Chlorophytum (Chiorophytum comosum) belongs to the most popular and most unassuming decorative leaf plants.
Family: Liliaceae (Lily).
Homeland: South Africa, where it grows on the bark of trees.
Chlorophytum has the form of a bush with a shortened stem and thickened, sometimes tuberous roots. This perennial herb in diameter and in height reaches a maximum of 50-60 cm, although in natural conditions it grows to meter dimensions.
It is thanks to the tuberous thickening of the roots, where moisture accumulates, the flower easily goes through dry periods.
What chlorophytum looks like: the decorative value of the indoor flower
Thick fleshy lanceolate leaves grow from fleshy roots, reaching from 15 to 60 cm long. The leaves of chlorophytum are long and sword-shaped, they can be either plain green, or with lighter longitudinal stripes. The front surface of the sheet is smooth, and on the reverse there is a central vein, strongly swollen.
Chlorophytum is a medium-sized flower that grows intensively - a young plant becomes an adult in about a year.. During the summer, shoots are formed up to 80 cm in length, on which small white nondescript flowers are located, and after flowering, vegetative buds form, from which young rosettes develop. Along the entire length of the shoot, several inflorescences may be located, which consist of 2-6 greenish-white unsightly peduncles.
The flower of chlorophytum does not create a special visual effect, as it looks very simple and inconspicuous. Small white flowers look like miniature lilies. But when numerous leaf rosettes with air roots are formed in their places, the chlorophytum becomes fluffy and elegant. The fruit of the plant is a trihedral box.
Perhaps everyone knows what this exot looks like, since until recently there was no apartment or office, no matter where it was grown. The main decorative value of the plant is not in flowers, but in lush bright leaves.
Currently, varieties of chlorophytum with wider leaves have become popular indoor plants. They look great, spectacular in any interior and do not require complex care. Most often, the plant is grown in such hanging pots, like ampelous, but on the windowsill, the flowers also look great. The people of the plant is often called the "spider" or "green lily." Its lifespan can be up to 10 years.
The characteristic of a chlorophytum plant will be incomplete if not to mention its amazing property. The fact is that it cleans the air well due to the fact that it absorbs carbon monoxide and formaldehyde, and instead gives off oxygen. The more polluted the air in the room, the more intense the flower grows.
Chlorophytum has the ability to neutralize nicotine, so it is very suitable for smokers. Allergy sufferers and those suffering from diseases of the lungs and bronchi, it is also necessary. The ability of the plant to moisten and purify bacteria from the air has scientific confirmation, and therefore its content in residential and office premises is not only beautiful, but also useful.
Take a look at the photo, as the flower of chlorophytum forms leafy rosettes after flowering. It is for them that he was nicknamed, as was said above, “spider”:
Popular types and varieties of chlorophytum: photo, name and description
In total, there are more than 200 varieties of this plant in nature. On the basis of some types of chlorophytum breeders have created varieties that have differences in the size and shape of leaves, their color. Only a few of them are popular in home gardening.
The most famous types of chlorophytum:
A very popular and most common species is the chlorophytum crested.
This perennial plant has a lush rosette, consisting of long curved leaves. Chlorophytum crested (Chiorophytum comosum) 'Variegatum' short stem, from which grow green leaves with a white edge.
From the center of the leaf rosette, a long stem appears with white flowers, similar to lilies, in place of which, after the end of the flowering period, a young rosette with leaves and roots appears, ready for an autonomous existence.
Popular varieties of chlorophytum crested:
Vittatum - has a bright green sheet with a bright strip, passing in the middle;
Variegata - its leaves are light green and have silvery edges;
Ocean - differs in a spiral arrangement of motley leaves with a thin light fringing;
Picturatum - leaves are green with a yellow stripe in the middle, the original form is characterized by pure green leaves.
Take a look at the photo of the varieties of chlorophytum crested and appreciate their visual differences:
Variegated and curly species and varieties of chlorophytum very effective, but because they are often used to create flower arrangements.
Another popular species is called Chlorophytum Curly (Bonnie).
Currently, it is a fashionable ornamental plant with extraordinary wavy sheets. The flower has a more compact size than the previous form, due to the fact that its leaves do not stick out to the sides, but twisted in a spiral. Sheet plate has a smooth surface, and in the center passes a wide light band.
Look at the photo on the popular varietal variety of curly chlorophytum with the name Curty Locks:
The flower has curly spiral leaves, which makes it very original.
Chlorophytum winged - Another common species that has wider shiny oval-shaped leaves that grow on long petioles. Its other name is Orchid Star. It is distinguished from other species by an unusual combination of dark green foliage and colored stem, which can be brown, pink and red.
