Plant of Diplomatic (Dipladenia) - Tropical shrub vine, which needs a strong support. It was brought from distant lands - the mountainous regions of Latin America. And that is why those who are going to grow it at home should be aware of the features of caring for it. For example, to try to recreate an atmosphere in the apartment that resembles evergreen forests, you need to take care of such moments as humidity and air temperature in the room, as well as the location of this specimen. Experts say that beginners, first of all, need to be aware of the fact that without proper illumination of the flower of diplopation, the crown loses its refined look. Despite this, leaving it on the windowsills, located on the south side, you must take care of the presence of a small shadow: the direct rays are also harmful to the plant, as well as their lack.
Types and varieties of diplomatic: photo and description
There are some more interesting facts which will be interesting to find out to gardeners who are going to “settle” in their overseas “guest” house.
- At first, it belongs to the family Arosupaseae (Kutrovye).
- Secondly, its second name, Mandeville, was given a room-shaped liana-like flower of diploadia due to the fact that it was first found in America, and then in other parts of the globe. For a time, it was believed that these were two different plants that were named differently, but years later it was established that the botanists discovered the same species.
- Thirdly, not only these names are used by many residents in one or another corner of the world. That is why the sale can be found "Bolivian rose" and even "Mexican love tree", which are one and the same plant.
Liana looks quite attractive: it is characterized by leaves of slightly elongated shape with sharp tips, which are attached to twisting stems that are used to travel along surfaces. It should be noted that the length of the homemade mandeville flower - diploadeniya - is capable of reaching 4 m. In this regard, they are trying to grow it in a lianoid-like form or in the form of a small bush.
Tropical plant is hard not to find out: its colorful flowers - flaming, pink, scarlet and even snow-white - resemble a funnel. The color of the petals depends on which variety this or that specimen belongs to. It is curious that if a mandeville is completely healthy, then during the flowering period it can bloom to 70 flowers at the same time. By the way, they delight the view of the master of the garden business no more than 10 days in the interval from March to the beginning of November.
It should be noted that the distribution network offers various hybrids of indoor, imported from the tropics, plant of diploadia:
Rosea (salmon pink)
Rubiniana (bright red and pink)
Brand new variety Dipladenia boliviensis with white flowers
Despite this, at home, most experts prefer to grow exactly five species of this plant. The fact is that only they are able to grow and develop in confined spaces.
Sander - one of the specimens, which belongs to tropical vines. Its flowers reach sizes up to 8 cm and have amazing colors - rich pink outside and bright yellow inside.
One more kind of diplomatic: excellent, characterized by thin stems and rich scarlet buds. This variety is also evergreen, a characteristic feature of which is considered to be slightly pubescent shoots.
Bolivian Mandeville surprises with its snow-white petals, located on smooth stems covered with small leaves. In addition, the buds are collected in inflorescences, consisting of 4 flowers.
With characteristic pinkish-flaming paints, the brilliant shade of the vineyards, the stems of which may be slightly pubescent, are pleasing to the gardeners' eye. It should be noted that in most cases, this species is grown as a shrub.
Mandeville friable characterized by the following feature - before the beginning of winter dormancy, it sheds leaves. Up to this point, the plants of the species are decorated with white flowers, which can be collected in groups of 10 buds.
Since science - in particular, the activities and experiments of breeders - does not stand still, now on the market you can easily buy many decorative varieties:
Alamand - has a yellow color
Cosmos White - distinguished by large soft cream inflorescences
Peresol Stars - combines scarlet and white shades
And these are just some of them, because thanks to the tireless work of scientists, more and more new hybrid varieties appear every year.
Diamantina jade skarlet - This is a small plant that can reach a height of up to 30 cm and is most often bred as a kind of decoration for home or landscape flower gardens. It is characterized by fiery red buds, which seem to glow in the twilight of spring and summer evenings.
Pay attention to the description of several more varieties of vine vines with photos: Topaze vermilion possesses curly stems, as a result of which this specimen is most often bred for braiding hanging baskets.
In addition, its rich red hues of buds look very impressive because they are gathered in tassels.
Rђ RІRѕS, Super trouper it is distinguished by an unusual combination of canary and pinkish undertones, in which its petals and flower cores are colored.
Experts warn that trying to make a mandeville plant, weakly creeping or hanging from any surface, is not so easy. The fact is that while cultivating and caring for home diplomacy, it should be remembered that this plant can stop growing in human intervention, and even if it does not happen, it will still strive - that is, grow - only up.
