AgroSemFund
AgroSemFund
Becker RU
Becker RU

Decorative leafy indoor plants for home

Ornamental plants allow you to create amazing compositions for decorating an apartment, home or office. There are numerous groups that include cultures with different colors of leaf plates, shapes, length, and other characteristics. Dekorativnolistnye indoor plants can be both flowering forms, and without the formation of buds. Choosing decorative and deciduous indoor plants, you need to pay attention to the rules of organizing their care. Some cultures have increased requirements for growing conditions and it is difficult to maintain them at home. This is especially true krupnomerov. These decorative leafy plants have excellent aesthetic characteristics, but their growth requires high ceilings and a large enough space. Otherwise, the crown is deformed.

In this article, you can find out the names of ornamental leafed indoor plants, see their appearance at different stages of development and get primary knowledge on organizing events so far to take care of them at home. Please note that some decorative leafy home plants may be poisonous, so they need to be isolated from animals and small children.

See photos and names of decorative leafy houseplants on this page and choose suitable species for your phyto design:

Deciduous house plants: what is it?

What is it and how to define this group, if there are two names. Decorative leaf and decorative leafy house plants - how to properly and how do they differ? Both names are correct and designate plants that buy primarily for the sake of their leaves of beautiful shape or color. The accepted division into decorative-flowering and decorative leaves is based only on visual perception and has nothing to do with botany. You can find out the name of ornamental and deciduous plants on this page, where the most popular cultures are suggested.

Look at the ornamental deciduous plants in the photo, which shows unusual in shape and color specimens:

Along with a multitude of attractive dekorativnotsvetuschih cultures there are no fewer number of ornamental leaf species that are also able to decorate any home due to the interesting shapes and colors of various leaves.

From the point of view of science, most decorative leafy species belong to flowering plants. All plants that propagate by seed bloom, although their flowers may be completely inconspicuous.

Since all of our indoor cultures, which are called decorative leaves, come from warm countries, they bloom very rarely or not at all. If the plants still bloom in your room, then in a similar way they demonstrate that the conditions created are fully consistent with their needs. Many of these species in their homeland are large trees, but in a pot and in another climate they retain the size of young plants. So, decorative-leaf species first of all stand out for their leaves, which, depending on the type or class, can be small or large, velvety or leathery, smooth, embossed or rough. Often they are decorated with a chic pattern or stand out with an unusual shape.

Want unusual decorative leafy plants, see photos and names, memorize and acquire these cultures for your home:

Decorative leaf grape flowers (Ampelopsis)

Decorative Leaf Vine

Decorative leaves of a vineyard is an ampelous plant that can be grown on a frame, clinging to the support with the help of antennae. Red shoots, variegated leaves the only indoor species, ampelopsis of the short-pedigree (Ampelopsis brevipedunculata), is green with white.

Family. Vitaceae (Vinogradovye).

Homeland. North America, Asia.

Location. Light or half-shaded, in winter the vineyard requires especially a lot of light.

Temperature. In the summer maintain room, in winter around 15 ° C.

Air humidity. It tolerates dry air. Substrate Flower Soil Mix.

Watering. In the summer to water daily, in the winter to keep almost dry.

Top dressing. Weekly, except for the winter period.

Transfer. Every year.

Pruning. In winter, the plant easily sheds leaves. After that, in spring, the shoots will be significantly shortened, which will make the vineyard more dense.

Breeding. Cuttings in the summer.

Pests, diseases. Seldom.

In summer, the vineyard loves fresh air, it is recommended to put it outside.

Look at these decorative leafy indoor plants in the photo, which shows different types of pruning and formation:

Potted flowers with decorative leaves (titles and photos)

The following are a variety of flowers with decorative leaves and excellent aesthetic properties. There is, among which, choose a culture for their floral compositions.

Eonium (Aeonium)

Plants from the Crassula family with rosettes of fleshy leaves look very attractive. Depending on the species, leaf rosettes are located directly on the ground (Aeonium tabuliforme) and on a more or less high trunk (Aeonium arboreum, A. canariense, A. haworthii). The color of the leaves and their shape also vary depending on the type and variety.

Look at these flowers with decorative leaves in the photo, which shows the different stages of plant development:

Family. Crassuiaceae (Crassulaceae).

Homeland. Canary Islands, Morocco.

Location. Sunny, a lot of light. South window is perfect.

Temperature. It tolerates high room temperatures, but not below 10 ° C.

Air humidity. Irrelevant.

Substrate. According to 1 \ 3 flower soil mixture, loam and sand or perlite.

