Homeland: Asia, Africa.
The flower asparagus is a refined openwork plant that resembles delicate lace in its appearance. Some of its representatives are distinguished by softness and pliability of leaves, while others, on the contrary, are hard and prickly.
In the wild, this flower grows as a “creeping” shrub, but at home it is a grassy plant whose shoots reach up to more than 1,5 m in length and create a lush bush crown with its density. Previously, indoor decorative flower asparagus could be found in every home, and any green “pet” could envy its popularity.
However, now these decorative specimens have lost their “fashion” and are more often presented in the florists' home greenhouses.
Leaves, or rather, short, flat stems that do not exceed 3 cm, are placed singly, and in some cases bundles of pieces 3-5.
The decorative representatives of this family appear refined inflorescences of pale pink or white-green shades. And after a couple of weeks, these miniature flowers are replaced by red round fruits, in diameter up to 0,6-0,8, see.
Be careful! Berries are poisonous, despite their sophistication and appeal.
What does room asparagus look like in different species and varieties: photos and variety names
Among the representatives of the asparagus family, edible asparagus species shown in the photo, which are cultivated for gastronomic purposes, occupy a special place:
Today, for the aesthetic, elegant appearance of the plant, they are used for landscaping the interior, creating original cascading flower arrangements, decorating bouquets and other flower arrangements.
The huge variety of species and varieties does not allow an unequivocal answer to the question of how domestic asparagus looks like, since specific characteristics and characteristics are always inherent.
However, the general external signs peculiar to the predominant majority of plants of this family can be distinguished:
- Grassy shrubs, vines.
- Flexible stems.
- Leaf shoots are needle-shaped.
- Small flowers in inflorescences.
- Single-seeded decorative berries.
Such a homely refined flower, asparagus, with its lush green color will give any room freshness and fill the atmosphere with comfort.
Modern selection science knows more than 200 species of ornamental asparagus. However, not every species can be found in flower shops or in collections of professional florists.
According to experts, no more than ten species representatives are cultivated and grown indoors or in open ground.
For greater clarity, all descriptions of species of asparagus are supplemented with photos and official names, which will help to understand in detail the specifics of each member of the family:
The most famous asparagus is a densely flowered (Asparagus densiflorus) - a powerful plant with sparse cladodes escapes, its leaves are transformed into styloid scales. The height of the bush is insignificant - only 45 cm, but at the expense of elongated (shoots more than one and a half meters) its width exceeds 6-7 m.
Leaflets (or so-called phylloclades) are small scaly-like. Once a year the plant pleases its owners with flowering, represented by compact inflorescences of miniature white flowers. A week later, these delicate "fireflies" are replaced by round fruits of a noble burgundy color.
Breeders bred excellent varieties of this asparagus:
"Myersii" - with distinctive shoots stretching upwards.
"Sprengeri" - with characteristic long drooping branches.
У Asparagus Meier (Asparagus meyeri) leaves are much more dense in the form of a spindle. The grassy shrub is not large. Its height barely reaches 40 cm, but branchy shoots expand considerably in width - more than 5,5 m. In people, this flower has received the nickname “Fox tail”, which is explained by the location of the ovaries, giving pomp to each stalk.
To understand how this "fluffy" asparagus looks like, take a look at the photo and you will certainly have associations with forest fur animals - after all, the "tails" in this case are shown in green color from the pot.
Crescent Asparagus (Asparagus falcatus) - A beautiful ampelous plant, distinguished by ease of care. It got its name due to the shape of the leaves, which resemble “sickles” in a rounded bend.
The dimensions of these slightly corrugated phylloclades are minor: 5 cm long and up to 2 cm wide. The distinguishing properties of the plant are its rapid growth and cold resistance. Because of such features, this type is most often used to decorate verandas and glazed balconies, where warm temperature conditions are not always the case.
Branches are distinguished by special elegance asparagus cirrus (Asparagus plumosus)which are wrapped with miniature threadlike leaves, resembling scales, collected in bundles.
During the flowering period, this type of indoor openwork asparagus has the smallest white flowers, which are gradually replaced by dark blue berries. The fluffy scaly-like structure of the plant is widely used for decorating bouquets and flower arrangements or for creating interior partitions and decorative screens.