In addition to the above, you need to pay attention to the fact that as a support for this tropical "guest" you can use any materials and accessories. With only one nuance - the equipment should be above the sapling one and a half times and securely fixed in the container (for example, in a pot).
Before embarking on the process of growing and caring for a vineyard, beginners should keep in mind the following information. If you want the plant to have a richer shade, you need to take care of the temperature in the room in which it is located - the mark in 25 ° C is considered ideal.
In addition, before proceeding with the irrigation procedure, water should be defended for 72 hours in an open container, so that the smell of vinegar that needs to be added to the liquid is lost.
By the way, the masters of garden affairs warn: Be careful, because all parts of the deposit are very poisonous. That is why, performing these or other manipulations associated with the care of a liana, try not to damage its trunk.
How to care for a tropical flower diploadiya: features of growing at home
In order to understand how to care for a tropical flower, you need to know exactly what kind of soil, the amount of moisture and sunlight this plant prefers.
- Location: light
- Temperature: loves warmth; from October to March, keep at + 15 ° C.
- Air humidity: high, often sprayed or provide non-contact air humidification.
- Substrate: flower soil mixture with the addition of loamy garden soil and the main fertilizer added to the reserve.
- Watering should be made from March to August and should be carried out regularly with soft water, and from October to March, be halved.
How exactly to care for a flower at home diplomatic conditions, specify the experienced masters of gardening. First of all, they advise to remember about the proper agricultural technology of care: this plant needs a constant influx of sunlight, which, however, should not be direct. In this regard, it is best to place a pot with a liana not on the southern windowsills, but on the eastern windows.
It must be remembered that, neglecting this moment, one should be prepared for the fact that the instance will not bloom and the stems will become strongly stretched.
In addition, among the features of growing indoor flowers Specialists pay attention to Mandeville’s need for fresh air. Because of this, the room in which the vine is located should be aired as often as possible. In addition, in the summer, you need to remember to bring the plant to the balcony or garden.
Taking care of diplomagenia in the winter at home: watering and temperature
As already mentioned, high temperatures - that is, + 22 ... + 26 ° C - only contribute to the development of this overseas species: in Mandeville, the buds and leaves become more juicy in color. As for the period from December to March, then in the winter, caring for home-grown diplomatic capital should include control over temperature conditions. The point is that in the room the thermometer should not rise above + 17 ° C, because at this time the vine is resting.
As for watering the plant, it is carried out taking into account some points.
Firstly, the flow of water should be abundant and regular, but watering should be done only when the top layer of earth in the pot dries out completely. Be careful: a high percentage of lime cannot be contained in a liquid - this is very harmful for Mandeville.
Moreover, for favorable reproduction and caring for the flower of diplopation, it is recommended to use rainwater or the one that was brought from the village. In the event that there is no such possibility, then before watering the plant, boil water thoroughly and add some vinegar or citric acid to it (a teaspoon per 1 l). By the way, in winter this process is carried out no more often than once a day in 2-3.
Since Mandevilla likes high humidity, you can spray it daily, especially during the flowering period. It should be noted that in December - February it must be further removed from the heating devices that overdry the air.
How to implant diploadeniya: composition of soil mixture for room vine
Look at the photo of a home flower of diploadia: in order to grow an equally healthy specimen in your apartment, you need to take care of its soil.
- At firstthe land must be fertile
- Secondly, correspond to the previously described features of care for this plant.
This means that regular watering also includes the presence of appropriate soil: It is desirable that the composition of the soil mixture included coarse sand, which will pass water and provide free access of oxygen to the rootvillage root system.
In addition, experts advise to use brick chips instead of ordinary earth (about a quarter of the total volume with particles that should be no larger than 5 mm). Such a cunning move helps to reduce the frequency of watering a tropical vine.
To the question of how to successfully root diplomatic deposit, the experienced masters of the garden business advise to include in the composition of the soil mixture and peat: The fact is that many overseas plants prefer acidic soils.
Experts agree that the ideal option for growing Mandeville in a pot is filler, which consists of old compost, coarse sand, cucumber soil - that is, greenhouse - and, as has been said, peat.
Pruning diplomadeni at care at home: how to properly trim the bush for the winter (with video)
A process such as caring for diplomatic treatment at home includes pruning and the following procedures:
- Feeding: It is produced every 8-14 days from March to August.
