Eschaninthus (Aeschynanthus) or bashful flower belongs to the family Gesneriaceae (Gesneriyevye). Homeland: Java, Borneo; from India and the Himalayas to New Guinea.
Indoor flower under the name of eskhinanthus - this is a rather rare specimen, which is not so often found in home greenhouses of experienced and patient gardeners. Despite the spectacular appearance of the plant with a long flowering, not everyone takes up the cultivation due to its whimsical and capriciousness.
In the wild, this exotic flower grows in the shade of the crowns of branchy trees near ponds and waterfalls. Therefore, in order to achieve the desired results during the cultivation of an attractive echinance, it is necessary to provide a similar environment at home, which includes:
- Warm temperature condition.
- High level of humidity.
- Sufficient and diffused lighting.
Description of decorative eskhinantusa
The inhabitants of Asia, where one can often see this bright bush, with irony call it a “lipstick flower”. The explanation of this nickname lies in the appearance of the bracts and the purple petals emerging from them.
A description of its distinctive features will help to form a general idea of the decorative eschinantus. This plant is among the perennial evergreen dwarf shrubs, which is adapted to home conditions with considerable effort. Curly stems are decorated with fleshy bright green leaves, located opposite each other on short cuttings. In terms of their size, the leaf plates barely reach a width of 3 cm, and in length - up to 10 cm.
An adult plant does not differ on a large scale, since its height varies from 40 to 70. See “hanging” branches will ideally suit it. pots or potswhich will emphasize all the beauty and grace of the bush.
Indoor plant eschinanthus simply overwhelms with cascades of orange or purple flowers, crowning the ends of the winding stems. Outwardly, they resemble curved tubes with a velvety surface. The inflorescences are collected from 5 to 10 bright flowers and delight their long flowering - from June to late September. It is because of the attractiveness and charm of this flowering shrub flower growers are trying to satisfy all his "whims" and requirements.
To be sure of what has been said, take a look at the photo of the bright room Eschenanthus, which will not leave anyone indifferent, captivate with the beauty and rich palette of purple-scarlet colors:
Types and varieties of ASCH:
To date, more than 80 species of liana-like eschinantus have been cultivated, despite the difficulties in breeding and growing this elegant member of the Gesneriyev family. However, in specialized shops selling houseplants there are only a few of the more prizhivchivyh its varieties.
So, you can purchase:
Aeschynanthus speciosus (orange red)
Aeschynanthus hiltiebrandtii (red)
Aeschynanthus tricolor (brown-red)
Also various attractive hybrids:
Beautiful (speciosus) - the most famous type of decorative eskhinantusa.
When looking at the photo with his image, the reason for such a “laudatory” name becomes clear:
Elegant external parameters make it an excellent decoration for any interior. Curly flexible branches of the flower are quite long - close to half a meter. At the adult bush, at the base they begin to get a little rough, becoming covered with woody bark. The leaves are densely "strung" on the shoots of oval-shaped and juicy olive color. At the time of flowering, this liana-like shrub is decorated with amazing buds, in which the 8-10 tubular flowers of orange-red color are combined into a delightful bouquet.
Similar in appearance and in name is another charming variety of climbing ESCH with the equally intriguing name - beautiful (pulcher). The main difference of this species from its predecessor is the smaller sizes of both the foliage and the inflorescences themselves. The range of hues in which the flowers are “painted” covers brighter red and fiery tones.
Exempt Lobba (lobbianus). With its bright red inflorescences, this view fills the interior of the room with a pleasant exotic atmosphere and surprises with an enchanting play of colors. Densely placed small rich green leaves complement the overall attractiveness of the homely "handsome." Duration of flowering is about 3-4 months annually.
Marble (marmoratus) is a type of eccentric room, whose photo justifies the name obtained - a bright decorative representative of the Gesneriyev family:
Its leafy plates are distinguished by a glossy surface and green-yellow abstract ornament, which is very similar to marble. It is the foliage of this plant is considered the main advantage and decoration, since small green flowers with miniature brown specks do not have a special attraction.
Eshinanthus Hildebrand (hildebrandtii) - a beautiful home flower with a thick juicy-green leaf crown, among which one can see subtle curved inflorescences of noble burgundy color. This kind of less demanding to their habitat, which explains its popularity among gardeners.
Twister (twister) - “Curly” variety of exotic Eschenanthus, whose photo will confirm the harmonious combination of emerald glossy leaves with ruby flowers.
Curvature - this feature is characteristic of both inflorescences and leaves and winding branches. Such home pets will look very impressive in hanging pots, attracting admiring gazes of connoisseurs of the beautiful.
Rasta (rasta) - Another type of Esquinanthus with twisted leaves in dark green colors. They are tightly placed on the twisting shoots to the bottom. From May to September, the plant is framed by rich red buds.
Raznovydnost Carolina (karolina) differs in the small compact sizes of a bush on which each new leaf slightly rises and stretches up. The sheet plates have an oblong oval shape, reaching about 7-8 cm in length. Graceful flowers are painted in rich shades of noble burgundy.
Modern breeders for most types of Aeschienthus bred varieties and improved hybrids. The main goal of such efforts is to obtain a brighter and longer flowering with an abundance of various colors of inflorescences.
