Disinfect with soapy water.
- Treat with insecticide.
Such simple procedures will allow to get rid of harmful parasites and return the healthy look to the green "pet." In order to avoid repeated “attacks” by insects, it is important to carefully and regularly examine the plant and the condition of its soil.
Transplanting Kalanchoe at home: how to transplant a flower
Vital processes in the proper care of Kalanchoe at home are: transplanting, reproduction and periodic cutting of foliage. Proper execution of such manipulations will allow you to grow a healthy and attractive ornamental plant.
Transfer: if necessary. However, experienced growers argue that such a need arises annually. The most suitable period for such manipulation is the end of March. The answer to the question of how to properly transplant an adult Kalanchoe at home does not contain many indications, since this process is quite understandable and simple.
The main indicator of the need to perform a transplant is the appearance of roots on the soil surface, which indicates a lack of space for their full development. This procedure should be done very carefully due to the fragility of the leaves of the plant.
This method resembles a careful transfer from one pot to another, but of large size. New capacity should be on 2-3 cm in diameter wider from its previous counterpart.
As a substrate, you can use a mixture of sod and leaf earth, as well as sand. It is not necessary to perform transplanting plants during flowering, since such stress can adversely affect the buds and flowers.
How to propagate Kalanchoe at home: planting buds and seeds
The good news for novice florists is the fact that the “home healer” has many breeding options, each of which is not distinguished by the complexity of manipulation and gives excellent results. Among the most common techniques are the following:
- With the help of seeds.
- With the use of "kids" and "scions".
- Stem and leaf cuttings.
Breeding period: in spring or summer cuttings or daughter plants.
In order to figure out how to properly propagate the healing kalanchoe in normal home conditions, it is necessary to study all the existing techniques of this procedure.
Only the “viviparous” representatives of the medicinal plant have the ability to multiply by the kidneys or the so-called “babies”. A distinctive feature of such brood buds is the presence of small roots and a few tiny, barely noticeable leaves. Getting into the ground, these kids root themselves without additional help. Therefore, planting the Kalanchoe buds in a separate pot at home will not be difficult even for a beginner.
Growing kalanchoe from seed - the longest procedure in time. It is better to perform in early spring, because during this period the seeds have good properties for germination. Place the seeds of the plant into the prepared moist soil placed in special trays and lightly press them into the soil.
To maintain the required temperature mode, it is desirable to cover containers with crops with glass or film. However, a day later, it is necessary to air the soil, lifting the film. Irrigation is desirable to produce using a spray with water at room temperature, since even a small jet can damage the seeds. At the first shoots should pick up the film or glass.
How to plant seedlings of kalanchoe at home and plant a process during leaf reproduction
For those who are interested in how to plant grown-up Kalanchoe seedlings at home, it is necessary to select the most healthy specimens and place them in separate pots with the prepared substrate. Such a simple manipulation will provide the desired result, and after a couple of months the young plant will please its owners.
Preferring the reproduction of decorative Kalanchoe using a sheet, it is worth performing the preliminary procedures:
- Prepare the substrate.
- Pick up the pot.
- Cut a suitable sheet.
Having placed a leaf stalk in the moistened soil, it is desirable to cover it with a glass tumbler. After a couple of days, the leaflet will take root and please its owners with active growth. Even a beginner without in-depth knowledge of how to plant a Kalanchoe leaf process will be able to achieve excellent results. As a cutting, you can use parts of leaf plates or their fallen representatives.
Reproduction Kalanchoe: how to plant a stem stem at home
The reproduction of therapeutic Kalanchoe stem cuttings in the usual home environment - the most popular way, because it does not require much effort and considerable time. Such manipulation should be carried out during the transplantation of a flower or the formation of a bush.
Strong shoots no higher than 7 can be used as cuttings. When placed in a glass of water, it is necessary to wait for the roots to appear on the stem cut, which can take up to one week. The rooted appendix can be planted safely in a small pot with a fruitful, moist substrate.
Flowers obtained by grafting are distinguished by their neat form and compliance to the aesthetic formation of the bush. For beginners who are still wondering how to plant room Kalanchoe using cuttings and get excellent results, do not worry, because the procedure is simple and does not require significant experience. Nature itself takes care that such a useful plant is actively developed and serves to benefit humanity.
How to form a Kalanchoe bush at home and how to properly trim a plant
Rounded neat shape is an inherent feature of the home healing plant. However, in order to achieve such an ideal result, it is necessary to periodically cut off excess flower stalks and leaf plates. Such manipulations should be given special attention, so it is important to understand how to create a Kalanchoe bush in ordinary home conditions.
The purpose of trimming the plant is to provide normal conditions for the active growth of deciduous crown and inflorescences, to avoid the randomness of branches at the bush and the creation of a rounded original shape.
To answer the question of how to properly and often cut off the flowering kalanchoe at home, you should deal with the main nuances of the procedure, which can be of the following types:
- Initial pinching.
- Preventive aesthetic pruning.
- Mandatory procedure after flowering.
Cutting off excess leaves and flower stalks, do not be afraid to overdo it. Because the rest of them can rot and cause harm to the whole plant. Old shoots and weakened shoots after flowering must be cut off, because they can spoil not only the appearance, but also the general condition of the decorative flower.
How to cut the Kalanchoe, if it is stretched out, and how to pinch the flower correctly
For those who are trying to figure out how to properly cut the Kalanchoe in case it has significantly stretched out and has lost its pleasant rounded shape, it is important to pick up a sharp knife and not try to pick the sheets by hand. It is desirable to perform cutting of excess shoots preferably in early spring in the morning.
After buying a new flower and the first days of its successful adaptation, it is imperative to cut off the top leaves. There are no special instructions on how to pinch a young Kalanchoe correctly, since it suffices to just cut off the top of each shoot not far near the leaves diverging in the direction with a knife or a stationery blade. Such a manipulation will allow to preserve the desired shape of the plant and prevent its rapid extrusion in height.
Growing such a medicinal and ornamental flower is a pleasure, as the minimum of effort gives unsurpassed results!