Ahimenez - a flower that is the dream of any florist. Translated from the Greek, the name means “to be afraid of the cold”, and in the people it is simply called “slanting plate”. It is valued by plant breeders for its abundant bright blooms, a wide palette of colors and relative simplicity (as for a flowering plant). More than 26 species of this wild-growing flower are known in the world. Some of them served as the basis for breeding breeders of garden and home varieties, which number more than 50. Each of them is especially beautiful, has a unique color and shape of petals.
Ahimenez is a free-flowering plant of the family. Gesnericeae (Gesnerievye). The closest relative of violets and gloxinia. It is a perennial herbaceous flower, the birthplace of which was Central and South America. But for sale for colder regions, only breeding forms are available. This is done for better survival. Razvodchiki specially deduce new more resistant varieties intended for cultivation in places with more severe climate.
Types of indoor plants Ahimenes and a description of their flowers
By type of growth Ahimenes are:
Ahimenez as a indoor flower can grow both directly and ampelno. In the first case, the branches and shoots grow in the direction up or to the side, and in the second - on the contrary - down, and the plant sits in special pots. The third option is intermediate in terms of the direction of growth of the shoots.
Cachepans are medium-sized flowerpots with a special attachment for hanging. Such containers are well chosen for weaving or bush-like plants. In addition, they perfectly decorate the room, not taking up space on the windowsill or table.
Description of the structure of Ahimenes should start with its main advantage - flowers. In form, they resemble a "pipe" or "gramophone" with different petals - from rounded to "ragged" edges. It blooms in summer with flowers of white, yellow, pink, violet or blue color. There are varieties with spotty, striped or two-colored inflorescences. All features of appearance vary depending on the type and variety of plants.
Types and varieties of achimenez: photos, names and descriptions
For more information, look at the list of names of popular varieties of achimenes with the presented photos:
This is not the whole list of varieties that deserve special attention, in fact, a large number of them. And they all conquer the plant growers with their unique flowering.
Despite the variety in the inflorescences, in their structure, the plants are almost identical. They have soft leaves with a grooved, sinewy surface and a pointed tip and branched stems slightly falling to the bottom.
At home varieties of flowers Ahimenes unusual structure of the root system. They are characterized by rhizomes covered with scales, similar to small fir cones, with the help of which the plant reproduces. These scaly shoots are called rhizomes, and they are a modified part of ordinary roots.
The start of flowering occurs at the beginning of summer and lasts until autumn. And in the winter time comes the stage of rest, when the plant falls into a "hibernation".
Look at an example of the root system of the flower of the house Achimenes in the photo below, which is presented for reference:
In the indoor floriculture, many species of flower are known, but only a few of them have distinguished themselves by special participation in the development of the varietal diversity of the crop. Of the main types of plants Ahimenes emit:
- Snow White.
They served as the foundation for the emergence of the most popular and common varieties of this unique home flower.
A photo and a brief description of the types of achimenes are presented below for study.
Long-flowered Ahimenez - medium-sized, reaching 30 in height, see. The foliage and shoots are light green in color, the flowers are mostly light, reach a diameter of 4,5-5 cm, grow one by one.
Krupnotsvetkovy Ahimenez - This is a large species that can grow to 0,6 m. The flowers are large - up to 7 cm in diameter, the sheets are slightly larger - to 10-11 cm. It has a dark green bright color of foliage and shoots, flowers are usually more saturated colors. The main characteristic of the species is a small hollow formation at the base of the flower.
Houseplants mexican achimenes reach a height of up to 35-45 cm, have direct-directed shoots and inflorescences of medium size. Bluebells are blue and purple with a white center with a yellow stripe. The leaves are dark green, oval-shaped with one pointed end.
The upright view is rather large - up to 45 cm, with reddish shoots and small scarlet inflorescences. The main feature of the sweet look is the presence of a delicate delicate flavor. The plant is medium in size with light small flowers (in diameter - up to 4 cm) with a bright yellow core.
A flower of a lion-seed type Ahimenes - small in size with a yellow center and a red pattern on it. The leaves are a light green shade with a light downy coating.
The snow-white look possesses corrugated sheets with “torn” edges. Inflorescences are light white with a deep throat. The shoots are slightly red.
Varieties of room achimenes have a high decorative effect. But some of them are especially unique. All thanks to the shapes and color palette of the inflorescences that conquer all lovers of house vegetation.
Below are photos of straight-growing varieties of Ahimenes and their brief description.