A few examples of common varieties of ornamental escinantus:
"Tricolor" - yellow-red striped inflorescences.
"Fulgens" - variegated pink flowers.
"Grandiflora" - owners of fiery orange flowers.
"Bella Donna" - saturated red inflorescences.
"Tamara" - leaflets and flowers with silvery hairs.
"Topaz" - unusual yellow color of inflorescences.
Take a look at the photos of these beautiful varieties of eschinanthus, and you will certainly get a true aesthetic pleasure:
Such plants are evidence that nature is a talented master, and her every creation is a masterpiece!
Tips for caring for houseplants eschinanthus at home (with video)
The requirements of the room eskhinantusa is known among experts in the field of floriculture, but for many it is not an obstacle to grow it and admire the beautiful bright inflorescences. It is possible to achieve such a result; the main thing is to deal with the main “demands” of the plant and create a comfortable growing environment.
First of all, it is necessary to find a suitable "corner" where a beautiful flower will feel comfortable, like at home - in the tropical forests of southern countries. The best location should be with bright lighting all year round, as the sun-lover of the Gesnerievye family used to “warm up” their glossy foliage under warm scattered rays.
It is worth avoiding direct sunlight for a long time, as this can lead to burns of hardwood plates. Ideal for active growth and flowering of decorative eskhinanthus, the eastern or western rooms of the apartment will suit.
Placing the plant in pots or hanging pots, you should carefully study the terrain regarding the adequacy of lighting, otherwise all efforts to decorate the room in a couple of days will be crowned with a “fiasco”.
It's important provide the necessary temperature conditions taking into account the life cycles of a home flower. Thus, the temperature should be above 20 ° C - from spring to late autumn, when the plant is at the stage of active growth. In winter, during the formation of buds 4 week about 15 ° C.
Reduced temperature in the “calm season” is one of the secrets of how to achieve fast and abundant flowering eschanantus already in early spring.
- Air humidity: High. If this decorative flower is often sprayed on hot days, the deciduous crown will be brighter and more dense, and the probability of the appearance of colorful inflorescences is much higher. For irrigation it is better to give preference to clean, separated water of warm temperature.
- Substrate: Flower soil with polystyrene crumb, which is available in all specialized stores. For craftsmen to independently prepare fertile soil, it is necessary to mix peat and sod land with the addition of sand in equal proportions. It is important to scrupulously check the earthen ball obtained for the absence of parasitic insects.
To obtain healthy flowering and glossy succulent leaves, the creation of the described conditions will not be enough. It is important to provide systematic, professional care for the attractive colors of the Eschenanthus, which in return will thank the owners for their decorative and charming appearance.
Watch a video with tips on the proper care of the escinantus in normal home conditions from experienced growers, and you can get comprehensive answers to many questions:
How to care for flower eshinanthus
The reputation of the demanding plant, which was entrenched in echinentus, scares the novice and completely kills the desire to even try to grow it in their modest home greenhouses.
It is worth remembering that nothing is impossible! If you deal with how to properly care for the fractious flower of ASCE, then positive results will not take long to wait.
This winding flower is one of the moisture-loving inhabitants of the tropics, but everything is not so simple with its irrigation. It is important not only to deal with the frequency of water procedures, but with the requirement for water itself.
According to experienced growers, the following irrigation is needed: slightly moisten the root ball; winter watering is very rare. In this situation, you need to find a "middle ground" between the excess moisture in the soil and its dryness. Therefore, it is better to water often, but in small doses. This will prevent the accumulation of excess fluid in the soil and at the same time will allow the substrate and the roots to dry out.
Correct watering - The most important component of the competent care for the beautiful eshinanthus in normal home conditions. It is worth remembering about the chemical composition of water, which should not contain a lot of calcium. Therefore, in preparing the irrigation fluid, it is necessary to defend and clean it.
Mineralization of the soil through the use of special complex mixtures has a beneficial effect on the growth and normal development of the indoor flower. Such feeding should be carried out from March to the end of August - once a week in 2 weeks with small doses of fertilizers. However, it is important not to overdo it with their number, since the result will be the opposite of the expected: the plant will begin to turn yellow and discard foliage.
Such a component of professional care for an exotic houseplant with the Aeschienanthus will make it possible to influence the density of the inflorescences and the duration of their flowering. For many, it is the charming bright fiery flowers that is the main motivation to put considerable effort in the process of growing the green whimsical "pet."
The presentable appearance of this tropical semi-shrub depends on how well it is trimmed. These manipulations should be carried out:
- Immediately after flowering.
- For removal of the dried-up sites.
- After pest damage to branches.
- For aesthetic purposes.
There are no requirements for the season when it is possible to trim an ASC room, and such procedures are performed at any suitable time. But it is worth remembering that this green "pet" tends to grow old and lose its decorative effect on 4-5, the year of its life. And in such situations, neither fertilizing nor sanitary pruning can help. The only solution is to replace the new young member of the Gesneriev family.
Why eschintanthus turns yellow and sheds leaves: diseases and pests of a flower
An ornamental and attractive plant with inadequate care makes this fact known through illness. Typical for eskhinantusa are:
- Yellowness and leaf fall.