Watering. Only to maintain constant moisture of the earth coma. During the rest period is very small.

Top dressing. Every 2 week to apply fertilizer for cacti.

Transfer. Once in 2 of the year.

Breeding. Apical or leaf cuttings.

Pests, diseases. Seldom.

Important! Aeonium tabuliforme dies after flowering. Make sure that the leaves do not dry out due to lack of moisture, otherwise the plant will die.

Japanese aukuba (golden tree) Aucuba japonica

Only Aucuba japonica is suitable for the room, shrub up to 2 m tall with oval, large, leathery leaves, which in Aucuba japonica varieties' Variegata 'are distinguished by golden patches, in Aucuba japonica' Crotonifolia 'half green and yellow, and in Goldieana' - yellow the middle.

Family. Sogpaseaee (Kizilovye).

Homeland. Japan, Korea. Light location.

Temperature. Not higher than 24 ° C.

Air humidity. In warm rooms sensitive to dry air.

Substrate. Flower soil mix.

Watering. Abundant.

Top dressing. Every 4 week. Do not fertilize during cold winters.

Transfer. If necessary, adult plants are rare.

Breeding. Apical cuttings in spring.

Pests, diseases. Shchitovki.

Important! In the summer place in the open in partial shade. If the plant has become too large, it can be transplanted into the tub.

Caution! Eating berries can cause fever and vomiting.

Look at these flowers with decorative leaves in the photo and the name will be quite justified, since it is given in appearance:

Tseropegiya (Ceropegia)

On thin shoots like 2 m, at small intervals, small fleshy leaves form, on the upper side of which are silvery, and on the lower side there are red spots. Flowers appear from the leaf bosoms in autumn.

In instances of the most common type of woodocegy (Ceropegia woodii), and in total there are over 150 species, air tubers are formed on the shoots, which are used for propagation. Tseropegiya - excellent ampelnoy plant.

Family. Asclepiadaceae (Lastovnevye).

Homeland. Africa, Asia.

Location. Sun rays, but not direct midday rays.

Temperature. Room, not below 8 ° C.

Air humidity. Not essential.

Substrate. Flower soil with 1 \ 3 sand.

Watering. In the summer, the substrate should be constantly wet, in the winter dry.

Top dressing. During the growth period every 4 week.

Transfer. Once in 2 of the year.

Breeding. Nodules or cuttings of shoots.

Pests, diseases. Seldom.

Look at these indoor flowers with decorative leaves in the photo, where all the described botanical characteristics are attached:

Ornamental plant with large leaves - coconut palm

Coconut palm

Coconut palms are among the most attractive palms of those that can be purchased from us. Most often, at the base of the trunk is still visible coconut, from which the palm tree has grown. The proposed specimens of this ornamental plant with large leaves are small compared to the enormous size of coconut palms in their homeland. In the room, coconut palms lack the moist heat of their natural habitat, so they do not live long in the rooms.

Homeland. Tropical areas of Southeast Asia.

Location. Light, sunny.

Temperature. The whole year must be warm, in winter not lower than 18 ° C.

Air humidity. High. It is important to spray often, to provide artificial humidification.

Substrate. Flower soil with loam and sand in equal shares.

Watering. Maintain a constant substrate moisture.

Top dressing. In the summer, weekly fertilizer in small doses.

Transfer. Only with great need.

Breeding. Seeds or nuts.

Pests, diseases. Seldom.

Having learned the name, look at the indoor flowers with decorative leaves in the photo, where the coconut palm is illustrated so to speak in all its glory:

Davallia - indoor flower with decorative leaves

Davallia

From scaly rhizomes to a thick finger that clings to the bark of trees or something similar, grow triangular fronds with many small feathery leaves. Davallia canariensis - indoor flower with decorative leaves of dark green color. Davallia fejeensis has larger light green fronds.

Family. Davalliaceae (Davallia)

Homeland. Mediterranean, tropical Asia.

Location. Light or semi-shady.

Temperature. Optimal for Davallia canariensis - 12 ° С, for D. fejeensis - 20 ° С.

Air humidity. Very high, best in a closed window.

Substrate. Bark, sphagnum or clay pots.

Watering. Spray daily.

Top dressing. Hardly needed.

Transfer. Not necessary.

Breeding. Rhizome division.

Pests, diseases. Seldom.

Important! Davallia feel good when they are tied to clay pots. Drain hole pre-closed with cement. The pot must be constantly filled with water. Rhizomes will get water over the edge of the pot. Periodically dip davallia in lukewarm water.