“Milk and Noy” - the variety has straight shoots and medium diameter flowers, with a terry milky-colored corolla and purple spot in the core. This is a miniature plant with a very abundant and lush flowering.
"Kitty Elizabeth" - has straight-shoots, large, slightly terry white inflorescences with blue ebb. Its core is yellow, and the bud edge is wavy. The foliage is light green in color.
"Alaska Drеm" - the grade possesses upright shoots and snow-white terry flowers large in diameter. The foliage is saturated green with a zigzag edge.
You can make sure, looking at the photo, that the Ahmenes varieties "Vallerin"Have a bright and spectacular appearance:
They have straight-shoots and inflorescences of red-burgundy color. Their core is yellow, and the foliage is dark green with a reddish rim around the edge.
"Golden Lady" - owner of direct shoots and flowers of medium diameter cream shade with one “extra” petal. Foliage terry, dark green.
"Rasrberry Ripple" - Straight dark shade shoots form a miniature plant. The flowers are delicate pink with a bright red edge and a yellow heart.
One of the new varieties of British breeding Ahimenes is called "Double Yellow" and strikes with a smooth color of yellow shades. These are double large flowers with a light yellow center and an orange border on the tips of the petals.
"Belas Memȯrias" - This variety has straight shoots and flowers of white-pink color with a lilac middle and fringed edges. Foliage - light green tones.
"Bird of Paradise" - A plant with slightly drooping shoots and dark leaves with a burgundy inner side. The flowers are small, crimson in color with a yellow-brown-lilac shed in the center.
Awesome Ahmenes Variety Flower "Tatjana Savсhuk" suitable for cool rooms. It has a direct structure of shoots and large flowers with a lilac corolla. Petals are wavy along the edge and yellow in the center.
"Blue Bird" - flower variety with bright blue color and large inflorescences. The structure of the shoots is straight, wavy petals with a white core and brown spots. An adult plant grows small to 30 cm tall.
Ampel and half-ampel varieties of Ahimenez flowers
Ampelnye varieties of indoor achimenes should begin to describe with the variety "Abendrоt". Amazing flowers resemble the open rose buds. Large terry inflorescences are painted in purple and pink tones. The leaves are a little double, light green.
"Adalide" - possesses long shoots and large flowers of blue-blue flowers, the core is yellow. The leaves are light pink on the inside.
Pay attention to the ahmenes of the ampelous variety called "Little beauty": His photo is presented below.
As they grow, shoots form a ball with a large number of large bright pink flowers of the pipes. This variety is particularly popular among fans of the plant.
"Kim Blue" - A medium-sized plant and abundantly blooming. Bright purple five-petal inflorescences of large size frame long shoots. Foliage - a red shade from seamy side.
Description of semi-fluffy varieties of achimenez should start with the expressive variety "Amour»Selection S. Saliba. It stands out with unusually bright pink flowers of small size. In the middle there are red-brown spots and stripes. Grows in small sizes.
"Dame De Paris" - flowers of the average size white with pink edge. The core is bright yellow and the leaves are dark green. Blooms continuously and abundantly.
Proper care Zahimenes (with video)
Ahimeneza is not very capricious in the care and cultivation. When creating the optimal conditions for their growth abundant and regular flowering provided.
The flowering season for this plant is summer, in winter it “rests” and gains strength for the growth of new shoots and flowers. In late February and early March, the flower “awakens,” and the first sprouts appear from the riza. In a natural environment, ahimenez can bloom all year round, but in a more severe cold climate, the thermophilic plant prefers to shed all its foliage and twigs and overwinter in a dark, dry place.
To take care of achimenez at home, you need to pay attention to a number of environmental factors:
- The soil.
- Top dressing.
The location loves a bright and warm, but not sunny place from spring to autumn. As with any indoor plant, light plays an important role. In too dark a room, a flower is waiting for a lack of lighting, and there will be no photosynthesis, which will lead to fading and weakness of the flower. Important! Avoid direct sunlight! When exposed to direct sunlight drying will occur and there will be a fragility of green. Therefore, the most favorable side for growing home ahmenez is either east or west. There will be neither a strong shadow, nor scorching rays, namely the gentle scattered light will contribute to long-term flowering and the vitality of the flower. During the rest period, the requirements for lighting change. For wintering should remove the plant pot in a darker place.
