Waxy ivy or hoya (Nouaa) - is evergreen tropical liana or shrub family Asclepiadaceae (Lastovnevye). Homeland: southern Burma, Middle China, India and up to Australia. Plants inhabit the natural environment in light forests, on tree trunks or on the slopes of rocks. The name of the culture was given by the scientist R. Brown in honor of his botanist friend, who was a gardener in the greenhouse of the Duke of Northumberland and was engaged in the selection of exotic animals. His name was T. Hoi.
How Hoya looks and how it blooms in its natural environment
In the summer, hoya blooms with fragrant, white as porcelain, pinkish, yellow-greenish and other shades with bisexual flowers, gathered in umbrellas-inflorescences. Both the botanical description of the flowers of the hoya plant, and numerous photos confirm that they have a star-like appearance, consist of petals and a central five-membered crown towering above them. The average diameter of flowers is from 1 to 2 cm, except for the majestic look (8 cm).
While the plant hoya blooms, a pleasant perfume fragrance prevails around the bush or creeper. Representatives of certain species are even able to secrete nectar, which is attractive to many insects.
In its natural environment, the plant can reach 10-meter length. Young shoots are immediately painted in a brownish-purple color, and growing up, they acquire a green saturated color, then they gradually woody. The foliage is fleshy, oval, with a pointed apex. The average leaf length is from 5 to 15 cm, width is from 3 to 8 cm. Both the color and the leaves are dense, have a matte appearance, and this creates the visual impression that they are poured out of wax.
Check out some of the hoi species and varieties in the photo with the official names in order to get a general impression of the plant before getting acquainted with them:
Is it possible to keep hoya at home and the quality of wax ivy
Many cultivars are grown indoors. This plant has decorative qualities and is often used for gardening offices and classrooms. Regarding the question of cultivating hoy at home, there are a large number of legends and superstitions, many of which, oddly enough, contradict each other.
For example, according to one belief, this flower "expels" men from housing (husband, sons). According to other legends, culture is able to pacify resentment and envy. The third sources on the question of whether it is possible to keep hoya or wax ivy at home, say that this plant is a source of happiness in the family, therefore the matrimonial bedroom is an ideal place to grow it.
Which of the versions to take into account - the individual decision of the gardener. But whatever the choice, he will not cancel the fact that exot is able to conquer everyone with its beautiful color - even the most demanding florist.
Popular species and varieties of houseplant hoya: photo, name and description
Today, approximately 200 species of the hoya plant are known. For growing in indoor conditions - the most popular among them:
Noua bella (hoya beautiful).
Noua carnosa (hoya meaty).
Much less often at home such species of this plant are cultivated:
Hoya imperialis (majestic hoya).
Hoya longifolia (hoya lonifolia).
Hoya lacunosa (hoya concave)
Hoya pubicalyx (hoyu fluffy)
Hoya kerrii (Hoyu Kerry).
Hoya multiflora (hoiu multicolor).
A kind of hoya called beautiful is a short branchy evergreen shrub, covered with small foliage (reaches a length of about 3 cm) and having drooping type of shoots (their length varies in the range from 30 to 50 cm). The leaves have a fleshy structure, lanceolate-ovate, convex surface. On the shoots the foliage grows very densely. Flowers in appearance resemble small stars, the color of the petals of which is white, and the cores are crimson. The color is assembled in umbrellas, each of which counts from 7 to 9 "stars".
Description of the type of hoya beautiful compare with the photo below:
This plant is an epiphyte, in nature, the usual habitat of its habitats are tree branches in tropical forests. In room conditions, it is grown as ampelnoy culture.
Within sight Noua bella Many varieties of bush type have been developed. The main difference between them lies in the color of the leaves.
Spray varieties hoi and creepers
Hoya bella var. Louis buis - bush variety of beautiful hoi with leaves that have golden spots in the center and reddening midrib in good lighting conditions.
Hoya bella variegata - a plant with foliage with a thin edging of white or yellowish hue.
Hoya bella wee - A variety of beautiful hoi with especially small leaves, which in a whorl are not placed two, as usual, but three.
