The flower called aglaonema is an amazing ornamental plant with a tropical origin, which has been successfully cultivated and actively grown by growers. In addition to the charming appearance, this home "pet" is unpretentious to the habitat, which especially attracts home greenhouse fans. With the help of such a leafy flower, you can easily decorate the shady corners of the premises, as it does not need abundant sunlight.
There is a claim that aglaonema is popular only because of the beautiful patterned leaves; cob inflorescence and veil around it play no role. However, this opinion is quite controversial, and for many connoisseurs of green indoor oases this refined plant with a harmonious combination of oval foliage and original pale green flowers seems to be a real masterpiece of Mother Nature.
Types and varieties of aglaonema: photos, names and descriptions of popular varieties
A more detailed description of the exotic aglaonema will allow you to form a general idea of its external parameters. The herbaceous structure of the bush of this plant does not exceed 75 cm in height. The massive stem is densely adorned with leathery heart-shaped leaves. Coloring deciduous crown surprises with an abundance of various combinations of green shades that create a variety of chaotic ornaments. If you provide favorable conditions, you can admire the flowering, which, despite the absence of bright colors, attracts the eyes with its grace and charming simplicity.
The refined, comate-like inflorescence of a room ornamental plant of aglaonema of pale yellow or pale green tones is neatly enveloped in a graceful veil. These flowers are gradually replaced by bright red berries, which give a special piquancy to the bush.
Caution! The flower contains substances that irritate the skin and mucous membranes. Therefore, you should avoid direct contact, so as not to damage the skin, mucous membranes of the nose and eyes!
The size of the bush, the shape of the inflorescences will be different for each variety of beautiful aglaonema presented in the photo, having studied that you will not remain indifferent to this tropical beauty and choose a suitable copy for your home greenhouse:
Modern science knows several dozen types of elegant aglaonema with cultivated varieties by skillful breeders. Of course, in normal home conditions, a limited number of them can be found, which is due to the specifics of care, the popularity of certain types and availability in flower shops.
The most famous view is Aglaonema commutatum (aglaonema changeable) with its many varieties. Oval or lanceolate leaves are arranged on long, powerful petioles; on the leaf plates are gray-green or greenish-cream stripes, spots or specks.
Take a look at the photo of this common type of aglaonema, and you will certainly find an explanation of well-deserved love among gardeners. Breeders were able to bring a lot of hybrid varieties of room aglaonema, with an emphasis on the possibility of creating and improving the natural color of leaf plates. Among the popular:
Aglaonema University with bright red foliage.
Aglaonema X4 Greg - owner of glossy leaves with silver veins.
Aglaonema Sricandy - variegated bush.
Aglaonema Gecko - trunk and leaves with pronounced red stripes.
Look at the proposed photos of these varieties of aglaonema, and you will understand that science in combination with the works of nature can create real miracles - amazing “works of art”:
Smaller view - Aglaonema costatum (Aglaonema ribbed), which is characterized by wide leaf plates placed on small cuttings. The leaves are decorated with brightly marked veins and chaotic spots with careless strokes. During the flowering period, only one flower stalk appears, reaching about 15 cm in height, at which a delicate flower-cob can be seen.
Another low view, presented in the photo, with a straightforward name - Aglaonema modestum (Aglaonema modest):
This grassy bush barely reaches the 50-60 cm in height. The color of the leaf plates is not distinguished by a special variegation, monochromatic shades of green predominate. The shape of the leaves is oval, slightly pointed at the edges. In May, it may surprise you with a delicate inflorescence of a pale green color in the form of a cob wrapped in a bedspread. The peculiarity of this indoor plant is the ability to purify the air from harmful substances and, most importantly, to destroy streptococcal infection.
Particularly loved derived aquarium variety of exotic aglaonema - Aglaonema simplex (simple or alpine). Decorative plants are widely used to decorate aquariums with low water levels. The average size of the stems - up to 40 cm in height. They are framed by oblong oval leaves of monochromatic coloring. In April - June, the bush can bloom with typical cob-shaped inflorescences.
A special place among the high species is aglaonema with the original name. Aglaonema roebelinii (curly). Such a flirtatious nickname flower received thanks to the branching deciduous crown, on which each leaf reaches about 30 cm in length. Grayish-silver streaks give the plate a special charm and mysterious appeal. The refined ear-inflorescence of the usual sizes - about 3-4, see.
On the basis of the existing 24 species, dozens of varieties of decorative aglaonema were created, the photos of which with the indicated name will help to deal with the main differences and peculiar characteristics.
Aglaonema Crete - This is a variety that changes its color depending on age. So, the young representative has red leafy plates, painted with green stripes and strokes. Only the shade of the central vein remains non-removable. It is always painted in rich red color.