Also, this species is characterized by short flower stalks, from which a spike inflorescence is formed. In order to preserve the brightness of the coloration, it is advised to remove the flower stalks, but you can leave them, let them ripen and collect seeds for further reproduction of the plant.
Take a look at the photo of the species Chlorophytum winged and its varieties Fire Flash and Green Orange - how unusual and beautiful colored petioles look:
In these varieties, the leaves grow from the middle of the outlet, over time, lateral shoots can grow.
This species is characterized by a small width of light green leaves - up to 3 cm - despite the fact that they can grow up to 60 cm in length. It differs from other species in that its peduncles are short and small white flowers bloom on them. It reproduces by dividing the maternal bush, as it does not form rosettes. It has a more powerful rhizome than other species.
Another interesting, but not too common view. It has narrow hanging leaves with a thin white stripe along the edge. It forms a dense outlet and often blooms with light colors.
The original look, which is visually unlike any other. Its extraordinary curved leaves have wavy edges.
Pay attention to the photo on the differences types of chlorophytum and their names:
They are so unlike each other that it is hard to believe that this is all exactly this plant.
How to care for chlorophytum: home conditions
Chlorophytum is an unpretentious home flower, so beginning flower growers can grow it. And although it forgives its owner forgetfulness and carelessness in the care, but requires minimal care. The best option would be the cultivation of exotic plants in hanging pots, besides, it is important to protect it from temperature fluctuations and drafts.
The main principle to be respected, thinking about how to properly care for chlorophytum at home - moderation and restraint in everything. The main conditions of detention are not particularly difficult and are described below.
The best lighting is scattered sunlight. Location, you can choose any, just not too dark; in summer, chlorophytum can be exposed to the air. It grows well on balconies, covered terraces. However, care must be taken that the place where the flower is located is protected from rain and wind.
Another interesting feature that must be considered when choosing the conditions for the content of chlorophytum is that if it is kept in a shady place, the bright color of the foliage in variegated species will be lost. If, for a short time every day, direct sunlight is directed at the flower, this will not harm it, and in the sun the leaves of the plant will only become brighter.
It must be said that chlorophytum can exist in conditions of exclusively artificial lighting - it successfully grows, develops and performs a decorative function. Paradoxically, it is in enclosed spaces that the plant best performs air cleaning work.
Optimum temperature: room, 18-20 degrees. However, it withstands the reduction to 8 degrees well. The minimum short-term temperature is 2 degrees, and if the thermometer shows more than 32 degrees of heat, then the tips of the leaves of the chlorophytum dry.
The first thing to do in such a situation is to place it in a shady place and remove the darkened areas of the leaves with ordinary garden shears.
The vegetation period lasts from spring to autumn, and all this time the flower needs abundant moisture. And if watering when growing a chlorophytum flower should be regular, and during the growing season it is not advisable to allow the substrate to dry out completely, then in the winter period it is enough to water it only once in 7-10 days.
A very important point in the care of any type of chlorophytum at home is the timely removal of moisture from the pot, so as not to create prerequisites for its stagnation. That is why it is so important drainage and the choice of the right pot with holes at the bottom.
And although the plant tolerates drought well, it is better to maintain the air humidity: Spray the leaves periodically in dry room conditions. Such a measure will be favorable if the flower is contained near the heating devices. Spraying is also needed to clean the surface of foliage from dust. After all, the leaves, though not wide, but have a depression in the middle, in which dust accumulates strongly. Once a month you can wash the chlorophytum under the shower using warm water.
Chlorophytum needs obligatory feeding, since during the whole growing season it actively forms layers with children, and this process weakens the mother plant.
Plant feeding is done in the summer - every week, in the winter - once in 4 weeks. Use mineral or organic fertilizers, determining the concentration using the instructions on the package. Often and successfully used fertilizer for cacti in the recommended proportion.
To make the leaves bright, experts recommend using foliar feeding. Excellently proven drug "Bud." Categorically you can not use any means to gloss leaves, which are sold in the departments for florist. Their aggressive composition is not suitable for chlorophytum and can cause burns on tender leaves.
Transplanting and caring for chlorophytum at home: how to transplant an overgrown plant
It is impossible to grow a beautiful strong flower, never transplanting it. Transplantation of plants should be made as needed. And the main prerequisites for this procedure are:
- Close pot.
- The need to update the land.
The best transplant option is once a year and a half, preferably in the spring. Flower soil is the suitable substrate, and drainage must be present in the pot. For transplanting chlorophytum of any kind at home, it is advised to take a capacity larger in size by about 10% than the one in which it grew. In this case, the pot should be more, not only in depth, but also in diameter. The signal that the plant needs to be transplanted is raising it above the soil surface due to the overgrown root system.