Look at these decorative-leaf indoor plants in the photo, where you can see all the distinctive features of culture:

Houseplants with decorative leaves (names and photos)

There are a variety of plants with decorative leaves, differing in the form of development and growth, length, height, color and many other characteristics. We propose to consider the most common indoor plants with decorative leaves, which are often used for landscaping homes and offices.

Fatshedera Lice (Fatshedera lizei)

The hybrid of ivy and aralia - Fatshvdvra Litsa Fatshedera - is a hybrid of Aralia (Fatsia japonica) and ivy (Hedera helix). On thin vertical shoots up to 1,5 m grow five-lobed dark green shiny leaves, which in Fatshedera lizei 'Variegata' are decorated with white pattern.

Family. Araliaceae (Aralia).

Location. Light or semi-shady.

Temperature. Room, in winter around 10 ° C.

Air humidity. If in winter the plant remains in a heated room, you need to spray it often.

Substrate. Flower soil mix.

Watering. Moderate, in the rest period even less.

Top dressing. In the summer every 2 week.

Transfer. Annually in a larger pot.

Pruning. Shorten the shoots in the spring on 1 / 4, so the plant will form more dense.

Breeding. Apical cuttings, including those with a preliminary incision.

Pests, diseases. Aphids.

Important! In the summer you can put on the street in a shady place.

Look at these plants with decorative leaves in the photo, where adult specimens are shown:

Aralia room (Fatsia japonica)

The young plant quickly reaches 1,5 m in height. Very large seven- and nine-lobed leaves are located on a short stem; the upper side of the leaves is shiny, the bottom is matte. There is a variety with variegated yellow-green leaves, Fatsia japonica 'Variegata', however, it is sensitive to cold.

family. Araliaceae (Aralia).

Homeland. Japan.

Location. Light.

Temperature. Room

Air humidity. It carries dry air.

Substrate. Flower soil mix.

Watering. In the summer, twice a day, in winter only maintain moderate humidity.

Top dressing. In the summer every week, in the winter once in 6 weeks.

Transfer. If necessary.

Breeding. Apical cuttings, including those with a preliminary incision, seeds.

Pests, diseases. Spider mite, aphids.

Important! In the summer should be put out in the penumbra. Aralia become large and beautiful if they are in a large enough pot.

Caution! Contains polyins (poisonous substances).

Consider carefully these plants with decorative leaves on the photo and the names will bump into your memory for a long time:

Ivy ordinary (Hedera helix)

There are many different varieties of Hedera helix, including those that are suitable for not very bright locations. All have the same leaf shape, from three to five-lobed, leathery.

Family. Araliaceae (Aralia).

Homeland. Subtropics.

Location. Variegated varieties require a lot of light. Green varieties are well suited for the north window.

Temperature. Room needed. Variegated varieties are more thermophilic, not lower than 15 ° C.

Air humidity. In high heat; provide artificially.

Substrate. Flower soil mix.

Watering. Maintain the substrate constantly wet, use water at room temperature.

Top dressing. In the summer every week, in the winter once a week in 4.

Transfer. Every year.

Breeding. Top cuttings in water.

Pests, diseases. Seldom.

Caution! Berries are very poisonous. The plant contains substances that irritate the skin and mucous membranes.

Below are these indoor plants with decorative leaves in the photo, illustrating the possibilities of using for decorative purposes:

Ornamental plant with large leaves - monstera

Monstera attractive (Monstera delidosa) - one of the most popular ornamental leaf plants. Indoors, this ornamental plant with large leaves can reach 5 m in height. The leaves of young plants are whole, in older specimens they are often incised to the central vein or slightly cut. Monstera forms long aerial roots.

Family. Agaseae (Aroid).

Homeland. Mexico.

Location. Desirable in the room in partial shade.

Temperature. Maintain indoor and warm substrate.

Air humidity. It takes about 60%. Spray frequently.

Substrate. Flower soil mix.

Watering. Maintain moderate humidity.

Top dressing. Every 2, in the winter every 4 week. In a cool room Monstera stops growing, at this time not to feed.

Transfer. Once in 2 of the year, old plants are less common.

Breeding. Vertex cuttings with aerial roots, which are oriented down to the ground.

Pests, diseases. Root rot.

Important! Clean the leaves more often. Do not damage aerial roots and in no case do not cut!

Caution! Contains substances irritating the skin and mucous membranes. The fruits are inedible.

Umbrella umbrellaPisonia umbrellifera)

A beautifully branched shrub with white and variegated leaves grows in a room about 1,2 m in height, and the leaves in adult specimens can reach 40 cm in length. The variety most commonly found on the market is the variety “Variegata 'with green leaves with a white pattern.