Hoya is fleshy got its spread due to pickiness to the conditions of growth and ease of care. Unlike the previous species, it is not a bush plant, but an evergreen weaving liana.
Its length can be 6 m, so when growing a crop, care should be taken about the support. The foliage of the plant is oval, thick, rigid, dark green, has a shiny surface, reaches a length of about 8, see. The inflorescences are umbrellas, which include 20 flowers with a strong pleasant aroma. The main color of the petals is white, in the central part there is a pink crown.
Rate on the photo, what varieties and varieties of hoya are fleshy:
The images are those of them that are most popular in home gardening.
Hoya carnosa variegata (hoya variegated), in particular, its cultivar called “Crimson Queen”, which is famous for its unusually delicate edging of cream-colored at the edges of rich green leaves.
Hoy carnosa tricolor (hoya tricolor) and its variety with the original name "Exotica", which was beloved by many professional gardeners and amateurs due to scarlet flowers and green-pink-cream foliage.
Hoya flower of this majestic type is also a climbing vine. It is densely dotted with lanceolate-oval foliage, the length of which reaches 15 cm, and width - up to 8 cm. The color of this plant is considered the largest among known species: the diameter of the flowers is 8 cm. which contains from 8 to 10 smooth star-shaped flowers with rich red petals and a white central crown.
On the reverse side of the petals are decorated with an admixture of green or yellow. Hoya imperialis is widely known for its pleasant perfume.
Description of the popular varieties of this type of hoi with photos and official names are presented below - study and choose the green "pet" that is most suitable for your greenhouse:
Hoya imperialis var. rauschii different foliage with wavy edges, white and green flowers with pink and purple hues.
Hoya imperialis "Borneo Red" popular due to the fact that it grows very quickly, blooms in purple with a fruity sweet smell.
Hoya imperialis var. Palawan It is famous for yellow-golden flowers with an original slightly reddish tinge.
The photo below shows hoya species:
This is a woven plant, thin shoots which contain a large amount of milky juice. Liana is densely dotted with foliage having a lanceolate form, smooth edges, rich green color, fleshy structure without visible veins. Each sheet is approximately 13 cm long and about 2 cm wide.
Surface without pubescence, not brilliant. Fragrant flowers in quantities from 5 to 12 are assembled into a spherical umbrella. The diameter of each flower varies from 1,5 to 1,7 cm, there is a pubescence on the surface. The color of the petals is white, the central crown is pale pink or pure white.
How does the long-leafed hoya look at the colorful photos.
Concave hoya - This plant is an epiphyte, very branched, with flexible branches that have the appearance of growing very densely cascade lashes. The foliage is rhomboid, thickened, with edges turning inward, saturated green color. The length of each piece does not exceed 6 cm. Inflorescence is an umbrella, resembling a fluffy ball. One umbrella contains 15 to 20 fleece white or cream flowers with a white crown topped with a yellow center piece.
A description of the popular varieties of concave hoi with photos can be found below:
"Tova" - a hybrid with monophonic foliage, having a light green color.
"Eskimo" - cultivar with leaves decorated with a marble pattern of a lighter shade.
Other varieties of indoor flower hoya: photo and description
The fluff box species belongs to a number of the brightest plants of this genus and is very often used by breeders to breed new hybrids. This is a photophilous plant with a climbing stem, leathery foliage, on the surface of which there are silver stripes and spotting. 30 fleecy flowers are assembled into umbrellas inflorescences. The diameter of each flower is no more than 2, see. The colors are varied - from delicate pink to dark burgundy tonality. This type of hoya has well-known hybrid varieties:
"Fresno Beauty" and etc.
Hoya kerry 14 is popular in Western countries in February - on Valentine's Day - due to the fact that its fleshy leaves resemble inverted hearts in appearance. They are leathery, without visible venation. Their length and width can be from 5 to 15 cm.
The flowers are pubescent, ranging in diameter from 1 to 1,5, see. Collected in umbrella inflorescences in 15-20 pieces. The color of the petals is determined by the amount of sunlight and can be pure white, lemon-yellow, pale pink. If you rearrange the flower in another part of the room, the shade can drastically change. The peculiarity of the plant is the darkening of the flowers as they age due to the dark nectar released in them.