Just look at the photos of beautiful indoor species of asparagus, and their sophisticated lace silhouette of rich green color will certainly provoke the imagination to create a new decorative composition with their use:
Along with room representatives experienced flower growers display garden specimens of the plant. Places of their growth can be open ground in the suburban areas, greenhouses, front gardens. Changeable summer weather with peculiar light coolness or drought is not a hindrance for the normal development of this flower.
The main garden species of asparagus presented in the photo is asparagus asparagus (Asparagus asparagoides var. myrtifolius).
For over a decade, it has been widely used as decorative greenery in bouquets. Due to the unpretentiousness and the beautiful appearance, many of its hybrid interpretations are today displayed.
A description of the varieties of asparagus asparagus, with official names and photos, will form a general idea of this wonderful representative of the flora:
Asparagus officinalis, popularly known as medicinal asparagus, is a tall herb that can be more than 1,5 m tall. Branched delicate stems sag from a variety of sharp scaly leaves. During flowering, the plant is decorated with miniature amber flowers.
Next cold-resistant bush - Asparagus asparagus l., which can often be found under the name white asparagus. This variety of asparagus asparagus is used for the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, as well as in the culinary industry. Externally, the plant has a more powerful shape than its decorative relatives. The height of individual instances may be more than 2 m.
Green asparagus is considered a culinary variety of asparagus asparagus. Branched stalk, small leaves, miniature flowers and oval fruits of dark blue color are its characteristic features.
Nutritious parts of the plant are sprouts, which are collected from May to June. The presence of large amounts of vitamins, fiber, antioxidants has become the main reason for the cultivation of this variety.
Growing asparagus at home: light, temperature, and soil
Indoor ornamental plant asparagus is among the unpretentious and grateful representatives of the flora. Enough to provide basic conditions for habitat, and the flower will delight the owners of luxurious bright green crown and delicate inflorescences.
Sun-shrubs feel comfortable on the western and eastern sides of the apartment. Since such a location provides them with not only a lot of light, but also saves from long-term direct hits of sunlight. If the created interior composition with asparagus looks more harmonious in the southern room, then it is advisable to place it away from the window. From late spring to early autumn, such a flower can be left on open verandas or balconies, the only warning is to avoid heavy rainfall and drafts.
When cultivating exquisite asparagus in normal home conditions there are no special requirements for the temperature regime. According to experts, the temperature should be normal room, in winter more cool, but not lower than 10 ° С.
Therefore, in the hot summer season at 25 ° C, the plant will feel uncomfortable, perhaps even drying leaves. In such situations, even decaying air humidity will not be able to restore fading stems - you will have to remove them.
Humidity: does not matter. However, if the flower grows in increased dryness, then soon it will turn yellow and dry. For more saturated and bright color of the leaves is to regularly spray this ornamental shrub.
Particular attention should be paid to the quality and composition of the soil. Substrate: flower soil with 1 / 4 loam. If you have experience in self-preparation of the soil, you can mix turf and hardwood soil, as well as add a small amount of peat and sand.
Creating such a “cozy” habitat, flower growers prevent situations in which asparagus gradually dries, while the plant with its thick openwork crown and rich green color gamut will only touch and delight.
Proper care of indoor asparagus
Proper care for refined room asparagus can be done even by beginner growers, since minimal knowledge and little effort will please excellent results.
Proper soil irrigation is a pledge of healthy and active growth of the green “pet.” Watering: constant moderate humidity. But it is necessary to take into account the seasonality and life cycle of the plant. Therefore, abundant and frequent irrigation should be in the summer, and moderate - in the winter, when the flower is at rest. It is better to use the technique of lower irrigation, which allows you to not damage the fragile trunks and leaves, and save excess moisture in pallets.
As a liquid for such procedures, it is important to select separated water at room temperature. Favorable for the general condition of the bush will be spraying in hot and dry weather, which should be done in the early morning or in the evening.
A significant moment in the care of a decorative flower asparagus in the usual home conditions is the correct and high-quality fertilizer soil. This feeding should be carried out in the summer weekly, in the winter - once a week in 4. Choosing fertilizers, it is worthwhile to give preference to universal complex mineral mixtures, which can be periodically replaced with weakly concentrated organic additives. Important! It is sensitive to chemicals, so it is better not to experiment with untested producers of mineral fertilizers.