Family. Nyctaginaceae (Niktaginovye).

Homeland. Australia, Oceania.

Location. A lot of light, without direct sun.

Temperature. Warm in winter is also not lower than 15 ° C. The soil should be warm.

Air humidity. Loves dry air.

Substrate. Flower soil mix.

Watering. Maintain moderate humidity, avoid drying out the substrate.

Top dressing. In the summer every 2 week, in the winter every b weeks.

Transfer. If necessary.

Pruning. If the plant has become unsightly, it can be cut to wood, then new shoots will appear.

Breeding. Apical cuttings at high temperature.

Diseases, pests. Shchitovka and aphids.

Pittosporum (Pittosporum)

A pittosporum, smoker, or house tree, reaches 2 m in height. The most famous species is Tobira Pittosporum (Pittosporum tobiga). Shiny dark green leathery leaves are round at the top, and tapering towards the petiole. There is a variety with a white pattern on the leaves, Pittosporum tobira 'Variegatum'.

Family. Pittosporaceae (Pittosporovye).

Homeland. Asia, Africa, New Zealand.

Location. Light with a few hours of sun.

Temperature. Room, in winter around 10 ° C.

Air humidity. Does not play a significant role.

Substrate. Flower soil mix.

Watering. Abundant in summer, in winter only to maintain humidity.

Top dressing. In the summer every 2 week.

Transfer. Every year in a larger pot.

Pruning. Young plants are pruned more often to give the plant a beautiful shape.

Breeding. Apical cuttings, seeds.

Pests, diseases. Seldom.

Platicerium (antler)

This is an interesting plant with two types of leaves; some, shortened, it is attached to the support and absorb nutrients. The upper leaves of Platycerium bifurcatum look like deer horns, while of Platycerium angolense they cover the lower leaves. The latter turn brown and die off, new green leaves form above them. Platycerium bifurcatum with leaves up to 90 cm long does not require special care.

Family. Polypodiaceae (Polypodia).

Homeland. Australia, Polynesia, Madagascar.

Location. Half shade.

Temperature. Very warm, not lower than 15 ° C.

Air humidity. Approximately 50-60%.

Substrate. Grows best on a tree trunk.

Watering. Once a week at 30 min in a bath with water. Water soften!

Top dressing. Once a week in 3 fertilizer in half concentration.

Transfer. Every 2 of the year, young plants more often.

Breeding. By scraps.

Pests, diseases. Shchitovki.

Important! Does not tolerate chemical plant protection products. Leaves do not wipe anything wet, so as not to remove the felt cover.

Pogonaterum (indoor bamboo, bamboo grass)

Beautiful hanging grass with delicate light green leaves and stems up to 60 cm tall, depending on age. Exclusively young plants are sold not higher than 30, see. Since these plants often have not too many shoots, it is better to plant three young plants immediately in a larger pot.

Family. Roaseae (Cereals).

Homeland. Asia.

Location. Light, tolerates the sun.

Temperature. Warm, not lower than 10 ° C.

Air humidity. It carries dry air, but prefers high humidity.

Substrate. Flower soil mix.

Watering. Loves a constant “foot bath”.

Top dressing. Once a week in 3.

Transfer. Every year.

Breeding. Plant division.

Pests, diseases. Seldom.

Important! Never allow the indoor bamboo to dry, from which it will not recover. The plant can be put in the street in the penumbra in the summer. Well it will grow also in the swampy part of the pond.

Radermahera (Radermachera sinica)

A thick ornamental shrub with brilliant green parotid leaves as a “new houseplant” quickly won many fans. In a Rydermahera pot, it can grow to a height of up to 1,5 and large width.

Family. Bignoniaceae (Bignoniaceae).

Homeland. Southwestern China, Taiwan.

Location. Light or semi-shady. Temperature in the summer room, in the winter around 15 ° C.

Air humidity. Transmits room air, with very low humidity spray.

Substrate. Flower soil mix.

Watering. Once a day on 3-4.

Top dressing. In the summer every 3 week, in the winter every 2 month.

Transfer. Young plants every year, then if necessary.

Breeding. Seeds or cuttings.

Pests, diseases. Seldom.

Important! Radermahera likes fresh air, in the summer, put it outside in a sheltered place protected from the wind; winter is well ventilated. Radermahera is a non-smoking plant. If indoors is smoked, it sheds leaves.