Before transplanting the overgrown chlorophytum, you need to prepare a new pot and suitable soil mixture.
The ideal soil composition will be:
- Leaf soil - two parts.
- Sand is one part.
- Sod - two parts.
- Humus - two parts.
It is desirable that the soil was sufficiently loose, which will not allow provoking rotting rhizomes.
Next, you need to carefully remove the plant from the old pot, trying not to break the roots, which are twisted, taking the form of capacity. Hands need a little to straighten them and remove sticky fragments of soil. Then the plant should be placed in a new container, sprinkled with earth, slightly rammed and watered.
After a few days, the soil will thicken and drain a little, so you will need to fill it up.
After transplantation, chlorophytum does not require special care. It is enough to moisten the soil in a timely manner with separated water, spray the leaves and ensure a suitable temperature regime.
Some people plant chlorophyta in aquariums, thinking that unpretentious moisture-loving plants are able to grow there. For some time they may exist in the water and will not harm the inhabitants of the aquarium, but the absence of air and light will lead to the imminent death of the flower.
Pruning of leaves and stems of chlorophytum
Pruning leaves and stems of chlorophytum is produced in the following cases:
- If you want to form an ornamental plant.
- If it becomes necessary to remove damaged leaves.
To do this, inspect the plant and cut off the damaged leaves with a pruning shears at the base. Mustache with layering or too long stalks can be shortened to the required length or cut at the base. Mustaches with babies can also be thinned.
It is important to know that pruning can be done regardless of the time of year.
Reproduction of chlorophytum by daughter outlets and babies at home
Of all the decorative flowers, chlorophytum is most easily reproduced at home.
There are such possible ways:
- Vegetative (rooting of children and dividing the original bush).
After the end of flowering, small plants are formed at the ends of the shoots, which can be left to grow on the mother bush. When the children grow leaves, they can be planted in the soil in a separate pot. Such sockets are formed all year round, they take root very well and quickly begin to grow.
For reproduction of chlorophytum by daughter rosettes need to prepare a small pot, in which the bottom must be drainage. As a soil, you can use a mixture based on sod land. A young plant should be placed in the soil without cutting it away from the parent, and a stem can be cut off with a sharp knife only after the flower has grown several new leaves.
Another breeding option with rosettes allows you to separate the young bush from the main plant immediately, but before planting you need to develop its root system. To do this, the young plant must be put in water, and when the roots grow several centimeters, it can be planted in the soil.
The way of reproduction of the chlorophytum flower by children is the simplest, but not all plant varieties produce side shoots with ready-made bushes. For example, curly chlorophytum in nature propagates by seed. The method of growing a new flower from seeds is quite laborious and inefficient, since they have low germination rates (maximum 40%), but you can try to do it.
Before sowing, seeds are soaked for 24 hours and sown directly on moist soil, then covered with a film. This should be done in the spring, and the soil should consist of sand and peat. Periodically, the container with the seedlings needs to be aired, and the soil surface should be sprayed with water. After about a month and a half, the seeds begin to germinate, and when each new plant grows 2-3 new leaves, they can be planted in separate containers.
Planting and caring for chlorophytum seedlings at home (with video)
Another method of plant propagation is that during transplantation, the bush of an adult plant is divided into parts. This method of planting chlorophytum is quite simple, and providing care for the seedlings, you can soon get several adult plants. In addition, this is an effective method of updating an old plant.
The soil should be watered well, remove the bush from there. When splitting, you should carefully examine all the roots and remove the diseased or rotted, then cut the rhizome with a sharp knife. Naturally, for successful separation, the root system must be strong and well developed.
The strongest roots are located at the outer edge, respectively, the inner ones are less viable. Often, when divided, the inner part of the rhizome is removed, so that there is more room in the pot for the growth and development of the root system of the plant.
After separation, all the obtained parts are sprinkled with coal and are seated in different flowerpots.
Before planting chlorophytum seedlings at home, you need to accustom the plants to the environment. To do this, you should daily raise the protective film during the week before disembarking, so that young chlorophyts will get used to the climate of the room where they will grow.
Watch a video on home care for chlorophytum and how the main pests and diseases look:
The reasons why the tips of leaves dry and blacken in chlorophytum
Why the tips of leaves dry or darken in chlorophytum is the most exciting question for all gardeners. It should be noted that, like any herbaceous plant, chlorophytum is characterized by the renewal of foliage. Therefore, if a large number of leaves withered at the same time, then it makes sense to cut them and wait for a full update.
However, there are other reasons why the plant loses its beauty and decorative effect:
- Overdrying of the soil.