- Transplant: best held every spring.
Before embarking on these “operations”, it should be recalled that from January to the beginning of March, Mandeville is going through a period of rest. At this time, it does not need fertilizer or abundant watering, and the room temperature should be lower than normal (approximately + 14 ° C) for the budding process to occur.
You should pay attention to the fact that in cases where the growth in the indoor specimen ceases to increase, it must be moved to a large pot. However, it is necessary to take into account such a moment that the capacity should not exceed 30 cm.
To know how properly cut A bush of diplopation, it is necessary to remember, firstly, that this procedure guarantees abundant flowering, and secondly, it is produced either in spring or autumn.
This happens as follows: Mandevilla is brought into a warm room, its old shoots are cut at ground level, and the rest are carefully shortened so that only 5 is left to see. In addition, young growers always pinch the tops.
Please note that if the goal is to grow a real liana at home, then only side shoots should be shortened.
In the winter, pruning is carried out to ensure the blooming of multicolored buds of this tropical species next year. Remember that only on young stems can buds form. At the same time, the still unbranched shoots are shortened by two thirds, and the branched shoots are shortened by half.
To grow Mandeville in the home in the form of a liana, you must initially take care of the correctness of its planting and garters to the support. The supporting device should not only be one and a half times higher, but the gardener should not forget to remove excess shoots so that they do not interfere with the formation of the future plant.
Watch a video on how to trim a deposit to make it grow healthy, strong and have an attractive appearance:
Experts are trying to draw the attention of beginners and the fact that it is necessary to fertilize this flower for more active growth. This is especially important during the budding period: the frequency of nutrient input should be once every 7-10 days. In addition, in order for the indoor plant to have lush leaves, it is necessary to feed it with complex fertilizers, which are sold in the store (mixtures for household copies), once in 15-20 days. Note: the fertilizer application process must be stopped from October to the end of February.
Pay attention to the video of how home care is done for diplomatic: this process is considered to be a pledge that the flower will grow healthy, and in the future it can be safely bred:
Breeding stages of flower diplopady cuttings in the care at home
Having established such an unusual tropical flower at home, any gardener wants to start breeding it en masse sooner or later. There are two suitable periods for the breeding procedure:
- First of them, in the spring, by cuttings at soil temperature + 25 ° С, but rooting most often occurs with difficulty.
- Second of these, in July, when parts from already mature and beginning to grow stalks are used.
The process of reproduction of the flower by diploplady by cuttings is carried out in several stages.
At firstthe parts separated from the plant are necessarily treated with a substance such as “Kornevin”, and only then placed in the substrate. Note that it deepens the cutting to the leaves, which were left two. In order to contribute to the rooting of the future liana, it is necessary to use as a soil a mixture of peat, sand and brick dust.
Secondly, the container where the cutting is placed, needs to be covered with an ordinary transparent film, which will help to create conditions resembling greenhouse. By the way, instead of polyethylene, you can do it with a plastic bottle. At home, reproduction of a tropical creeper will be successful if you take care of such things as soil temperature - it should be at least + 23 ... + 25 ° C, as well as regular, but at the same time moderate watering. It should be noted that dilution of mandeville can take from 21 to 30 days.
In addition, in order not to harm the young plant, experts advise to daily air the container with cuttings. Please note that it is necessary to plant the specimens in different pots only when the roots begin to appear.
If you correctly approach the breeding procedure for indoor flower of diplopation, then already in the same year the mandeville may begin to bloom.
Common Diseases and Pests of Diplomatic
According to experienced masters of the garden business, among the most common threats that can harm a plant are the following:
Wreckage deposit - whiteflies, spider mites, mealybug.
Diseases - twisting of leaves, diseases of leaves and roots.
The spider mite, which strikes the foliage of an overseas guest, is considered the most terrible enemy of the Mandevilla, after which it can gradually begin to turn yellow, and then fall off. To fight this pest, it is necessary to use drugs such as "Akarin" or "Agravertin".
The reasons why diploadienia is drying dry yellow leaves
It is also possible that the already mentioned spider mites are capable of influencing the fact that diploadia gradually turns yellow and leaves fall. Another sign of this can be red spots and the presence of bloom in the form of a web on different parts of the flower.
A manevilla can be reached by another pest - a mealyworm.that feeds on plant sap. It appears then, if bad water is used in the care of a flower, the temperature in the room is low, the liana lacks the sun's rays, or dirt accumulates on its leaves. It is this parasite that can influence the fact that diploadniya dries and fades.