Reed (Scirpus cernuus)

A filigree houseplant is considered an ampelous plant, which it is not, in essence. Under natural conditions, it grows like grass in compact bunches. If the reed is kept in low light, the stems become longer and hang down. At any time, on the tips of thin round stems, small inflorescences may form.

Family. Suregaseae (sedge).

Homeland. Mediterranean, tropics and subtropics.

Location. Light or half-shaded, without sun. Due to the periodic turns, you can avoid uneven growth.

Temperature. Room, not below 10 ° C.

Air humidity. Does not play a big role.

Substrate. Flower soil with 1 \ 4 sand.

Watering. Do not allow to dry, put in a pan with water.

Top dressing. In the summer every 4 week, in the winter every 8 weeks.

Transfer. Every year while sharing.

Breeding. By division.

Pests, diseases. Aphids.

Important! Does not tolerate plant protection products. Since October, requires rest in a cool room.

Soleololium (Soleirolia soleirolii)

Small light green leaves on thin and durable shoots quickly turn into a pot in beautiful rounded plant. Under natural conditions, it is a ground cover plant.

Family. Urdcaceae (Nettle).

Homeland. The Mediterranean.

Location. Light or semi-shady.

Temperature. Not higher than 20 ° С, transfers up to 5 ° С.

Air humidity. Any.

Substrate. Flower soil mix.

Watering. In warm rooms to maintain humidity, in cool - to water less. The substrate should not dry out completely.

Top dressing. In the summer every 4 week, in the winter not to fertilize.

Transfer. If necessary, it is better to grow young plants.

Pruning. Saltwort should always be trimmed from all sides, otherwise it will “bald” from the inside.

Breeding. Division or cuttings.

Pests, diseases. Seldom.

Sparmania (Sparmannia africana)

Indoor linden is one of the most attractive indoor trees, which attract the eye to themselves in any spacious room. Large pubescent light green leaves on both sides are located on long petioles. Sometimes in winter white umbrellas appear inflorescences.

Family. Tiliaceae (Linden).

Homeland. South Africa.

Location. A lot of light, but not direct sun.

Temperature. In the summer as cool as possible, in the winter from 10 to 15 ° C.

Air humidity. Any.

Substrate. Flower soil mix.

Watering. The substrate should always be wet. Stagnant overmoistening is not allowed.

Top dressing. During the growth period in the summer, 1-2 is held once a week, in the winter every 6-8 weeks.

Transfer. Young plants each year in a larger pot, adults if necessary.

Pruning. Indoor linden sheds leaves in low light and inadequate feeding. In early spring, it can be cut to healthy wood, but not more often than every 3-4 of the year.

Breeding. Grassy cuttings in the summer.

Pests, diseases. Aphids.

Tetrastigma Vuanye (Tetrastigma voinieriapit)

This climbing plant in one year can form shoots up to 5 m in length. On strong shoots are groups of 3-5 large shiny green leaves. With its hooks, the tetrastigma clings firmly to everything that comes to hand.

Family. Vitaceae (Vinogradovye).

Homeland. Australia, East Asia.

Location. Light or shady, in spacious rooms.

Temperature. Room, not below 10 ° C.

Air humidity. Carries dry room air.

Substrate. Flower soil mix.

Watering. Maintain moisture, but not damp. Water more in summer, less water in winter.

Top dressing. During the period of growth 2 times a week.

Transfer. Every year.

Pruning. Radical pruning in the fall, otherwise the plant does not keep within.

Breeding. Cuttings.

Pests, diseases. Seldom.

Important! Tetrastigma necessarily need a strong support frame. If you do not have enough space, then the shoots can be started up in a circle.

Caution! Young shoots break easily.

Tolmy Menzies (Tolmia menziesii)

This indoor plant received its German name due to the fact that small offsprings are formed on large heart-shaped leaves with gentle pubescence. They are located at the base of the leaf blade. Tholmia is well suited for the role of an ampelous plant.

Family. Saxifragaceae (Stonefoot).

Homeland. North America.

Location. Light or shady, without sun.

Temperature. Room, in the winter cool, not higher than 12 ° C.

Air humidity. It does not matter.

Substrate. Flower soil mix.

Watering. In the summer every day, in the winter only to maintain the humidity.

Top dressing. In the summer every 2 week.

Transfer. Every 6 months, replace old plants with young ones.

Breeding. Offsprings that are planted with the parent sheet.

Pests, diseases. Seldom.

Important! Requires a large amount of fresh air - in the summer to put on the street in a shady place. You can buy a plant in a nursery of perennial crops rather than in a flower shop.

See photos and names of decorative foliage indoor plants and choose suitable crops for your gardening room or office:

English EN russian RU