Cold-resistant grade aglaonema received the name, consonant with the beautiful female name - Maria. The main feature is unpretentiousness to the conditions of growth. It can be cool rooms with a minimum of sunlight. However, in such an environment, the growth rate of a bush is much lower than that of its relatives.
Take a look at the photo of the aglaonema variety with the original name - Strips, and its colorful ornaments on the leaves will be enchanted with a unique play of colors:
Experienced flower growers compare oblong leaf plates with feathers of tropical birds, which look solemn and elegant due to not only amazing painting, but also a glossy surface.
Aglaonema Silver Bay is considered to be quite a young hybrid. This flower has large, egg-shaped leaves, the length of which is about 40 cm. The color of the leaf plates has a distinct grayish-silver luster, as evidenced by the obtained name.
Especially popular among the undersized varieties shown in the photo is Aglaonema with an interesting name - Fest Diamond:
The lush bush is characterized by beautiful foliage, which at first is predominantly white in color with small greenish spots, and after some time green color predominates on them.
Pattaya Beauty - A hybrid of an exotic plant, widely distributed in home greenhouses of domestic flower growers. For this flower is not characterized by the splendor of the bush, and from the time the thin lower leaves gradually fall off and bring its appearance to the palm. Another feature of the variety is the change in color of the foliage: from a rich green color to a darker tone.
Take a look at the amazing photos of the described species and the cultivated varieties of aglaonema, and you will certainly find those options that will attract attention, enchant with an abundance of color combinations, delight with the shapes and shine of the leafy crown:
Aglaonema growing conditions under which the leaves will not dry in the indoor plant
Growing an attractive aglaonema is an easy process due to its unpretentiousness. The main task is to create conditions that will be similar to the habitat in the wild. First of all, it is necessary to choose the right place where an exotic bush will grow and develop.
Ideal location: western or eastern window. Here the plant will be in acceptable penumbra without bright sunlight, which can damage its foliage.
However, it is worth remembering that for the motley painted representatives of the indoor tropical flower of aglaonema, it is better not to choose the very darkened corners of the room, since the sun's rays are useful for them to saturate the colors. In the opposite case, they will begin to fade and lose their decorative effect.
Resistance to low temperatures makes this plant quite unpretentious. The only requirement on the part of the homely exquisite flower of aglaonema is the absence of drops and sudden changes in temperature conditions. According to experienced flower growers, optimum temperature - from + 16 to + 25 ° С. If during the summer period for active growth it is better to maintain a warm atmosphere (+ 20 ... + 25 ° C), then in winter it is desirable to give the plant a rest and provide the necessary coolness, but not lower than + 16 ° С.
It is important to protect the ornamental shrub from drafts, which can not only be an obstacle to flowering, but also harm the leafy crown.
A prerequisite for the normal development of this plant is constantly high humidity. In a situation where it is not typical for a room where it grows, it is necessary to artificially maintain humidity using dispersive spraying, water pallets or special technical devices - humidifiers. If you ignore such a requirement, then aglaonema dries attractive leaves, and it loses its decorative effect.
An important component of competent cultivation of this exotic bush is professionally selected soil. As a substrate, it is better to choose flower pochvosmes. However, it should be:
- Lightweight, perfectly permeable to water.
For self-preparation of the soil, you can mix peat, sand, charcoal and leaf earth in proportions - 1: 1: 1: 2. This combination will speed up plant growth, providing the necessary nutritional components for all vital processes.
How to take care of aglaonema and how to make it more bushy (with video)
Even a beginner gardener can provide proper care for an exotic aglaonema flower in familiar home conditions, since this plant is considered to be unpretentious "pets." In order to achieve optimal results, it is necessary to remember simple rules regarding:
- Irrigation of the soil.
- Spraying deciduous crown.
- Fertilizer soil.
The tropical origin of a graceful bush, above all, puts special demands on proper moisture. It should be systematic, even for a day you can not leave the plant without moisture. But it is worth remembering that in different life cycles this process should be performed in unequal proportions. According to experts, watering in the warm season should be carried out with slightly warm softened water, in the winter it should be watered only to maintain light soil moisture. In other words, it is necessary to find a “balance” between the drying out of the soil and its excessive moisture. Since both situations can adversely affect the condition of the flower.
When choosing a liquid for irrigation, it is advisable to give preference to water, which will have the following characteristics:
- Purified or settled.
- Room temperature, but not cold.
- Ideal thawing or rain.
If you adhere to such recommendations regarding irrigation, you can easily increase the level of decorativeness of a tropical flower.
An equally important point for those who want to learn how to properly care for the amazing aglaonema is the constant spraying of the foliage during the hot period. This will help not only to create conditions similar to the usual habitat of an exotic bush, but also give its crown greater richness and richness of colors.