What to do if decorative asparagus is yellower and showered?
Despite the unpretentiousness and endurance of asparagus, during its cultivation inexperienced growers can face different diseases and problem situations. Among these are possible:
- Spots on the leaves.
- Dark edges.
- Scattering and yellowness of foliage.
- Pale color in leaflets.
- General wilt flower.
Each of these unpleasant cases has its own causes and methods of "treatment."
So, in order to determine what to do when decorative asparagus turns yellow and crumbles, it is necessary to establish adverse factors and eliminate them. In some situations, this will be sufficient for complete healing of the damaged flower.
Hot temperatures and increased air dryness are contributing factors for wilting and yellowing in the leafy cover of the bush. Therefore, the output here provides for a forced decrease in temperature and an increase in humidity using popular methods and special devices.
An alternative solution would be to change the location away from the switched on battery or heater.
Why does the room asparagus turn yellow, the leaves dry and fall, what should I do in such situations?
The answer to the question of why the refined leaves turn yellow in exquisite asparagus may be excessive staying in bright sunlight, as a result of which the plant has a burn and an inherent yellowness.
Dryness of the soil is another reason why the attractive room flower asparagus turns yellow. The frequency and intensity of water treatments should be reviewed. However, there is no need to overdo it, because excess moisture contributes to rotting of the root system, which leads to wilting and death of the flower.
Therefore, it is important to find the “golden mean” in the irrigation mode in order to achieve a healthy green shine of the stems and leaves.
Beginners often wonder why home asparagus dries when the answer can be quite simple - lack of coverage. In such cases, the course of treatment is elementary and provides for a change in the terrain of a flower pot with greater intensity of sunlight. As for the dried branches, they should be cut off, since they are not subject to “restoration” and only spoil the appearance of the “handsome” room. Carrying out such recommendations, even a beginner will be able to ensure that the flower will soon delight with new succulent sprouts.
The reason why bright green asparagus turn yellow and fall graceful leaves, can be harmful insects, which, parasitizing, disrupt the normal life cycles of the plant. Among the pests of this plant, the most frequent "guests" are:
Aphids, which appear on an ornamental shrub after “walks” into the garden in the summer, not only deplete it, but also cause the leaves to dry, wither and fall. The only way to “expel” these pests is to treat them with special insecticides and to provide comfortable conditions for the bush to grow in order to renew the lost “forces”.
Among such modern drugs the most effective will be:
In a situation where asparagus is in a dry, low-ventilated room for a long time, there is a high probability of spider mites. These parasites, feeding on the juice of the stems, deplete the plant, as a result of which the leaves of indoor asparagus fade and turn yellow. The question of what to do in such situations and how to deal with uninvited "lodgers" is one of the most frequently asked florist gardeners.
As a treatment, it is worth spraying the crowns of the bush with a concentrated solution of "Actellica", and subsequently, for prevention, carry out irrigation procedures with warm water, covering the soil.
Parasitism of the scarab can also be an explanation why the leaves of asparagus suddenly turn yellow. The list of what to do with this problem will be similar to the actions during the fight against the spider mite. However, it is worthwhile to first clean the stalks from insects that resemble brown convex plaques. An alternative folk method of getting rid of such pests can be a soap solution, but the difficulty will lie only in its subsequent washing off with the help of repeated spraying with clean water.
Experienced flower growers, after analyzing the habitat and the basic conditions of care, can immediately determine the causes of the deterioration of the “well-being” of the home “lace” bush. And this is a big part of the road to full recovery and active growth.
The procedure for transplanting asparagus at home
An important step in the process of growing decorative asparagus is its competent transplant, which should be done if necessary.
There are several situations for which this procedure should be carried out without fail:
- After shopping in the store.
- Flower "outgrown" pot.
- Change of soil to more fertile.
- In the ground wound up pests.
In addition, according to experienced flower growers, an adult plant that has reached the age of five must be replanted regularly at least once a year. This will have a beneficial effect on the active growth and development of the green "pet."
The process of transplantation of decorative asparagus in familiar home conditions does not differ in the complexity of actions, so even a beginner can competently perform it. The entire sequence of procedures covers the following steps:
- Choosing a new pot.
- Preparation of nutritious soil.
- Preparation of drainage for the tank.
- "Migration" bush.
- Careful care of the flower.