The signal that it is time to begin the fight against this pest will be sluggish leaves of the indoor specimen and its deformed buds. In addition, small mosquitoes can be seen near the container with the plant, and white larvae can be seen on the stems of the mandevilla itself.
In order to cope with such an unpleasant phenomenon, which may be the reason why the leaves of homemade diploidia turn yellow, it is necessary to use garlic tincture. It can be done as follows: one head of garlic is scrolled through a meat grinder, and then poured with a glass of hot water (preferably with boiling water).
During 4 hours, the agent is infused, cooled, and only after that it is used to combat the mealyworm: all affected parts of the plant are thoroughly washed. In addition, specialists consider Aplaud and Phosphamide effective means.
Experienced masters say, in order not to wonder why room leaves grow yellow and fall and it stops growing, it is necessary to take preventive measures in time:
- Constantly inspect the plant for the presence of insects.
- Every year to replant Mandeville and do not forget to weed.
- Be sure to remove all old and dying parts, which in most cases cause pests.
- Do not be lazy and carry out treatment with boiling water for new vines.
What if a tropical diplomatic discharge drops leaves?
The fact that diplopaday not only sheds leaves, but also dies, can lead to whitefly. It is the wrong care for a houseplant becomes the main cause of the appearance of these insects - we are talking about a dry climate and a lack of spraying.
Recognizing these pests is simple: brown spots appear on Mandeville.
To know what means to use to destroy such parasites, you need to assess the degree of damage to the plant. If the situation is not very neglected, wiping with a cotton pad soaked in acidic water will suffice. You can also add a bit of regular soap to this liquid. But if the threat of death is great, you should immediately use such a drug as "Fitoverm."
The cause of many diseases of tropical vineyards and become unsuitable conditions that create gardeners at home. In addition, the violation of the peculiarities of caring for it also affects the existence of this plant outside the zone of its usual growth.
Diseases of diploadia can manifest themselves in a number of negative phenomena. First of all, the plant may begin to shrivel, and its leaves curl if it lacks moisture in the air and the soil itself. Also this may contribute to the direct influence of sunlight.
Moreover, excessively dry air will cause the mandeville to lower the leaves, and its inflorescences will fall.
In addition, if the vine began a sudden fall of the leaves, and she began to dry out, you should pay attention to the abundance of its watering (the gardener could simply pour the soil) and content temperature in winter (Mandeville should not freeze over).
Please note that a violation of the temperature regime at a particular time of the year also affects why leaves fall and no inflorescences appear in the room diplomatic bed. That is why you need to make sure that in the summer in the room was no more than + 25 ° C, and in the winter period to ensure that the vine does not freeze - that is, it must be no lower than + 10 ° C in the room.
Reasons why not blooming at home
Many novice gardeners are concerned not only with the question of what to do if home-based diplomatic deposits shed their leaves, but also what to do if it does not bloom. First of all, you need to understand the cause of this phenomenon. One of the most common is the lack of sunlight. However, it should be remembered that direct exposure is also harmful to the plant - it can lead to stalk burns.
In addition, a factor such as watering also affects the flowering process. That is why in the summer, you need to water Mandeville at least 2 once a week. In winter, this procedure should be performed only 4 once a month.
When asked why diplomacy does not bloom at all, experts answer this way: it is likely that it does not receive the required amount of nutrients or is in a darkened place.
A disease such as powdery mildew is a serious threat to evergreen creeper. This lesion manifests itself in the form of white bloom covering the foliage. You can fight it with the help of various means: for example, a popular recipe is to use lemon juice, in which a cotton swab is soaked, after which all infected areas are thoroughly wiped. In addition, a liquid such as colloidal sulfur (its concentration should not be higher than 1%) helps well against illnesses and pests of home diplomatic abuse. As in the previous case, it is necessary to treat all the affected surfaces with this tool, and after 24 hours you need to remember to wash the vine.
Another good reason why the plant does not bloom at home is a lack of nutrients. During the period of rapid growth and the appearance of buds, you need to apply fertilizer to its soil at least 1 times in 2 weeks. In addition, the stay mandeville in the open air also contributes to the development of the plant.
Promoting the growth and development of tropical investment will help her timely transfer to a bigger pot. This instance needs enough space to feel comfortable.