African violets in their appearance resemble a bouquet in a pot. Delicate flowers are surrounded by dark green leaves, and if we cut them together with them and tie them with a ribbon, we get a tiny bouquet, perfect for a birthday gift or other celebration. At home, African violets are a wonderful interior decoration, their cultivation will not be difficult for an experienced grower. And beginners can read all the necessary information in this material. We offer to see African violets in the photo, illustrating the beauty of this plant:
African violet is also often called St. Pauli - it was named after Baron Walter von St. Paul St. Clair - he discovered a plant at the end of the 19 century in the mountains of South Africa. An adapted version of this name is Saintpaulia.
The original look has dark blue flowers, but thanks to the work of breeders we can meet other shades: for example, red, white, pink and purple.
Growing at home: step by step
In order for the cultivation of African violets at home to lead to the desired result, we suggest to go this way gradually, step by step. The first step is to choose the right location for the culture pot.
African violet needs a well-lit place, but without direct sunlight. The flower feels well in the shade. A north or northeast window will do. In other areas, shading is required during periods of scorching sun in the morning and evening.
Watering is the second step, important enough for this drought-resistant culture. Water is poured into the pan, from where the plant receives moisture through the roots. That is why the pot should have many holes in the base. Do not pour excess water. You can not add to the plant and leave water on the leaves or flowers. If a drop of water remains on the violet - it will get a sunburn or powdery mildew attack it. In the summer, every three weeks we add liquid fertilizer to the water. The flower likes high humidity, but you can not spray water or allow it to fall under the rain.
Soil land is universal or peat. At home for growing you can use a mixture of river sand and turf layer. Also, do not forget when landing about a sufficient level of drainage.
Care step by step when growing African violets at home should be subject to a single condition. This should be a permanent and unchanged set of events. Even small changes in the mode of irrigation, loosening of the soil or application of mineral fertilizers negatively affect the condition of the plant.
To increase the humidity around the violet, you can use a pallet with pebbles, at the bottom of which water is poured, but it should not touch the plant. In case of dust on the flowers, we clean them with a dry brush. We do not use a wet cloth or sprayer. Violet feels good in the bathroom where there is a lot of steam. The plant can be put on the balcony after a few minutes of rain, when there is still a lot of moisture in the air. The plant is transplanted only once a year, especially when the leaves are small and begin to gather. Remove dry and diseased leaves.
Reproduction and possible problems in growing
Violet propagate from the leaves, cutting off one leaf with a tail. It is put in water for fast rooting. The plant begins to bloom after about six months and does not differ from the parent bush. You can also practice breeding by sowing seeds. If we are talking about breeding with the help of a leaf, then several cuttings with four leaves and their own roots will grow from it. When they get older, they should be torn from the leaf and planted in a separate pot.
Possible problems with growing include drying of the leaves, abscission of buds and the death of the root system. When leaves and flowers rot, it means that there is an excess of water in the plant or the bush has been sprayed. The earth should dry out, after which you need to remove the diseased parts of the flower. Then pour it less often and pour water into the pan, pouring out its excess.
If the leaves are small and dull, the plant should be transplanted. If the leaves turn pale, the plant should be fertilized or moved to a less sunny place.
If the flower is healthy, but does not bloom - you need to start feeding it with fertilizers and provide the plant with a six-day period of rest in a cold place and not water for some time. After such a holiday violet will begin to bloom profusely.
When a violet has few flowers, it means that last year it bloomed too much. You should remove the flowers and start fertilizing the plant.
If the leaves and flowers fall down and you have the impression that they fade - this means that the plant needs water, urgent watering.
Buy should only healthier plant with dark green leaves and buds, ready to bloom. Avoid flowers whose leaves are distorted or show signs of decay.
Violets are small, so they look beautifully planted together in a large round pot or bowl. There should not be bushes of the same color.