Favorable temperature: + 20 ... + 25 ° С. This is the most suitable temperature range for growing Ahimenes flowers at home. Well put pots on the porch, balcony or terrace in the summer, they feel great in the fresh air. But it is important to prevent the occurrence of cold drafts, they adversely affect the health of the plant and can cause its disease and death, because This is a thermophilic type of home vegetation. During the rest period, temperature requirements differ slightly. The most favorable temperature range for wintering is + 13 ... + 15 ° С. Under such conditions, the tubers will remain well and will not begin to germinate before the prescribed time.
Another important condition for the cultivation of flowers Ahimenez - a kind of soil and fertilizer.
- Recommended substrate: soil mix for flowers.
- Time for feeding: fertilize until the end of July.
For this plant a very important role is played by the drainage of the earth, since if it is not sufficiently ventilated, the humidity level will be too high, and there will be a risk of fungal infections due to stagnant water. The soil should be fairly loose. Its components should be sheet, turf and sandy soil in the ratio 3: 2: 1. As an additive, you can add peat and humus soils. Such mixtures can be purchased in finished form in specialized stores. Briquettes are sold with the note "For decorative flowering plants."
To facilitate the care of achimenez at home, watch the video below:
It describes in detail what factors affect the life of the plant and how to properly care for it in order to grow a flowering ornament for the house.
How to care for achimenez: feeding and watering
For the cultivation of healthy achimenes and proper care for him at home, take care of his feeding. It is worth producing it only during the period of active growth. And it is worth starting to lure through 1,5 a month after the appearance of the first shoots from a tuber. You can buy ready-made mixtures for fertilizing the soil of flowering plants in flower shops.
Watering: starting in September, reduce watering so that the plant slowly wilts. At the end of the flowering period, the plant goes into a dormant phase, which makes watering unnecessary. During wintering excessive moisture only hurts, so once a light wetting of the edge of the soil per month will be quite enough. But for the flowering period this is too small. It requires abundant and regular watering to avoid drying out of the soil. It is best to do this 1-2 once a week with settled water at room temperature. In no case do not pour cold water, it can cause shock and death in the plant. It is also allowed to humidify the air around the pot with a spray bottle once a week.
Wintering achimenes: how to store a flower in the winter in a dormant period
Trimming: trim the dry parts of the plant. When preparing achimenes for the period of winter dormancy, he witnesses the death of flowers and leaves. This is due to dropping excess ballast before the sleep phase. Dried parts will only burden the flower and deprive it of useful trace elements, which will be very necessary for the preservation of vital activity with a robe in winter. Therefore, it is important to remove all dried processes with a twisting motion to alleviate the condition of the flower after the growing season.
As for plant transplantation, it should be regular - 1 once a year in early spring. For all the growing season, the soil is depleted and no longer has the rich composition of trace elements necessary for the life of the plant. Therefore, it is necessary to renew the soil once a year at the end of February, but this must be done before the flower “wakes up”. Rhizomes should be left in the pot until the end of February, and then transplanted.
In new pots of rhizomes laid so that they were on 2 see covered with new soil. Put in a warm, bright (not sunny) place. Water with warm water, take care of the artificial humidification of the air. It is best to spray the air around the pot with the 1-2 sprayer once a week.
The wintering period of the flower of Ahimenes plays an important role in the life of the plant, because thanks to him he is able to re-shoot and bloom. After a bright growing season with abundant flowering, the sleep phase follows, in which the tuber “rests” and accumulates useful trace elements for the next flowering cycle. But that's not all: during sleep, rhizomes are cut in the rhizome, ready for reproduction and germination. “Hibernation” of a flower can last from 4 to 6 months - depending on the variety and storage conditions.
In order for the plant to survive the dormant period, it is necessary to know how to store the achimenes flower in winter. To prepare the plant for this phase, it is necessary to reduce the time of daylight, reduce the size of watering and gradually reduce the temperature of the habitat. In such conditions, the plant itself naturally begins to “fall asleep”, and the process of formation of rhizomes is activated. Lower temperatures contribute to the formation of the rhizome of the flower, through which it is propagated.
Moreover, such changes in environmental conditions will contribute to the death of flowers and shoots, relieving the rhizomes of unnecessary burden. As a result, by the rest period, the entire terrestrial part of the plant dies off, and it is advisable to promptly remove dead parts.
The root system is left in the ground for the whole winter, provided there is enough space for it to grow. Another way is to store rhizomes in bags or plastic containers. To do this, they are abundantly sprinkled with perlite to avoid moisture accumulation and safety with a robe. This method is very convenient in terms of space and to control the growth of the root system.