You can compare the description of the Kerri view of Kerry with the greenhouse flowers depicted in the photo:
A multi-flowered plant is a shrub that has woody stems, dotted with 12-centimeter leaves with wavy edges. In one umbrella-inflorescence, 15 to 20 flowers are collected, which are colored white and yellow and exude a lemon scent. A distinctive feature of the plant is its heat-lovingness: if the ambient temperature drops below + 20 C, it will drop both the leaves and the color. It is necessary to spray the bush in the mornings and evenings and water it abundantly.
Look at the photo below, which species has indoor flower hoya multiflora, and see their brief description:
Hoya multiflora variegata endowed with foliage with white edging.
Hoya multiflora speckles possesses spotted foliage and cream flowers.
Hoya multiflora "Shooting Star" is famous for flowers with petals, the shape of which resembles a comet's tail.
This is not a complete list of species, varieties and varieties of plants that are cultivated by modern gardeners and are used to breed new hybrids, charming their unique flowers and an infinite number of perfume fragrances.
How to properly care hoya at home
Caring for hoi flower at home in general is not difficult and does not take much time, as the plant is considered to be non-capricious. For a green "pet", a well-lit location is suitable. The plant is tolerant to direct sunlight. Although in this regard, do not interfere with caution: due to the influence of direct ultraviolet radiation on hoy burns can occur. To prevent such a deplorable outcome, it is recommended to provide a diffused light for a flower at noon by shading the window in one of the following ways:
- Paper tracing paper.
For growing hoi flower at home, eastern or western windowsill is well suited. You can not put the plant on the window facing north: due to lack of sunlight, flowering will not come at all. If you purchased a bush or creeper that stood in a shaded place in the store, it is not recommended to immediately put them in a part of the room with intensive lighting - you need to gradually increase the amount of light so that the plant can gradually, without stress, adapt to new conditions.
In the question of how to properly care for hoya at home, an important place is occupied by temperature. Temperature: in summer, the plant loves warmth (+ 18 ... + 23 ° С), in winter - a cooler atmosphere (+ 14 ... + 18 ° С).
Many species can winterize even at + 10 ° C, but here the hoya is more thermophilic: if it does not provide a warm wintering, then it can shed its foliage completely.
Humidity in general is not a significant factor in plant growth. But, as in the case of temperature, special conditions are required by the look of the hoya beautiful - the flower likes a moist environment, it grows better in it and blooms more abundantly. In the summer, during the growth of shoots, bushes or vines should be regularly sprayed with a spray bottle.
Proper care, organized at home for wax ivy hoya, implies that every six months, the plant must be repaired with full immersion under water.
To do this, fill the bath with warm water (from + 30 to + 40 ° C) and drop the green “pet” there (at the stage before the appearance of buds!) In the pot for 40 minutes. After this time, the shoots must be lifted and “hung out” for drying, and the pot with rhizome should be left for another 1,5 hour. You can do a little differently: only put the pot under water heated to the above temperature for 2 hours, and arrange a warm shower in the foliage. This procedure will help stimulate flowering.
Watering and feeding when caring for hoey (with video)
An important aspect of caring for a home flower hoya is watering: moderate in summer, even less in winter. The peculiarity of culture is the ability to tolerate moisture deficiency well. In the warm season it is necessary to water the plant as the soil dries out, but still it is better not to give the earthman to dry out. In order for the vine or shrub to be pleased with abundant flowering next season, a minimum amount will be required during the winter dormancy. If you re-moisten the soil, the plant can start dropping both the leaves and the shoots. Water for irrigation need to apply defended, soft.
Top dressing: during the growth period - from March to September - once a week in 2. Hoya in the process of growing need to fertilize mineral compounds.
The finished mixture “For flowering succulents” can be purchased at a flower shop, or you can make it yourself at home, considering the recommended ratio of ingredients:
- 2% magnesium.
- 10% nitrogen.
- 11% phosphorus.
- 18% potassium.
The solution must be poured into the pot on the edge. During winter dormancy, it is not necessary to fertilize the plant. Also, fertilizing is not needed at all if an annual culture transplant is carried out into a new, not yet depleted substrate.