For beginners who want to figure out how to make an attractive aglaonema more bushy, it is important to remember the need for regular mineralization of the substrate. So, fertilizing should be done every 4 week and only in summer.
Special attention should be paid to this important process during the period of active flower growth. For this ideal liquid fertilizer, which can be alternated with mineral and organic components.
The frequency of fertilizer also depends on the size of the pot in which the plant grows. The smaller the capacity, the feeding process should be carried out more often. In winter, it is better to exclude additives to the soil.
Watch a video about aglaonema and the rules of professional care for her from experienced flower growers. It will help to deal with existing issues and learn the important nuances of growing this green "pet":
Reasons why aglaonema leaves turn yellow, and what to do when diseases appear
Despite the simplicity of the habitat conditions, aglaoneme is characterized by diseases that are manifested by such signs as:
- Yellow leaves.
- Sheet plate twisting.
- Crown drying out.
- Loss of saturated foliage colors.
Each of these "ailments" has its own reasons, eliminating which, it is easy to achieve complete healing and the desired results.
The reasons why the foliage of aglaonema turns yellow lies in the wrong watering or in improper temperature conditions. So, if you overdo it with moistening the soil, then soon there will be noticeable first signs of wilting sheet plates.
By limiting excessive watering, which is one of the main reasons why the leaves gradually turn yellow in aglaonema, you can save the plant and give it pomp and richness of color.
Low temperatures can also be a significant cause of wilting bush. In such situations, the output is quite simple, and the question of what to do when the aglaonema leaves turn yellow, the answer is clear - to rearrange it to a warmer room. After a few days, improvements will be noticeable. At the same time, it is important that there are no drafts in the room or sudden changes in temperature. Since such phenomena also lead to "ailments" and decorative losses.
Direct sunlight can be another explanation of why tropical spots form and leaves turn yellow in tropical aglaonema. To solve this problem, first of all it is necessary to eliminate the unfavorable factor and remove the pot in partial shade.
Further, it is desirable to cut off the damaged leaf plates, since they cannot be restored and only spoil the appearance.
Pests due to agleonema leaves curling and stains
If graceful leaves curl on aglaoneme, then you should pay attention to the level of humidity in the room. It is a dry atmosphere that can be the explanation for such an unpleasant phenomenon.
The recipe for healing is simple and requires more frequent spraying or water treatments with a shower. This bush with a tropical origin will appreciate such efforts and will please the owners with the pomp of the crown and a rich palette of bright green shades.
However, diseases in an exotic plant may not be associated only with unfavorable living conditions. Sometimes the spots that appeared on the leaves of aglaonema may indicate the presence of parasites, which by their presence disrupt vital processes and lead to a gradual fading. Among the "uninvited guests" it is necessary to allocate such pests as:
The most dangerous insect for the indoor flower is the spider mite, which is almost impossible to notice with the naked eye. However, the harm caused to them is visible immediately. Thin web, enveloping the bush, gradually leads to yellowing and premature fall of the foliage. If you do not take measures to combat it, the green "pet" may wither and die.
As techniques for the effective destruction of the tick, the following procedures should be performed:
- Remove damaged foliage.
- Treat the entire flower "Aktellikom."
- Systematically air the room.
- Regularly inspect the trunk and deciduous crown.
Orange aphids are small oblong insects that tend to focus on young shoots and leaves, sucking the juice out of them. As a result, the foliage wrinkles, deforms, becomes covered with dark spots and falls. Particularly dangerous such parasites are for buds and inflorescences. They are a couple of days after the appearance of "uninvited guests" twisted and died.
The way to deal with aphids covers simple steps:
- Spray the leaves with a solution of pyrethrum or tobacco.
- In case of significant damage, use karbofos.
- For prevention, treat with soapy water.
A mealybug is a parasite that often damages various representatives of indoor greenhouses. In aglaonema, such insects multiply in the axils of the foliage and infect stems and young succulent shoots. It is not difficult to notice them on the plant, since they are collected in separate areas by whole colonies.
To release the flower from these parasites, you must take the following steps:
- Remove visible insect groups with a cloth moistened with soapy water.
- In hard-to-reach places, remove pests with a cotton swab treated with alcohol.
- Strongly damaged leaves trimmed.
- When a large number of parasites spray plant karbofosom.
Such recommendations are highly effective and will help to get rid of pests with ease.
But it is worth remembering that if you ensure favorable growth conditions, regularly water and fertilize the soil, monitor the humidity of the air, then pests and diseases are a rare phenomenon in the life of a graceful plant.