Proper storage of Rhizome Ahmenes in winter
Proper storage of the Ahimenes flowers with a riza of winter should occur at temperatures from + 10 to + 18 degrees. Watering and wetting the soil is not desirable, because in combination with a lower temperature, they can cause rotting of the root system and mold-making of the soil, which, in turn, will have a detrimental effect on the health of the veil and make it impossible for both reproduction and re-flowering of the plant. Therefore, when stored in bags, it is necessary to periodically air-dry the contents in a cool place.
The rate of germination of achimenez is influenced by the way it was decided to keep the rhizomes. At higher temperatures and higher humidity, growth can begin as early as the beginning of spring, and at lower rates - at the beginning of summer.
Thus, you can regulate the life cycle of the plant. But remember: too early emergence of shoots and their germination in a dark place can lead to the cultivation of a weak flower with poor flowering.
Before you start growing new young achimenes, you should update the soil in order to provide a supply of nutrients and minerals during the growing season. They will need a flower for healthy growth and abundant divisional flowering period.
How to grow achimenes: reproduction and care for the flower
The reproduction of the flower Ahimenes can occur using:
- Rhizome divisions.
The first method is quite simple, because the ready-made seeds can be bought in a specialty store or collected at home from an adult flower, if available. To collect home breeding material, it is necessary to pollinate the inflorescences themselves. It's very simple: take a cotton swab or a small brush and transfer the pollen from the core of one flower to the pistil of another. Thus, artificial insemination and the formation of seeds, which can later be planted in the ground. The main thing is to do it at a temperature not lower than + 20 degrees.
In the summer, the breeding of young flowers of Ahimenes is often carried out with apical cuttings. To do this, you need to cut a healthy strong stalk, remove all the buds and the top leaves, leaving only 1-2 pairs. After that, you can plant the treated process in the ground. It is advisable to cover the pot with a plastic bag or a plastic bottle. Place a mini-greenhouse in a place with diffuse lighting, and after 2-4 of the week you will see how the cutting will take root.
Reproduction in the spring is made with rhizome pieces or with the help of a rhizome. The most effective, simple way of breeding achimeneses that does not require special care is the method of rhizome division. To do this, the root is cut into several pieces with a length of 4-5, see
The sides of the cut are treated with charcoal, and then planted in fertile soil. The main caveat is that when dividing the root system it is necessary to take into account the presence of a sprouted process in each part.
The reproduction of the flower Ahimenes rhizomes in terms of growing and care is simple. The main thing is to observe the temperature regime of keeping and the abundance of irrigation. When selecting copies for disembarkation, it is necessary to pay attention to their condition. Strongly dry and dark parts should be thrown away. And as the source material to use medium-sized rhizomes of light brown color.
Reproduction with the help of sheets is the most laborious and long. It is rarely used, but it also has the right to exist. When choosing this method, you need to select the fleshy healthy leaves and carefully cut them. Plant in a pot with soil and peat moss, covered with a bottle or package to create a greenhouse effect. The rooting period may take more than one week, but after this happens, the greenhouse can be removed and the plant grown in the best conditions for it. Such a flower can bloom through 1,5-2 of the year.
Care after achimenez after landing
The planting of a young achimenes can be done either in a hanging pot or in a regular pot. The main thing is not to choose very deep containers, forms of larger diameter would be better, so the saturation of the rhizomes with oxygen will be much better. It is worth starting the procedure at the end of February or the beginning of March, when the air temperature gradually increases - cultivation will be successful.
When strong processes grow on the rhizome, it is worth starting to prepare for planting. To do this, select the healthiest and overgrown specimens and paste vertically into the ground. Place the processes evenly around the perimeter of the pot. On the tank with a diameter of 10-11 cm - approximately 3-4 rhizomes. Pour a layer of soil and substrate thickness up to 3-3,5, see.
After landing, Ahimenes required and proper care for him. The most favorable temperature is + 22 ... + 24 degrees. And in terms of watering it is necessary to carefully monitor the soil moisture, preventing it from drying out. Pour warm water over the edge of the pot at least 1 times a week. With proper care, sprouts will appear in about 7-10 days.
How to properly care for achimenez after landing, described in detail in the video below:
Look at it to facilitate growing at home.
With insufficient care for the flowers of achimenes, health problems may arise. The plant may be affected by pests and diseases:
- Leaf spot.
- Soft tongs.
The causes of such problems may be watering with cold water, a draft, too much soil moisture, contaminated soil, low temperature, scorching sun, soil sticking due to insufficient drainage. To avoid such problems, watch the growing conditions of your pet, and then for many years he will delight with colorful amazing blooms.