- Excessive moistening of the earth coma.
- Unsuitable water used for irrigation.
- Dry air in the room.
- Wrong pot.
It is necessary to carefully monitor the state of the substrate - if it is overdrying and excessive moisture, then the tips of the leaves turn black or turn brown at the chlorophytum. It is good, if between waterings the soil will have time to dry up a little.
Important! To return the plant to its decorative appearance, you just need to trim the brown tips of the leaves with scissors.
The answer to the question of why the tips of leaves turn black with chlorophytum with regular watering and dark spots appear in the center is the presence of chlorine in tap water. To reduce its concentration, it is enough to use the water separated during the day for irrigation.
With the following problem, why the leaves turn yellow in the chlorophytum, the leaves are thinning and drying can be managed by increasing the humidity of the air. It is better to start with a warm shower, wash the leaves from dust, and then put in a bright place, you can on the windowsill. However, do not rub brittle leaves too much, as there is a chance to damage them.
Why the chlorophytum does not grow and the reasons for which its leaves darken
Sometimes it is not clear why chlorophytum does not grow at all and does not produce flower stalks. In this case, you need to check if it is not closely in the pot. Perhaps the plant needs to be transplanted into a larger container and partially renew the substrate.
If the chlorophytum does not begin to bloom for a long time after transplantation, the reason may be a very spacious pot. The plant blooms easier when its roots are a bit cramped.
If the leaves become pale, yellow and soft, and also began to fall off, then most likely the plant does not have enough light and you need to move it.
Also, the reasons why the tips of the leaves darken in chlorophytum include:
- Wrong or insufficient watering.
- Incorrect dressing.
- Sharp change of temperature in the room.
The amazing chlorophytum plant shows all its care errors with its appearance. Enough to carefully observe the condition of the leaves and roots, and then it becomes clear how to correct the action.
Pests and disease groups of chlorophytum
Plant diseases can be divided into two groups:
- Caused by physiological problems.
The first group includes burns of leaves, when dark spots appear on them, which increase in diameter. And subsequently the leaves wither and die. Preventive measures are lowering the pH of the soil and settling tap water.
The second physiological problem is discoloration of the leaves caused by too high a temperature of the content. For prevention, it is recommended to control the illumination and temperature in the room.
Fungal diseases may appear in leaf spots. They are caused by such pathogens as Alternaria, Fisarium. Root rot cause - Puthium or Sclerotium rolfsii.
The development of diseases can be promoted by mistakes made by florists in the care of a plant, in particular, by overmoistening of the soil. The affected parts of the flower must be removed, and the place where it grew should be treated with systemic fungicides.
It must be said that chlorophytum is sufficiently resistant to diseases and pests, which, although rare, occur. And if almost all diseases are associated with errors in care, and they are easy to eliminate, the appearance of pests requires special attention.
The thing is that if at least one plant in the house is affected by parasites, then the fight against them can be delayed for a long time, and some plants in the collection can be lost.
Most often, chlorophytum is affected by pests such as the scale insect and spider mite. To find them is quite simple - you need to look under the leaf and check the stem, where you can see whitish or yellow dots.
This is how the mite vital signs look, which pierces the surface of the leaf and sucks its juice. When the population of spider mites becomes significant, then on the plant you can see a thin web that entangles the stems.
Why leaves and leaves of chlorophytum turn yellow and dry, what should be done
Leaves affected by spider mites discolour and dry.
That is why the leaves of chlorophytum turn yellow, and the first thing to do is to treat the plant with a soapy sponge and wash the pests as much as possible. Suitable soap, as it does not contain oxidizing agents. And then the crown and leaves need to be treated with systemic insecticides sold in specialized stores, such as Aktellik.
The treatment must be repeated in 7-10 days, since the pests can hide in the upper soil layer in anticipation of favorable conditions.
In order to prevent spider mites, it is recommended to periodically inspect all domestic plants, and in particular new flowers that appear in the house. Since the pests especially multiply rapidly in dry, warm air, it is recommended to air the room and spray the plants.
Scutellas look like small round brown plaques that are attached along the veins on the upper and lower surface of the sheet. The first sign of infection is leaf stickiness. Affected chlorophytum turns yellow and dries gradually, and not necessarily from the ends of the leaves. Spots may form in the center of the sheet and along the veins.
Control measures with this pest are similar: first of all, the plant is treated with a soap solution and then with an insecticide "Actellic" or "Mospilan". It is important to process not only the plant, but also the window sill and window glass in the place where the flower stood.
A popular folk remedy - treatment with alcohol - should be used with caution so as not to cause burns on the leaf surface.