On how to organize the right care for hoya, look at the video presented to your attention below:
Reproduction hoya top and stem cuttings
There are three ways of breeding the hoi flower at home:
- Apical or stem cuttings.
Reproduction of the hoyi plant by cuttings is considered the least complicated and most reliable way to grow a new specimen. It is necessary to take into account two main characteristics of the cutting:
- The size.
Both the apical and stem cuttings selected for breeding purposes should not be too young - their tissues tend to rot when they try to root. Therefore, it is better to give preference to mature, but not yet had time to woody cuttings.
The size of the material for rooting should not be long. It is better to take cuttings, which have two nodes, covering two pairs of leaves. If the reproduction of plant species with large foliage is planned, then we can make an exception and take the cuttings, the content of one node.
How to choy hoya to root a plant correctly
In the question of how to choy hoyu, special attention should be paid to pruning the cutting. The best place for the appearance of the roots is the zone located under the node. Therefore, under it you need to leave a couple of centimeters of the stem, cut off the rest. After the emergence of a new sprout from the sinus of the first node, you can cut off the second node and root it too.
Rooting is possible in one of two ways:
- Immediately in the substrate (at soil temperature + 20 ... + 25 ° С).
- In water (at temperature + 22 ° С).
The first option is considered to be more reliable. Before rooting hoyi cuttings, you need to prepare the soil for one of the “recipes”:
- Mix in equal parts sphagnum moss (or peat), vermiculite (or perlite), fine clay (or foam).
- Connect small clay (1 / 5 parts), perlite or vermiculite (1 / 5 parts), landing soil (3 / 5 parts).
The prepared substrate must be breathable so that the cutting does not rot. Perlite or vermiculite will help provide this soil property. You should also take care of proper soil moisture, but the higher the level of air permeability, the faster water evaporates from it. To solve this problem, you can use a package of polyethylene (how exactly - it will be described later).
Before rooting for 100% of the result, it is possible to carry out the processing of the cutting by “Rootny”, but this is not necessary.
Planting home hoi cuttings and plant care
Planting hoi apical or stem cuttings is carried out as follows: in a plastic bag filled with a slightly moistened substrate, the cutting is placed in such a way that the lower node is covered with soil. Then the package is placed horizontally, and after 10 days it will be possible to observe the appearance of the roots in it.
You can do otherwise, planting the cutting in the pot. Drainage is placed on the bottom of the tank, then - the substrate into which the cutting goes deeper, as in the previous version. To preserve moisture, a transparent plastic bag is worn loosely on the pot.
Through 14-21 a day you can get a germinated cutting, ready for planting at a permanent place of growth in the soil, prepared using the same technology and previously described.
Rooting in water is carried out as follows. The liquid container is wrapped in foil on all sides, and openings are made in the wrapper for cuttings from above. Treated at the request of "root" planting materials are lowered into the vessel so that the bottom node was under water. A plastic bag is also put on the container loosely (for free air flow). Roots will appear after 14 days. It is necessary to transplant the stalk into the ground immediately, because the roots will become very fragile and may break off.
Reproduction hoi seeds and leaves at home
Propagation hoya seeds at home is carried out using well-dried seed in the year of its collection. The substrate can be prepared according to one of the above “recipes”. Shoots appear after 7 days.
As soon as the first shoots seem, you need to monitor the soil moisture: Do not fill, but do not let it dry. Capacity with seedlings to put in a warm and well-lit place.
To prevent the occurrence of fungal diseases, it is recommended to treat them with any preparation with copper in accordance with the instructions on the package. After 90 days on the seedlings there will already be several pairs of leaves - from this point on, they can be transplanted into separate flowerpots.
Reproduction hoi of sheets considered the most complex and lengthy process. It is recommended to take the leaves of those plants that inhabit the natural environment. Therefore, this method is used by breeders. But amateur florists also have the opportunity to experiment with house plants. The leaf is planted in a loose substrate, observing the angle 45 ̊. Through the 2-3 weeks, roots will appear. The problem with this breeding method is that a leaf that has taken root may not sprout for several years. To speed up this process, one drop of “Heteroauxin” is dripped onto the base of the leaf with a pipette.