A new tank, in which asparagus will grow, should be slightly larger than the previous one. The first required layer in the pot is drainage, which performs an essential function to normalize the level of moisture in the soil.
Particular attention should be paid to the preparation of the substrate, since it is its composition that will greatly affect the active growth and development of the flower, or lead to their slowing down. For inexperienced florists it is better to use a universal mix that is available at any flower shop.
And those who are familiar with the technique of preparing the substrate, can get it by mixing the leaf earth, humus and sand.
After a careful transplant of a flower to a new “residence”, it is important to carefully and carefully care for it for the first two weeks, after which you can add small doses of fertilizer to the “diet” and apply water “baths” for the deciduous crown. It is better to perform transplantation in springtime, when the plant is at the stage of active growth.
Do I need to trim asparagus and how to perform pruning?
Many amateur growers wonder whether it is necessary to periodically cut overgrown asparagus, and whether such manipulation will be useful. This procedure is necessary because it can help achieve the best aesthetic results, increase the level of decorativeness of the flower.
Perform pruning room asparagus stands in the spring. It was then that the plant has enough strength to upgrade and quickly replace the dried old stems. After the removal of the "bald" branches, the flower actively produces young shoots, which give the bush greater pomp and attractiveness.
Growing decorative asparagus from seeds at home
Creating room greenhouses, decorative compositions in the interior is impossible without mastering the technique of reproduction of refined asparagus in familiar home conditions. However, there are no difficulties in this process, and even the lack of experience in floriculture will not be an obstacle in achieving an excellent result.
In practice, these breeding methods are used:
- Seeds at soil temperature from 20 to 25 ° C.
- Young cuttings.
- By dividing the bush.
Each method has its own advantages and performance features. Having dealt with them, you can easily grow a luxurious lush bush with lace branches and elastic stems.
The most lasting of all alternative methods is the process of reproduction of asparagus from collected seeds from a mature bush at home. Planting material is formed in the ripened fruit of the flower, usually in winter. And here the harvesting of seeds should not be put off "on the back burner", since their greatest productivity falls on the first days after harvest.
First you need to put the seeds in the prepared mixture of peat and sand, which regularly should be moistened and covered with glass or polyethylene. It is important that the seeds were covered with earth, they sprout in the dark.
The rate of germination of seedlings depends on the daily ventilation of the soil, temperature conditions and proper irrigation. It is necessary to maintain the same temperature, trying not to exceed + 21 ... + 22 ° С.
Condensation, which periodically appears on the glass, indicates the need for "refreshing" the air. Therefore, it is worth raising the warming elements and allowing the soil to be filled with oxygen. Such a vital action will help accelerate the cultivation of decorative asparagus from collected seeds at home and give young seedlings the energy to germinate.
In these comfortable conditions, the first sprouts will appear in 4 weeks. As soon as the seedlings reach 10 cm, they can be planted in separate miniature pots with soil, which in its composition is the same as for adult relatives.
Growing graceful asparagus with the help of seeds will require a little patience, since only after half a year you can evaluate the result of the efforts made.
Methods of reproduction of asparagus cuttings and tubers
More productive is the method of reproduction of indoor asparagus using cuttings, which should be used in early March.
A healthy stem with a length of no more than 12 can ideally suit as a process. A well-moistened sand acts as a substrate for rooting this stalk. Containers with spikes should be placed on a well-lit place in a temperature mode no more than 22 ° C. Covering the container with cuttings of glass, you can create a greenhouse effect and speed up the rooting process to 1,5 month.
After the young shoots become stronger, the first signs of their growth appear, it is necessary to plant in separate pots with typical soil composition. After planting, young asparaguses require careful care so that in the future they can be actively and fully developed.
An alternative breeding method for adult asparagus is with tubers. In other words, the procedure involves dividing the bush during transplantation, when the rhizome and stems can be easily divided into independent parts. The number of such full-fledged new plants will depend on the size of the “mother” flower. Each individual bush must be planted in an individual pot with nutrient soil.
Pre-worth inspect the roots for the absence of pests and dried parts, and if necessary, you can shorten them a bit. This procedure does not take much time and will not have to wait for months to see positive results.
Growing an attractive shrub at home is quite simple, while all the efforts made will be rewarded with a healthy shine of “lace” branches in all possible shades of green.