Transplanting and rooting aglaonema in familiar home conditions
Transplantation of young aglaonem is a procedure that must be performed in order to obtain such optimal results as decorative ornamentation of the bush, variegated foliage coloring and prolonged flowering. The reasons are quite simple and understandable. In the first years of life, the flower actively acquires new stems and buds, its root system increases and it outgrows the pot. If nothing is done, the reverse process will begin and the plant will wither. Therefore, a transplant for young plants should be carried out every year, and then once in 3 years.
To perform a transplant of refined aglaonema in the usual home conditions is necessary in the springtime. During this period, the plant is in the active phase of growth, and it is clearly seen that the capacity is too small for the rhizome.
To begin with, before the “migration” of the ornamental shrub, it is necessary to moisten the soil, which will make it easier to remove it from the pot. New capacity should be several centimeters more than the previous one. At its bottom is to put drainage and slightly fall asleep with moist soil. And only after such actions to place the plant with carefully cleaned roots from the ground.
The next step is to add a substrate to fill the pot and fully cover the root system. To ensure full rooting of the transplanted aglaonema into a new soil, it is advisable to leave it without watering for a couple of days. Such a procedure can be painful for a flower, so in the first days it is important to pay special attention to it and surround it with care.
Planting Aglaonema shoots
Creating greenhouses requires florists to experience competent reproduction of amazing aglaonema in familiar home conditions, which will increase the number of unique representatives of tropical countries.
The most popular breeding methods include such alternatives:
- Side shoots with roots.
- Stem cuttings.
- With the help of seeds.
The simplest and most effective technique among experienced flower growers is reproduction using side shoots with root shoots, that is, division of a bush.
The only thing worth knowing when using this method is to carefully separate the plant. For aglaonema bush it is common to grow and form young shoots, which can independently provide themselves with all the necessary life processes. Such potential seedlings can be separated and planted in separate pots. An important requirement of this method is to choose the right sprout. It must have healthy leaves and a well-formed rhizome available in 5-6.
Planting of aglaonema shoots should be carried out at a warm temperature not lower than + 20 ° С. If necessary, you can cover young plants with a glass jar or a film to create the effect of a mini-greenhouse.
Such a "trick" will accelerate the adaptation and germination of the roots in the new soil. Active growth of the deciduous crown of young seedlings depends on regular watering and abundant spraying.
How to propagate aglaonema and how to root the apical cuttings at home
Quite often cuttings are used for propagation of decorative aglaonema that quickly root and give excellent results. Planting material for cutting can be:
- Parts of the trunk.
- Apical cuttings.
- Lateral processes.
The main condition for choosing a shoot for rooting is its healthy appearance and the presence of several leaves. Experts in the field of floriculture recommend that old unsightly plants should not be thrown away, since short pieces of the main shoot are suitable for propagation by cutting.
Sections of prepared cuttings should be powdered with small pieces of coal and dried for a day. After this procedure, all shoots are planted in a previously prepared soil, which should be distinguished by ease and nutritional value. The next stage is to create appropriate conditions for the emergence of roots in the shoots: warm temperature, abundant watering and spraying.
For those who can not figure out how to root aglaonema cuttings at home, it is important to adopt simple moments. First of all, it is necessary to properly prepare the soil by mixing peat and sand in equal proportions.
The depth of the landing process should not exceed 4-5, see. It is possible to accelerate the rooting process by creating greenhouse conditions by covering the container with cuttings with plastic wrap for this. The duration of such a procedure may take about a month. Once the roots have reached 4-6 cm, you can plant sprouts in separate pots and take care of them, as for adult plants.
This instruction applies to all varieties of planting material. After reading it, you can answer the question of how to effectively propagate the beautiful aglaonema with the help of a tip cutting at home and achieve the desired results.
Seed breeding method indoor flower agleonema
Seed breeding method - the most time-consuming and lengthy. It should be borne in mind that not every seed purchased in a store will rise and be able to turn into a full-fledged adult flower. Therefore, it is better to independently prepare the seeds, removing them from the collected fruits in the form of small fleshy berries.
The shelf life of the seeds obtained is minimal, which requires an immediate landing in the ground. To achieve the appearance of the first shoots, it is necessary to ensure:
- Warm temperature regime (+ 22 ... + 25 ° С).
- High humidity.
- Regular watering of the substrate.
As soon as germinated sprouts appear the first 2-3 leaflets - this is the reason for the subsequent picking of seedlings in specially prepared containers with light soil from peat and sand. In the future, strengthened plants can be planted in separate pots for permanent "residence" with proper care and care.
Paying attention, providing the necessary care and creating favorable conditions for the normal life of the flower, you will receive an excellent ornamental plant that will thank all your efforts for a wild growth, rich greenery and delicate flowering!