How to replace hoya in a new pot
The “plus” of growing a culture is that it does not require frequent transplantation. It takes place once a spring in 1-3, if necessary. Recommended substrate: flower soil “For flowering succulents” or prepared independently according to one of the above “recipes”.
Usually, the fact that a transplant is necessary, the plant signals itself: the root system protrudes from the drainage into the holes in the bottom of the pot, the bush or vine does not grow, the leaves become drooping.
Before you replace your home hoyu, you need to choose the new pot. If there is a goal to get abundant flowering, then the capacity should not be much larger than the one in which the culture has grown before. If it is necessary to stimulate the growth of a bush or vine, then the pot should be taken much more spacious than the previous one. At the bottom you need to remember to lay drainage (pebbles, broken shards, stones ranging in size from 1 to 1,5 cm, foam chips).
Transfer A healthy culture in a new container and a fresh substrate is carried out by the method of transshipment — that is, an earthen clod, braided with roots, is not destroyed, but transferred to another container and supplemented with the necessary amount of soil. When planted, hoya is not deeply buried; care for a transplanted plant requires a standard one - as described above.
Trimming and shaping hoya
An important aspect of hoya care when growing it at home is pruning. The procedure is carried out during transplantation. It is necessary to remove those shoots that are excessively long - this will contribute to the abundant flowering of the plant. To stalks branched, apply the method of pinching the tips after the fourth leaf is formed.
For the formation of the crown of vines using supports. If the shoots are flexible, then fit rings, hearts, arches, spirals, etc. On the windows or walls of the branch is fixed with the help of threads. Ampel plants can be left hanging down from the pots. The main thing - to take care of that the pot was easy, otherwise the risk of its overturning will increase.
Common hoi’s diseases and pests
The main part of hoyi species is resistant to diseases and pests, but if the culture does not provide proper care, such parasites can strike it first of all:
Red spider mites.
If the presence of insects on the flowers, leaves, branches is noticed, it is necessary to perform the treatment of the bush or vines with an insecticide (for example, "Aktellik"). If indoor varieties of hoya flowers with fleshy and thick foliage have suffered from pest attacks, you can simply wipe it with a cotton swab dipped in medical alcohol.
If the rhizome of the culture is affected by nematodes, it must also be transplanted into a fresh, steamed substrate and a new disinfected pot.
Among the diseases of room hoy disease the most common:
Gray, black, root rot.
If the soil is wetted, the temperature in the room is too low, the plant suffers from fungus. It leads to the occurrence of rot. The presence of the disease is indicated by stains - brown, gray - on the stems, leaves, buds, wilting plants.
To cure the affected culture, you can use the processing of soap and copper solution. If there is a focal root rot, then you need to remove the rhizome with Bordeaux fluid or colloidal sulfur and transplant the vine or shrub. If most of the root system decays, it will be necessary to destroy the plant.
The appearance of white bloom on the flower indicates the spread of powdery mildew. Moistening the air in the room where the crop is grown, optimizing irrigation, and improving ventilation will help get rid of the disease.
Look at the photo, what looks like a flower of Hoya, affected by powdery mildew, to be able to recognize the disease in time:
How to reanimate and make hoyu blossom at home
Many gardeners, both beginners and professionals, are confronted with the phenomenon of the massive leaf fall of a hoi room plant. The reason for this may be an overabundance of moisture, overcooling of the soil in winter or summer when watering with cold water, moving the pot with culture to another place in the room. To reanimate a flower, you need to eliminate the stimuli.
If the sheets are stained, it may indicate a lack of lighting or burns from direct sunlight. In this case, you need to change the location of the flowerpot with a flower.
If the foliage has acquired too light shade, dried up, twisted, this is a clear sign that the plant should be pritenit, because it dies under the scorching sun.
Due to the lack of light, the wrong wintering temperature on the crop, color may not appear at all. An effective method of how to quickly make hoyu at home is to bathe her under a warm shower using the technology described earlier.
Advice! Do hoyi fleshy do not tear off flower stalks: new inflorescences will form on them next year. Do not move the pot with the plant as soon as the buds appear on it, otherwise they may crumble like the whole foliage.
Only with proper care, the adult plant will bloom abundantly for a long period.