- Lack of flowering.
- Brown spots on foliage.
- Blooming flower buds.
- Rhizome decay.
Each of these types of damage has its own symptoms, and if they are noticed in time, the treatment process will be much easier and more effective.
The reasons that lead to the fact that the glossy leaves of climbing Escinanthus turn yellow will depend on the season and the life cycles of the flower. For a cool autumn-winter period of time, this situation is explained by inappropriate cold temperature conditions. But things are different if the picture is repeated in the hot summer season, and the elegant Aechintanus turns yellow and sheds leaves. This phenomenon can be explained by the following reasons:
- Insufficient watering.
- Low air humidity.
All these factors affect, above all, the root system, which dries up and becomes unable to ensure the implementation of vital energy exchange processes in the plant.
The main secret of flowering in the eschanantus lies in creating a cool temperature during the period of bud formation. In December, when this natural process occurs, it is important to maintain the temperature not higher than 16 ° С. If you ignore this feature, it is unlikely flower growers will be able to admire the bright tubular flowers in spring and summer.
In addition to the diseases described, the eschinantus may have pests, including:
Such parasites start, as a rule, from a new soil, during transplantation, renewal of the substrate, top dressing. In order to prevent this phenomenon, it is important to systematically inspect the plant and its soil for the presence of "uninvited lodgers". As soon as the parasites are detected, it is worth treating the foliar crown with insecticides.
Fighting diseases and pests is in its early stages, and it’s better to prevent them from appearing with the right care.
Why do brown leaves turn brown and fall off?
Damaged leaves of the eschinanthus grow brown and fall as a result of improperly selected water for irrigating the soil. Important is not only its softness and purity, but also the temperature, which should be around 22-24 ° C. Therefore, if you ensure proper watering, you can easily cope with such a disease or prevent it in the future.
The flowers of this charming room “pet” are especially tender, so if during watering the moisture falls on the delicate petals, then the entire inflorescence becomes covered with brown spots, it fades and crumbles.
It should be very careful to avoid such unpleasant situations! Falling flower buds can also occur due to changes in location, drafts and direct sunlight.
Root rotting occurs as a result of “overflows,” when drainage does not cope with excess moisture, the soil remains in a “wet” state for a long time and gray rot develops. It is worth taking measures to eliminate it very quickly, otherwise the damage to the plant will be significant and incurable. First of all, it is necessary to suspend the irrigation of the flower and to ensure the natural drying of the earthen coma.
ASCHINANTUS transplant: how to properly transplant a flower at home
The active growth of the escinanthus is ensured by transplantation, which must be carried out regularly - once a year. However, to obtain excellent results of such manipulation, it is important to follow its basic rules and consistency.
For those who are trying to figure out how to properly transplant the room ASC in the familiar home environment, it is necessary to master the main nuances of the procedure. The transplant period is in February / March or after flowering. Having picked up a new tank, a little more than the previous one, it is necessary to carefully place the drainage, and only then to plant the plant. It is important not to damage the fragile roots, so you should not clean them from the ground, and with it you need to move to the pot. It will be enough just to fill the substrate at the edges and gently squeeze the flower.
Such actions are simple, so the question of how to transplant the winding escinantus, the answer will be concise and simple - very carefully, without haste and fuss!
Propagation of exotic Esquinanthus by planting cuttings and leaves
The reproduction of exotic eschinanthus in ordinary home conditions is a necessary component of its cultivation and the creation of room greenhouses. The breeding procedure must be carried out at the beginning of summer with lignified cuttings at temperature 25-30 ° С or with the help of a leaflet in spring.
The breeding efficiency of the room escinantus with cuttings depends on the planting material. When choosing a stalk, it is worth considering the external requirements:
- Length - about 8-10 cm.
- The presence of buds and leaflets.
- The healthy state of the process.
The next step is the “cleansing” of the lower leaves and placing it in water or a moistened mixture of peat and sand. For better rooting it is necessary to provide:
- Temperature condition 25 ° С.
- Greenhouse effect with polyethylene.
- Bottom heated.
After 2,5 of the week, the cuttings will take root, and it will be possible to plant the “young” Aeschinanthus in individual small pots with the subsequent careful care and care as for an adult plant.
A more prolonged is the method of reproduction of ornamental escinanthus using leaves. The sequence of the procedure is slightly different from the previous method. Cut healthy juicy leafy plates with a small part of the stem should be placed in a light moist soil with a significant content of sand.
The temperature regime is closer to 25 ° С, the mini-greenhouse effect can be created with the help of a film, which will ensure the rooting of the paper already after 30-35 days. As soon as new sprouts appear, it is a signal that they can be transplanted into an independent pot and looked after as an adult plant.
Reproduction of the climbing flower of Esquinanthus - a rather scrupulous occupation, with the correct implementation of which you can get excellent representatives of home greenhouses with curved branches and pretty variegated inflorescences.
Tropical shrubs with a lush crown and bright colors-lights will create a pleasant exotic atmosphere in your home, saturating the space with unusual greenery and amazing play of natural colors.